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Willis Building (London)
The WILLIS BUILDING is a commercial skyscraper in London
London
named after the primary tenant, Willis Group . It is located on Lime Street in the City of London
London
financial district. The building was designed by Norman Foster and developed by British Land . It stands opposite the Lloyd\'s building and is 125 metres (410 ft) tall, with 26 storeys. It features a "stepped" design, which was intended to resemble the shell of a crustacean, with setbacks rising at 97 m (318 ft) and 68 m (223 ft). In total, there are 475,000 square feet (44,128.9 m2) of office floor-space, most of which was pre-let to the insurance broker Willis. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Gallery * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe Willis Building was constructed between 2004 and 2008 under the management of Mace and represented a significant addition to the City of London
London
skyline, becoming its fourth-tallest building after Tower 42 , 30 St Mary Axe and CityPoint . The core was topped out in July 2006 and the steelwork completed in September that year. Cladding began in July 2006 and the structure was externally completed by June 2007. It was internally fitted out and officially opened in April 2008. The building was the first in a wave of new tall towers for London's primary financial district
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Willis Building (ipswich)
The WILLIS BUILDING (originally the WILLIS CORROON HEADQUARTERS) in Ipswich
Ipswich
, England, is one of the earliest buildings designed by Norman Foster after establishing Foster Associates . Constructed between 1970 and 1975 for the insurance firm now known as Willis Towers Watson , it is now seen as a landmark in the development of the 'high tech' architectural style. The building houses some 1,300 office staff in open plan offices spread over three floors. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Design * 3 History * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links LOCATION Aerial view showing its roof garden The bulbous floorplan of the office block reflects the layout of the available site in the centre of Ipswich, which is sandwiched between several road junctions and the Grade I listed Unitarian Meeting House , one of Ipswich's oldest surviving buildings. Thus two of the town's Grade I listed buildings stand side by side. DESIGN Window support detail. The centre of the building is constructed from a grid of concrete pillars, 14 m (46 ft) apart, supporting cantilevered concrete slab floors. The exterior is clad in 890 dark smoked glass curtain wall . The use of dark glass, a curtain wall and lack of right angle corners mirrors the art deco Express Building in Manchester
Manchester
- one of Norman Foster's favourite buildings
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Willis Tower
The WILLIS TOWER, built as and still commonly referred to as the SEARS TOWER, is a 108-story , 1,450-foot (442.1 m) skyscraper in Chicago
Chicago
, Illinois, United States. At completion in 1973, it surpassed the World Trade Center towers in New York to become the tallest building in the world , a title it held for nearly 25 years and remained the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere until 2014 and the completion of a new building at the World Trade Center site. The building is considered a seminal achievement for its architect Fazlur Rahman Khan . The Willis Tower
Willis Tower
is the second-tallest building in the United States
United States
and the 16th-tallest in the world . More than one million people visit its observation deck each year, making it one of Chicago's most popular tourist destinations. The structure was renamed in 2009 by the Willis Group as part of its lease on a portion of the tower's space. As of December 2013 , the building's largest tenant is United Airlines , which moved its corporate headquarters from the United Building at 77 West Wacker Drive
Wacker Drive
in 2012 and today occupies around 20 floors with its headquarters and operations center. The building's official address is 233 South Wacker Drive
Wacker Drive
, Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
60606
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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EC Postcode Area
A POSTAL CODE (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a POSTCODE, POST CODE, EIRCODE, PIN CODE or ZIP CODE) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail . In February 2005, 117 of the 190 member countries of the Universal Postal Union had postal code systems. Although postal codes are usually assigned to geographical areas, special codes are sometimes assigned to individual addresses or to institutions that receive large volumes of mail, such as government agencies and large commercial companies. One example is the French CEDEX system
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Norman Foster, Baron Foster Of Thames Bank
NORMAN ROBERT FOSTER, BARON FOSTER OF THAMES BANK, OM , HonFREng (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect whose company, Foster + Partners , maintains an international design practice famous for high-tech architecture . He is one of Britain's most prolific architects of his generation. In 1999, he was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize , often referred to as the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
of architecture. In 2009, Foster was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award in the Arts category. In 1994, he received the AIA Gold Medal . CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life in Manchester
Manchester
* 1.2 Education * 1.3 Foster + Partners * 1.4 Present day * 2 Honours and styles * 2.1 Honours * 2.2 Styles of address * 3 Recognition * 4 Works * 5 See also * 6 References * 6.1 Notes * 6.2 Footnotes * 6.3 Bibliography * 6.4 Documentaries * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFE IN MANCHESTERFoster was born to Robert Foster and Lilian Smith in 1935 in Reddish , Stockport , Cheshire. They moved, soon after his birth, two miles to 4 Crescent Grove in Levenshulme
Levenshulme
, Manchester
Manchester
, where they lived in poverty: Foster has no recollection of Reddish
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Ramboll
RAMBOLL GROUP A/S (also known as just "Ramboll") is a consulting engineering group with worldwide operations. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1945–1991: Foundation and initial growth * 1.2 1991-2003: Expansion in the Nordic region * 1.3 2003-: International growth * 2 Ownership * 3 Organisation * 3.1 Management * 3.2 Business units * 4 Large scale projects * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Ramboll
Ramboll
was founded in October 1945 as "Rambøll & Hannemann" in Copenhagen. In 1991 the company merged with "B. Højlund Rasmussen A/S" into "Rambøll, Hannemann "> Photo of Ramboll's head office, in Ørestad , Copenhagen, Denmark
Denmark
In the summer of 2007, Ramboll
Ramboll
broadened its geographical presence by acquiring the UK based engineering firm Whitbybird . When Whitbybird was acquired the company employed 680 people and had offices throughout the UK and in Italy
Italy
, India
India
and the United Arab Emirates . In April 2008, Ramboll's presence in India
India
was strengthened by acquiring the Indian telecom design company ImIsoft
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Skyscraper
A SKYSCRAPER is a tall, continuously habitable building having multiple floors . When the term was originally used in the 1880s it described a building of 10 to 20 floors but now describes one of at least 40–50 floors. Mostly designed for office, commercial and residential uses, a skyscraper can also be called a high-rise , but the term "skyscraper" is often used for buildings higher than 100 m (328 ft). For buildings above a height of 300 m (984 ft), the term "supertall" can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m (1,969 ft) are classified as "megatall". One common feature of skyscrapers is having a steel framework that supports curtain walls . These curtain walls either bear on the framework below or are suspended from the framework above, rather than resting on load-bearing walls of conventional construction. Some early skyscrapers have a steel frame that enables the construction of load-bearing walls taller than of those made of reinforced concrete . Modern skyscrapers' walls are not load-bearing, and most skyscrapers are characterized by large surface areas of windows made possible by steel frames and curtain walls. However, skyscrapers can have curtain walls that mimic conventional walls with a small surface area of windows. Modern skyscrapers often have a tubular structure , and are designed to act like a hollow cylinder to resist wind, seismic, and other lateral loads
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Willis Group
WILLIS GROUP HOLDINGS PLC is a multinational risk advisor, insurance brokerage and reinsurance brokerage company with its headquarters in the Willis Building in London. It is the world's fourth-largest insurance broker when measured by revenues. Willis has around 400 offices in 120 countries and approximately 18,000 employees. Willis was previously listed on the New York Stock Exchange before its early-2016 'merger of equals' with Towers Watson . After the deal closed, the combined company began trading on the Nasdaq exchange under the symbol, WLTW ( Nasdaq : WLTW). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Merger * 3 Buildings * 4 Operations * 5 Sponsorship * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY The Willis Building in London The company was founded by Henry Willis in London in 1828, and initially operated as _Henry Willis & Co._ In 1898 it merged with _Faber Brothers_ (founded in 1886) to form _Willis Faber_, and then in 1928 it merged with _Dumas & Wylie_ (founded in 1843) to create _Willis, Faber & Dumas_. It was first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1976 as _Willis Faber_. It expanded into the United States in 1990 when it merged with _Corroon & Black_ (founded as _R. A. Corroon & Co._ in 1905) to form the _Willis Corroon Group_
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Lime Street, London
Coordinates : 51°30′43″N 0°05′02″W / 51.511834°N 0.083876°W / 51.511834; -0.083876 Looking north down Lime Street LIME STREET is a minor road in the City of London
City of London
between Fenchurch Street to the south and Leadenhall Street to the north. Its name comes from the lime burners who once sold lime from there for use in construction. It is perhaps best known as the current home of the world's largest insurance market, Lloyd\'s of London , since its newest building was opened on the street in 1986. Opposite Lloyd's, the Willis Building is the global headquarters of insurance broker Willis . A 35-storey building has been proposed at 52-54 Lime Street
52-54 Lime Street
, and upon approval and completion by 2017 will become the European headquarters of global insurer W. R. Berkley . The northern portion of the street is pedestrianised . Vehicular through-access to Leadenhall Street is prevented by a firegate, forcing drivers to bear right onto Fenchurch Avenue, from which a left turn onto Billiter Street returns vehicles to Leadenhall Street. Nearby is the Norman Foster -designed and gherkin-shaped skyscraper 30 St Mary Axe
30 St Mary Axe
, and the Leadenhall Building . Leadenhall Market is on Lime Street's western side, adjacent to Lloyd's
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City Of London
The CITY OF LONDON is a city and county that contains the historic centre and central business district of London
London
. It constituted most of London
London
from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages , but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London
London
, though it remains a notable part of central London
London
. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London
London
; however, the City of London
London
is not a London
London
borough , a status reserved for the other 32 districts (including London's only other city, the City of Westminster ). The City of London
London
is widely referred to simply as THE CITY (differentiated from the phrase "the city of London" by capitalising _City_) and is also colloquially known as the SQUARE MILE, as it is 1.12 sq mi (2.90 km2) in area. Both of these terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's trading and financial services industries, which continue a notable history of being largely based in the City. The name _London_ is now ordinarily used for a far wider area than just the City
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British Land
THE BRITISH LAND COMPANY PLC is one of the largest property development and investment companies in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. The firm became a real estate investment trust when REITs were introduced in the UK in January 2007. It is headquartered in London
London
. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index and a founding member of the European Public Real Estate Association . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Operations * 3 Main projects * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe British Land
British Land
Company was founded in 1856 as an offshoot of the National Freehold Land Society (later Abbey National
Abbey National
) formed in 1849 with the two chief architects of the freehold land movement Richard Cobden and John Bright
John Bright
. Both were ardent supporters of a movement to extend enfranchisement. To qualify for a parliamentary vote it was then necessary to be a landowner and the main object of the National Freehold was to facilitate the acquisition of small plots of land by the people. To do this the British Land
British Land
Co
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Lloyd's Building
The LLOYD\'S BUILDING (sometimes known as THE INSIDE-OUT BUILDING) is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd\'s of London
London
. It is located on the former site of East India House in Lime Street , in London's main financial district, the City of London
London
. The building is a leading example of radical Bowellism architecture in which the services for the building, such as ducts and lifts , are located on the exterior to maximise space in the interior. Twenty-five years after completion in 1986, the building received Grade I listing in 2011; it was the youngest structure ever to obtain this status. It is said by Historic England to be "universally recognised as one of the key buildings of the modern epoch". CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Design * 3 In popular culture * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYThe first Lloyd's building
Lloyd's building
(address 12 Leadenhall Street ) had been built on this site in 1928. In 1958, due to expansion of the market, a new building was constructed across the road at 51 Lime Street (now the site of the Willis Building ). Lloyd's now occupied the Heysham Building and the Cooper Building. By the 1970s Lloyd's had again outgrown these two buildings and proposed to extend the Cooper Building
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Tower 42
TOWER 42 is the third tallest skyscraper in the City of London
City of London
and the eighth tallest in Greater London
London
. Its original name was the NATWEST TOWER (or NATIONAL WESTMINSTER TOWER), having been built to house NatWest 's international headquarters. It is still commonly referred to as the NatWest Tower. Seen from above, the shape of the tower resembles that of the NatWest logo (three chevrons in a hexagonal arrangement). The tower, designed by Richard Seifert and engineered by Pell Frischmann , is located at 25 Old Broad Street. It was built by John Mowlem "> The tower's shape has been compared to that of the logo for NatWest, although its architect Richard Seifert always denied the similarity. Simplified plan and dimetric projection showing the shape of the top of Tower 42. The National Westminster Tower's status as the first skyscraper in the City was a coup for NatWest, but was extremely controversial at the time, as it was a major departure from the previous restrictions on tall buildings in London. The original concept dates back to the early 1960s, predating the formation of the National Westminster Bank. The site was then the headquarters of the National Provincial Bank
National Provincial Bank
, with offices in Old Broad Street backing onto its flagship branch at 15 Bishopsgate
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