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Xiong Ai
Xiong Ai (Chinese: 熊艾, reigned c. 977 BCE) was the second viscount of the state of Chu during the early Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
of ancient China. He succeeded his father Xiong Yi, who was enfeoffed by King Cheng of Zhou and granted the hereditary noble rank of viscount.[1] Ancient Chinese texts recorded that King Zhao of Zhou, the grandson of King Cheng of Zhou, led an expedition against Chu, but Zhou was defeated and King Zhao himself drowned in the Han River in 977 BCE. It is generally believed that Xiong Ai was the monarch of Chu at the time.[2] Xiong Ai was succeeded by his son, Xiong Dan.[1] References[edit]^ a b Sima Qian. "楚世家 (House of Chu)". Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ Ziju (子居). 清华简《楚居》解析 [Analysis of the Tsinghua Bamboo Slips] (in Chinese). jianbo.org
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Chinese Surname
Chinese surnames are used by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
and Sinicized ethnic groups in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia, Brunei, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam
Vietnam
and among overseas Chinese communities. In ancient times two types of surnames existed, namely xing (Chinese: 姓; pinyin: xìng) or clan names, and shi (Chinese: 氏; pinyin: shì) or lineage names. Chinese family names are patrilineal, passed from father to children (in adoption, the adoptee usually also takes the same surname). Women do not normally change their surnames upon marriage, except in places with more Western influences such as Hong Kong. Traditionally Chinese surnames have been exogamous.[1][2] The colloquial expressions laobaixing (老百姓; lit. "old hundred surnames") and bǎixìng (百姓, lit
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King Cheng Of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou
(Chinese: 周成王; pinyin: Zhōu Chéng Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Ch'eng Wang) or King Ch'eng of Chou was the second king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042-1021 BCE or 1042/35-1006 BCE.[5] His parents were King Wu of Zhou
King Wu of Zhou
and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).[6] King Cheng was young when he ascended the throne. His uncle, Duke of Zhou, fearing that Shang forces might rise again under the possible weak rule of a young ruler, became the regent and supervised government affairs for several years
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Chinese Given Name
Chinese given names (Chinese: 名; pinyin: míng) are the given names adopted by native speakers of the Chinese language, both in majority-Sinophone countries and among the Chinese diaspora.Contents1 Description 2 Common Chinese names 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksDescription[edit] Chinese given names are almost always made up of one or two characters and are written after the surname. Therefore, Wei (伟) of the Zhang (张) family is called "Zhang Wei" and not "Wei Zhang"
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Sima Qian
Sima Qian
Sima Qian
(/ˈsiːmɑː ˈtʃɪən/;[1] Chinese: 司馬遷; Wade–Giles: Ssu-ma Ch'ien /ˈsuːmɑː ˈtʃɪən/),[2] was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty
Han dynasty
(206 BC – AD 220)
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Han River (Yangtze River Tributary)
The Han River, also known by its Chinese names Hanshui
Hanshui
and Han Jiang, is a left tributary of the Yangtze
Yangtze
in central China. It has a length of 1,532 kilometers (952 mi) and is the longest tributary of the Yangtze
Yangtze
system. The river gave its name to the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
and, through it, to the Han Chinese, the dominant ethnicity in China
China
and the most populous ethnic group in the world
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Zhou–Chu War
War is a state of armed conflict between states or societies. It is generally characterized by extreme aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. An absence of war is usually called "peace". Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general.[1] Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties. While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature,[2] others argue it is a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances.[3] The deadliest war in history, in terms of the cumulative number of deaths since its start, is World War II, from 1939 to 1945, with 60–85 million deaths, followed by the Mongol conquests[4] at up to 60 million
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King Zhao Of Zhou
King
King
is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant,[1] while the title of queen on its own usually refers to the consort of a king.In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contemporary indigenous peoples, the title may refer to tribal kingship. Germanic kingship
Germanic kingship
is cognate with Indo-European traditions of tribal rulership (c.f
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Viscount
A viscount (/ˈvaɪkaʊnt/ ( listen) VY-kownt, for male[1]) or viscountess (/ˈvaɪkaʊntɪs/, for female[2]) is a title used in certain European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey a lower-middling rank.[3] In many countries a viscount, and its historical equivalents, was a non-hereditary, administrative or judicial position, and did not develop into a hereditary title until much later.[4] In the case of French viscounts, it is customary to leave the title untranslated as vicomte [vi.kɔ̃t] and vicomtesse.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Early modern and contemporary usage3.1 Belgium 3.2 United Kingdom3.2.1 Ireland 3.2.2 Use as a courtesy title 3.2.3 Coronet3.3 Jersey 3.4 Portugal 3.5 Spain4 Equivalent titles4.1 Germanic counterparts 4.2 Non-Western counterparts5 See also 6 ReferencesEtymology[edit] The word viscount comes from
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Records Of The Grand Historian
The Records of the Grand Historian, also known by its Chinese name Shiji, is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 94 BC by the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
official Sima Qian
Sima Qian
after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court
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Enfeoffment
In the Middle Ages, especially under the European feudal system, feoffment or enfeoffment was the deed by which a person was given land in exchange for a pledge of service. This mechanism was later used to avoid restrictions on the passage of title in land by a system in which a landowner would give land to one person for the use of another. The common law of estates in land grew from this concept.Contents1 England 2 Asia 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksEngland[edit] In English law, feoffment was a transfer of land or property that gave the new holder the right to sell it as well as the right to pass it on to his heirs as an inheritance
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Zhou Dynasty
The Zhou dynasty
Zhou dynasty
or the Zhou Kingdom (/dʒoʊ/;[4] Chinese: 周朝; pinyin: Zhōu cháo [ʈʂóu ʈʂʰǎu]) was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
and preceded the Qin dynasty. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history
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Chinese Language
Legend:   Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language   Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers   Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers   Major Chinese-speaking settlementsThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Xiong (surname)
Xiong[nb 1] is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname
Chinese surname
熊 (Xióng).Contents1 Romanizations 2 Distribution 3 Origins 4 List of persons with the surname4.1 Xiong 4.2 Hsiung 4.3 Hung 4.4 Yoong5 Notes 6 ReferencesRomanizations[edit] 熊 is also romanized as Hsiung2 in Wade-Giles
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Chinese Name
Chinese personal names are names used by those from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora
Chinese diaspora
overseas. Due to China's historical dominance of East Asian culture, many names used in Korea and Vietnam are adaptations of Chinese names, or have historical roots in Chinese, with appropriate adaptation to accommodate linguistic differences. Modern Chinese names consist of a surname known as xing (姓, xìng), which comes first and is usually but not always monosyllabic, followed by a personal name called ming (名, míng), which is nearly always mono- or disyllabic
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Xiong Yi
Xiong Yi (Chinese: 熊繹; pinyin: Xióng Yì, reigned 11th century BC) was the first viscount and an early ruler of the State of Chu during early Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
of ancient China. Son of Xiong Kuang, he was a descendant of the Yellow Emperor
Yellow Emperor
and Zhuanxu
Zhuanxu
through his great-grandfather Yuxiong. Biographical sketch[edit] Xiong Yi lived at the time of King Cheng of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou
(reigned 1042–1021 BC) who wished to honor the most loyal officials of his predecessors King Wu of Zhou
King Wu of Zhou
and King Wen of Zhou. The king summoned a meeting with Xiong Yi and the other vassal lords at Qiyang (岐陽) (northeast of modern-day Qishan County, Shaanxi Province) where Xiong Yi swore allegiance to the King and became keeper of the Maojue (茅蕝)[A] in the order of precedence
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