HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Zarqa Governorate
ZARQA GOVERNORATE (Arabic محافظة الزرقاء Muħāfazat az-Zarqāʔ, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zer'a) is the third largest governorate in Jordan
Jordan
by population. The capital of Zarqa governorate is Zarqa
Zarqa
City, which is the largest city in the governorate. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the Jordanian capital Amman
Amman
. The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa . Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases of the Jordanian armed forces. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Administrative divisions * 5 Economy * 6 References HISTORY The city of Russeifa
Russeifa
The land of Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate has been inhabited since the Bronze Age , most prominent were the Ammonite kingdom and the Nabateans , who constructed the fort known as Qasr al Hallabat , which then was used as a fort by the Romans, and then as a desert palace by the Umayyads . The wetlands in Azraq The most significant historical remains are the Umayyad desert palaces, such as Qasr Amra
Qasr Amra
, a World Heritage site, Qasr al Hallabat , Qasr Shabib in the center of the city of Zarqa, as well as the Castle of Azraq
[...More...]

"Zarqa Governorate" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Governorates Of Jordan
Jordan is divided into twelve governorates (_muhafazah _) by the administrative divisions system of the Ministry of Interior. In 1994, four new governorates were created: Jerash , Ajloun , Madaba and Aqaba . Jerash Governorate and Ajloun Governorate were split from Irbid Governorate , Madaba Governorate was split from Amman Governorate and Aqaba Governorate was split from Ma\'an Governorate . Governorates are further subdivided into districts (_liwa_) and often into sub-districts (_qda_). GEOGRAPHYGeographically, the governorates of Jordan are located in one of three regions: the North Region, Central Region and the South Region. The three geographical regions are not distributed by area or populations but rather by geographical connectivity and distance among the population centres. The South Region is separated from the Central Region by the Mountains of Moab in Karak Governorate . The population centres of the Central and North Region are separated geographically by the mountains of Jerash Governorate
[...More...]

"Governorates Of Jordan" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Jordan
JORDAN (/ˈdʒɔːrdən/ ; Arabic : الأردن‎‎ _Al-Urdunn_), officially THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN ( Arabic : المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية‎‎ _Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah_), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia , on the East Bank of the Jordan River . Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the east and south; Iraq to the north-east; Syria to the north; Israel , Palestine and the Dead Sea to the west; and the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman , is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre. What is now Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age : Ammon , Moab and Edom . Later rulers include the Nabataean Kingdom , the Roman Empire , and the Ottoman Empire . After the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in 1916 during World War I , the Ottoman Empire was partitioned by Britain and France. The Emirate of Transjordan was established in 1921 by the then Emir Abdullah I and it became a British protectorate
[...More...]

"Jordan" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Russeifa
RUSSEIFA, also spelled RUSSIEFA, (Arabic : الرصيفة‎‎) is a city in Zarqa Governorate in Jordan
Jordan
. It has a population of about 280,000 (2009 estimate), making it the fourth-largest city in Jordan, after Amman
Amman
, Irbid , and Zarqa
Zarqa
. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Demographics * 3 Districts of Metropolitan Russeifa
Russeifa
* 4 Economy * 5 References GEOGRAPHYThe city of Russeifa
Russeifa
is located in the Central region of Jordan, in the Zarqa
Zarqa
River basin, on the Amman
Amman
- Zarqa
Zarqa
highway. Amman, Zarqa, and Russeifa
Russeifa
form one large metropolitan area, the second largest metropolitan area in the Levant, after Damascus. The city administratively belongs to Zarqa Governorate . Due to its proximity to Amman
Amman
and Zarqa, it houses several heavy industries. DEMOGRAPHICSThe Jordan
Jordan
National Census of 2004 showed the population of Russeifa as 268,237. The female to male ratio was 48.46% to 51.54%. Jordanian citizens made up 89.6% of Russeifa's population
[...More...]

"Russeifa" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Azraq
AZRAQ (Arabic : الأزرق‎‎ meaning "the blue one") is a small town in Zarqa Governorate
Zarqa Governorate
in central-eastern Jordan
Jordan
, 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of Amman
Amman
. The population of Azraq was 9,021 in 2004. The Muwaffaq Salti Air Base is located in Azraq. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Demographics * 3 Wildlife reserve * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYAzraq has long been an important settlement in a remote and now-arid desert area of Jordan. The strategic value of the town and its castle ( Qasr Azraq
Qasr Azraq
) is that it lies in the middle of the Azraq oasis , the only permanent source of fresh water in approximately 12,000 square kilometres of desert. The town is located on a major desert route that would have facilitated trade within the region. The Azraq oasis has a long history beginning in the Lower Palaeolithic
Lower Palaeolithic
period. Many Palaeolithic sites have been documented in the Azraq Wetlands Reserve . During the Epipalaeolithic
Epipalaeolithic
period the oasis was also an important focus of settlement. Azraq street view Nabatean
Nabatean
period settlement activity has also been documented in the area
[...More...]

"Azraq" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Zarqa
THE BLUE CITY OR AZ-ZARQā (Arabic : الزرقاء‎‎; English The Blue City BGN : AZ ZARQāʼ; local pronunciation ez-Zergā, ez-Zer'a, or ez-Zarka) is the capital of Zarqa Governorate in Jordan
Jordan
. Its name means "the blue city". CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Districts of Greater Zarqa
Zarqa
Municipality * 5 Economy and infrastructure * 5.1 Transportation * 5.2 Industry * 6 Education * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY Zarqa
Zarqa
is located in the Zarqa River basin in northeast Jordan
Jordan
. The city is situated 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Amman
Amman
. HISTORY The Zarqa
Zarqa
train station of the Ottoman-built Hejaz Railway . Although inhabited since the 1st century, the city of Zarqa
Zarqa
was established by immigrants from the Caspian Sea region at the beginning of the 20th century. The first settlement in the city was established in 1902 by Chechen immigrants who were displaced from the wars between the Ottoman and Russian Empires . They settled along the Zarqa
Zarqa
River. At that time a station on the Hejaz Railway was built in the new settlement. The railway station turned Zarqa
Zarqa
into an important hub
[...More...]

"Zarqa" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Greenwich Mean Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time+1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. GREENWICH MEAN TIME (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich , London . GMT was formerly used as the international civil time standard, now superseded in that function by Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) . Today GMT is considered equivalent to UTC for UK civil purposes (but this is not formalised) and for navigation is considered equivalent to UT1 (the modern form of mean solar time at 0° longitude); these two meanings can differ by up to 0.9 s. Consequently, the term GMT should not be used for precise purposes
[...More...]

"Greenwich Mean Time" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Arabic Language
THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS ARABIC TEXT . Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols .ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, _al-ʻarabiyyah_ (_ listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabī_ (_ listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language complex that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca _ of the Arab world . It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic
Arabic
(_fuṣḥā_), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam
Islam
. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary
[...More...]

"Arabic Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Amman
AMMAN (English: /ɑːˈmɑːn/ ; Arabic : عمّان‎‎ _ʻammān_ pronounced ) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan , and the country's economic, political and cultural centre. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman is the administrative centre of the Amman Governorate . The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a land area of 1,680 square kilometres (648.7 sq mi). Today, Amman is considered to be among the most liberal and westernized Arab cities. It is a major tourist destination in the region, particularly among Arab and European tourists. The earliest evidence of settlement in the area is a Neolithic site known as \ 'Ain Ghazal . Its successor was known as "Rabbath Ammon", which was the capital of the Ammonites , then as "Philadelphia", and finally as Amman. It was initially built on seven hills but now spans over 19 hills combining 27 districts, which are administered by the Greater Amman Municipality headed by its mayor Aqel Biltaji . Areas of Amman have either gained their names from the hills (Jabal) or the valleys (Wadi) they lie on, such as Jabal Lweibdeh and Wadi Abdoun. East Amman is predominantly filled with historic sites that frequently host cultural activities, while West Amman is more modern and serves as the economic center of the city
[...More...]

"Amman" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Bronze Age
arsenical bronze writing , literature sword , chariot ↓ Iron Age The BRONZE AGE is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze , proto-writing , and other early features of urban civilization . The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze- Iron system , as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen , for classifying and studying ancient societies. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by producing bronze by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin , arsenic , or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Bronze itself is harder and more durable than other metals available at the time, allowing Bronze Age civilisations to gain a technological advantage. Copper-tin ores are rare, as reflected in the fact that there were no tin bronzes in Western Asia before trading in bronze began in the 3rd millennium BC . Worldwide, the Bronze Age generally followed the Neolithic period, with the Chalcolithic serving as a transition. Although the Iron Age generally followed the Bronze Age, in some areas (such as Sub-Saharan Africa ), the Iron Age intruded directly on the Neolithic. Bronze Age cultures differed in their development of the first writing
[...More...]

"Bronze Age" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Ammon
AMMON (Hebrew : עַמּוֹן, Modern _Ammon_, Tiberian _ʻAmmôn_; "People"; Arabic : عمّون‎, translit. _ʻAmmūn_‎) was an Iron Age Semitic-speaking nation occupying the east of the Jordan River , between the torrent valleys of Arnon and Jabbok , in present-day Jordan . The chief city of the country was _ Rabbah _ or _Rabbath Ammon_, site of the modern city of Amman , Jordan's capital. Milcom and Molech (who may be one and the same) are named in the Hebrew Bible as the gods of Ammon. The people of this kingdom are called "CHILDREN OF AMMON" or "AMMONITES". CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Biblical narrative * 3 Language * 4 Economy * 5 Archaeology * 5.1 Inscription * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY Further information: List of rulers of Ammon The Ammonites occupied the northern Central Trans-Jordanian Plateau from the latter part of the second millennium B.C. to the middle of the first millennium B.C. Ammon maintained its independence from the Assyrian empire through tribute to the Assyrian king, at a time when nearby kingdoms were being raided or conquered
[...More...]

"Ammon" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Nabateans
The NABATAEANS, also NABATEANS (/ˌnæbəˈtiːənz/ ; Arabic : الأنباط‎‎ _al-ʾAnbāṭ_ , compare to Ancient Greek : Ναβαταίος, Latin : _Nabatæus_), were an Arab
Arab
people who inhabited northern Arabia
Arabia
and the Southern Levant . Their settlements, most prominently the assumed capital city of Raqmu , now called Petra, , gave the name of _NABATENE_ to the borderland between Arabia
Arabia
and Syria
Syria
, from the Euphrates to the Red Sea . Their loosely controlled trading network, which centered on strings of oases that they controlled, where agriculture was intensively practiced in limited areas, and on the routes that linked them, had no securely defined boundaries in the surrounding desert. Trajan
Trajan
conquered the Nabataean kingdom , annexing it to the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, where their individual culture, easily identified by their characteristic finely potted painted ceramics, was adopted into the larger Greco-Roman culture . They were later converted to Christianity . Jane Taylor, a writer, describes them as "one of the most gifted peoples of the ancient world"
[...More...]

"Nabateans" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Qasr Al Hallabat
Coordinates : 32°5′00″N 36°21′47″E / 32.08333°N 36.36306°E / 32.08333; 36.36306 QASR AL HALLABAT is a town in the Zarqa Governorate
Zarqa Governorate
of north-western Jordan
Jordan
, north-east of the capital of Amman
Amman
. The town is named after the Umayyad desert castle located there. To the east of the castle stands the associated bath house of HAMMAM AS-SARAH . CONTENTS * 1 Castle * 2 Modern town * 3 See also * 4 External links * 5 References CASTLEThe complex of Qasr al-Hallabat is located in Jordan's eastern desert. Originally a Roman fortress constructed under Emperor Caracalla
Caracalla
to protect its inhabitants from Bedouin
Bedouin
tribes, this site dates to the second and third century AD, although there is trace evidence of Nabatean
Nabatean
presence at the site. It was one fort of many on the Roman highway, Via Nova Traiana , a route that connected Damascus to Aila (modern-day Aqaba
Aqaba
) by way of Petra
Petra
and Philadelphia (modern-day Amman
Amman
). However, by the eighth century, the Umayyad caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik ordered the Roman structures to be demolished in order to redevelop this military site and its neighboring territory to become one of the grandest of all Umayyad desert complexes
[...More...]

"Qasr Al Hallabat" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Umayyads
The UMAYYAD CALIPHATE ( Arabic
Arabic
: ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة‎‎, trans. _Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah_), also spelled OMAYYAD, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad
Muhammad
. This caliphate was centred on the Umayyad dynasty ( Arabic
Arabic
: ٱلأُمَوِيُّون‎‎, _al-ʾUmawiyyūn_, or بَنُو أُمَيَّة, _Banū ʾUmayya_, "Sons of Umayya "), hailing from Mecca
Mecca
. The Umayyad family had first come to power under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan
Uthman ibn Affan
(r. 644–656), but the Umayyad regime was founded by Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan , long-time governor of Syria
Syria
, after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in AD 661/41 AH . Syria remained the Umayyads' main power base thereafter, and Damascus
Damascus
was their capital. The Umayyads continued the Muslim conquests , incorporating the Caucasus
Caucasus
, Transoxiana , Sindh
Sindh
, the Maghreb
Maghreb
and the Iberian Peninsula ( Al-Andalus ) into the Muslim world
[...More...]

"Umayyads" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Qasr Amra
QASR AMRA (قصر عمرة / ALA-LC : Qaṣr ‘Amrah), also transcribed as QUSEIR AMRA or QUSAYR AMRA, is the best-known of the desert castles located in present-day eastern Jordan
Jordan
. It was built early in the 8th century, some time between 723 and 743, by Walid Ibn Yazid, the future Umayyad caliph Walid II , whose dominance of the region was rising at the time. It is considered one of the most important examples of early Islamic art and architecture . The discovery of an inscription during work in 2012 has allowed for more accurate dating of the structure. The building is actually the remnant of a larger complex that included an actual castle, of which only the foundation remains. What stands today is a small country cabin, meant as a royal retreat, without any military function. It is most notable for the frescoes that remain on the ceilings inside, which depict, among others, a group of rulers , hunting, naked women and, above one bath chamber, an accurate representation of the zodiac . These have led to its designation as a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site , one of four in the country. That status, and its location along Jordan's major east–west highway, relatively close to Amman
Amman
, have made it a frequent tourist destination
[...More...]

"Qasr Amra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Hedjaz Railway
The HEJAZ (or HEDJAZ) RAILWAY (Turkish : Hicaz Demiryolu) was a narrow gauge railway (1,050 mm/​3 ft 5 11⁄32 in track gauge ) that ran from Damascus
Damascus
to Medina
Medina
, through the Hejaz
Hejaz
region of Saudi Arabia , with a branch line to Haifa
Haifa
on the Mediterranean Sea . It was a part of the Ottoman railway network and was built to extend the line from the Haydarpaşa Terminal
Haydarpaşa Terminal
in Kadikoy beyond Damascus
Damascus
to the holy city of Mecca
Mecca
. It got no further than Medina
Medina
, 400 kilometres (250 mi) short of Mecca, due to the interruption of the construction works caused by the outbreak of World War I
World War I
. Damascus
Damascus
to Medina
Medina
is 1,300 kilometres (810 mi). The main purpose of the railway was to establish a connection between Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the seat of the Islamic Caliphate , and Hejaz
Hejaz
in Arabia , the site of the holiest shrines of Islam and the holy city of Mecca, the destination of the Hajj
Hajj
annual pilgrimage
[...More...]