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Zarqa Governorate
ZARQA GOVERNORATE (Arabic محافظة الزرقاء Muħāfazat az-Zarqāʔ, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zer'a) is the third largest governorate in Jordan
Jordan
by population. The capital of Zarqa governorate is Zarqa
Zarqa
City, which is the largest city in the governorate. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the Jordanian capital Amman
Amman
. The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa . Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases of the Jordanian armed forces
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Glubb Pasha
Lieutenant-General SIR JOHN BAGOT GLUBB, KCB , CMG , DSO , OBE , MC (16 April 1897 – 17 March 1986), known as GLUBB PASHA, was a British soldier, scholar and author, who led and trained Transjordan 's Arab Legion between 1939 and 1956 as its commanding general. During the First World War
First World War
, he served in France. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Honours * 3 Family * 4 Reception * 5 Legacy * 6 Writings * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 External links * 10.1 Photos LIFEBorn in Preston, Lancashire
Preston, Lancashire
, and educated at Cheltenham College , Glubb gained a commission in the Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
in 1915. On the Western Front of World War I
World War I
he received a serious wound – a shattered jaw. In later years this would lead to his Arab nickname of Abu Hunaik, meaning "the one with the little jaw"
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Nabatean
The NABATAEANS, also NABATEANS (/ˌnæbəˈtiːənz/ ; Arabic : الأنباط‎‎ al-ʾAnbāṭ , compare to Ancient Greek : Ναβαταίος, Latin : Nabatæus), were an Arab
Arab
people who inhabited northern Arabia
Arabia
and the Southern Levant . Their settlements, most prominently the assumed capital city of Raqmu , now called Petra, gave the name of NABATENE to the borderland between Arabia
Arabia
and Syria , from the Euphrates to the Red Sea
Red Sea
. Their loosely controlled trading network, which centered on strings of oases that they controlled, where agriculture was intensively practiced in limited areas, and on the routes that linked them, had no securely defined boundaries in the surrounding desert
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Arab Legion
The ARAB LEGION was the regular army of Transjordan and then Jordan in the early part of the 20th century. CONTENTS * 1 Creation * 2 World War II
World War II
* 3 1948 Arab–Israeli War * 4 Further clashes with Israel * 5 Jordanian army * 6 Commanders * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links CREATIONIn October 1920, after taking over the Transjordan region, the United Kingdom formed a unit of 150 men called the "Mobile Force", under the command of Captain Frederick Gerard Peake , to defend the territory against both internal and external threats. The Mobile Force was based in Zarqa . 80% of its men were drawn from the local Chechen community
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Damascus
DAMASCUS (Arabic : دمشق‎‎ _Dimashq_ , Syrian : ) is the capital and likely the largest city of Syria , following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the ongoing battle for the city. It is commonly known in Syria as _ash-Sham_ (Arabic : الشام‎‎ _ash-Shām_) and nicknamed as the _City of Jasmine _ (Arabic : مدينة الياسمين‎‎ _Madīnat al-Yāsmīn_). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious centre of the Levant . The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 as of 2009 . Located in south-western Syria, Damascus is the centre of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004)
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Hedjaz Railway
The HEJAZ (or HEDJAZ) RAILWAY (Turkish : Hicaz Demiryolu) was a narrow gauge railway (1,050 mm/​3 ft 5 11⁄32 in track gauge ) that ran from Damascus
Damascus
to Medina
Medina
, through the Hejaz
Hejaz
region of Saudi Arabia , with a branch line to Haifa
Haifa
on the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
. It was a part of the Ottoman railway network and was built to extend the line from the Haydarpaşa Terminal
Haydarpaşa Terminal
in Kadikoy
Kadikoy
beyond Damascus
Damascus
to the holy city of Mecca
Mecca
. It got no further than Medina
Medina
, 400 kilometres (250 mi) short of Mecca, due to the interruption of the construction works caused by the outbreak of World War I
World War I

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Saudi Arabia
SAUDI ARABIA (/ˌsɔːdiː əˈreɪbiə/ ( listen ), /ˌsaʊ-/ ( listen )), officially the KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA (KSA), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula . With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia
Arabia
is geographically the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab
Arab
world after Algeria
Algeria

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Population
A POPULATION is all the organisms of the same group or species , which live in a particular geographical area , and have the capability of interbreeding. The area that is used to define a sexual population is defined as the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas. In sociology , population refers to a collection of humans . Demography
Demography
is a social science which entails the statistical study of human populations
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Al-Balqa` Applied University
AL-BALQA\' APPLIED UNIVERSITY (BAU) ( Arabic
Arabic
جامعة البلقاء التطبيقية) is a government-supported university located in Salt , Jordan
Jordan
, was founded in 1997, a distinctive state university in the field of Bachelor and associate degree Applied Education, at the capacity of more than 21,000 student distributed into 10,000 at the bachelor's degree program and 11,000 at the associate degree program. Balqa' Applied University was formed by merging several colleges distributed over almost all of the Jordanian provinces. The merger was the result of royal decree, under the auspices of his majesty the late King Hussein
King Hussein
to provide qualified professionals who focus on applied technical studies. A recent stadium was constructed to hold official graduation and ceremonies and was finished in 2011
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Hashemite University
THE HASHEMITE UNIVERSITY (الجامعة الهاشمية), often abbreviated HU, is one of the Jordanian state- run universities . It was established in 1995. The University is located in the vicinity of the city of Zarqa. As regards to the study systems, it applies the credit hour system. Each college has its own number of credit hours. The university is the first university in Jordan
Jordan
to apply the Two- Summer –Semester system. The Hashemite University
Hashemite University
offers a variety of different master programs. It also offers an international admission program which allows non-Jordanian students to enroll at the university
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Jordan Petroleum Refinery Company
Coordinates : 32°07′23″N 36°06′42″E / 32.1230721°N 36.1116669°E / 32.1230721; 36.1116669 JORDAN PETROLEUM REFINERY COMPANY (Arabic: شركة مصفاة البترول الأردنية) runs the only oil refinery in Jordan . It was established in 1956, and construction of the oil refinery plant started in 1957. Currently, the company's production does not cover all of the Kingdom's needs for oil products, and Jordan
Jordan
must rely on imports from other countries
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Census
A CENSUS is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population . The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses ; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice. The word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic , the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service
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Umayyads
The UMAYYAD CALIPHATE ( Arabic
Arabic
: ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة‎‎, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelled OMAYYAD, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad
Muhammad
. This caliphate was centred on the Umayyad dynasty
Umayyad dynasty
( Arabic
Arabic
: ٱلأُمَوِيُّون‎‎, al-ʾUmawiyyūn, or بَنُو أُمَيَّة, Banū ʾUmayya, "Sons of Umayya "), hailing from Mecca
Mecca
. The Umayyad family had first come to power under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan (r. 644–656), but the Umayyad regime was founded by Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan , long-time governor of Syria
Syria
, after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in AD 661/41 AH
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Medina
MEDINA (/məˈdiːnə/ ; Arabic : المدينة المنورة‎‎, _al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah_, "the radiant city"; or المدينة, _al-Madīnah_ (Hejazi pronunciation: ), "the city"), also transliterated as MADīNAH, is a city in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia that is also the capital of the Al Madinah Region . The city contains al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's Mosque"), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad , and is the second-holiest city in Islam after Mecca . Medina was Muhammad's destination after his Hijrah (journey) from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim Empire, first under Muhammad's leadership, and then under Abu Bakr . It served as the power base of Islam in its first century where the early Muslim community developed
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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