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Wadhwan
WADHWAN is a city and a municipality in Surendranagar district in the Indian state of Gujarat
Gujarat
. CONTENTS * 1 Demographics * 2 Geography * 3 History * 4 Education * 5 References * 6 External links DEMOGRAPHICS Flag of Wadhwan
Wadhwan
As of 2001 India
India
census , Wadhwan
Wadhwan
city had a population of 61,739. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Wadhwan
Wadhwan
city has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 63%. In Wadhwan city, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. From 1489 to 1947, the recurring Prime Ministers (Diwan) of Wadhwan State were always from the Rawal family whose descendants live there till date. GEOGRAPHYIt is located on the bank of the dry Bhogavo River . HISTORY Wadhwan
Wadhwan
or Vadhwan city is a part of the Surendranagar district of Gujarat
Gujarat
located about 111 km from the town of Ahmedabad, some 3 km distant from Surendranagar city. The town is situated on the banks of the Bhogavo River. Vadhwan is a known location for its old world royal charm and serene space with a life and culture of its own
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (_Bhārat Gaṇarājya_), is a country in South Asia . It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China , Nepal , and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives . India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia . The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste , emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires ; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia
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States And Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories . The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions
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Gujarat
† The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960 Symbols of Gujarat (_de facto _) LANGUAGE Gujarati SONG " Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat " by Narmad CALENDAR Saka ANIMAL Asiatic lion BIRD Greater flamingo FLOWER Marigold (_galgota_) FRUIT Mango TREE Banyan GUJARAT (/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/ _Gujǎrāt_ ( listen )) is a state in Western India , It has an area of 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar , while its largest city is Ahmedabad . Gujarat is home to the Gujarati -speaking people of India. The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation , such as Lothal , Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports
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List Of Districts Of India
A DISTRICT (_zilā_) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory . In some cases districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions , and in others directly into _tehsils_ or _talukas_ . As of 2016 there are a total of 707 districts, up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India and the 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India . District officials include: * Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate or District Collector , an officer of the Indian Administrative Service , in charge of administration and revenue collection * Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service , responsible for maintaining law and order * Deputy Conservator of Forests , an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service , entrusted with the management of the forests, environment and wildlife of the districtEach of these officials is aided by officers from the appropriate branch of the state government. Most districts have a distinct headquarters; Mumbai City district (MC) in Maharashtra (MH) is an example which, despite forming a district, does not have a clear headquarters, though it does have a District Collector. Mahe of Puducherry is the smallest (9 km2) district of India by area while Kutch of Gujarat is the largest (45,652 km2) district of India by area
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Surendranagar District
SURENDRANAGAR is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India
India
. It has a population of approximately 1.7 million people. Surendranagar is also known as Jhalawad, as many principalities of Surendranagar district were ruled by Jhala Rajputs . Surendranagar city , along with the twin city of Wadhwan , has a total of 400,000 inhabitants, and is known as the city of Hi-Tech Bungalows. It was also known as "Camp". Gate at Zinzuwada, Gujarat, India
India
CONTENTS* 1 Economy * 1.1 Businesses * 1.2 Natural resources * 1.3 Textiles * 2 Demographics * 3 Culture * 3.1 Legends * 4 Personalities * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ECONOMYIn the past, Surendranagar was used by colonialists as a hill station , because of its dry environment that was beneficial for some physical as well as mental ailments. Surendranagar's dry air is still believed to be the best place in Gujarat
Gujarat
to cure tuberculosis patients. Surendranagar has the second highest rate of development in the state of Gujarat, and is considered to be a strong candidate for status of Municipal Corporation. It also has the second highest number of educational institutes per capita. MMany newspapers are published from Surendranagar in Gujarat
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Gujarati Language
GUJARATI (/ɡʊdʒəˈrɑːti/ ; ગુજરાતી gujarātī ) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat
Gujarat
. It is part of the greater Indo-European language family . Gujarati is descended from Old Gujarati (circa 1100–1500 AD). In India, it is the official language in the state of Gujarat
Gujarat
, as well as an official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
and Dadra and Nagar Haveli . Gujarati is the language of the Gujjars , who had ruled Rajputana
Rajputana
and Punjab
Punjab
. According to the Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA), 4.5% of the Indian population (1.21 billion according to the 2011 census) speaks Gujarati, which amounts to 46 million speakers in India. There are about 50 million speakers of Gujarati worldwide, making it the 26th-most-spoken native language in the world. Gujarati was the first language of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
and Muhammad Ali Jinnah
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Hindi Language
HINDI ( Devanagari : हिन्दी, IAST : _Hindī_), or MODERN STANDARD HINDI ( Devanagari : मानक हिन्दी, IAST : _Mānak Hindī_) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language . Hindi is an Indo-Germanic or Indo-European language. It is descended from Sanskrit and is considered part of the New Indo-Aryan subgroup. However, it was also influenced, especially in vocabulary, by various other languages including Persian, Arabic, Turkish, Portuguese, and English. Along with the English language , Hindi written in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Government of India . It is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India . However, it is not the national language of India . Hindi is the _lingua franca _ of the so-called _ Hindi belt _ in India. Outside India, it is an official language which is known as _ Fiji Hindi _ in Fiji , and is a recognised regional language in Mauritius , Trinidad and Tobago , Guyana , and Suriname . Individually, as a linguistic variety , Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin , Spanish and English
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Indian Standard Time
INDIAN STANDARD TIME (IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka , with a time offset of UTC+05:30 . India does not observe daylight saving time (DSTu) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star"). Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.30' E longitude , in Kakinada , (16°35′N 82°09′E / 16.58°N 82.15°E / 16.58; 82.15 ) which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line. In the tz database , it is represented by Asia/Kolkata . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Criticism and proposals * 3 Time signals * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Main article: Time in India After independence in 1947 , the Indian government established IST as the official time for the whole country, although Kolkata and Mumbai retained their own local time (known as Calcutta Time and Bombay Time ) until 1948 and 1955, respectively. The Central observatory was moved from Chennai to a location at Shankargarh Fort Allahabad district , so that it would be as close to UTC +5:30 as possible. Daylight Saving Time (DST) was used briefly during the China–Indian War of 1962 and the Indo–Pakistani Wars of 1965 and 1971
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Postal Index Number
A POSTAL INDEX NUMBER or PIN or PINCODE is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post , the Indian postal administration . The code is six digits long. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Postal zones * 3 PIN numbering * 3.1 Sorting district * 3.2 Service route * 3.3 Delivery office * 4 Delivery system * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe PIN Code system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names and different languages used by the public. POSTAL ZONESThere are nine PIN zones in India, including eight regional zones and one functional zone (for the Indian Army). The first digit of the PIN code indicates the region. The second digit indicates the sub-region, and the third digit indicates the sorting district within the region. The final three digits are assigned to individual post offices
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Vehicle Registration Plate
A VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATE, also known as a NUMBER PLATE (British English ) or a LICENSE PLATE ( American English ), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register . In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency
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Municipality
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_. The English word _municipality_ derives from the Latin social contract _municipium _ (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenshipto the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy). A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York
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Census
A CENSUS is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population . The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses ; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice. The word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic , the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, and censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are but now census takes its place within a system of surveys where it typically began as the only national demographic data collection. Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including exactly the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions
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