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Zhang Sengyou
Zhang Sengyou
Zhang Sengyou
(Chinese: 张僧繇, Zhāng Sēngyóu) was a famous Liang dynasty
Liang dynasty
painter the ink style in the reign of Emperor Wu of Liang. His birth and death years are unknown, but he was active circa 490–540. He was a native Wu commandery (now Suzhou, Jiangsu Province). Background and reputation[edit] Sengyou was a member of Zhang clan of Wu, one of the four prominent clans in the Southeastern commandery of Wu. According to Tang dynasty art critic Zhang Yanyuan's "Notes of Past Famous Paintings", Sengyou served as an official during the reign of Emperor Wu of Liang. He was the director of the imperial library and was also in charge of any painting related affairs in the court of Emperor Wu. Later, Sengyou served the country as the general of right flank army and the governor of Wuxing Commandery.[1] His works were rated the finest quality by Zhang Yanyuan
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Chinese Character
Chinese characters
Chinese characters
are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese. Occasionally, they are also used for writing Korean, Vietnamese and some other Asian languages. In Standard Chinese, they are called Hanzi (simplified Chinese: 汉字; traditional Chinese: 漢字, lit "Han characters").[2][3][4] They have been adapted to write a number of other Asian languages, including Korean, where they are known as Hanja
Hanja
(漢字), Japanese, where they are known as Kanji
Kanji
(漢字), Vietnamese, in a system known as Chữ Nôm, and Zhuang, in a system known as Sawndip. Collectively, they are known as CJK characters
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Liang Dynasty
The Liang dynasty
Liang dynasty
(Chinese: 梁朝; pinyin: Liáng cháo) (502–557), also known as the Southern Liang dynasty
Liang dynasty
(南梁), was the third of the Southern Dynasties during China's Southern and Northern Dynasties period. It was located in East China
China
and South China, and replaced by the Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
in 557
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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International Standard Book Number
"ISBN" redirects here. For other uses, see ISBN (other).International Standard Book
Book
NumberA 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar codeAcronym ISBNIntroduced 1970; 48 years ago (1970)Managing organisation International ISBN AgencyNo. of digits 13 (formerly 10)Check digit Weighted sumExample 978-3-16-148410-0Website www.isbn-international.orgThe International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a unique[a][b] numeric commercial book identifier. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007
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Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
( listen), formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin,[3] is the capital of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in t
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Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm, ˈbuː-/)[1][2] is a religion[3][4] and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada
Theravada
(Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana
Mahayana
(Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")
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History Of The Southern Dynasties
The History of the Southern Dynasties (Nánshǐ) is one of the official Chinese historical works in the Twenty-Four Histories canon. It contain 80 volumes and covers the period from 420 to 589, the histories of Liu Song, Southern Qi, Liang dynasty, and Chen dynasty. Like the History of the Northern Dynasties, the book was started by Li Dashi. Following his death, Li Yanshou, son of Li Dashi completed the work on the book between 643 and 659
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Chen Dynasty
The Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
(simplified Chinese: 陈朝; traditional Chinese: 陳朝; pinyin: Chén Cháo; 557-589), also known as the Southern Chen dynasty, was the fourth and last of the Southern Dynasties
Southern Dynasties
in China, eventually destroyed by the Sui dynasty. Chen is the only dynasty named after the ruling house in Chinese history. When the dynasty was founded by Emperor Wu, it was exceedingly weak, possessing only a small portion of the territory once held by its predecessor Liang dynasty—and that portion was devastated by wars that had doomed Liang. However, Emperor Wu's successors Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan were capable rulers, and the state gradually solidified and strengthened, becoming roughly equal in power to rivals Northern Zhou
Northern Zhou
and Northern Qi. After Northern Zhou
Northern Zhou
destroyed Northern Qi in 577, Chen was cornered
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Wu Daozi
Wu Daozi
Wu Daozi
(680–c. 760), also known as Daoxuan, was a Chinese artist of the Tang Dynasty. Michael Sullivan considers him one of "the masters of the seventh century,"[1] Some of his works survive; many, mostly murals, have been lost.Contents1 Works 2 Legends 3 Legacy 4 See also 5 ReferencesWorks[edit] Wu traveled widely and created murals in Buddhist and Daoist temples. Wu also drew mountains, rivers, flowers, birds. No authentic originals are extant, though some exist in later copies or stone carvings.[2] Wu's famous painting of Confucius
Confucius
was preserved by having been copied in a stone engraving. Legends[edit] Numerous legends gathered around Wu Daozi, often concerning commissions by Emperor Xuanzong. In one, he painted a wall mural displaying a rich nature-scene set in a valley, containing a stunning array of flora and fauna and including a cave at the foot of a mountain
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Gu Kaizhi
Gu Kaizhi
Gu Kaizhi
(simplified Chinese: 顾恺之; traditional Chinese: 顧愷之; pinyin: Gù Kǎizhī; Wade–Giles: Ku K'ai-chih; c. 344–406), courtesy name Changkang (長康), was a celebrated painter of ancient China.[1] He was born in Wuxi
Wuxi
and first painted at Nanjing in 364. In 366, he became an officer (Da Sima Canjun, 大司馬參軍). Later he was promoted to royal officer (Sanji Changshi, 散騎常侍). He was also a talented poet and calligrapher. He wrote three books about painting theory: On Painting (畫論), Introduction of Famous Paintings of Wei and Jin Dynasties (魏晉勝流畫贊) and Painting Yuntai Mountain (畫雲台山記). He wrote: "In figure paintings the clothes and the appearances were not very important
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Zhang Yanyuan
Zhang Yanyuan (simplified Chinese: 张彦远; traditional Chinese: 張彥遠; pinyin: Zhāng Yànyuǎn; Wade–Giles: Chang Yenyüan, c. 815- c. 877), courtesy name Aibin (爱宾), was a Chinese art historian, scholar, calligrapher and painter of the late Tang Dynasty. Biography[edit] Zhang was born to a high-ranking family in present-day Yuncheng, Shanxi. He wrote several works about art and calligraphy, among them Fashu Yaolu (法書要錄, "Compendium of Calligraphy"), a collection of poems on color paper, and Lidai Minghua Ji (歷代名畫記, "Famous Paintings through History") - a general arts book, about the famous historical paintings. Zhang created his own style of art history writing, combining historical facts and art critic
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Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
( listen (help·info)), formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the leading provinces in finance, education, technology and tourism, with its capital in Nanjing. Jiangsu
Jiangsu
is the third smallest, but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China. Jiangsu
Jiangsu
has the highest GDP per capita of Chinese provinces and second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong.[4] Jiangsu borders Shandong
Shandong
in the north, Anhui
Anhui
to the west, and Zhejiang
Zhejiang
and Shanghai
Shanghai
to the south
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Suzhou
CNY 1.55 trillion USD
USD
$233.07 billion PPP $442 billionPer capitaCNY 145,205 USD
USD
$21,868 PPP $41,487Growth: 7.5%HDI (2015) 0.894 - very high[2]City flower Osmanthus


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Wu Commandery
Wu Commandery was a commandery of imperial China. It covers parts of the contemporary Northern Zhejiang and Southern Jiangsu. The capital of Wu commandery was Wu(today's Suzhou). Major counties of Wu commandery include Wu (county), Yuhang county, and Huating county which later became known as Suzhou, Hangzhou and Shanghai.[1]Contents1 History 2 Subordinate Counties 3 Functionaries 4 Society 5 See also 6 ReferencesHistory[edit] During its existence, Wu commandery was ruled by various dynasties and regimes
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Emperor Wu Of Liang
Emperor Wu of Liang
Emperor Wu of Liang
(梁武帝) (464–549), personal name Xiao Yan (蕭衍), courtesy name Shuda (叔達), nickname Lian'er (練兒), was the founding emperor of the Liang Dynasty
Liang Dynasty
of Chinese history. His reign, until the end, was one of the most stable and prosperous during the Southern Dynasties. Emperor Wu created universities and extending the Confucian
Confucian
civil service exams, demanding that sons of nobles study. He was well read himself and wrote poetry and patronized the arts. Although for governmental affairs he was Confucian
Confucian
in values, he embraced Buddhism as well. He himself was attracted to many Indian traditions. He banned the sacrifice of animals and was against execution
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