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Ye Dharma Hetu
Ye dharmā hetu (Sanskrit: ये धर्मा हेतु), is a famous Sanskrit
Sanskrit
dhāraṇī widely used in ancient times, and is often found carved on chaityas, images, or placed within chaityas.[1][2] It is often used in Sanskrit, but is also found in Canonical Pali texts (Mahāvaggapāli PTS Vinaya
Vinaya
Vol 1, pg 40). It is referred to as the Dependent Origination Dhāraṇī. These words were used by the Arahat Assajī (Skr: Aśvajit) when asked about the teaching of the Buddha. On the spot Sāriputta (Skt: Śāriputra) attained the first Path (Sotāpatti) and later told them to his friend Moggallāna (Skt: Maudgalyayana) who also attained
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Sultanganj
sultanganj-population-bhagalpur-bihar-801353This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (June 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Buddha Footprint
The footprint of the Buddha is an imprint of Gautama Buddha's one or both feet. There are two forms: natural, as found in stone or rock, and those made artificially.[1] Many of the "natural" ones are acknowledged not to be actual footprints of the Buddha, but replicas or representations of them, which can be considered cetiya (Buddhist relics) and also an early aniconic and symbolic representation of the Buddha.[2]Contents1 Symbolism 2 History 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksSymbolism[edit] The footprints of Buddha are along the path from aniconic to iconic which starts at symbols like the wheel and moves to statues of Buddha. These footprints are meant to remind that Buddha was present on earth and left a spiritual ‘path’ to be followed. They are special as they are the only monuments which give Buddha a physical presence on earth as they are actual depression in the earth
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Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha[note 3] (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama,[note 4] Shakyamuni Buddha,[4][note 5] or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage,[4] on whose teachings Buddhism
Buddhism
was founded.[5] He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[6][note 6] Gautama taught a Middle Way
Middle Way
between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement[7] common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India
India
such as Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala.[6][8] Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism
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Dharma
Dharma
Dharma
(/ˈdɑːrmə/;[8] Sanskrit: धर्म, translit. dharma, pronounced [dʱəɾmə] ( listen); Pali: धम्म, translit. dhamma, translit
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Sangha
Sangha
Sangha
(Pali: saṅgha; Sanskrit: saṃgha; Sinhalese: සංඝයා; Thai: พระสงฆ์; Tamil: சங்கம்; Chinese: 僧伽; pinyin: Sēngjiā[1]; Wylie: dge 'dun[2]) is a word in Pali
Pali
and Sanskrit
Sanskrit
meaning "association", "assembly", "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism
Buddhism
to the monastic community of bhikkhus (monks) and bhikkhunis (nuns). These communities are traditionally referred to as the bhikkhu-sangha or bhikkhuni-sangha
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Four Noble Truths
The Four Noble Truths
Four Noble Truths
refer to and express the basic orientation of Buddhism[1] in a short expression:[2][note 1] we crave and cling to impermanent states and things,[3] which are dukkha,[4] "incapable of satisfying"[web 1] and painful.[web 1][3][5][6][7][web 2] This craving keeps us caught in samsara,[note 2] the endless cycle of repeated rebirth and dying again, and the dukkha that comes with it.[note 3] There is, however, a way to end this cycle,[8][note 4] namely by attaining nirvana, cessation of craving, whereafter rebirth and associated dukkha will no longer aris
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Noble Eightfold Path
The Noble Eightfold Path
Noble Eightfold Path
(Pali: ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, Sanskrit: āryāṣṭāṅgamārga)[1] is an early summary of the path of Buddhist practices leading to liberation from samsara, the painful cycle of rebirth.[2][3] The Eightfold Path consists of eight practices: right view, right resolve, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right samadhi ('meditative absorption or union').[4] In early Buddhism, these practices started with insight (right view), culminating in dhyana or samadhi as the core soteriological practice.[5] In lat
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Nirvana
Nirvāṇa (/nɪərˈvɑːnə/ neer-VAH-nə, /-ˈvænə/ -VAN-ə, /nər-/ nər-;[1] Sanskrit: निर्वाण nirvāṇa [nirʋaːɳə]; Pali: निब्बान nibbāna; Prakrit: णिव्वाण ṇivvāṇa) literally means "blown out", as in an oil lamp.[2] The term "nirvana" is most commonly associated with Buddhism, and represents its ultimate state of soteriological release and liberation from rebirths in saṃsāra.[3][web 1][4] In Indian religions, nirvana is synonymous with moksha and mukti.[note 1] All Indian religions
Indian religions
assert it to be a state of perfect
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Middle Way
The Middle Way
Middle Way
or Middle Path (Pali: Majjhimāpaṭipadā; Sanskrit: Madhyamāpratipad[1][a]; Tibetan: དབུ་མའི་ལམ།, THL: Umélam; Chinese: 中道; Vietnamese: Trung đạo; Thai: มัชฌิมาปฏิปทา) is the term that Gautama Buddha used to describe the character of the Noble Eightfold Path
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Buddha's Birthday
varies by region:April 8 or May 8 (Japan) Second Sunday in May (Taiwan) 8th day of 4th lunar month (mainland East Asia) first full moon of Vaisakha
Vaisakha
( South Asia
South Asia
and
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Four Sights
The four sights are four things described in the legendary account of Gautama Buddha's life which led to his realization of the impermanence and ultimate dissatisfaction of conditioned existence. According to this legend, before these encounters Siddhārtha Gautama had been confined to his palace by his father, who feared that he would become an ascetic if he came into contact with sufferings of life according to a prediction. However, on his first venture out of the palace deeply and made him realize the sufferings of all beings, and compelled him to begin his spiritual journey as a wandering ascetic, which eventually led to his enlightenment
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Physical Characteristics Of The Buddha
There are no extant representations of the Buddha
Buddha
represented in artistic form until roughly the 2nd century CE, partly due to the prominence of aniconism in the earliest extant period of Buddhist devotional statuary and bas reliefs.[1] A number of early discourses describe the appearance of the Buddha, and are believed to have served as a model for early depictions.[2] In particular, the "32 signs of a Great Man" are described throughout the
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Relics Associated With Buddha
According to Mahaparinibbana Sutta, after his death, the Gautama Buddha
Buddha
was cremated and the ashes divided among his followers.Contents1 Division of the relics 2 Spread of the relics by Ashoka 3 Relics in Afghanistan 4 Relics in America 5 Relics in Bangladesh 6 Relics in Bhutan 7 Relics in Cambodia 8 Relics in China 9 Relics in India 10 Relics in Indonesia 11 Relics in Japan 12 Relics in Korea 13 Relics in Laos 14 Relics in Malaysia 15 Relics in Mongolia 16 Relics in Myanmar 17 Relics in Nepal 18 Relics in Pakistan 19 Relics in Persia 20
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Iconography Of Gautama Buddha In Laos And Thailand
The Iconography
Iconography
of Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
in Laos
Laos
and Thailand
Thailand
is referred to as pang phraputtarup th:ปางพระพุทธรูป, and a given pose as pang Thai: ปาง episode. These recall specific episodes during his travels and teachings that are familiar to the Buddhists according to an iconography with specific rules; certain ones of these are considered particularly auspicious for those born on particular days of the week.[1] The Buddha is always represented with certain physical attributes, and in specified dress and specified poses. Each pose, and particularly the position and gestures of the Buddha's hands, has a defined meaning which is familiar to Buddhists
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