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WWT London Wetlands Centre
WWT LONDON WETLAND CENTRE is a wetland reserve managed by the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust
Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust
in the Barnes area of the London
London
Borough of Richmond upon Thames , southwest London
London
, England
England
, by Barn Elms . The site is formed of four disused Victorian reservoirs tucked into a loop in the Thames. The centre first opened in 2000, and in 2002 an area of 29.9 hectares was designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest
Site of Special Scientific Interest
as the Barn Elms Wetland
Wetland
Centre. The centre occupies more than 100 acres (40 hectares) of land which was formerly occupied by several small reservoirs. These were converted into a wide range of wetland features and habitats before the centre opened in May 2000
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sites Of Special Scientific Interest In London
Greater London is split by the River Thames . The London region has a population of 7,512,400 within an area of 1,579 km2, making it the second-largest populated region in the United Kingdom . However, even though it is one of the largest urban conglomerations in Europe, almost two-thirds of London is made up of greenspace and wetlands, consisting primarily of extensive areas of green belt, large parks and the Thames basin. As of January 2016, there are 37 sites designated within this Area of Search , 30 of which have been designated for their biological interest and 7 for their geological interest. In England, the body responsible for designating Sites of Special Scientific Interests is Natural England , which chooses sites because of their fauna , flora , geological or physiographical features
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Acrotelm
The ACROTELM is one of two distinct layers in undisturbed peat bogs . It overlies the catotelm . The boundary between the two layers is defined by the transition from peat containing living plants (acrotelm) to peat containing dead plant material (catotelm). This typically coincides with the lowest level of the water table . Fluctuations in water table in a peat bog occur within the acrotelm, and hence conditions may vary from aerobic to anaerobic with time
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A Directory Of Important Wetlands In Australia
A DIRECTORY OF IMPORTANT WETLANDS IN AUSTRALIA (DIWA) is a list of wetlands of national importance to Australia
Australia
. Intended to augment the list of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention , it was formerly published in report form, but is now essentially an online publication. Wetlands that appear in the Directory are commonly referred to as "DIWA wetlands" or "Directory wetlands"
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Aquatic Ecosystem
An AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM is an ecosystem in a body of water . Communities of organisms that are dependent on each other and on their environment live in aquatic ecosystems. The two main types of aquatic ecosystems are marine ecosystems and freshwater ecosystems . CONTENTS* 1 Types * 1.1 Marine * 1.2 Freshwater
Freshwater
* 1.3 Lentic * 1.3.1 Ponds * 1.4 Lotic * 1.5 Wetlands * 2 Functions * 3 Abiotic characteristics * 4 Biotic characteristics * 4.1 Autotrophic organisms * 4.2 Heterotrophic organisms * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links TYPESMARINE Main article: Marine ecosystem
Marine ecosystem
Marine ecosystems cover approximately 71% of the Earth\'s surface and contain approximately 97% of the planet's water. They generate 32% of the world's net primary production
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Demoiselle Crane
The DEMOISELLE CRANE (Grus virgo) is a species of crane found in central Eurasia
Eurasia
, ranging from the Black Sea to Mongolia and North Eastern China. There is also a small breeding population in Turkey. These cranes are migratory birds. Birds from western Eurasia
Eurasia
will spend the winter in Africa
Africa
whilst the birds from Asia, Mongolia and China will spend the winter in the subcontinent . The bird is symbolically significant in the Culture of Pakistan , where it is known as Koonj. CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics * 2 Life * 3 Symbolism in North Indian culture * 4 References * 5 External links CHARACTERISTICS Individual from Tal Chhapar Sanctuary , Churu, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
The demoiselle is 85–100 cm (33.5–39.5 in) long, 76 cm (30 in) tall and has a 155–180 cm (61–71 in) wingspan. It weighs 2–3 kg (4.4–6.6 lb)
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Coscoroba Swan
The COSCOROBA SWAN (Coscoroba coscoroba) is a species of waterfowl endemic to southern South America . It is the smallest of the birds called "swans ", but still a large species of waterfowl . It belongs to the subfamily Anserinae in the family of ducks, swans, and geese, Anatidae . It is placed in the monotypic genus Coscoroba. The coscoroba swan is traditionally considered as an early branch from the common ancestor leading to true geese and swans , and recently genetic studies have associated a phylogenetic relationship between this species and Cape Barren goose (Cereopsis novaehollandiae ) as sister groups. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Distribution and habitat * 3 Behavior * 4 Gallery * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTION Flying Male coscoroba swans weigh 3.8–5.4 kg (8.4–11.9 lb) and females weigh 3.2–4.5 kg (7.1–9.9 lb). The length is from 87.5 to 115 cm (34.4 to 45.3 in) and the wingspan is 155 to 160 cm (61 to 63 in)
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Site Of Special Scientific Interest
A SITE OF SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC INTEREST (SSSI) in Great Britain
Great Britain
or an AREA OF SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC INTEREST (ASSI) in the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Isle of Man. SSSI/ASSIs are the basic building block of site-based nature conservation legislation and most other legal nature/geological conservation designations in the United Kingdom are based upon them, including national nature reserves , Ramsar sites , Special
Special
Protection Areas , and Special
Special
Areas of Conservation . The acronym "SSSI" is often pronounced "triple-S I"
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Parrot
Cacatuoidea
Cacatuoidea
(cockatoos) Psittacoidea (true parrots) Strigopoidea ( New Zealand
New Zealand
parrots) Range of parrots, all species (red)PARROTS, also known as PSITTACINES /ˈsɪtəsaɪnz/ , are birds of the roughly 393 species in 92 genera that make up the order PSITTACIFORMES, found in most tropical and subtropical regions. The order is subdivided into three superfamilies: the Psittacoidea ("true" parrots), the Cacatuoidea
Cacatuoidea
(cockatoos), and the Strigopoidea (New Zealand parrots). Parrots have a generally pantropical distribution with several species inhabiting temperate regions in the Southern Hemisphere , as well. The greatest diversity of parrots is in South America and Australasia
Australasia

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Bill Oddie
WILLIAM EDGAR "BILL" ODDIE, OBE (born 7 July 1941) is an English writer, composer, musician, comedian, artist, ornithologist, conservationist, television presenter and actor. He became famous as one of The Goodies . A birdwatcher since his childhood in Quinton, Birmingham
Quinton, Birmingham
, Oddie has established a reputation as an ornithologist , conservationist, and television presenter on wildlife issues. Some of his books are illustrated with his own paintings and drawings. His wildlife programmes for the BBC
BBC
include: Springwatch/ Autumnwatch
Autumnwatch
, How to Watch Wildlife
Wildlife
, Wild In Your Garden , Birding with Bill Oddie , Britain Goes Wild with Bill Oddie
Bill Oddie
and Bill Oddie Goes Wild
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Black-necked Swan
The BLACK-NECKED SWAN (Cygnus melancoryphus) is a swan that is the largest waterfowl native to South America . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Gallery * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links DESCRIPTIONAdults average 102 to 124 cm (40 to 49 in) and weigh 3.5-6.7 kg (7.7-14.8 lbs). The wingspan ranges from 135 to 177 cm (53 to 70 in). The body plumage is white with a black neck and head and greyish bill . It has a red knob near the base of the bill and white stripe behind eye. The sexes are similar, with the female slightly smaller. The cygnet has a light grey plumage with black bill and feet. The black-necked swan was formerly placed in monotypic genus, Sthenelides. The smallest member in its genus, it is found in freshwater marshes , lagoon and lake shores in southern South America . The black-necked swan breeds in Chilean Southern Zone , Patagonia , Tierra del Fuego and on the Falkland Islands
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Aquatic Plant
AQUATIC PLANTS are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater ). They are also referred to as HYDROPHYTES or MACROPHYTES . These plants require special adaptations for living submerged in water , or at the water's surface. The most common adaptation is aerenchyma , but floating leaves and finely dissected leaves are also common. Aquatic plants can only grow in water or in soil that is permanently saturated with water. They are therefore a common component of wetlands. The principal factor controlling the distribution of aquatic plants is the depth and duration of flooding. However, other factors may also control their distribution, abundance, and growth form, including nutrients, disturbance from waves, grazing, and salinity. Aquatic vascular plants have originated on multiple occasions in different plant families; they can be ferns or angiosperms (including both monocots and dicots )
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Atchafalaya Basin
The ATCHAFALAYA BASIN, or ATCHAFALAYA SWAMP (/əˌtʃæfəˈlaɪə/ ; Louisiana French
Louisiana French
: L'Atchafalaya, ), is the largest wetland and swamp in the United States
United States
. Located in south central Louisiana
Louisiana
, it is a combination of wetlands and river delta area where the Atchafalaya River and the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
converge. The river stretches from near Simmesport in the north through parts of eight parishes to the Morgan City southern area. The Atchafalaya is different among Louisiana
Louisiana
basins because it has a growing delta system (see illustration) with wetlands that are almost stable. The basin contains about 70% forest habitat and about 30% marsh and open water
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Bog Garden
A bog garden employs permanently moist (but not waterlogged ) soil to create a habitat for plants and creatures which thrive in such conditions. It may exploit existing poor drainage in the garden, or it may be artificially created using pond liners or other materials to trap water in the area. Any such structure must allow a small amount of seepage to prevent the water stagnating . For instance, a pond liner must be pierced a few times. Typically a bog garden consists of a shallow area adjoining a pond or other water feature , but care must be taken to prevent water draining from a higher to a lower level. The minimum sustainable depth is 40–45 cm (16–18 in). Good drainage is provided by gravel placed over the liner, and the bog can be kept watered by using a perforated hose below the surface
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Brackish Marsh
BRACKISH MARSHES develop by salt marshes where a significant freshwater influx dilutes the seawater to brackish levels of salinity . This commonly happens upstream from salt marshes by estuaries of coastal rivers or near the mouths of coastal rivers with heavy freshwater discharges in the conditions of low tidal ranges . SEE ALSO * Wetlands portal * Tidal marsh
Tidal marsh
REFERENCES * ^ "Field Guide to Coastal Wetland
Wetland
Plants of the Southeastern United States", by Ralph W. Tiner, p
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