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Zahak-e Pain
ZAHAK-E PAIN (Persian : زحك پايين‎‎, also Romanized as ZAḥAḵ-E Pā’īN) is a village in Jakdan Rural District , in the Central District of Bashagard County , Hormozgan Province , Iran
Iran
. According to the 2006 census, its population was 86, in 20 families. REFERENCES * ^ Iranian National Committee for Standardization of Geographical Names website (in Persian) * ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" . Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Countries
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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Iran
IRAN (/ɪˈrɑːn/ (_ listen ), also /ɪˈræn/ ; Persian : ایران‎‎ Irān_ (_ listen )), also known as PERSIA (/ˈpɜːrʒə/ ), officially the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (Persian : جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān_ (_ listen )), is a sovereign state in Western Asia . It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia , the de facto_ independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic , the Republic of Azerbaijan , and the exclave of Nakhchivan ; to the north by the Caspian Sea ; to the northeast by Turkmenistan ; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan ; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman ; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq . With over 79.92 million inhabitants (as of March 2017 ), Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country . Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 18th-largest in the world . It is the only country with both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz , give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center
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Provinces Of Iran
IRAN is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian : استان‎‎ _Ostān_, plural استان‌ها _Ostānhā_), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, _markaz _) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General (Persian: استاندار _Ostāndār_), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet
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Hormozgan Province
HORMOZGAN PROVINCE (Persian : استان هرمزگان‎‎, _Ostān-e Hormozgān_) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran . It is in the south of the country, in Iran's Region 2 , facing Oman and UAE . Its area is 70,697 km2 (27,296 sq mi), and its provincial capital is Bandar Abbas . The province has fourteen islands in the Persian Gulf and 1,000 km (620 mi) of coastline. The province has 13 major cities: Bandar Abbas , Bandar Lengeh , Hajiabbad , Minab , Qeshm , Sardasht , Sirik , Jask , Bastak , Bandar Khamir , Parsian , Rudan , and Abumusa . The province has 13 counties (or districts), 69 municipalities, and 2,046 villages. In 2011 a little more than 1.5 million people resided in Hormozgan Province. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Race and Ethnicity * 3 Geography and Culture * 4 Hormozgan today * 5 Attractions * 6 Colleges and Universities * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYAlthough Hormozgan is known to have been settled during the Achaemenid era when Nearchus passed through the region, recorded history of the main port of Hormozgan (Bandar‑e Hormoz) begins with Ardashir I of Persia of the Sassanid empire
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Counties Of Iran
The counties of Iran , called _SHAHRESTAN_ (Persian : شهرستان‎‎ _shahrestān_), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (_ostan_). The word _shahrestan_ comes from the Persian words _shahr_ ("city, town") and _stān _ ("province, state"). " County ", therefore, is a near equivalent of _shahrestan_. Iranian counties are divided into one or more _bakhsh _ (بخش), or districts. A typical county includes both cities (شهر _shahr_) and rural agglomerations (دهستان _dehestān_), which are groupings of adjacent villages. One city within the county serves as the capital of that county. Each county is governed by an office known as _farmandari_, which coordinates different public events and agencies and is headed by a _farmandar_, the governor of the county and the highest-ranking official in the division. Among the provinces of Iran , Fars has the highest number of _shahrestan_s (23), while Qom uniquely has only one, being coextensive with its namesake county . In 2005, Iran had 324 _shahrestan_s
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Bashagard County
BASHAGARD COUNTY (Persian : شهرستان بشاگرد‎‎), also known as BASHāKERD COUNTY, is a county in Hormozgan Province in Iran . The capital of the county is Sardasht . At the 2006 census, the county's population was 31,235, in 7,174 families. The county has three districts: the Central District , Gafr and Parmon District , and Gowharan District . The county has one city: Sardasht . The county was separated from Jask County
Jask County
in 2012. REFERENCES * ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11
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Bakhsh
A _BAKHSH_ (Persian : بخش‎‎, _baxš_) is a type of administrative division of Iran . While sometimes translated as county , it should be more accurately translated as district, similar to a township in the United States or a district of England . In Iran, each _ostan _ or province consists of several _shahrestan _ or county (Persian : شهرستان _shahrestān_‎‎), and each _shahrestan_ has one or more _bakhsh_ or district. A _bakhsh_ usually consists of tens of villages with a central town or city. The official governor of a _bakhsh_ is called _bakhshdar_ which is the head of _bakhshdari_ office. There are usually a few cities (Persian : شهر‎‎, _šahr_) and _dehestan_ (municipalities or rural agglomerations; Persian : دهستان‎‎, _dehestān_) in each county. Dehestans are a collection of a number of villages and their surrounding lands. One of the cities of the county is appointed as the capital of each county. To better understand such subdivisions, the following table may be helpful: Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district might contain one or more cities or one or more RAs (rural agglomerations)
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Central District (Bashagard County)
The CENTRAL DISTRICT OF BASHAGARD COUNTY (Persian : بخش مرکزی شهرستان بشاگرد‎‎) is a district (bakhsh ) in Bashagard County
Bashagard County
, Hormozgan Province , Iran
Iran
. At the 2006 census, its population was 9.322, in 2,131 families. The District has one city: Sardasht . The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Jakdan Rural District and Sardasht Rural District . REFERENCES * ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11
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Rural Districts Of Iran
DEHESTAN (Persian : دهستان‎‎) is a type of administrative divisions of Iran . It is above the village and under the Bakhsh . As of 2006, there were 2,400 Dehestans in Iran
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Jakdan Rural District
JAKDAN RURAL DISTRICT (Persian : دهستان جكدان‎‎) is a rural district (dehestan) in the Central District of Bashagard County , Hormozgan Province , Iran
Iran
. At the 2006 census, its population was 8,078, in 1,861 families. The rural district has 38 villages. REFERENCES * ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Iran Standard Time
IRAN STANDARD TIME (IRST) or IRAN TIME (IT) is the time zone used in Iran . Iran uses a UTC offset UTC+03:30 . IRST is defined by the 52.5 degrees east meridian , the same meridian which defines the Iranian calendar and is the official meridian of Iran. Between 2005 and 2008, by decree of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad , Iran did not observe daylight saving time (called _ Iran Daylight Time_ or _IRDT_). It was reintroduced from 21 March 2008. CONTENTS * 1 Daylight Saving Transitions Dates * 2 Time zone changes * 3 IANA time zone database * 4 See also * 5 References DAYLIGHT SAVING TRANSITIONS DATES Iran is unusual in that the dates of DST transitions aren't based on a rule such as the third Monday in September. So in most countries, DST transitions occur on the same weekday every year, but not in Iran
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UTC+3
UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) . Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2017-08-10T00:39:25+03:00 (boldface only here to be clear). Some areas in the world use UTC+03:00 all year, other areas only part of the year. CONTENTS* 1 As standard time (all year round) * 1.1 Europe * 1.2 Africa * 1.3 Asia * 1.3.1 Arabia Standard Time
Arabia Standard Time
* 2 As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer only) * 2.1 Europe * 2.2 Western Asia * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References AS STANDARD TIME (ALL YEAR ROUND)EUROPE Main articles: Further-eastern European Time , Moscow Time
Moscow Time
, and Time in Turkey
Turkey
Most of European Russia , including Moscow
Moscow
, St. Petersburg , Rostov on Don , Novaya Zemlya , Franz Josef Land . From October 26, 2014 Moscow
Moscow
and most other parts of European Russia started using UTC+3 again, all year around. Also on September 7, 2016, Turkey
Turkey
and Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
started using UTC+3 all year round
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of _The Journal of Paris _, suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . The practice has both advocates and critics. Some early proponents of DST aimed to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting —once a primary use of electricity —today's heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST affects energy use is limited and contradictory
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