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Adam Faith
TERENCE "TERRY" NELHAMS-WRIGHT (23 June 1940 – 8 March 2003), known as ADAM FAITH, was a British teen idol , singer, actor and financial journalist. He was one of the most charted acts of the 1960s. He became the first UK artist to lodge his initial seven hits in the Top 5 . He was also one of the first UK acts to record original songs regularly. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Music career * 3 Film and television career * 4 Later years and death * 5 Discography * 5.1 Singles * 5.2 Albums * 5.3 EPs * 5.4 Compilation albums * 5.5 US singles * 5.6 US albums * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONTerence Nelhams-Wright was born at 4 Churchfield Road , Acton , London , England. Known as Terry Nelhams, he was unaware his surname was Nelhams-Wright until he applied for a passport and obtained his birth certificate . The third in a family of five children, Nelhams grew up in a council house in a working class area of London, where he attended John Perryn Junior School. He started work at 12, delivering and selling newspapers while still at school. His first full-time job was odd-job boy for a silk screen printer . MUSIC CAREERFaith became one of Britain's significant early pop stars . At the time, he was distinctive for his hiccupping glottal stops and exaggerated pronunciation
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Municipal Borough Of Acton
ACTON was a local government district in Middlesex
Middlesex
, England
England
from 1865 to 1965. CONTENTS * 1 Formation * 2 Coat of arms
Coat of arms
* 3 Later history * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links FORMATIONIn 1865 the Local Government Act 1858 was adopted by the parish of Acton , and a twelve-member local board of health was formed to govern the area. The Local Government Act 1894 constituted the area an urban district , and an urban district council of fifteen councillors replaced the local board. The number of councillors was increased to sixteen in 1906. In 1921 the town was granted a charter of incorporation to become a municipal borough . The borough council consisted of a mayor , six aldermen and twenty-four councillors. COAT OF ARMSOn incorporation in 1921 the borough was granted a coat of arms by the College of Arms . The shield featured an oak tree and the crest a branch of oak, both in reference to the derivation of the name "Acton" from "Oak Town". At the top of the shield were the arms of Middlesex County Council between an open book and a cogwheel for education and industry in the borough respectively
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County Of London
The COUNTY OF LONDON was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London . It was created as part of the general introduction of elected county government in England, by way of the Local Government Act 1888 . The Act created an administrative County of London, which included within its territory the City of London . However, the City of London and the County of London formed separate ceremonial counties for "non-administrative " purposes. The local authority for the county was the London County Council (LCC), which initially performed only a limited range of functions, but gained further powers during its 76-year existence. The LCC provided very few services within the City of London, where the ancient Corporation monopolised local governance. In 1900 the lower-tier civil parishes and district boards were replaced with 28 new metropolitan boroughs. The territory of the county was 74,903 acres (303.12 km2) in 1961. During its existence there was a long-term decline in population as more residents moved into the outer suburbs; there were periodic reviews of the local government structures in the greater London area and several failed attempts to expand the boundaries of the county. In 1965, the London Government Act 1963 replaced the county with the much larger Greater London administrative area
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Stoke-on-Trent
STOKE-ON-TRENT (/stoʊk ɒn trɛnt/ ( listen ); often abbreviated to STOKE) is a city and unitary authority area in Staffordshire
Staffordshire
, England, with an area of 36 square miles (93 km2). Together with the neighbouring boroughs of Newcastle-under-Lyme and Staffordshire Moorlands , it is part of North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
, which, in 2011, had a population of 469,000. Stoke is polycentric , having been formed by a federation of six towns in the early 20th century. It took its name from Stoke-upon-Trent , where the town hall and the railway station are located. Hanley is the primary commercial centre. The four other towns are Burslem
Burslem
, Tunstall , Longton and Fenton . Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
is the home of the pottery industry in England
England
and is commonly known as the Potteries . Formerly a primarily industrial conurbation , it is now a centre for service industries and distribution centres
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Staffordshire
STAFFORDSHIRE (/ˈstæfədʃɪər/ or /ˈstæfədʃə/ ; abbreviated STAFFS) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It adjoins Cheshire to the north west, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the south east, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, and Shropshire to the west. Stone railway station in Stone . The largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent , which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority . Lichfield also has city status , although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city . Major towns include Stafford (the county town), Burton upon Trent , Cannock , Newcastle-under-Lyme , Leek , and Tamworth . Smaller towns include Stone , Uttoxeter , Rugeley , Eccleshall , Penkridge and large villages Wombourne , Kinver , Tutbury and Stretton . Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park. Wolverhampton , Walsall , West Bromwich , and Smethwick were historic Staffordshire towns until local government reorganisation created the West Midlands county in 1974
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Pop Music
POP MUSIC is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States
United States
and United Kingdom
United Kingdom
during the mid-1950s. The terms "popular music" and "pop music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many styles. "Pop" and "rock " were roughly synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they became increasingly differentiated from each other. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts , it is not the sum of all chart music. Pop music
Pop music
is eclectic, and often borrows elements from other styles such as urban , dance , rock , Latin , and country ; nonetheless, there are core elements that define pop music. Identifying factors include generally short to medium-length songs written in a basic format (often the verse-chorus structure ), as well as the common use of repeated choruses, melodic tunes, and hooks . CONTENTS * 1 Definitions and etymology * 2 Characteristics * 3 Development and influence * 3.1 Stylistic evolution * 3.2 Technology and media * 3.3 Legitimacy in music criticism * 3.4 International spread * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Further reading * 7 External links DEFINITIONS AND ETYMOLOGYDavid Hatch and Stephen Millward define pop music as "a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, jazz, and folk musics"
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Beat Music
BEAT MUSIC, BRITISH BEAT, or MERSEYBEAT (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey ) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s. Beat music is a fusion of rock and roll (mainly Chuck Berry guitar style and the midtempo beat of artists like Buddy Holly ), doo-wop , skiffle and R&B . The genre provided many of the bands responsible for the British Invasion of the American pop charts starting in 1964, and provided the model for many important developments in pop and rock music, including the format of the rock group around lead , rhythm and bass guitars with drums . CONTENTS * 1 Use of the term * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 British Invasion * 5 Decline and influence * 6 Notable artists * 6.1 Merseybeat * 6.2 Other British beat groups * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links USE OF THE TERMThe exact origins of the terms 'beat music' and 'Merseybeat' are uncertain. Beat music seems to have had little to do with the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s, and more to do with driving rhythms , which the bands had adopted from their rock and roll, rhythm and blues and soul music influences
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Rock Music
ROCK MUSIC is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll " in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the African-American genres of blues and rhythm and blues , and from country music . Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk , and incorporated influences from jazz , classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar , usually as part of a rock group with electric bass and drums and one or more singers . Typically, rock is song -based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form , but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music , lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political. By the late 1960s "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock , folk rock , country rock , raga rock , and jazz-rock , many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock , which was influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene
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Rock And Roll
ROCK AND ROLL (often written as ROCK "> Sign commemorating the role of Alan Freed and Cleveland , Ohio in the origins of rock and roll The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage. The _ American Heritage Dictionary _ and the _ Merriam-Webster Dictionary _ both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music . _ Encyclopædia Britannica _, on the other hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and later developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock music". The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy. Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film _ Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round _. In 1942, _Billboard _ magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe
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Parlophone
PARLOPHONE RECORDS LIMITED (also known as PARLOPHONE RECORDS) is a German-British record label founded in Germany
Germany
in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company as PARLOPHON. The British branch of the company was founded in 8 August 1923 as THE PARLOPHONE CO. LTD., which developed a reputation in the 1920s as a leading jazz record label. On 5 October 1926, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired Parlophone's business, name and release library, and later merged with the Gramophone Company on 31 March 1931 to become Electric & Musical Industries Limited (EMI ). George Martin
George Martin
joined EMI
EMI
in 1950 as assistant label manager, taking over as manager in 1955. Martin produced and released a mix of product including comedy recordings of the Goons , the pianist Mrs Mills , and teen idol Adam Faith
Adam Faith
. In 1962, Martin signed the Liverpool
Liverpool
-based band The Beatles
The Beatles
, and during the 1960s, with artists such as Cilla Black , Billy J. Kramer , The Fourmost , and contemporary Manchester
Manchester
band The Hollies also signed to the label, Parlophone
Parlophone
became one of the world's most famous and prestigious record labels
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Top Rank Records
The RANK ORGANISATION was a British entertainment conglomerate founded by industrialist J. Arthur Rank in April 1937. It quickly became the largest and most vertically integrated film company in Britain, owning production, distribution and exhibition facilities. It also diversified into the manufacture of radios, TVs and photocopiers (as one of the owners of Rank Xerox ). The company name lasted until February 1996 when the name and some of the remaining assets were absorbed into the newly structured the Rank Group Plc . The company logo, the Gongman , first used in 1935 by the group's distribution company General Film Distributors and seen in the opening titles of the films, became a celebrated and enduring film emblem. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Growth * 3 Film making in the 1940s * 4 Crisis and diversification * 5 Declining involvement in the film industry * 6 1970s * 6.1 Temporary revival and final cessation of production * 7 Select filmography * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links ORIGIN J. Arthur Rank , born in Kingston upon Hull , UK, was already a wealthy industrialist through his father's flour milling business, Joseph Rank Ltd , when he made his somewhat unlikely start in film-making, financing short religious subjects in line with his Methodist
Methodist
beliefs
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Hmv
HMV RETAIL LTD. is an entertainment retailing company (registered in England) operating in the United Kingdom. The first HMV-branded store was opened by the Gramophone Company on Oxford Street in 1921, and the HMV name was also used for television and radio sets manufactured from the 1930s onwards. The retail side of the business began to expand in the 1960s, and in 1998 was divested from EMI , the successor to the Gramophone Company, to form what would become HMV Group. HMV stands for _His Master\'s Voice _, the title of a painting by Francis Barraud of the dog Nipper listening to a cylinder phonograph , which was bought by the Gramophone Company in 1899. For advertising purposes this was changed to a wind-up gramophone , and eventually used simply as a silhouette. HMV owned the Waterstone\'s bookshop chain from 1998 until 2011, and has owned the music retailer Fopp since August 2007. It purchased a number of former Zavvi stores in February 2009, and also branched into live music venue management that year by purchasing MAMA Group . It sold the group in December 2012. On 15 January 2013, HMV Group plc entered administration . Deloitte were appointed to deal with the administration of the company. On 16 January 2013, HMV Ireland declared receivership , and all Irish stores were closed
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Warner Bros. Records
WARNER BROS. RECORDS INC. is an American major record label established in 1958 as the foundation label of the present-day Warner Music Group (WMG), and now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of that corporation. Warner Bros. Records was established on March 19, 1958, as the recorded-music division of the American film studio Warner Bros. For most of its early existence it was one of a group of labels owned and operated by larger parent corporations. The sequence of companies that controlled Warner Bros. and its allied labels evolved through a convoluted series of corporate mergers and acquisitions from the early 1960s to the early 2000s. Over this period, Warner Bros. Records grew from a struggling minor player in the music industry to become one of the top recording labels in the world. In 2003, these music assets were divested by their then owner Time Warner and purchased by a private equity group. This independent company traded as the Warner Music Group before being bought by Access Industries in 2011. WMG is the smallest of the three major international music conglomerates and the world's last publicly traded major music company. Cameron Strang serves as CEO of the company
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The Roulettes
THE ROULETTES were a British rock and roll group formed in London
London
in 1962. They were shortly recruited to play as the backing group to singer Adam Faith , in order for him to compete with the beat bands then emerging from Merseyside. With Faith, they subsequently enjoyed a run of chart hits in the 1960s, billed as Adam Faith with The Roulettes on the Parlophone
Parlophone
label. They backed Faith on the UK chart hits; 'The First Time', 'We Are in Love', 'I Love Being in Love With You', 'If He Tells You', and 'Someone's Taken Maria Away' (between 1964–65) In 1962, The Roulettes signed with Pye Records and began releasing their own material, in 1963 they switched to the same label as Adam Faith, (Parlophone) but none of their singles reached the charts. Their only album 'Stakes And Chips' was released in 1965 with similar success. As well as backing Adam Faith on record, they accompanied him on tour until October 1965, most notably backing him on a 'Live' album. Early in 1967 they joined the Philips Fontana label but still the charts eluded them, although they toured Europe until later that year when the group split up
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Teen Idol
A TEEN IDOL is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base. Teen idols are generally young but not necessarily teenaged. Often teen idols are actors or musicians , like Ariana Grande and Niall Horan , but some sports figures also have an appeal to teenagers. Some teen idols began their careers as child actors , like Lindsay Lohan . The idol's popularity may be limited to teens, or may extend to all age groups. Many teen idols are targeted for adults for nostalgia purposes. There were teen idols before there were teen magazines , but idols have always been a permanent feature in magazines such as Seventeen , 16 magazine , Tiger Beat
Tiger Beat
and Right On! in the United States
United States
, and in similar magazines elsewhere. With the advent of television, teen idols were also promoted through programs such as American Bandstand , The Ed Sullivan Show , Soul Train
Soul Train
and in the UK Top of the Pops . Today's teen idols have spawned an entire industry of gossip magazines , television shows , YouTube
YouTube
, and whole television channels such as E! . Many American teen idols achieve "cross-over" success internationally; however, this list is not limited to American artists alone with some people such as German popstar Bill Kaulitz of the pop-rock band Tokio Hotel
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Record Chart
A RECORD CHART also called a MUSIC CHART is a ranking of recorded music according to popularity during a given period of time. Examples of music charts are the Hit parade , the Billboard Hot 100 or Top 40 . Many different criteria are used in different charts, including sales of records , cassettes and compact discs , the amount of radio airplay, and since the introduction of digital technology, the number of downloads and the amount of streaming activity. Some charts are specific to a particular musical genre and most to a particular geographical location (although download charts are not easily pinned down in this way). The most common period of time covered by a chart is one week with the chart being printed or broadcast at the end of this time. Summary charts for years and decades are then calculated from their component weekly charts. Component charts have become an increasingly important way to measure the commercial success of individual songs. CONTENTS * 1 Chart hit * 2 Other terminology * 3 See also * 4 External links * 5 References CHART HITA chart hit is an extremely popular recording, identified by its inclusion in a chart that uses sales or other criteria to rank popular releases. Chart-topper and related terms (like number one, No. 1 hit, top of the charts, chart hit, and so forth) are widely used in common conversation and in marketing, and are loosely defined
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