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Vladimir Putin
VLADIMIR VLADIMIROVICH PUTIN (/ˈpuːtɪn/ ; Russian : Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин; IPA: ( listen ); born 7 October 1952) is the current President of Russia
President of Russia
, holding the office since 7 May 2012. He was Prime Minister from 1999 to 2000, President from 2000 to 2008, and again Prime Minister from 2008 to 2012. During his second term as Prime Minister, he was the Chairman of the ruling United Russia party. Born in Leningrad
Leningrad
, then part of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, Putin studied law at the Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
State University , graduating in 1975. Putin was a KGB foreign intelligence officer for 16 years, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel before retiring in 1991 to enter politics in Saint Petersburg
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Our Home – Russia
OUR HOME – RUSSIA (Russian : Наш дом – Россия, Nash dom – Rossiya), abbreviated as NDR, was a Russian political party that existed from 1995 to the mid-2000s. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Electoral results * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 Further reading * 6 External links HISTORY VI Congress NDR, April 1999. Our Home – Russia
Russia
was founded in 1995 by then Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin
Viktor Chernomyrdin
. It was a liberal, centrist political movement, founded for the purpose of rallying more technocratic-reformist (right-wing) government supporters. At the time of its founding, Chernomyrdin had the backing of Russian president Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
along with numerous large financial institutions such as Association of Russian Banks , and major companies such as Gazprom
Gazprom
, of which he was formerly the chairman
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Alma Mater
ALMA MATER ( Latin
Latin
: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. almae matres) is an allegorical Latin
Latin
phrase for a university or college . In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, or a song or hymn associated with a school . The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its modern usage, Alma mater
Alma mater
was an honorific title for various Latin
Latin
mother goddesses , especially Ceres or Cybele , and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary
Virgin Mary

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Communist Party Of The Soviet Union
The COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION (Russian : Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза (КПСС), Kommunisticheskaya partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza), abbreviated in English as CPSU, was the founding and ruling political party of the Union of Soviet
Soviet
Socialist Republics (USSR or Soviet Union). The CPSU was the sole governing party of the Soviet
Soviet
Union until 1990, when the Congress of People\'s Deputies modified the article of the constitution which had granted the CPSU a monopoly over the political system. The party was founded in 1912 by the Bolsheviks (a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party ), a revolutionary group led by Vladimir Lenin which seized power in the aftermath of the October Revolution of 1917
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The RUSSIAN SOVIET FEDERATIVE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (RUSSIAN SFSR or RSFSR; Russian : Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, tr. Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika listen (help ·info )), also known as SOVIET RUSSIA or RUSSIA (/ˈrʌʃə/ ( listen ); Russian : Росси́я, tr. Rossija; IPA: ; from the Greek : Ρωσία — Rus\' ), was a sovereign state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with its own legislation in 1990–91. The Republic comprised sixteen autonomous republics , five autonomous oblasts , ten autonomous okrugs , six krais , and forty oblasts . Russians formed the largest ethnic group
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Lieutenant Colonel
LIEUTENANT COLONEL is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel . The rank of lieutenant colonel is often shortened to simply "colonel" in conversation and in unofficial correspondence. Sometimes, the term, 'half-colonel' is used in casual conversation in the British Army. A lieutenant colonel is typically in charge of a battalion in the army
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KGB
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (Russian : Комите́т госуда́рственной безопа́сности (КГБ); IPA: ( listen ), translated in English as COMMITTEE FOR STATE SECURITY), was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991. Formed in 1954, as a direct successor of such preceding agencies as the Cheka , NKGB , and MGB , the committee was attached to the Council of Ministers . It was the chief government agency of "union-republican jurisdiction", acting as internal security , intelligence , and secret police . Similar agencies were constituted in each of the republics of the Soviet Union aside from Russia and consisted of many ministries, state committees, and state commissions
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Russian Language
RUSSIAN (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularity in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, the Baltics , the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and Central Asia
Central Asia
). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states
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Surname
A SURNAME, FAMILY NAME, or LAST NAME is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture). Depending on the culture all members of a family unit may have identical surnames or there may be variations based on the cultural rules. In the English-speaking world
English-speaking world
, a surname is commonly referred to as a last name because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In many parts of Asia, as well as some parts of Europe
Europe
and Africa, the family name is placed before a person's given name. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two surnames are commonly used and in some families that claim a connection to nobility even three are used. Surnames have not always existed and today are not universal in all cultures. This tradition has arisen separately in different cultures around the world
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Incumbent
The INCUMBENT is the current holder of a political office . This term is usually used in reference to elections , in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the Hungarian presidential election, 2017
Hungarian presidential election, 2017
, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president
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Patronymic
A PATRONYM, or PATRONYMIC, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an AVONYMIC), or an even earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a matronymic . Each is a means of conveying lineage . In such instances, a person is usually referred to by their given name , rather than their patronymic. Patronymics are still in use, including mandatory use, in many countries worldwide, although their use has largely been replaced by or transformed into patronymic surnames . Examples of such transformations include common English surnames such as Johnson
Johnson
(son of John)
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Podpolkovnik
PODPOLKOVNIK (Russian : Подполко́вник; literally "'sub –, junior – , or lower regimentary "') is a military rank in Slavic countries which corresponds to the lieutenant colonel in the English-speaking states and military. In different languages the exact name of this rank maintains a variety of spellings. The transliteration is also in common usage for the sake of tradition dating back to the Old Slavonic word "polk" (literally: regiment sized unit), and include the following names in alphabetical order
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Communist Party Of The Russian Federation
The COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (CPRF; Russian : Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации; КПРФ; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii, KPRF) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Russia
Russia
. The party is often viewed as the immediate successor of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, which was banned in 1991 by then-President Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
. It is the second largest political party in the Russian Federation , after United Russia
Russia
. The youth organisation of the party is the Leninist Young Communist League . The party is administered by the Central Committee
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Moscow
MOSCOW (/ˈmɒskoʊ/ or /ˈmɒskaʊ/ ; Russian : Москва́, tr. Moskva, IPA: ( listen )) is the capital and most populous city of Russia
Russia
, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area . Moscow
Moscow
has the status of a Russian federal city . Moscow
Moscow
is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific centre of Russia
Russia
and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent . By broader definitions Moscow
Moscow
is among the world\'s largest cities , being the 14th largest metro area , the 18th largest agglomeration , the 15th largest urban area , and the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide
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Nikolay Bordyuzha
NIKOLAY NIKOLAYEVICH BORDYUZHA (Russian : Никола́й Никола́евич Бордю́жа, born 1949 in Oryol
Oryol
) is a Russian general and politician . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Honours and awards * 2.1 Russian Federation * 2.2 Soviet Union * 2.3 Foreign * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYIn 1972, he graduated from Perm
Perm
Military School of the High Command of the Russian Strategic Rocket Forces and later attended KGB intelligence courses in Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
. From 1989 to 1991, he was Head of KGB
KGB
human resources , and from 1992 to 1998 served as First Deputy Chief and later Chief of Russia's Federal Borderguard Service. On 7 December 1998, he was appointed Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation , and also Chief of the Russian presidential administration
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