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Yid Hakodesh
YAAKOV YITZCHAK RABINOWICZ (Polish : Jakub Izaak Rabinowicz; 1766–1813), also known as the YID HAKODOSH (Yiddish : ייִד הקדוש; Hebrew : היהודי הקדוש, HaYehudi HaKadosh, "THE HOLY JEW"), was the founder of the Peshischa (פשיסחא, Yiddish) sect of Hasidism in Przysucha , Poland
Poland
, which was "an elitist, rationalistic Hasidism that centered on Talmudic study and formed a counterpoint to the miracle-centered Hasidism of Lublin." He held court in the grand synagogue of Przysucha. BIOGRAPHYHe was born in 1766. A disciple of The Seer of Lublin , from whom he broke, and the teacher of Rabbi Simcha Bunim of Peshischa , to whom was passed the helm of his yeshiva , he was also the patriarch of the Biala Hasidic dynasty
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Ger (Hasidic Dynasty)
GER, or GUR (or GERRER when used as an adjective) is a Hasidic dynasty originating from Ger, the Yiddish
Yiddish
name of Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
, a small town in Poland
Poland
. The founder of the dynasty was Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798–1866), known as the Chiddushei HaRim after his primary scholarly work by that title. Prior to the Holocaust , followers of Ger were estimated to number in excess of 100,000, making it the largest and most influential Hasidic groups in Poland. Today, the movement is based in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, and its membership is estimated at 13,000 families, most of whom live in Israel
Israel
, making Ger the largest Hasidic dynasty in Israel
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Izhbitza - Radzin (Hasidic Dynasty)
IZHBITZA-RADZIN is the name of a dynasty of Hasidic rebbes . The first rebbe of this dynasty was Rabbi
Rabbi
Mordechai Yosef Leiner , author of Mei Hashiloach , in the city of Izhbitza. (Izhbitza is the Yiddish name of Izbica , located in present-day Poland
Poland
). Rabbi
Rabbi
Mordechai Yosef founded his own Hasidic movement in the year 5600 (1839), with Rabbi
Rabbi
Mordechai Yosef leaving the court of Rabbi
Rabbi
Menachem Mendel of Kotzk . His son and successor, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Leiner of Izhbitza, moved to Radzin . The dynasty today is therefore known more as the "RADZINER DYNASTY". The third Rebbe , Rabbi
Rabbi
Gershon Henoch Leiner of Radzin, re-instituted the use of techeiles of the tzitzis
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Martin Buber
MARTIN BUBER (Hebrew : מרטין בובר‎, German : Martin Buber, Yiddish : מארטין בובער‎; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue , a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship. Born in Vienna
Vienna
, Buber came from a family of observant Jews, but broke with Jewish custom to pursue secular studies in philosophy . In 1902, he became the editor of the weekly Die Welt , the central organ of the Zionist movement, although he later withdrew from organizational work in Zionism. In 1923, Buber wrote his famous essay on existence, Ich und Du (later translated into English as I and Thou), and in 1925, he began translating the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
into the German language
German language

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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz
YAAKOV YITZCHAK RABINOWICZ (Polish : Jakub Izaak Rabinowicz; 1766–1813), also known as the YID HAKODOSH (Yiddish : ייִד הקדוש; Hebrew : היהודי הקדוש, HaYehudi HaKadosh, "THE HOLY JEW"), was the founder of the Peshischa (פשיסחא, Yiddish) sect of Hasidism in Przysucha , Poland
Poland
, which was "an elitist, rationalistic Hasidism that centered on Talmudic study and formed a counterpoint to the miracle-centered Hasidism of Lublin." He held court in the grand synagogue of Przysucha. BIOGRAPHYHe was born in 1766. A disciple of The Seer of Lublin , from whom he broke, and the teacher of Rabbi Simcha Bunim of Peshischa , to whom was passed the helm of his yeshiva , he was also the patriarch of the Biala Hasidic dynasty
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs
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Biala (Hasidic Dynasty)
BIALA (or BYALA, BIALE) Hasidic dynasty has its roots in Poland
Poland
. The Rebbes of Biala are descended from Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Yitzchok Rabinowicz, known as the Yid Hakodosh ("The Holy Jew"). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Main books * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe Biala dynasty is part of the Prshiskhe dynasty whose first rebbe was Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Yitzchok (the Holy Jew) of Prshiskhe (today Przysucha , Poland), a disciple of Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin (the Seer of Lublin). The Seer was a disciple of Rabbi
Rabbi
Elimelech of Lizhensk , who was a disciple of Rabbi
Rabbi
Dov Ber of Mezeritch (the Maggid of Mezritch), the leading disciple of the Baal Shem Tov , the founder of Hasidism
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Yeshiva
YESHIVA (/jəˈʃiːvɑː/ ; Hebrew
Hebrew
: ישיבה‎, lit. "sitting"; pl. ישיבות‎, yeshivot or yeshivos) is a Jewish institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts, primarily the Talmud
Talmud
and Torah
Torah
study . Study is usually done through daily shiurim (lectures or classes) and in study pairs called ḥavrutas ( Aramaic
Aramaic
for "friendship" or "companionship" ). Ḥavruta-style learning is one of the unique features of the yeshiva. In the United States and Israel, the different levels of yeshiva education have different names. In the United States, elementary-school students are enrolled in a yeshiva, post-bar mitzvah -age students learn in a metivta , and undergraduate-level students learn in a beit midrash or yeshiva gedola ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: ישיבה גדולה‎‎, lit. "large yeshiva" or "great yeshiva")
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Polish Language
POLISH (język polski, polszczyzna) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland
Poland
and is the native language of the Poles
Poles
. It belongs to the Lechitic subgroup of the West Slavic languages
Slavic languages
. Polish is the official language of Poland, but it is also used throughout the world by Polish minorities in other countries. There are over 55 million Polish language
Polish language
speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. Its written standard is the Polish alphabet , which has 9 additions to the letters of the basic Latin script
Latin script
(ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż). Polish is closely related to Kashubian , Silesian , Upper Sorbian , Lower Sorbian , Czech and Slovak
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Poland
Coordinates : 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic
Republic
of Poland Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska (Polish ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego " (English: "
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Przysucha
PRZYSUCHA is a town in Poland
Poland
. Located in historic Lesser Poland
Poland
, it is part of the Masovian Voivodeship
Masovian Voivodeship
, about 100 km southwest of Warsaw
Warsaw
and 40 km west of Radom
Radom
. It is the capital of Przysucha
Przysucha
County , and the town 6,762 inhabitants (2004). Its name in Yiddish
Yiddish
is פשיסחא or פשיסכא (pronounced: Pshiskhe). In the past, it was home to a number of Hasidic Rabbis , such as The Holy Jew and Simcha Bunim of Peshischa . Przysucha
Przysucha
is located on the Radomka river, along national road nr. 12 (which in the future will make Expressway S12 )
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Yiddish Language
YIDDISH (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, lit. "Jewish ", pronounced ; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, lit. Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews
Jews
. It originated during the 9th century in Central Europe , providing the nascent Ashkenazi community with an extensive Germanic based vernacular fused with elements taken from Hebrew and Aramaic , as well as from Slavic languages
Slavic languages
and traces of Romance languages . Yiddish
Yiddish
is written with a fully vocalized alphabet based on the Hebrew alphabet . The earliest surviving references date from the 12th century and call the language לשון־אַשכּנז (loshn-ashknaz, "language of Ashkenaz") or טײַטש (taytsh), a variant of tiutsch, the contemporary name for Middle High German
Middle High German

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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‬, Ivrit ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel
Israel
, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt . Aramaic and to a lesser extent Greek were already in use as international languages, especially among elites and immigrants
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Hasidism
HASIDISM, sometimes HASIDIC JUDAISM ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: חסידות‎, hasidut, Ashkenazi pronunciation : ; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious sect. It arose as a spiritual revival movement in contemporary Western Ukraine
Western Ukraine
during the 18th century
18th century
and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
. Today, most affiliates reside in the United States
United States
, Israel
Israel
, and Britain . Israel
Israel
Ben Eliezer, the " Baal Shem Tov
Baal Shem Tov
", is regarded as its founding father, and his disciples developed and disseminated it. Present-day Hasidism is a sub-group within Ultra-Orthodox ("Haredi") Judaism
Judaism
and is noted for its religious conservatism and social seclusion
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