HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

XML
In computing , EXTENSIBLE MARKUP LANGUAGE (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable . The W3C 's XML
XML
1.0 Specification and several other related specifications —all of them free open standards —define XML. The design goals of XML
XML
emphasize simplicity, generality, and usability across the Internet
Internet
. It is a textual data format with strong support via Unicode for different human languages . Although the design of XML
XML
focuses on documents, the language is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures such as those used in web services . Several schema systems exist to aid in the definition of XML-based languages, while programmers have developed many application programming interfaces (APIs) to aid the processing of XML
XML
data
[...More...]

"XML" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Media Type
A MEDIA TYPE (also MIME TYPE and CONTENT TYPE) is a two-part identifier for file formats and format contents transmitted on the Internet . The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the official authority for the standardization and publication of these classifications. Media types were originally defined in Request for Comments 2045 in November 1996 as a part of _ MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)_ specification, for denoting type of email message content and attachments; hence the name _ MIME type_. Media types are also used by other internet protocols such as HTTP and document file formats such as HTML , for similar purpose. CONTENTS* 1 Naming * 1.1 Common examples * 1.2 Registration trees * 1.2.1 Standards tree * 1.2.2 Vendor tree * 1.2.3 Personal or Vanity tree * 1.2.4 Unregistered x. tree * 1.3 Suffix * 2 Mailcap * 3 mime.types * 3.1 Netscape use * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links NAMINGA media type is composed of a _type_, a _subtype_, and optional parameters. As an example, an HTML file might be designated text/html; charset=UTF-8. In this example text is the type, html is the subtype, and charset= UTF-8 is an optional parameter indicating the character encoding
[...More...]

"Media Type" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Uniform Type Identifier
A UNIFORM TYPE IDENTIFIER (UTI) is a text string used on software provided by Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
to uniquely identify a given class or type of item. Apple provides built-in UTIs to identify common system objects – document or image file types, folders and application bundles, streaming data, clipping data, movie data – and allows third party developers to add their own UTIs for application-specific or proprietary uses. Support for UTIs was added in the Mac OS X
Mac OS X
10.4 operating system, integrated into the Spotlight desktop search technology, which uses UTIs to categorize documents. One of the primary design goals of UTIs was to eliminate the ambiguities and problems associated with inferring a file's content from its MIME type , filename extension , or type or creator code . UTIs use a reverse-DNS naming structure. Names may include the ASCII characters A-Z, a-z, 0-9, hyphen ("-"), and period ("."), and all Unicode
Unicode
characters above U+007F. Colons and slashes are prohibited for compatibility with Macintosh
Macintosh
and POSIX file path conventions. UTIs support multiple inheritance , allowing files to be identified with any number of relevant types, as appropriate to the contained data
[...More...]

"Uniform Type Identifier" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

World Wide Web Consortium
The WORLD WIDE WEB CONSORTIUM (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3). Founded and currently led by Tim Berners-Lee , the consortium is made up of member organizations which maintain full-time staff for the purpose of working together in the development of standards for the World Wide Web . As of 26 July 2017 , the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has 476 members. The W3C also engages in education and outreach, develops software and serves as an open forum for discussion about the Web. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Specification maturation * 2.1 Working draft (WD) * 2.2 Candidate recommendation (CR) * 2.3 Proposed recommendation (PR) * 2.4 W3C recommendation (REC) * 2.5 Later revisions * 2.6 Certification * 3 Administration * 4 Membership * 5 Criticism * 6 Standards * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was founded by Tim Berners-Lee after he left the European Organization for Nuclear Research ( CERN ) in October, 1994. It was founded at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science (MIT/LCS) with support from the European Commission and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA ), which had pioneered the Internet and its predecessor ARPANET
[...More...]

"World Wide Web Consortium" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Markup Language
A MARKUP LANGUAGE is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text. The idea and terminology evolved from the "marking up" of paper manuscripts, i.e., the revision instructions by editors, traditionally written with a blue pencil on authors' manuscripts . In digital media this "blue pencil instruction text" was replaced by tags , that is, instructions are expressed directly by tags or "instruction text encapsulated by tags." Examples include typesetting instructions such as those found in troff , TeX and La TeX , or structural markers such as XML tags. Markup instructs the software that displays the text to carry out appropriate actions, but is omitted from the version of the text that users see. Some markup languages, such as the widely used HTML , have pre-defined presentation semantics —meaning that their specification prescribes how to present the structured data . Others, such as XML, do not have them and are general purpose. HyperText Markup Language (HTML), one of the document formats of the World Wide Web , is an instance of SGML (though, strictly, it does not comply with all the rules of SGML), and follows many of the markup conventions used in the publishing industry in the communication of printed work between authors, editors, and printers
[...More...]

"Markup Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Standard Generalized Markup Language
The STANDARD GENERALIZED MARKUP LANGUAGE (SGML; ISO 8879:1986) is a standard for defining generalized markup languages for documents. ISO 8879 Annex A.1 defines generalized markup: Generalized markup is based on two postulates : * Markup should be declarative : it should describe a document's structure and other attributes, rather than specify the processing to be performed on it. Declarative markup is less likely to conflict with unforeseen future processing needs and techniques. * Markup should be rigorous so that the techniques available for processing rigorously-defined objects like programs and databases can be used for processing documents as well. HTML
HTML
was theoretically an example of an SGML-based language until HTML
HTML
5 , which admits that browsers cannot parse it as SGML (for compatibility reasons) and codifies exactly what they must do instead. DocBook SGML and LinuxDoc are better examples, as they were used almost exclusively with actual SGML tools
[...More...]

"Standard Generalized Markup Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

List Of XML Markup Languages
This is a list of XML
XML
MARKUP LANGUAGES . Contents : * A * B * C * D * E * F * G * H * I * J * K * L * M * N * O * P * Q * R * S * T * U * V * W * X * Y * Z A * AdsML Markup language
Markup language
used for interchange of data between advertising systems. * Agricultural Ontology Service
Agricultural Ontology Service
* AIML Markup language
Markup language
used for creating artificial intelligence chatterbots. * AnIML Markup language
Markup language
used for data created by scientific analytical instruments
[...More...]

"List Of XML Markup Languages" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Xhtml
EXTENSIBLE HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE (XHTML) is part of the family of XML
XML
markup languages . It mirrors or extends versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which Web pages are formulated. While HTML, prior to HTML5
HTML5
, was defined as an application of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), a flexible markup language framework, X HTML
HTML
is an application of XML
XML
, a more restrictive subset of SGML. X HTML
HTML
documents are well-formed and may therefore be parsed using standard XML
XML
parsers, unlike HTML, which requires a lenient HTML-specific parser. X HTML
HTML
1.0 became a World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Recommendation on January 26, 2000. X HTML
HTML
1.1 became a W3C Recommendation on May 31, 2001. The standard known as X HTML5
HTML5
is being developed as an XML adaptation of the HTML5
HTML5
specification
[...More...]

"Xhtml" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Rss
RSS
RSS
(RICH SITE SUMMARY; originally RDF SITE SUMMARY; often called REALLY SIMPLE SYNDICATION) is a type of web feed which allows users to access updates to online content in a standardized, computer-readable format. These feeds can, for example, allow a user to keep track of many different websites in a single news aggregator . The news aggregator will automatically check the RSS
RSS
feed for new content, allowing the content to be automatically passed from website to website or from website to user. This passing of content is called web syndication . Websites usually use RSS
RSS
feeds to publish frequently updated information, such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, video. An RSS
RSS
document (called "feed", "web feed", or "channel") includes full or summarized text, and metadata , like publishing date and author's name. A standard XML
XML
file format ensures compatibility with many different machines/programs. RSS
RSS
feeds also benefit users who want to receive timely updates from favourite websites or to aggregate data from many sites. Subscribing to a website RSS
RSS
removes the need for the user to manually check the website for new content. Instead, their browser constantly monitors the site and informs the user of any updates. The browser can also be commanded to automatically download the new data for the user
[...More...]

"Rss" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Atom (standard)
The name ATOM applies to a pair of related Web standards . The ATOM SYNDICATION FORMAT is an XML
XML
language used for web feeds , while the ATOM PUBLISHING PROTOCOL (ATOMPUB or APP) is a simple HTTP -based protocol for creating and updating web resources. Web feeds allow software programs to check for updates published on a website. To provide a web feed, the site owner may use specialized software (such as a content management system ) that publishes a list (or "feed") of recent articles or content in a standardized, machine-readable format. The feed can then be downloaded by programs that use it, like websites that syndicate content from the feed, or by feed reader programs that allow Internet
Internet
users to subscribe to feeds and view their content. A feed contains entries, which may be headlines, full-text articles, excerpts, summaries, and/or links to content on a website, along with various metadata . The Atom format was developed as an alternative to RSS . Ben Trott , an advocate of the new format that became Atom, believed that RSS had limitations and flaws—such as lack of on-going innovation and its necessity to remain backward compatible — and that there were advantages to a fresh design. Proponents of the new format formed the IETF
IETF
Atom Publishing Format and Protocol Workgroup
[...More...]

"Atom (standard)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

KML
KEYHOLE MARKUP LANGUAGE (KML) is an XML
XML
notation for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet
Internet
-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth
Earth
browsers. KML was developed for use with Google
Google
Earth
Earth
, which was originally named Keyhole Earth
Earth
Viewer. It was created by Keyhole, Inc
Keyhole, Inc
, which was acquired by Google
Google
in 2004. KML became an international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium
Open Geospatial Consortium
in 2008. Google
Google
Earth
Earth
was the first program able to view and graphically edit KML files. Other projects such as Marble have also started to develop KML support. CONTENTS * 1 Structure * 2 Geodetic reference systems in KML * 3 OGC standard process * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links STRUCTUREThe KML file specifies a set of features (place marks, images, polygons, 3D models, textual descriptions, etc.) for display in Here Maps, Google
Google
Earth, Maps and Mobile, or any other geospatial software implementing the KML encoding. Each place always has a longitude and a latitude
[...More...]

"KML" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

International Standard
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS are standards developed by international standards organizations . International standards are available for consideration and use worldwide. The most prominent organization is the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). CONTENTS * 1 Purpose * 2 History * 2.1 Standardization * 2.2 International organizations * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links PURPOSEInternational standards may be used either by direct application or by a process of modifying an international standard to suit local conditions. The adoption of international standards results in the creation of equivalent, national standards that are substantially the same as international standards in technical content, but may have (i) editorial differences as to appearance, use of symbols and measurement units, substitution of a point for a comma as the decimal marker, and (ii) differences resulting from conflicts in governmental regulations or industry-specific requirements caused by fundamental climatic, geographical, technological, or infrastructural factors, or the stringency of safety requirements that a given standard authority considers appropriate. International standards are one way of overcoming technical barriers in international commerce caused by differences among technical regulations and standards developed independently and separately by each nation, national standards organization, or company
[...More...]

"International Standard" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Open Format
An OPEN FORMAT is a file format for storing digital data , defined by a published specification usually maintained by a standards organization , and which can be used and implemented by anyone. For example, an open format can be implemented by both proprietary and free and open source software , using the typical software licenses used by each. In contrast to open formats, closed formats are considered trade secrets. Open formats are also called FREE FILE FORMATS if they are not encumbered by any copyrights, patents, trademarks or other restrictions (for example, if they are in the public domain ) so that anyone may use them at no monetary cost for any desired purpose
[...More...]

"Open Format" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Tim Bray
TIMOTHY WILLIAM BRAY (born June 21, 1955) is a Canadian software developer and entrepreneur and one of the co-authors of the original XML
XML
specification . He has worked for Amazon Web Services since December 2014 and previously for Google
Google
, Sun Microsystems
Sun Microsystems
, the Digital Equipment Corporation
Digital Equipment Corporation
(DEC) and several start-ups. CONTENTS * 1 Education and early life * 2 Career * 2.1 Waterloo Maple
Waterloo Maple
* 2.2 Open Text Corporation
Open Text Corporation
* 2.3 Textuality * 2.4 Antarctica Systems * 3 Web standards * 3.1 XML
XML
* 3.2 W3C
W3C
TAG * 3.3 Atom * 3.4 JSON * 4 Software * 5 References EDUCATION AND EARLY LIFEBray was born on June 21, 1955 in Alberta
Alberta
, Canada
Canada
. He grew up in Beirut
Beirut
, Lebanon
Lebanon
and returned to Canada
Canada
to attend school at the University of Guelph
University of Guelph
in Guelph
Guelph
, Ontario
Ontario

[...More...]

"Tim Bray" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jean Paoli
JEAN PAOLI is one of the inventors of XML
XML
. Along with Tim Bray
Tim Bray
and Michael Sperberg-McQueen
Michael Sperberg-McQueen
, Paoli co-edited the XML
XML
1.0 recommendation for the World Wide Web Consortium
World Wide Web Consortium
starting in 1997 and until at least 2008. Paoli moved from Paris to join Microsoft in 1996, where he worked on the Channel Definition Format for Internet Explorer 4.0, advocated for the original Microsoft Office XML
XML
formats , and promoted Office Open XML
XML
. Along with Adriana Neagu and others he was a co-inventor of InfoPath and is named on its patented way of authoring XML
XML
using DHTML views and XSLT
XSLT
. As of late 2017, Paoli has announced on LinkedIn that he has departed Microsoft and is now working on a new stealth startup (Classify "> * ^ http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xml-970807 * ^ http://www.w3.org/TR/xml/ * ^ http://www.xml.com/pub/a/w3j/s3.paoli.html * ^ http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=3&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=ardeleanu.INNM.&s2=paoli.INNM.&OS=IN/ardeleanu+AND+IN/paoli right: 15px; display: none;"> * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jean_Paoli additional terms may apply
[...More...]

"Jean Paoli" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Michael Sperberg-McQueen
C. M. "MICHAEL" SPERBERG-MCQUEEN is an American markup language specialist. He was co-editor of the Extensible Markup Language ( XML
XML
) 1.0 spec (1998), and chair of the XML
XML
Schema working group. He was also instrumental in the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), an international cooperative project to develop and disseminate guidelines for the encoding and interchange of electronic text for research. He was co-editor, with Lou Burnard, of the TEI 's Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange in 1994. He also served as Editor in chief
Editor in chief
of the TEI from 1988 to 2000. XML
XML
and TEI have become ubiquitous in their domains. Sue Polanka (Head of Reference/Instruction, Wright State University Libraries) notes that the TEI "...in the 1980s and 90s established a fundamental set of methods and practices that now underpin most digital humanities scholarship" Sperberg-McQueen has been a key leader of these and other standards efforts through extensive speaking, teaching, writing, and research. He holds a Ph.D. in comparative literature from Stanford University
Stanford University
, and has taught and published widely on markup systems, overlapping markup , formal languages, semantic theory, and other topics
[...More...]

"Michael Sperberg-McQueen" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.