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William Willett
WILLIAM WILLETT (10 August 1856 – 4 March 1915) was a British builder and a tireless promoter of British Summer Time . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Family * 3 References * 4 Further reading BIOGRAPHYWillett was born in Farnham, Surrey , in the United Kingdom, and educated at the Philological School . After some commercial experience, he entered his father's building business, Willett Building Services. Between them they created a reputation for "Willett built" quality houses in choice parts of London and the south, including Chelsea and Hove
Hove
, including Derwent House . He lived most of his life in Chislehurst , Kent, where, it is said, after riding his horse in Petts Wood near his home early one summer morning and noticing how many blinds were still down, the idea for daylight saving time first occurred to him. This was not the first time that the idea of adapting to daylight hours had been mooted, however. It was common practice in the ancient world, and Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
's light-hearted 1784 satire resulted in resurrecting the idea. Although Franklin's facetious suggestion was simply that people should get up earlier in summer, he is often erroneously attributed as the inventor of DST while Willett is often ignored
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William Willett (other)
WILLIAM WILLETT (1856–1915) was an English builder and promoter of daylight saving time. WILLIAM WILLETT may also refer to: * William Willett, Jr. (1869–1938), U.S. Representative * William Willett
William Willett
(Royal Household) (1919–1976)SEE ALSO * William Willet , American artist This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Willett_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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John Benjamin Stone
SIR JOHN BENJAMIN STONE (9 February 1838 – 2 July 1914), known as Benjamin, was a British Conservative politician and photographer. CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 References * 3 Further reading * 4 External links LIFE AND CAREERStone was born in Duddeston, Birmingham
Birmingham
the son of a manager at a local glass works. The business passed into the hands of Stone, his father and a partner in 1860. It was later sold. By this time Stone had become a successful paper manufacturer. Stone was a local Conservative politician, founder of the Birmingham Conservative Association and MP for Birmingham
Birmingham
East from 1895 to 1909. He was a member of the Sutton Coldfield Corporation for many years and was the first Mayor of the town in 1886 when the new Municipal Corporation was created; a post he held for four years. He was knighted in 1892 and was appointed High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield in 1902. He was also a prolific amateur documentary photographer who travelled widely in pursuit of his hobby. He made 26,000 photographs and wrote books as he travelled to Spain
Spain
, Norway
Norway
, Japan
Japan
and Brazil
Brazil
. Amongst his published works were 'A Tour with Cook through Spain' (1873), Children of Norway
Norway
(1882), and a fairy tale called The Traveller's Joy
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Farnham, Surrey
FARNHAM is a town in Surrey
Surrey
, England
England
, within the Borough of Waverley . The town is 34.5 miles (55.5 km) WSW of London
London
in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire . By road Guildford
Guildford
is 11 miles (17 km) to the east and Winchester
Winchester
a further 28 miles (45 km) along the same axis as London. Farnham is the largest town in Waverley, and one of the five largest conurbations in Surrey. It is of historic interest, with many old buildings, including a number of Georgian houses. Farnham Castle overlooks the town. A short distance southeast of the town centre are the ruins of Waverley Abbey
Abbey
, Moor Park House and Mother Ludlam\'s Cave . Farnham is twinned with Andernach in Germany
Germany
. It is drained by the River Wey
River Wey
(North Branch) which is navigable only to canoes at this point
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of _The Journal of Paris _, suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . The practice has both advocates and critics. Some early proponents of DST aimed to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting —once a primary use of electricity —today's heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST affects energy use is limited and contradictory
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British Summer Time
During BRITISH SUMMER TIME (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC +0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less. BST begins at 01:00 GMT on the last Sunday of March and ends at 01:00 GMT (02:00 BST) on the last Sunday of October. Since 22 October 1995 the starting and finishing times of daylight saving time across the European Union have been aligned – for instance Central European Summer Time begins and ends on the same Sundays at exactly the same time (that is, 02:00 CET , which is 01:00 GMT). Between 1972 and 1995, BST began and ended at 02:00 GMT on the third Sunday in March (or second Sunday when Easter fell on the third) and fourth Sunday in October
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St Marylebone Grammar School
ST MARYLEBONE GRAMMAR SCHOOL (SMGS) was a grammar school located in the London borough of the City of Westminster , from 1792 to 1981. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Philological School * 1.2 Grammar school * 1.3 Closure * 2 Current use of buildings * 3 Notable alumni * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYPHILOLOGICAL SCHOOLFounded as the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY by Thomas Collingwood, under the patronage of the Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
, its object was to help "the heads of families, who by unexpected misfortune, have been reduced from a station of comfort and respectability." Founded in Mary Street (later renamed Stanhope Street, N.W. 1), it moved to Marylebone Road in 1827. Its fortunes improved largely due to headmaster Edwin Abbott . After Abbott, the school's financial position deteriorated. GRAMMAR SCHOOLIn 1908 it was accepted in trust by the London County Council and renamed St Marylebone Grammar School. After World War II
World War II
it recovered. Under headmaster Philip Wayne it developed artistic activities, acquired shared use of playing fields in Sudbury Hill , and established a country base in the village of Forest Green, near Leith Hill
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Chelsea, London
CHELSEA is an affluent area in West London
London
, bounded to the south by the River Thames
River Thames
. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge
Chelsea Bridge
along the Chelsea Embankment , Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour . Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne , which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station . The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge
Chelsea Bridge
Road and the lower half of Sloane Street , including Sloane Square
Sloane Square
. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
and Brompton , but it is considered that the area north of King\'s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea. The football club Chelsea F.C. is based at Stamford Bridge in neighbouring Fulham
Fulham
. The district is entirely within the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea , although Chelsea gives its name to nearby locations, such as Chelsea Harbour located within the London
London
Borough of Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham
Fulham
, and Chelsea Barracks in the City of Westminster
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Hove
HOVE /ˈhoʊv/ is a town on the south coast of England, immediately to the west of its larger neighbour Brighton , with which it forms the unitary authority Brighton and Hove . It forms a single conurbation with Brighton and some smaller towns and villages running along the coast. As part of local government reform , Brighton and Hove were merged, to form the borough of Brighton and Hove in 1997. In 2000, the new borough officially attained city status . Hove is bordered by Brighton to the east and Portslade-by-Sea in the west, the distance between the boundaries being some 2.25 mi (3.75 km). CONTENTS* 1 History and development * 1.1 Pre-Roman evidence * 1.2 Domesday Book * 1.3 Middle Ages and Renaissance * 1.4 18th century * 1.5 Regency and Victorian developments * 1.6 First World War * 2 Governance and politics * 2.1 Coat of arms * 3 Commercial * 4 Transport * 5 Hove Museum and Art Gallery * 6 Education * 7 Sport and leisure * 8 Hove, actually * 9 Climate * 10 See also * 11 References and notes * 12 Bibliography * 13 External links HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENTPRE-ROMAN EVIDENCEDuring mid 19th-century building work near Palmeira Square , workmen levelled a substantial burial mound
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Derwent House
DERWENT HOUSE, on Camden Park Road, Chislehurst , Bromley
Bromley
, is one of a number of the locally renowned 'Willett-built' houses erected on the Camden Park Estate by high-class speculative builder William Willett in the 1900s. Willett bought the entire estate in 1890 with the intention of building on it all but the venture was not successful and he erected only a small number of houses there and on Wilderness Road. The remainder of the estate became the Chislehurst Golf Club with the mansion, Camden Place, becoming its clubhouse. Derwent House was erected in 1899. The design is inspired by the arts and crafts movement . It is of red brick in with a red clay tiled roof. It was designed by Ernest Newton
Ernest Newton
and a ballroom was added in 1903 by Amos Faulkner (Willett's in-house architect). Faulkner also designed the detached motor house with carriage-wash canopy. Derwent is a Grade II listed building located within the Chislehurst Conservation Area. Willett lived in a similar Newton house further along at 88 Camden Park Road. A blue plaque on that building commemorates Willett as the promoter of daylight saving time . REFERENCES * ^ The Builder, May 17, 1890Coordinates : 51°24′39″N 0°03′39″E / 51.4109°N 0.0607°E / 51.4109; 0.0607 This article about a London building or structure is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Chislehurst
CHISLEHURST (/ˈtʃɪzəlˈhɜːrst/ ) is an affluent suburban district in south east London , England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley . It borders the London Boroughs of Bexley and Greenwich , and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup . It is 10.5 miles (16.9 km) south east of Charing Cross . CONTENTS * 1 Toponymy * 2 History * 3 Present * 4 Education * 5 Notable residents * 6 Places of worship * 7 Transport * 7.1 Rail * 7.2 Bus * 8 Nearby Areas * 9 References TOPONYMYThe name "Chislehurst" is derived from the Saxon words _cisel_ 'gravel', and _hyrst_ 'wooded hill'. HISTORY Camden Place in 2011 Camden Place (now Chislehurst Golf Club, 51° 24′ 40.05″N 0° 3′ 55.69″E ) takes its name from the antiquary William Camden , who lived in the former house on the site from c.1609 until his death in 1623. The present house was built shortly before 1717, and was given a number of additions in the late 18th and very early 19th centuries by the architect George Dance the younger . In about 1760, the house and estate were bought by Charles Pratt , the Attorney General , and later Lord Chancellor . Pratt was ennobled in 1765, taking the title Baron Camden, of Camden Place: in 1786 he was created Earl Camden
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Petts Wood
PETTS WOOD is a suburb of south east London
London
, England
England
and is a part of the London Borough of Bromley . It lies north west of Orpington . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 The woods * 3 Notable people * 4 Nearby Areas * 5 Transport * 6 Sports facilities * 7 Blue Plaques * 8 References * 9 External links * 9.1 Schools * 9.2 Other HISTORYThe name appeared first in 1577 as "the wood of the Pett family ", who were shipbuilders and leased the wood as a source of timber . William Willett
William Willett
, a campaigner for daylight saving time , lived in nearby Chislehurst for most of his life, and is commemorated by a memorial sundial in the wood. The Daylight Inn
The Daylight Inn
in the suburb of Petts Wood is named in his honour. Petts Wood
Petts Wood
has a second pub (The Sovereign of the Seas) and a railway station . It is situated between Orpington and Bickley . The Jubilee Country Park is located to the northwest of the main shopping area and is home to several rare species of animal life. Before this park was created, the area was known as 'The Gun Sites', as it had been the location for anti-aircraft guns in WW2, and was the home of the 1st Petts Wood scout group
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Benjamin Franklin
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN FRS , FRSE (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States . Franklin was a renowned polymath and a leading author, printer, political theorist , politician, freemason , postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod , bifocals , and the Franklin stove , among other inventions. He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and the University of Pennsylvania , an Ivy League institution. Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity , initially as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies. As the first United States Ambassador to France , he exemplified the emerging American nation. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment
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George Vernon Hudson
GEORGE VERNON HUDSON (20 April 1867 – 5 April 1946) was a British -born New Zealand award-winning entomologist and astronomer . He won the Hector Memorial Medal
Hector Memorial Medal
. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Personal life * 3 Works * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in London
London
, England, on Easter Saturday , 1867 Hudson was the sixth child of Charles Hudson, an artist and stained-glass window designer and Emily Jane Carnal By the age of 14 he had built up a collection of British insects, and had published a paper in The Entomologist. In 1881 Hudson moved with his father to Nelson , New Zealand. He worked on a farm, and in 1883, aged 16, he began working at the post office in Wellington