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Yakir Yerushalaim
YAKIR YERUSHALAYIM ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: יַקִּיר יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎; English: Worthy Citizen of Jerusalem) is an annual citizenship prize in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel
Israel
, inaugurated in 1967. The prize is awarded annually by the municipality of the City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
to one or more residents of the city who have contributed to the cultural and educational life of the city in some outstanding way. Prize recipients must be over 70 years old. They are selected by a five-panel committee appointed by the mayor, which reviews the candidates and selects a long-time resident of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
whose work on behalf of the city or life story is an inspiration to others. The award ceremony is held on Yom Yerushalayim
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Jerusalem
JERUSALEM (/dʒəˈruːsələm/ ; Hebrew : יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎ _ Yerushalayim _ ; Arabic : القُدس‎‎ _ al-Quds _ ) is a city in the Middle East , located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea . Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem as their capital, as the State of Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there while the State of Palestine ultimately foresees the city as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally. One of the oldest cities in the world , Jerusalem was named as _"Urusalima"_ on ancient Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem " after a Canaanite deity, during the early Canaanite period (approximately 2400 BCE)
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6%
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Municipality
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_
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Yom Yerushalayim
JERUSALEM DAY (Hebrew : יום ירושלים‎‎, Yom Yerushalayim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War . The day is officially marked by state ceremonies and memorial services. The Chief Rabbinate of Israel declared Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Day a minor religious holiday to mark the regaining of access to the Western Wall . CONTENTS * 1 Historical background * 2 Celebrations * 2.1 50th anniversary * 2.1.1 Events During the Jubilee Year * 2.1.2 Ceremonies and state events celebrating Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Day 2017 * 3 Significance * 3.1 Religious observance * 4 Support and opposition * 5 Ethiopian Jews\' Memorial Day * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Chief of Staff Lt. Gen
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Ben-Zion Dinur
BEN-ZION DINUR (Hebrew : בן ציון דינור‎‎, born BEN-ZION DINABURG; 2 January 1884 – 8 July 1973) was a Zionist activist, educator, historian and Israeli politician. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Published works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYDinaburg was born in 1884 in Khorol in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(now Poltava Oblast , Ukraine). He received his education in a Lithuanian yeshivot. He studied under Shimon Shkop in the Telz Yeshiva , and became interested in the Haskalah through Rosh Yeshiva Eliezer Gordon 's polemics. In 1898 he moved to the Slabodka yeshiva and in 1900 he traveled to Vilnius
Vilnius
and was certified a Rabbi
Rabbi

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Hugo Bergmann
SAMUEL (SCHMUEL) HUGO BERGMAN(N), or SAMUEL BERGMAN (Hebrew : שמואל הוגו ברגמן; December 25, 1883 – June 18, 1975) was an Israeli philosopher . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Inclusions * 4 Writings * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn and raised in Austria-Hungary , Bergmann
Bergmann
was a keen member of the Prague
Prague
intelligentsia visiting the salon group that met at the house of Berta Fanta . Bergmann
Bergmann
was to marry her daughter Else Fanta. He and Else emigrated to Palestine in 1920, and founded, together with Martin Buber
Martin Buber
, the movement Brit Shalom which promoted a "dual-national " area where Jews and Arabs could live under equal conditions. He translated several of Rudolf Steiner 's books about Threefold Social Order to Hebrew
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Naftali Herz Tur-Sinai
NAFTALI HERZ TUR-SINAI (Hebrew : נפתלי הרץ טור-סיני‎‎; born 13 November 1886 – 17 October 1973) was a Bible scholar , author, and linguist instrumental in the revival of the Hebrew language as a modern, spoken language. Tur-Sinai was the first president of the Academy of the Hebrew Language
Academy of the Hebrew Language
and founder of its Historical Dictionary Project. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Published works * 4 References * 5 See also BIOGRAPHY Naftali Herz Tur-Sinai was born HARRY TORCZYNER in Lemberg
Lemberg
, Galicia , Austria-Hungary (later Lwów
Lwów
, Poland
Poland
, now Lviv
Lviv
, Ukraine
Ukraine
) in 1886
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Shlomo Yosef Zevin
SHLOMO YOSEF ZEVIN ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: שלמה יוסף זווין) (born 1888; died 28 February 1978) was one of the most prominent Orthodox , Religious Zionist rabbis of the 20th century. He founded the Encyclopedia Talmudit , a Hebrew
Hebrew
Halachic Encyclopedia , of which he was chief editor until his death. CONTENTS * 1 Rabbinate and scholarship * 2 Awards * 3 Published works * 4 References * 5 See also RABBINATE AND SCHOLARSHIP Shlomo Yosef Zevin
Shlomo Yosef Zevin
was born in 1888 in Kazimirov (near Minsk
Minsk
), where his father, Aharon Mordechai, served as rabbi
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Yitzhak Baer
YITZHAK BAER (Hebrew : יצחק בער‎‎; 20 December 1888 – 22 January 1980) was German-Israeli historian and an expert in medieval Spanish Jewish history. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Awards * 3 Bibliography * 4 See also * 5 References EARLY LIFE Baer was born in Halberstadt in the Prussian Province of Saxony
Province of Saxony
, Germany , in 1888. He studied philosophy , history and classical philology at Berlin University
Berlin University
, University of Strasbourg and University of Freiburg . He emigrated to Mandate Palestine , now Israel
Israel
, in 1930, and began lecturing in medieval Jewish history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. He was professor of medieval history at the University from 1932 to 1945. AWARDS * In 1945, Baer was awarded the Bialik Prize for Jewish thought
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Ludwig Blum
LUDWIG BLUM (1891–1975) was a Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
-born Israeli painter. He emigrated to Israel
Israel
in 1923, as part of the Third Aliyah
Third Aliyah
, and became known as "the painter of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
". CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Career * 1.3 Death * 2 Selected paintings * 3 Secondary source * 4 References BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFE Ludwig Blum
Ludwig Blum
was born in 1891 in Brno
Brno
, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
. He emigrated to Israel
Israel
in 1923, as part of the Third Aliyah
Third Aliyah
. He served in the First World War . He was privately educated in Vienna and later attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague
Prague

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Berl Locker
BERL LOCKER (Hebrew : ברל לוקר‎‎, born 27 April 1887, died 1 February 1972) was a Zionist activist and Israeli politician. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Kriwiec in Austria-Hungary , Locker was educated at a Jewish school. In 1902 he began contributing to the Der Yidisher Arbeiter newspaper, which he later became editor of. In 1904 he signed up to study law at Chernivtsi University
Chernivtsi University
, and in the same year established the Flowers of Zion student union. The following year he joined Poale Zion , and became a member of its central committee in Austria-Hungary. In 1916 he became secretary of the movement's The Hague office, and later served the same role in Stockholm
Stockholm

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Benjamin Mazar
BENJAMIN MAZAR (Hebrew : בנימין מזר‎‎; born Binyamin Zeev Maisler, June 28, 1906 – September 9, 1995) was a pioneering Israeli historian, recognized as the "dean" of biblical archaeologists . He shared the national passion for the archaeology of Israel that also attracts considerable international interest due to the region's biblical links. He is known for his excavations at the most significant biblical site in Israel: south and south west of the Temple Mount
Temple Mount
in Jerusalem. In 1932 he conducted the first archaeological excavation under Jewish auspices in Israel at Beit She\'arim (the largest catacombs ever found in Israel) and in 1948 was the first archaeologist to receive a permit granted by the new State of Israel ( Tell Qasile , 1948). Mazar was trained as an Assyriologist and was an expert on biblical history, authoring more than 100 publications on the subject. He developed the field of historical geography of Israel
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Rachel Katznelson-Shazar
RACHEL KATZNELSON-SHAZAR (Hebrew : רחל כצנלסון-שזר‎‎), also known as Rachel Shazar, (born 24 October 1885, died 11 August 1975) was an active figure in the Zionist movement. Her husband was Zalman Shazar
Zalman Shazar
, the third President of the State of Israel
Israel
. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Family * 4 References * 5 See also BIOGRAPHYBorn Rachel Katznelson in 1885 (or possibly 1888) in the city of Babruysk , then in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
and now in Belarus
Belarus
, into a traditional Jewish family. She graduated from Russian high school with honors at the age of 18. This gave her the possibility of going to university, which was only open to a small percentage of the Jewish community. She was accepted to the St. Petersburg University to study literature and history. She also studied at the Academy for Jewish Studies in St
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Zalman Shazar
ZALMAN SHAZAR (Hebrew : זלמן שז"ר‎; November 24, 1889 – October 5, 1974) was an Israeli politician, author and poet. Shazar served as the third President of Israel
President of Israel
from 1963 to 1973. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Journalistic and political career * 3 Presidency * 4 Published works * 5 Awards and commemoration * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHYSHNEUR ZALMAN RUBASHOV (Belarusian : Шнэер За́льман Рубашо́ў; Russian : Шне́ер За́лмен Рубашо́в) was born to a Hasidic
Hasidic
family of the Chabad-Lubavitch denomination in Mir , near Minsk
Minsk
, in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(today in Hrodna Voblast , Belarus
Belarus
), he received a religious education as a youth
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