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Walter Bedell Smith
General WALTER BEDELL "BEETLE" SMITH (5 October 1895 – 9 August 1961) was a senior officer of the United States
United States
Army who served as General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
's chief of staff at Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) during the Tunisia Campaign and the Allied invasion of Italy
Italy
in 1943 during World War II
World War II
. He was Eisenhower's chief of staff at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) in the campaign in Western Europe from 1944 through 1945. Smith enlisted as a private in the Indiana
Indiana
Army National Guard in 1911. In 1917, during World War I
World War I
, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant . He was wounded in the Aisne-Marne Offensive in 1918. After World War I, he was a staff officer and instructor at the U.S. Army Infantry School
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Sally Bedell Smith
SARAH "SALLY" BEDELL SMITH (born May 27, 1948) is an American historian and author specializing in biographies of American political, cultural, and business leaders, as well as members of the British Royal Family . She has been a contributing editor at Vanity Fair for over 20 years, and is married to Stephen G. Smith , former editor of U.S. News & World Report
U.S. News & World Report
and current editor in chief of National Journal
National Journal
Daily. Her books have been translated into more than a dozen languages. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 3 Bibliography * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONSarah Rowbotham was born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
, the daughter of Ruth (Kirk) and James Howard Rowbotham, a brigadier general and businessman. She grew up in nearby town of St. Davids
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Walter B. Smith (Medal Of Honor)
WALTER B. SMITH (born 1827, date of death unknown) was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War
American Civil War
and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor , for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay
Battle of Mobile Bay
. Born in 1827, in New York , Smith joined the Navy from that state. He served in the Civil War as an ordinary seaman on the USS Richmond (CG-20) . During the Battle of Mobile Bay
Battle of Mobile Bay
on August 5, 1864, he manned an artillery gun on the topgallant forecastle (a deck at the top of the ship's forecastle ). When Richmond became engaged with the CSS Tennessee , Smith fired his musket into the Confederate ship's gun ports. For these actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor four months later, on December 31, 1864. Smith's official Medal of Honor citation reads: On board the U.S.S
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United States Under Secretary Of State
UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE (U/S) is a title used by senior officials of the United States Department of State who rank above the Assistant Secretaries and below the Deputy Secretaries . From 1919 to 1972, the Under Secretary was the second-ranking official at the Department of State (immediately beneath the United States Secretary of State ), serving as the Secretary's principal deputy, chief assistant, and Acting Secretary in the event of the Secretary's absence. Prior second-ranking positions had been the Chief Clerk , the Assistant Secretary of State, and the Counselor . Prior to 1944, a number of offices in the Department reported directly to the Under Secretary. In July 1972, the position of Deputy Secretary superseded that of Under Secretary of State
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Dwight D. Eisenhower
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency -------------------------FIRST TERM * Draft movement * 1952 Campaign * Election * 1st Inauguration * Korean War * Atoms for Peace * Cold War * New Look * Domino theory * In
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David K. E. Bruce
DAVID KIRKPATRICK ESTE BRUCE (February 12, 1898 – December 5, 1977) was an American diplomat, intelligence officer and politician. He served as Ambassador to France, the Republic of Germany, and the United Kingdom, the only American to be all three. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Career * 2.1 State service * 2.2 Federal service * 2.3 Diplomatic service * 3 Personal and death * 4 Awards * 5 Legacy * 6 Publications * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links BACKGROUNDBorn in Baltimore, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland
, his father was William Cabell Bruce and older brother James Cabell Bruce . He studied for a year and a half at Princeton University
Princeton University
. He dropped out to serve in the United States Army during World War I
World War I

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Herbert Hoover Jr.
HERBERT CHARLES HOOVER JR. (August 4, 1903 – July 9, 1969) was an engineer, businessman, and politician. He served as United States Under Secretary of State
Under Secretary of State
from 1954 to 1957. His father was President Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early years, 1903–1928 * 1.2 Aviation radio, 1928–1930 * 1.3 Geophysical engineer and adviser to foreign governments, 1930–1953 * 1.4 Special
Special
Envoy, 1953–1954 * 1.5 Under Secretary of State, 1954–1957 * 1.6 Amateur radio * 1.7 Later years, 1957–1969 * 2 Family * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY YEARS, 1903–1928Herbert Charles Hoover was born in London
London
on August 4, 1903. He was the elder son of President Herbert Clark Hoover (1874—1964) and First Lady Lou Henry (1874—1944)
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Director Of Central Intelligence
The Office of United States
United States
DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE (DCI) was the head of the American Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
from 1946 to 2005, acting as the principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States
United States
and the United States
United States
National Security Council , as well as the coordinator of intelligence activities among and between the various U.S. intelligence agencies (collectively known as the Intelligence Community from 1981 onwards). The office existed from January 1946 to April 21, 2005, and was replaced on that day by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) as head of the Intelligence Community and the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) as head of the CIA
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Harry S. Truman
World War I
World War I
* Western Front HARRY S. TRUMAN (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States
President of the United States
(1945–53), assuming that office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt during the waning months of World War II . He is known for launching the Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan
to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, for leading the Cold War against Soviet and Chinese communism by establishing the Truman Doctrine and NATO
NATO
, and for intervening in the Korean War . In domestic affairs, he was a moderate Democrat whose liberal proposals were a continuation of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal , but the conservative-dominated Congress blocked most of them
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William Harding Jackson
WILLIAM HARDING "WILD BILL" JACKSON JR. (March 25, 1901 – September 28, 1971) was a U.S. civilian administrator , New York lawyer, and investment banker who served as Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency . Jackson also served briefly under President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
as United States
United States
National Security Adviser in 1956 while in his role as Special
Special
Assistant for National Security Affairs from 1956 to 1957. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Death * 5 References EARLY LIFE William Harding Jackson
William Harding Jackson
was born on March 25, 1901 on the Belle Meade Plantation , in Belle Meade, Tennessee
Belle Meade, Tennessee
near Nashville, Tennessee
Tennessee

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Allen Dulles
ALLEN WELSH DULLES (/ˈdʌləs/ ; April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian but third Director of Central Intelligence and its longest-serving director to date. As head of the Central Intelligence Agency during the early Cold War, he oversaw the 1954 Guatemalan coup d\'état , Operation Ajax (the overthrow of Iran's elected government), the Lockheed U-2 aircraft program and the Bay of Pigs Invasion . Following the assassination of John F. Kennedy , Dulles was one of the members of the Warren Commission
Warren Commission
. Between his stints of government service, Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell
Sullivan & Cromwell
. His older brother, John Foster Dulles , was the Secretary of State during the Eisenhower Administration
Eisenhower Administration

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Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter
ROSCOE HENRY HILLENKOETTER (May 8, 1897 – June 18, 1982) was the third director of the post- World War II
World War II
United States
United States
Central Intelligence Group (CIG), the third Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), and the first director of the Central Intelligence Agency created by the National Security Act of 1947 . He served as DCI and director of the CIG and the CIA from May 1, 1947 to October 7, 1950 and after his retirement from the United States
United States
Navy was a member of the board of governors of National Investigations Committee On Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) from 1957 to 1962. CONTENTS * 1 Education and military career * 2 First Director of the CIA * 3 Resumption of active military duty * 4 Board member of NICAP * 5 Death * 6 Portrayal * 7 Awards * 8 Dates of rank * 9 References * 10 External links EDUCATION AND MILITARY CAREERBorn in St
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United States Ambassador To Russia
The AMBASSADOR OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION is the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary from the United States of America to the Russian Federation . The position is currently held by John F. Tefft , a career U.S. Foreign Service Officer who was recalled from retirement to serve his fourth ambassadorship. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of ambassadors * 2.1 Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(1780–1917) * 2.2 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(1933–1991) * 2.3 Russian Federation (1992–present) * 3 Notes * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY The Ambassador
Ambassador
resides in Spaso House , the former mansion of Nikolay Vtorov
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W. Averell Harriman
WILLIAM AVERELL HARRIMAN (November 15, 1891 – July 26, 1986) was an American Democratic politician, businessman, and diplomat. The son of railroad baron E. H. Harriman , he served as Secretary of Commerce under President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
and later as the 48th Governor of New York . He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952 and 1956, as well as a core member of the group of foreign policy elders known as "The Wise Men ". After attending Groton School and Yale University
Yale University
, Harriman established a banking firm that eventually merged into Brown Brothers Harriman ">:127,150–1 He graduated in 1913. After graduating, he inherited the largest fortune in America and became Yale's youngest Crew coach. CAREERBUSINESS AFFAIRSUsing money from his father he established W.A. Harriman & Co banking business in 1922
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Alan Goodrich Kirk
Admiral
Admiral
ALAN GOODRICH KIRK (October 30, 1888 – October 15, 1963) was a senior officer in the United States
United States
Navy and a diplomat . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYHe graduated from the United States
United States
Naval Academy in 1909 and served in the United States
United States
Navy during World War I and World War II
World War II
. During his wartime naval service, Alan Kirk became the U.S. naval attaché in London
London
(1939 to 1941)
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Indianapolis
INDIANAPOLIS (pronounced /ˌɪndi.əˈnæpəlᵻs/ ), is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County . It is in the East North Central region of the Midwestern United States . With an estimated population of 855,164 in 2016, Indianapolis is the second most populous city in the Midwest and 15th most populous in the U.S. The city is