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Zaouia Moulay Idriss II
Coordinates: 34°03′53.45″N 4°58′29.00″W / 34.0648472°N 4.9747222°W / 34.0648472; -4.9747222The Zaouia
Zaouia
of Moulay Idriss II is a zaouia (a shrine and religious complex; also spelled zawiya) in Fez, Morocco
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Qadi
A qadi (Arabic: قاضي‎; also cadi, kadi or kazi) is the magistrate or judge of the Shariʿa court, who also exercises extrajudicial functions, such as mediation, guardianship over orphans and minors, and supervision and auditing of public works.[1] The word "qadi" comes from a verb meaning to "judge" or to "decide".Contents1 History 2 Functions 3 Qadi
Qadi
vs Mufti 4 Qualifications 5 Jurisdiction 6 Jewish use 7 In Sri Lanka 8 Women as qadis 9 Local usage9.1 Indian subcontinent 9.2
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Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
(Arabic: الأنْدَلُس‎, trans. al-ʼAndalus; Spanish: al-Ándalus; Portuguese: al-Ândalus; Catalan: al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal. At its greatest geographical extent in the 8th century, a part of southern France—Septimania—was briefly under its control
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of Spain Reino de España  (Spanish)6 other official names[a][b]Aragonese: Reino d'EspanyaAsturian: Reinu d'EspañaBasque: Espainiako ErresumaCatalan: Regne d'EspanyaGalician: Reino de EspañaOccitan: Reiaume d'EspanhaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March"Location of  Spain  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Madrid 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national language Spanish[c]Co-official languages in certain autonomous communities Catalan Galician Basque OccitanEthnic groups (2015)89.9% Spanish 10.1% othersReligi
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Madrasa
Madrasa
Madrasa
(Arabic: مدرسة‎, madrasah, pl. مدارس, madāris) is the Arabic
Arabic
word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university. The word is variously transliterated madrasah, medresa, madrassa, madraza, medrese, etc. In the West, the word usually refers to a specific type of religious school or college for the study of the Islamic religion, though this may not be the only subject studied
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Wattasid Dynasty
The Wattasid dynasty
Wattasid dynasty
(Berber languages: ⵉⵡⴻⵟⵟⴰⵙⴻⵏ, Iweṭṭasen; Arabic: الوطاسيون‎, al-waṭṭāsīyūn) was a ruling dynasty of Morocco. Like the Marinid dynasty, its rulers were of Zenata
Zenata
Berber descent.[1] The two families were related, and the Marinids recruited many viziers from the Wattasids.[1] These viziers assumed the powers of the Sultans, seizing control of the Marinid dynasty's realm when the last Marinid, Abu Muhammad Abd al-Haqq, who had massacred many of the Wattasids in 1459, was murdered during a popular revolt in Fez in 1465. Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya was the first Sultan
Sultan
of the Wattasid Dynasty. He controlled only the northern part of Morocco, the south being divided into several principalities
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Saadi Dynasty
The Saadi dynasty
Saadi dynasty
or Saadian dynasty (Arabic: السعديون‎ as-saʿadiūn; Berber languages: ⵉⵙⵄⴷⵉⵢⵏ Isɛdiyen) was an arab[2] Moroccan dynasty, which ruled Morocco
Morocco
from 1549 to 1659. From 1509 to 1549 they had ruled only in the south of Morocco. While still recognizing the Wattasids
Wattasids
as Sultans until 1528, Saadian's growing power led the Wattasids
Wattasids
to attack them and, after an indecisive battle, to recognize their rule over southern Morocco[3] through the Treaty of Tadla. Their reign over Morocco
Morocco
began with the reign of Sultan
Sultan
Mohammed ash-Sheikh in 1554, when he vanquished the last Wattasids
Wattasids
at the Battle of Tadla
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Alaouite Dynasty
The Alaouite dynasty, or Alawite dynasty (Arabic: سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين‎, Sulālat al-ʿAlawiyyīn al-Fīlālīyn), is the current Moroccan royal family. The name Alaouite comes from the ‘Alī of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin, whose descendant Sharif ibn Ali became Prince of Tafilalt
Tafilalt
in 1631. His son Mulay Al-Rashid (1664–1672) was able to unite and pacify the country
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Mohammed Ash-Sheikh
Mawlay Mohammed ash-Sheikh
Mohammed ash-Sheikh
ash Sharif al-Hassani al-Drawi at-Tagmaderti (1490/1491 – 23 October 1557) was the first sultan of the Saadi dynasty
Saadi dynasty
ruling over Morocco
Morocco
(1544–57). "Al-Drawi at-Tagmadert" means: the man from the Draa
Draa
river valley, from Tagmadert. He was particularly successful in expelling the Portuguese from most of their bases in Morocco. He also eliminated the Wattasids and resisted the Ottomans, thereby establishing a complete rule over Morocco.Contents1 War against the Portuguese 2 War against the Wattasids
Wattasids
and Ottomans 3 Death 4 NotesWar against the Portuguese[edit] After the death of his father Abu Abdallah al-Qaim in 1517, Mohammed ash-Sheikh (together with his brother Ahmad al-Araj) took command of the war of the Saadi against the Portuguese
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Ahmad Al-Mansur
Al-Mansur
Al-Mansur
or Abu Ja'far Abdallah ibn Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Mansur (95 AH – 158 AH (714 AD– 6 October 775 AD);[1] Arabic: أبو جعفر عبدالله بن محمد المنصور‎) was the second Abbasid Caliph
Caliph
reigning from 136 AH to 158 AH (754 AD – 775 AD)[2][3] and succeeding his brother Abu al-'Abbas al-Saffah
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Zidan Abu Maali
Zidan Abu Maali (Arabic: زيدان أبو معالي‎) (? – September 1627) was the embattled Sultan of Morocco from 1603 to 1627, ruling only over the southern half of the country after, his brother took the northern half and a Sanhaji rebel from Tafilalt
Tafilalt
(Ahmed ibn Abi Mahalli) marched on Marrakesh
Marrakesh
claiming to be the Mahdi
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Sahn
A sahn, (Arabic: صحن‎, ṣaḥn), is a courtyard in Islamic architecture. Most traditional mosques have a large central sahn, which is surrounded by a riwaq or arcade on all sides. In traditional Islamic design, residences and neighborhoods can have private sahn. In Islamic and Arab architecture, the sahn courtyard is a common element in religious buildings and residences throughout the Arab world and beyond, used in urban and rural settings. The cloister is its equivalent in European medieval architecture and its religious buildings.Contents1 History 2 Types2.1 Mosque
Mosque
design 2.2 Residential design 2.3 Urban design3 See also 4 External linksHistory[edit] Originally, the sahn was used for dwellings, as a secure and private setting within a residence compound's walls
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Al-Rashid Of Morocco
Mulai al-Rashid (also spelt Mulay, Moulay or Mawlay) (1631 – 9 April 1672) (Arabic: مولاي الرشيد‎) was Sultan of Morocco
Sultan of Morocco
from 1666 to 1672.[1] He was the son of the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty, Moulay Ali Cherif, who took power in Tafilalt
Tafilalt
around 1630.[2] In 1635 al-Rashid's brother Ismail Ibn Sharif
Ismail Ibn Sharif
succeeded their still living father. After the death of their father, Mulai Mohammed brought Tafilalt, the Draa River
Draa River
valley and the Sahara region under Alaouite power. However, due to internal feuding war broke out between the brothers and Mohammed was killed by troops of al-Rashid in 1664. With a small army al-Rashid ruled the east of Morocco. He was able to expand his power and seize Taza. In 1666 he marched into Fes and ended the rule of the zaouia of Dila, a Berber movement which ruled the northern part of Morocco
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Madhhab
A madhhab (Arabic: مذهب‎ maḏhab, IPA: [ˈmaðhab], "way to act"; pl. مذاهب maḏāhib, [maˈðaːhɪb]) is a school of thought within fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). In the first 150 years of Islam, there were numerous madhahib, most of which have become extinct or merged with other schools
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Ismail Ibn Sharif
Moulay Ismail ibn Sharif (Arabic: مولاي إسماعيل بن الشريف ابن النصر‎) (1634– 22 March 1727), reigned 1672–1727[3], was the second ruler of the Moroccan Alaouite dynasty. He is also known in his native country as the "Warrior King".Contents1 Reign 2 Military campaigns 3 Diplomacy 4 Legacy 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksReign[edit] Main article: Alaouite dynasty He ruled from 1672 to 1727, succeeding his half-brother Moulay Al-Rashid who died after a fall from his horse. At the age of twenty-six, Moulay Ismaïl inherited a country weakened by internal tribal wars and royal successions. After al-Rashid's death on April 9, 1672, the city of Marrakesh
Marrakesh
refused to swear allegiance to Ismail, who at the time served as viceroy in Meknes
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