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Walter Bedell Smith
General WALTER BEDELL "BEETLE" SMITH (5 October 1895 – 9 August 1961) was a senior officer of the United States
United States
Army who served as General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
's chief of staff at Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) during the Tunisia Campaign and the Allied invasion of Italy
Italy
in 1943 during World War II
World War II
. He was Eisenhower's chief of staff at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) in the campaign in Western Europe from 1944 through 1945. Smith enlisted as a private in the Indiana
Indiana
Army National Guard in 1911. In 1917, during World War I
World War I
, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant . He was wounded in the Aisne-Marne Offensive in 1918. After World War I, he was a staff officer and instructor at the U.S. Army Infantry School
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Western Allied Invasion Of Germany
Decisive Allied victory * Fall of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* End of World War II
World War II
in Europe (concurrently with the Eastern Front ) BELLIGERENTS
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Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Army)
The U.S. ARMY DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL (DSM) is a military award of the United States Army
United States Army
that is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States military
United States military
, has distinguished himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility. The performance must be such as to merit recognition for service that is clearly exceptional. Exceptional performance of normal duty will not alone justify an award of this decoration. Separate Distinguished Service Medals exist for the different branches of the military as well as a fifth version of the medal which is a senior award of the United States Department of Defense. The Army version of the Distinguished Service Medal is typically referred to simply as the "Distinguished Service Medal" while the other branches of service use the service name as a prefix
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Distinguished Service Medal (United States Navy)
The NAVY DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL is a military decoration of the United States Navy
United States Navy
and United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
which was first created in 1919. The medal is presented to recognize distinguished and exceptionally meritorious service to the United States while serving in a duty or position of great responsibility. The award is the Navy and Marine Corps equivalent to the Army Distinguished Service Medal , the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
, and the Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal . The Navy Distinguished Service Medal was originally senior to the Navy Cross
Navy Cross
, until August 1942 when the precedence of the two decorations was reversed
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Legion Of Merit
The LEGION OF MERIT (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. The decoration is issued to members of the seven uniformed services of the United States as well as to military and political figures of foreign governments. The Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit
(Commander degree) is one of only two United States military decorations to be issued as a neck order (the other being the Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor
) and the only United States military decoration which may be issued in award degrees (much like an order of chivalry or certain Orders of Merit ). The Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit
is sixth in the order of precedence of U.S. military awards and is worn after the Defense Superior Service Medal and before the Distinguished Flying Cross . In contemporary use in the U.S
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Allied Advance From Paris To The Rhine
U.S.: 240,082 casualties (50,410 killed, 172,450 wounded, 24,374 captured or missing) (15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945) U.K. ~32,366 TOTAL: 272,448+ 400,000+ casualties * ~40,000 killed * ~80,000 wounded * 280,000+ captured * v * t * e Western Front of World War II
World War II
prelude 1939 * Phoney War
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Allied Invasion Of Italy
The ALLIED INVASION OF ITALY was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy
Italy
that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II
World War II
. The operation was undertaken by General Sir Harold Alexander 's 15th Army Group (comprising General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
and General Bernard Montgomery 's British Eighth Army ) and followed the successful invasion of Sicily
Sicily
. The main invasion force landed around Salerno
Salerno
on 9 September on the western coast in Operation Avalanche, while two supporting operations took place in Calabria
Calabria
( Operation Baytown ) and Taranto ( Operation Slapstick )
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Second Battle Of The Marne
ASSOCIATED ARTICLES * Order of Battle The SECOND BATTLE OF THE MARNE (French : Seconde Bataille de la Marne), or Battle of Reims
Reims
(15 July – 6 August 1918) was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during the First World War . The attack failed when an Allied counterattack by French and American forces, including several hundred tanks, overwhelmed the Germans on their right flank, inflicting severe casualties. The German defeat marked the start of the relentless Allied advance which culminated in the Armistice with Germany about 100 days later
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Sally Bedell Smith
SARAH "SALLY" BEDELL SMITH (born May 27, 1948) is an American historian and author specializing in biographies of American political, cultural, and business leaders, as well as members of the British Royal Family
British Royal Family
. She has been a contributing editor at Vanity Fair for over 20 years, and is married to Stephen G. Smith , former editor of U.S. News & World Report
U.S. News & World Report
and current editor in chief of National Journal
National Journal
Daily. Her books have been translated into more than a dozen languages. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 3 Bibliography * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONSarah Rowbotham was born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
, the daughter of Ruth (Kirk) and James Howard Rowbotham, a brigadier general and businessman. She grew up in nearby town of St
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Operation Torch
Coordinates : 35°05′06″N 2°01′44″W / 35.085°N 2.029°W / 35.085; -2.029 OPERATION TORCH Part of the North African Campaign
North African Campaign
of World War II

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Tunisia Campaign
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* British India United States
United States
Free France * French colonial empire New Zealand
New Zealand
Poland
Poland
Greece
Greece
Germany Italy COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
George S. Patton
George S

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Bronze Star Medal
The BRONZE STAR MEDAL, unofficially the BRONZE STAR, is a United States decoration awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces for either heroic achievement, heroic service, meritorious achievement, or meritorious service in a combat zone. Whenever the medal is awarded by the Army and Air Force for acts of valor in combat, the "V" Device is authorized for wear on the medal and whenever the medal is awarded by the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard for acts of valor or meritorious service in combat, the Combat "V" is authorized for wear on the medal. Officers from the other Uniformed Services of the United States are eligible to receive this award, as are foreign soldiers who have served with or alongside a service branch of the United States Armed Forces. Civilians serving with U.S. military forces in combat are also eligible for the award
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Officer (armed Forces)
An OFFICER is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term "officer" includes non-commissioned officers and warrant officers . However, when used without further detail, the term "officer" almost always refers to commissioned officers, the more senior portion of a force who derive their authority from a commission from the head of state of a sovereign nation-state . CONTENTS * 1 Numbers * 2 Legal relevance * 3 Terminological details in the U.S. * 4 Commissioned officers * 4.1 United Kingdom * 4.2 United States * 4.2.1 Other U.S
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Second Lieutenant
SECOND LIEUTENANT (called LIEUTENANT in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces , comparable to NATO OF-1b rank. CONTENTS * 1 Australia * 2 Canada * 3 France * 4 Greece * 5 Indonesia
Indonesia
* 6 Israel * 7 Norway * 8 Pakistan * 9 United Kingdom and Commonwealth * 10 United States
United States
* 11 Insignia * 12 See also * 13 References AUSTRALIALike the United Kingdom, the rank of second lieutenant replaced the rank of ensign and cornet in 1871. The rank of second lieutenant was phased out in the Australian Regular Army in 1986. CANADAThe Canadian Forces adopted the rank with insignia of a single gold ring around the service dress uniform cuff for both army and air personnel upon unification in 1968 until the late 2000s
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Aisne-Marne Offensive
ASSOCIATED ARTICLES * Order of Battle The SECOND BATTLE OF THE MARNE (French : Seconde Bataille de la Marne), or Battle of Reims
Reims
(15 July – 6 August 1918) was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during the First World War . The attack failed when an Allied counterattack by French and American forces, including several hundred tanks, overwhelmed the Germans on their right flank, inflicting severe casualties. The German defeat marked the start of the relentless Allied advance which culminated in the Armistice with Germany about 100 days later
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United States Army Infantry School
The UNITED STATES ARMY INFANTRY SCHOOL is located at Fort Benning
Fort Benning
, Georgia , is a school dedicated to training infantrymen for service in the United States
United States
Army
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