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Werethekau
WERETHEKAU (alts. URTHEKAU, WERET HEKAU) was an Ancient Egyptian deity . She served as the personification of supernatural powers, _weret hekau_ meaning "great of magic" or "great enchantress". IN MYTHAs a deity dedicated to protection, she often appeared on funerary objects, particularly weapons, to allow the deceased to protect him or herself against the dangers of the underworld. She also was placed on ivory knives as a charm to protect pregnant and nursing mothers. Her power was one of the inherent qualities of the Crowns of Egypt . As goddess of the crowns she was a snake or a lion-headed woman and dwelt in the state sanctuary. As the wife of Ra-Horakhty she is depicted with his solar disk on her head. Werethekau
Werethekau
was an epithet frequently conferred on Isis, Sekhmet , Mut , and others
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Ramesses II
RAMESSES II /ˈræməsiːz, ˈræmsiːz, ˈræmziːz/ (variously spelled also RAMESES or RAMSES; born c. 1303 BC; died July or August 1213 BC; reigned 1279–1213 BC), also known as RAMESSES THE GREAT, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt . He often is regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire . His successors and later Egyptians called him the "Great Ancestor". He is known as OZYMANDIAS in the Greek sources, from a transliteration into Greek of a part of Ramesses' throne name , Usermaatre Setepenre , "The justice of is powerful—chosen of Rê". Ramesses II
Ramesses II
led several military expeditions into the Levant
Levant
, reasserting Egyptian control over Canaan
Canaan

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Ancient Egypt
arsenical bronze writing , literature sword , chariot ↓ Iron Age ANCIENT EGYPT was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa , concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt . It is one of six historic civilizations to arise independently. Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology ) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer ). The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age , the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age
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Ancient Egyptian Deities
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN DEITIES are the gods and goddesses worshipped in ancient Egypt . The beliefs and rituals surrounding these gods formed the core of ancient Egyptian religion , which emerged sometime in prehistory . Deities represented natural forces and phenomena , and the Egyptians supported and appeased them through offerings and rituals so that these forces would continue to function according to _maat _, or divine order. After the founding of the Egyptian state around 3100 BC, the authority to perform these tasks was controlled by the pharaoh , who claimed to be the gods' representative and managed the temples where the rituals were carried out. The gods' complex characteristics were expressed in myths and in intricate relationships between deities: family ties, loose groups and hierarchies, and combinations of separate gods into one
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Crowns Of Egypt
The Egyptian civilization used a number of different crowns throughout its existence. Some were used to show authority, while others were used for religious ceremonies. Each crown was worn by different pharaohs or deities , and each crown had its own significance and symbolic meaning. The crowns include the atef , the deshret , the hedjet , the khepresh , the pschent , and the Hemhem
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Ra-Horakhty
RA (/rɑː/ ; Egyptian : Rꜥ or rˤ; also transliterated rˤw; cuneiform: 𒊑𒀀 ri-a or 𒊑𒅀ri-ia) or RE (/reɪ/ ; Coptic : ⲣⲏ, Rē) is the ancient Egyptian sun god . By the Fifth Dynasty in the 25th and 24th centuries BC, he had become a major god in ancient Egyptian religion , identified primarily with the noon sun. In later Egyptian dynastic times, Ra was merged with the god Horus
Horus
, as Ra-Horakhty ("Ra, who is Horus
Horus
of the Two Horizons"). He was believed to rule in all parts of the created world: the sky , the earth , and the underworld . He was associated with the falcon or hawk . When in the New Kingdom
New Kingdom
the god Amun
Amun
rose to prominence he was fused with Ra as Amun-Ra
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Sekhmet
In Egyptian mythology
Egyptian mythology
, SEKHMET (/ˈsɛkˌmɛt/ or SACHMIS (/ˈsækmɪs/ ; also spelled Sakhmet, Sekhet, or Sakhet, among other spellings, means "the powerful one") is a warrior goddess as well as goddess of healing. She is depicted as a lioness , the fiercest hunter known to the Egyptians. It was said that her breath formed the desert. She was seen as the protector of the pharaohs and led them in warfare. Her cult was so dominant in the culture that when the first pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty , Amenemhat I
Amenemhat I
, moved the capital of Egypt to Itjtawy , the centre for her cult was moved as well. Religion, the royal lineage, and the authority to govern were intrinsically interwoven in ancient Egypt during its approximately three millennia of existence
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Mut
MUT, which meant mother in the ancient Egyptian language
Egyptian language
, was an ancient Egyptian mother goddess with multiple aspects that changed over the thousands of years of the culture. Alternative spellings are MAUT and MOUT. She was considered a primal deity, associated with the waters from which everything was born through parthenogenesis . She also was depicted as a woman with a head dress. The rulers of Egypt each supported her worship in their own way to emphasize their own authority and right to rule through an association with Mut. Some of Mut's many titles included World-Mother, Eye of Ra , Queen of the Goddesses, Lady of Heaven, Mother of the Gods, and She Who Gives Birth, But Was Herself Not Born of Any
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Eye Of Horus
The EYE OF HORUS is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health. The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet (also written as Wedjat, or Udjat", Uadjet, Wedjoyet, Edjo or Uto ). The Eye of Horus
Horus
is similar to the Eye of Ra
Eye of Ra
, which belongs to a different god, Ra , but represents many of the same concepts. The name Wadjet
Wadjet
is derived from "wadj" meaning "green", hence "the green one", and was known to the Greeks and Romans as "uraeus" from the Egyptian "iaret" meaning "risen one" from the image of a cobra rising up in protection. Wadjet
Wadjet
was one of the earliest of Egyptian deities who later became associated with other goddesses such as Bast , Sekhmet
Sekhmet
, Mut
Mut
, and Hathor
Hathor

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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Ancient Egyptian Religion
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN RELIGION was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals which were an integral part of ancient Egyptian society. It centered on the Egyptians' interaction with many deities who were believed to be present in, and in control of, the forces of nature. Rituals such as prayers and offerings were efforts to provide for the gods and gain their favor. Formal religious practice centered on the pharaoh , the king of Egypt, who was believed to possess a divine power by virtue of his position. He acted as the intermediary between his people and the gods and was obligated to sustain the gods through rituals and offerings so that they could maintain order in the universe . The state dedicated enormous resources to Egyptian rituals and to the construction of the temples . Individuals could interact with the gods for their own purposes, appealing for their help through prayer or compelling them to act through magic
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Egyptian Mythology
EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt , which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of understanding the world. The beliefs that these myths express are an important part of ancient Egyptian religion . Myths appear frequently in Egyptian writings and art , particularly in short stories and in religious material such as hymns, ritual texts, funerary texts , and temple decoration. These sources rarely contain a complete account of a myth and often describe only brief fragments. Inspired by the cycles of nature, the Egyptians saw time in the present as a series of recurring patterns, whereas the earliest periods of time were linear. Myths are set in these earliest times, and myth sets the pattern for the cycles of the present. Present events repeat the events of myth, and in doing so renew _maat _, the fundamental order of the universe
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Paganism
PAGANISM is a term first used in the 4th century, by the early Christian community, for populations of the Roman world who worshipped many deities, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ). Alternate terms in Christian texts for the same group were "hellene " and "gentile ". Pagans and paganism were pejorative terms for the same polytheistic group, implying its inferiority. Paganism
Paganism
has broadly connoted the "religion of the peasantry", and for much of its history was a derogatory term. Both during and after the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, paganism was a pejorative term that was applied to any non-Abrahamic or unfamiliar religion , and the term presumed a belief in false god(s). No one before the 20th century self-identified as a "pagan"
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Pantheism
PANTHEISM is the belief that all reality is identical with divinity , or that everything composes an all-encompassing, immanent god. Pantheists do not believe in a distinct personal or anthropomorphic god , and hold a broad range of doctrines differing with regards to the forms of and relationships between divinity and reality. Pantheism
Pantheism
was popularized in Western culture as a theology and philosophy based on the work of the 17th-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza , :p.7 particularly his book Ethics
Ethics
, published in 1677. The term "pantheism" was coined by Joseph Raphson in 1697 and has since been used to describe the beliefs of a variety of people and organizations. Pantheistic concepts date back thousands of years, and pantheistic elements have been identified in branches of Eastern religions
Eastern religions
such as Hinduism
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Polytheism
POLYTHEISM (from Greek πολυθεϊσμός, _polytheismos)_ is the worship of or belief in multiple deities , which are usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses , along with their own religions and rituals . In most religions which accept polytheism, the different gods and goddesses are representations of forces of nature or ancestral principles , and can be viewed either as autonomous or as aspects or emanations of a creator God
God
or transcendental absolute principle (monistic theologies), which manifests immanently in nature (panentheistic and pantheistic theologies). Polytheism
Polytheism
is a type of theism . Within theism, it contrasts with monotheism , the belief in a singular God
God
, in most cases transcendent. Polytheists do not always worship all the gods equally, but they can be henotheists , specializing in the worship of one particular deity
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