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William Powell Marion Shilling Regis Toomey Natalie Moorhead Shadow Of The Law 1930
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria (schilling), the United States, and in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand
New Zealand
and other British Commonwealth
British Commonwealth
countries. Currently the shilling is used as a currency in four east African countries: Kenya
Kenya
(Kenyan shilling), Tanzania
Tanzania
(Tanzanian shilling), Uganda
Uganda
(Ugandan shilling) and Somalia
Somalia
(Somali shilling)
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Shilling (other)
The shilling is a coin worth one twentieth of a pound, formerly used in British Commonwealth
British Commonwealth
countries. Several countries in Africa continue to have national currencies named shillings. Units of currency: Shilling
Shilling
(British coin) Shilling
Shilling
(English coin) Shilling
Shilling
(Irish coin) Kenyan shilling Somali shilling Tanzanian shilling Ugandan shilling The former East African shillingPeople named Shilling[edit]Beatrice "Tilly" Shilling, aeronautical engineer and motorcyclist Jennifer Shilling, American politician Andrew Shilling
Shilling
(d
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Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Ireland
(Irish: Tuaisceart Éireann [ˈt̪ˠuəʃcəɾˠt̪ˠ ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ] ( listen);[8] Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in the north-east of the island of Ireland,[9][10] variously described as a country, province or region.[11][12][13] Northern Ireland
Ireland
shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland. In 2011, its population was 1,810,863,[4] constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK's population
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Two Shillings (British Coin)
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth
British Commonwealth
countries. Currently the shilling is used as a currency in four east African countries of Kenya
Kenya
(Kenyan shilling) Tanzania
Tanzania
(Tanzanian shilling) Uganda
Uganda
(Ugandan shilling) and Somalia (Somali shilling) (autonomous region of Somalia
Somalia
Somaliland
Somaliland
(Somaliland Shilling). It is also the proposed currency of the east African community plans to introduce (east African shilling). The word shilling comes from scilling, an accounting term that dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, and from there back to Old Norse, where it means "division". Slang terms for the old shilling coins include "bob" and "hog"
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Half Crown (British Coin)
The half crown was a denomination of British money, equivalent to two shillings and sixpence, or one-eighth of a pound. The half crown was first issued in 1549, in the reign of Edward VI. No half crowns were issued in the reign of Mary, but from the reign of Elizabeth I half crowns were issued in every reign except Edward VIII, until the coins were discontinued in 1967. The half crown was demonetised (ahead of other pre-decimal coins) on 1 January 1970, the year before the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
adopted decimal currency on Decimal Day. During the English Interregnum of 1649–1660, a republican half crown was issued, bearing the arms of the Commonwealth of England, despite monarchist associations of the coin's name. When Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
was made Lord Protector of England, half crowns were issued bearing his semi-royal portrait
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Crown (British Coin)
The British crown, the successor to the English crown and the Scottish dollar, came into being with the Union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1707. As with the English coin, its value was five shillings. Always a heavy silver coin weighing around one ounce, during the 19th and 20th centuries the crown declined from being a real means of exchange to being a coin rarely spent and minted for commemorative purposes only. In that format it has continued to be minted, even following decimalisation of the British currency in 1971
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British Five Pence Coin
The British decimal five pence (5p) coin – often pronounced five pee – is a unit of currency equaling five one-hundredths of a pound sterling. Its obverse has featured the profile of Queen Elizabeth II since the coin’s introduction on 23rd April 1968, replacing the shilling in preparation for decimalisation in 1971.[1] A smaller version of the coin was introduced in June 1990 with the older coins being withdrawn on 31st December 1990. Four different portraits of the Queen have been used, with the latest design by Jody Clark being introduced in 2015
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Kingdom Of Ireland
The Kingdom of Ireland
Ireland
(Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King of England
England
and later the King of Great Britain
Great Britain
that existed on Ireland from 1542 until 1800. While ruled by the King of England
King of England
in personal union with his other realms, it had its own legislature (Parliament of Ireland), its own nobility (Peerage of Ireland) and its own legal system and codes until it was merged into the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland
Ireland
in 1800. It came into being when the Parliament of Ireland
Ireland
passed the Crown of Ireland Act 1542
Crown of Ireland Act 1542
and proclaimed King Henry VIII of England
England
as King of Ireland
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Irish Free State
The Irish Free State
Irish Free State
(Irish: Saorstát Éireann pronounced [sˠiːɾˠsˠˈt̪ˠaːt̪ˠ ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ]; 6 December 1922 – 29 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Anglo-Irish Treaty
of December 1921. That treaty ended the three-year Irish War of Independence
Irish War of Independence
between the forces of the self-proclaimed Irish Republic, the Irish Republican Army (IRA), and British Crown forces. The Free State was established as a Dominion
Dominion
of the British Commonwealth of Nations. It comprised 26 of the 32 counties of Ireland. Northern Ireland, which comprised the remaining six counties, exercised its right under the Treaty to opt out of the new state
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Republic Of Ireland
Ireland
Ireland
(/ˈaɪərlənd/ ( listen); Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ( listen)), also known as the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
(Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe
Europe
occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's 4.75 million inhabitants. The state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George's Channel
Saint George's Channel
to the south-east, and the Irish Sea to the east
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Shilling (Irish Coin)
The shilling (1s) (Irish: scilling) coin was a subdivision of the pre-decimal Irish pound, worth ​1⁄20 of a pound. The original minting of the coin from 1928 until 1942 contained 75% silver; this Irish coin had a higher content than the equivalent British coin. These earlier coins were noticeably different from their later counterparts as they were of a lighter hue than the cupronickel coins minted from 1951, and they resisted wear less well. The cupronickel coin contained 75% copper and 25% nickel. The coin measured 0.935 inches (23.7 mm) in diameter and weighed 5.655 grams; this did not change with cupro-nickel coin. The last shillings were minted in 1968
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Irish Language
The Irish language
Irish language
(Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language,[5] is a Goidelic
Goidelic
language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland
Ireland
and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language by a small minority of Irish people, and as a second language by a larger group of non-native speakers. Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people
Irish people
for most of their recorded history, and they have brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland
Scotland
and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
and Manx respectively
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Irish Pound
The Irish pound
Irish pound
(Irish: punt Éireannach) was the currency of Ireland until 2002. Its ISO 4217
ISO 4217
code was IEP, and the usual notation was the prefix £ (or IR£ where confusion might have arisen with the pound sterling or other pounds). The Irish pound
Irish pound
was superseded by the euro on 1 January 1999.[1] Euro
Euro
currency did not begin circulation until the beginning of 2002.Contents1 First pound 2 Second pound2.1 Saorstát pound 2.2 Irish pound 2.3 Decimalisation 2.4 Breaking the link with sterling 2.5 1979–1999: Independence 2.6 Replacement with the euro3 Hidden inflation 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksFirst pound[edit] The earliest Irish coinage was introduced in the year 997, with a pound divided like the English pound into twenty shillings, each of twelve silver pence
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Shilling (Australian)
The Australian Shilling was a coin of the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. The coin was minted from 1910 until 1963, excluding 1923, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1938, 1947, 1949 and 1951. After decimalisation on 14 February 1966, it was equal to 10c. During World War II, between 1942–1944, shilling production was supplemented by coinage produced at the San Francisco branch of the United States Mint, which bear a small S below the ram's head.Contents1 Types 2 Mintmarks 3 References 4 External linksTypes[edit]Image Years Technical parameters Description / Legend / DesignerObverse Reverse From To Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse1910 1910 23.5 mm5.65 g 92.5‰ silver, 7.5‰ copper Reeded Edward VII EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP: by George William de Saulles 1908 coat of arms of Australia (with ADVANCE AUSTRALIA on ribbon) ONE SHILLING by W.H.J
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Treaty Of Union
The Treaty of Union
Treaty of Union
is the name usually now given to the agreement which led to the creation of the new state of Great Britain, stating that England (which already included Wales) and Scotland were to be "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain",[1] At the time it was more often referred to as the Articles of Union. The details of the Treaty were agreed on 22 July 1706, and separate Acts of Union were then passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to put the agreed Articles into effect
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British Empire
The British Empire
Empire
comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England
England
between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power.[1] By 1913, the British Empire
Empire
held sway over 412 million people, 7001230000000000000♠23% of the world population at the time,[2] and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi),[3] 7001240000000000000♠24% of the Earth's total land area.[4] As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread
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