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William Phillips (diplomat)
WILLIAM PHILLIPS (May 30, 1878 – February 23, 1968) was a career United States
United States
diplomat who served twice as an Under Secretary of State . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFEPhillips was born on May 30, 1878 in Beverly, Massachusetts . His parents were John Charles Phillips, Jr. (1838–1885), who married Anna Tucker in London, England on October 23, 1874. His older brother was John Charles Phillips (1876–1938), a prominent zoologist, ornithologist and environmentalist. His sister, Martha Phillips, was married to Andrew James Peters (1872–1938), a U.S. Congressman and former Mayor of Boston
Mayor of Boston

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Assistant Secretary Of State
ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE (A/S) is a title used for many executive positions in the United States Department of State , ranking below the Under Secretaries . A set of six Assistant Secretaries reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs manage diplomatic missions within their designated geographic regions, plus one Assistant Secretary dealing with international organizations. Assistant Secretaries usually manage individual bureaus of the Department of State. When the manager of a bureau or another agency holds a title other than Assistant Secretary, such as "Director," it can be said to be of "Assistant Secretary equivalent rank." Assistant Secretaries typically have a set of deputies, referred to as Deputy Assistant Secretaries (DAS). From 1853 until 1913, the Assistant Secretary of State was the second-ranking official within the U.S. Department of State
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Woodrow Wilson
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency -------------------------FIRST TERM * 1912 campaign * Election * 1st Inauguration * Women\'s suffrage * Suffrage
Suffrage
parade * The New Freedom * Silent Sentinels *
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John E. Osborne
JOHN EUGENE OSBORNE (June 19, 1858 – April 24, 1943) was an American physician , farmer , banker and Democratic politician . He was the third Governor of Wyoming after the Wyoming Territory attained statehood in 1890. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Death * 4 Further reading * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFEOsborne was born in Westport, New York , the younger son of John C. Osborne and Mary E. Rail. His parents were both immigrants, his father from England and his mother from Canada. Osborne studied medicine at the University of Vermont and graduated in 1880. He was then hired as a surgeon by the Union Pacific Railroad , and moved to Rawlins , Carbon County, Wyoming . CAREERIn 1883, Osborne was elected to Wyoming's House of the Territorial Assembly, but resigned in 1885, when he left the Territory for a brief period. In 1888, he was appointed chairman of the Penitentiary Building Commission and also elected mayor of Rawlins
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Fred Morris Dearing
FRED MORRIS DEARING (November 19, 1879 – June 1963) was a United States diplomat . BIOGRAPHYFred Morris Dearing was born in Columbia, Missouri on November 19, 1879. He was a graduate of the University of Missouri . He was a career officer in the United States Foreign Service . In the administration of President of the United States Warren G. Harding , Dearing was United States Assistant Secretary of State under United States Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes from March 11, 1921 to February 28, 1922. He served as U.S. Minister to Portugal from June 6, 1922 to February 28, 1930. He was U.S. Minister to Peru from May 23, 1930 to June 3, 1937. He was U.S. Minister to Sweden from April 22, 1937 to September 23, 1937. Dearing died in 1963. REFERENCES * ^ "Dearing, Fred Morris (1879-1963), Papers, 1897-1961, C2926" (PDF). The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved 11/10/2014. Check date values in: access-date= (help ) * ^ "Fred Morris Dearing"
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Under Secretary Of State
UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE (U/S) is a title used by senior officials of the United States Department of State who rank above the Assistant Secretaries and below the Deputy Secretaries . From 1919 to 1972, the Under Secretary was the second-ranking official at the Department of State (immediately beneath the United States Secretary of State ), serving as the Secretary's principal deputy, chief assistant, and Acting Secretary in the event of the Secretary's absence. Prior second-ranking positions had been the Chief Clerk , the Assistant Secretary of State, and the Counselor . Prior to 1944, a number of offices in the Department reported directly to the Under Secretary. In July 1972, the position of Deputy Secretary superseded that of Under Secretary of State
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Warren G. Harding
WARREN GAMALIEL HARDING (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was the 29th President of the United States
President of the United States
, serving from March 4, 1921, until his death in 1923. At the time of his death, he was one of the most popular presidents, but the subsequent exposure of scandals that took place under his administration, such as Teapot Dome , eroded his popular regard, as did revelations of an affair by Nan Britton , one of his mistresses. In historical rankings of the U.S. presidents , Harding is often rated among the worst. Harding was born in Blooming Grove, Ohio
Ohio
. He lived in rural Ohio
Ohio
all his life, except when political service took him elsewhere. He settled in Marion when not yet 20 years old and bought _ The Marion Star _, building it into a successful newspaper
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Henry P. Fletcher
United States Army * 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry RANK Lieutenant BATTLES/WARS Spanish-American War HENRY PRATHER FLETCHER (April 10, 1873 – July 10, 1959) was an American diplomat who served under six presidents. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 Early diplomatic career * 2.2 Ambassador to Chile * 2.3 Ambassador to Mexico * 2.4 State Department * 2.5 Ambassador to Belgium * 2.6 Ambassador to Italy * 2.7 Later career * 3 Personal life * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFE Fletcher in 1913, photograph by Harris -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;"> * ^ "Mrs. Henry Prather Fletcher (Beatrice Bend, 1874-1941)". www.nyhistory.org. New-York Historical Society . Retrieved 3 May 2017. * ^ A B C D E F Times, Special To The New York (11 July 1959). "HENRY FLETCHER, DIPLOMAT, 86, DIES; Envoy for Almost 30 Years Served Six Presidents * G.O.P. Chairman \'34-36"
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Joseph C. Grew
JOSEPH CLARK GREW (May 27, 1880 – May 25, 1965) was an American career diplomat and Foreign Service officer . Early in his career, he was the chargé d\'affaires at the American Embassy in Vienna when the Austro-Hungarian Empire severed diplomatic relations with the United States on April 9, 1917. Later, Grew was the Ambassador to Denmark (1920–1921) and Ambassador to Switzerland (1921-1924). In 1924, Grew became the Under Secretary of State , and in this position he oversaw the establishment of the U.S. Foreign Service . Grew was the Ambassador to Turkey (1927–1932) and the Ambassador to Japan beginning in 1932. He was the American ambassador in Tokyo at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941) and the opening of war between the United States and the Japanese Empire . Ambassador Grew was interned for nine months by the Japanese government, but he was released to return to the United States in July 1942
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United States Ambassador To Belgium
An AMBASSADOR is an official envoy, especially a highest ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state, or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment. The word is also often used more liberally for persons who are known, without national appointment, to represent certain professions, activities and fields of endeavor such as sales. An ambassador is the ranking government representative stationed in a foreign capital . The host country typically allows the ambassador control of specific territory called an embassy , whose territory, staff, and vehicles are generally afforded diplomatic immunity in the host country. Under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations , an ambassador has the highest diplomatic rank
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Calvin Coolidge
JOHN CALVIN COOLIDGE JR. (/ˈkuːlɪdʒ/ ; July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was the 30th President of the United States (1923–29). A Republican lawyer from Vermont , Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics , eventually becoming governor of that state. His response to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. Soon after, he was elected as the 29th vice president in 1920 and succeeded to the presidency upon the sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923. Elected in his own right in 1924 , he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative , and also as a man who said very little, although having a rather dry sense of humor. Coolidge restored public confidence in the White House after the scandals of his predecessor's administration, and left office with considerable popularity
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Hugh S. Gibson
HUGH SIMONS GIBSON (August 16, 1883 – December 12, 1954) was an American diplomat. He was actively involved in disarmament talks from 1925 to 1932. Throughout his career, he remained a leading proponent in the drive to establish a professional Foreign Service based on merit rather than personal wealth or political influence. As first American minister plenipotentiary to Poland in the chaotic postwar years from 1919 to 1924, he was called upon to respond to the acute problems of a renascent state while investigating reports of pogroms and mistreatment of Polish Jews . His reporting on this highly sensitive matter was surrounded by controversy, but ultimately won the approval of significant figures in the American Jewish community. Gibson was active in famine relief work in Europe during and after World War I and continued to pursue these efforts during and after World War II. His close friendship with Herbert Hoover began in this context
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United States Ambassador To Canada
This is a list of AMBASSADORS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO CANADA. The ambassador is the head of the Embassy of the United States in Ottawa . Prior to 1943, the head of the U.S. diplomatic mission to Canada bore the title of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary . The U.S. mission to Canada was upgraded from legation to embassy status in June 1943, and Ray Atherton was the first chief of mission to hold ambassadorial rank. # AMBASSADOR PICTURE TOOK OFFICE LEFT OFFICE PRESIDENT(S) 1 William Phillips June 1, 1927 December 14, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge
, Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
2 Hanford MacNider
Hanford MacNider
August 29, 1930 August 15, 1932 Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
3 Warren Delano Robbins May 16, 1933 March 28, 1935 Franklin D
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Herbert Hoover
HERBERT CLARK HOOVER (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression. A Republican, as Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s he introduced Progressive Era themes of efficiency in the business community and provided government support for standardization, efficiency and international trade. As president from 1929 to 1933, his ambitious programs were overwhelmed by the Great Depression , which seemed to get worse every year despite the increasingly large-scale interventions he made in the economy. He was defeated in a landslide in 1932 by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt , and spent the rest of his life as a conservative denouncing big government, liberalism and federal intervention in economic affairs, as Democrats repeatedly used his Depression record to attack conservatism and justify more regulation of the economy
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Hanford Macnider
HANFORD MACNIDER (October 2, 1889 – February 18, 1968) was a senior officer of the United States
United States
Army who fought in both world wars. MacNider served as a diplomat , the United States
United States
Assistant Secretary of War , from 1925 to 1928, and the National Commander of The American Legion from 1921 to 1922. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 The American Legion * 3 Political career * 4 World War II
World War II
* 5 Death * 6 Legacy * 7 Military awards * 7.1 First Distinguished Service Cross citation * 7.2 Second Distinguished Service Cross citation * 7.3 Third Distinguished Service Cross citation * 7.4 Distinguished Service Medal citation * 7.5 Ribbon bar * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links EARLY LIFE Hanford MacNider
Hanford MacNider
was born in Mason City, Iowa
Mason City, Iowa
as the son of Charles H
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Franklin D. Roosevelt
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency -------------------------FIRST TERM * 1932 campaign * Election * 1st Inauguration * First 100 days * New Deal * Glass-Steagall Act * WPA * Social Security * SEC * Fireside Chats -------------------------SECOND TERM * 1936 campaign * Election * 2nd Inauguration * Supreme Court Packing * National Recovery Act * 1937 Recession * March of Dimes * Pre-war foreign policy -------------------------THIRD TERM * 1940 campaign * Election * 3rd Inauguration * WORLD WAR II* World War II * Attack on Pearl Harbor * Infamy Speech * Atlantic Charter * Japanese Internment * Tehran Conference * United Nations * D-Day * Second Bill of Rights * G.I
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