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Vladimir Nabokov
VLADIMIR VLADIMIROVICH NABOKOV (/nəˈbɔːkəf, ˈnæbəˌkɔːf, -ˌkɒf/ ; Russian : Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ( listen ), also known by the pen name VLADIMIR SIRIN; 22 April 1899c – 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist and entomologist. His first nine novels were in Russian, but he achieved international prominence after he began writing English prose. Nabokov's _ Lolita _ (1955), his most noted novel in English, was ranked fourth in the list of the Modern Library 100 Best Novels ; _ Pale Fire _ (1962) was ranked 53rd on the same list, and his memoir, _ Speak, Memory _ (1951), was listed eighth on the publisher's list of the 20th century's greatest nonfiction. He was a finalist for the National Book Award for Fiction seven times. Nabokov was an expert lepidopterist and composer of chess problems
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Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov
VLADIMIR DMITRIEVICH NABOKOV (Russian : Влади́мир Дми́триевич Набо́ков; 21 July 1870 – 28 March 1922) was a Russian criminologist , journalist, and progressive statesman during the last years of the Russian Empire . He was the father of Russian-American author Vladimir Nabokov . He was murdered in Berlin
Berlin
on 28 March 1922 by far-right Russian monarchists. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Death * 4 Sources * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFENabokov was born in Tsarskoe Selo , into a wealthy and aristocratic family. His father Dmitry Nabokov (1827–1904) was a Justice Minister in the reign of Alexander II from 1878 to 1885, and his mother Maria von Korff (1842–1926) was a Baroness from a prominent Baltic German family in Courland . He studied criminal law at the University of St. Petersburg and taught criminology at the Imperial School of Jurisprudence . Nabokov married Elena Ivanovna Rukavishnikova in 1897 with whom he had five children
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7232 Nabokov
This is a partial list of numbered minor planets , running from 7001 through 8000, inclusive. See List of minor planets § Main index for a list of all such partial lists. Also see the corresponding Meanings of minor planet names: 7001–8000 for details on any named body in this range. Near-Earth obj. MBA (inner) MBA (outer) Centaur Mars-crosser MBA (middle) Jupiter trojan Trans-Neptunian obj. CONTENTS – BACK TO MAIN INDEX * 7,001… * 7,101… * 7,201… * 7,301… * 7,401… * 7,501… * 7,601… * 7,701… * 7,801… * 7,901… ------------------------- * 2,000s * 3,000s * 4,000s * 5,000s * 6,000s * 7,000s * 8,000s * 9,000s * 10,000s * 11,000s * 12,000s 7001–7100 DESIGNATION DISCOVERY DISCOVERER(S) CATEGORY REF · MEANING PERMANENT PROVISIONAL DATE SITE 7001 Noether 1955 EH March 14, 1955 Brooklyn Indiana University — MPC · 7001 7002 Bronshten 1971 OV July 26, 1971 Nauchnij N. S. Chernykh — MPC · 7002 7003 Zoyamironova 1976 SZ9 September 25, 1976 Nauchnij N. S. Chernykh — MPC · 7003 7004 Markthiemens 1979 OB9 July 24, 1979 Siding Spring S. J. Bus FLO MPC · 7004 7005 Henninghaack 1981 ET25 March 2, 1981 Siding Spring S. J. Bus V MPC · 7005 7006 Folco 1981 ER31 March 2, 1981 Siding Spring S. J
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Nabokov (surname)
NABOKOV is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: * Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (1899–1977), Russian-American author, entomologist, and chess problem composer * Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov
Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov
(1870–1922), Russian criminologist, journalist, and liberal politician, and father of Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov * Nicolas Nabokov (1903–1978), Russian-American composer, cousin of Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov * Dmitri Nabokov (1934–2012), singer and author, son of Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov * Evgeni Nabokov , a retired professional ice hockey goaltender This page lists people with the surname NABOKOV. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name (s) to the link. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nabokov_(surname) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Eastern Slavic Naming Customs
EASTERN SLAVIC NAMING CUSTOMS are the traditional ways of determining a person's name in countries influenced by East Slavic languages
East Slavic languages
, mainly Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Ukraine
Ukraine
, and some South Slavic nations, including Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Serbia
Serbia
, and Macedonia . They are also featured in the non-Slavic Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, and Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
as a result of the expansion of Russia
Russia
and Russification . The standard structure of the full name is the following: NAME EXAMPLE (CYRILLIC ) EXAMPLE (ROMANIZED ) First name (given name ) Илья́ Ilyа́ Patronymic Алекса́ндрович Aleksа́ndrovich Family name
Family name
(surname ) Ежо́в Yezhо́vThis structure is similar to that of Gujaratisand Marathis
Marathis
in India (see Gujarati and Marathi names ), but in languages other than Russian , Belarusian , and Ukrainian , the ordering is not as strict
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Patronymic
A PATRONYM, or PATRONYMIC, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an AVONYMIC), or an even earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a matronymic . Each is a means of conveying lineage . In such instances, a person is usually referred to by their given name , rather than their patronymic. Patronymics are still in use, including mandatory use, in many countries worldwide, although their use has largely been replaced by or transformed into patronymic surnames . Examples of such transformations include common English surnames such as Johnson
Johnson
(son of John)
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Surname
A SURNAME or FAMILY NAME is a name added to a given name . In many cases, a surname is a family name and many dictionaries define "surname" as a synonym of "family name". In the English-speaking world , it is commonly synonymous with LAST NAME because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two or more surnames may be used. In Hungary , Hong Kong , Cambodia , China , Japan , Korea , Madagascar , Taiwan , Vietnam , and parts of India , the family name is placed _before_ a person's given name. The concept of a "surname" is a relatively recent historical development, evolving from a medieval naming practice called a "byname ". Based on an individual's occupation or area of residence, a byname would be used in situations where more than one person had the same name. A family name is typically a part of a person's personal name which, according to law or custom, is passed or given to children from one or both of their parents' family names. The use of family names is common in most cultures around the world, with each culture having its own rules as to how these names are formed, passed and used. However, the style of having both a family name (surname) and a given name (forename) is far from universal
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Montreux
MONTREUX (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a municipality in the district of Riviera-Pays-d\'Enhaut in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland
Switzerland
. It is located on Lake Geneva shoreline at the foot of the Alps and has a population, as of December 2015 , of 26,433 and nearly 90,000 in the agglomeration. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Heritage sites of national significance * 5 Twin Towns * 6 Politics * 7 Economy * 8 Religion * 9 Education * 9.1 Public libraries * 9.2 Private schools * 10 Culture * 11 Notable residents * 12 Climate * 13 Gallery * 14 See also * 15 References * 16 External links HISTORY Lake Geneva from Montreux The earliest settlement was a Late Bronze Age village at Baugy. Montreux lies on the north east shore of Lake Geneva at the fork in the Roman road from Italy over the Simplon Pass , where the roads to the Roman capital of Aventicum and the road into Gaul through Besançon separated. This made it an important settlement in the Roman era . A Roman villa from the 2nd-4th centuries and a 6th–7th century cemetery have been discovered. In the 12th century, viticulture was introduced to the region, and the sunny slopes of the lake from Lavaux to Montreux became an important wine-growing region
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Old Style And New Style Dates
OLD STYLE (O.S.) and NEW STYLE (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first change was to change the start of the year from Lady Day (25 March) to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian Calendar in favour of the Gregorian Calendar . Closely related is the custom of dual dating , where writers gave two consecutive years to reflect differences in the starting date of the year, or to include both the Julian and Gregorian dates. Beginning in 1582, the Gregorian calendar replaced the Julian in Roman Catholic countries. This change was implemented subsequently in Protestant and Orthodox countries, usually at much later dates. In England and Wales , Ireland , and the British colonies, the change of the start of the year and the changeover from the Julian calendar occurred in 1752 under the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750 . In Scotland , the legal start of the year had already been moved to 1 January (in 1600), but Scotland otherwise continued to use the Julian calendar until 1752. So "New Style" can either refer to the start of year adjustment , or to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar
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Saint Petersburg
SAINT PETERSBURG (Russian : Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. _Sankt-Peterburg_; IPA: ( listen )) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow
Moscow
, with five million inhabitants in 2012, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. It is politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city ). Situated on the Neva River , at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, it was founded by Tsar
Tsar
Peter the Great on May 27 1703. In 1914, the name was changed from Saint
Saint
Petersburg to PETROGRAD (Russian : Петрогра́д; IPA: ), in 1924 to LENINGRAD (Russian : Ленингра́д; IPA: ), and in 1991 back to Saint
Saint
Petersburg. Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint
Saint
Petersburg was the capital of imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow. Saint
Saint
Petersburg is one of the modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint
Saint
Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
. Saint
Saint
Petersburg is home to The Hermitage , one of the largest art museums in the world
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Russian Empire
The RUSSIAN EMPIRE (also known as RUSSIA) was an empire that existed from 1721 until it was overthrown by the short-lived February Revolution in 1917 . One of the largest empires in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire
Empire
was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire
Empire
happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire
Empire
, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth , Persia and the Ottoman Empire
Empire
. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon 's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south. The House of Romanov ruled the Russian Empire
Empire
from 1721 until 1762, and its German-descended cadet branch, the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov , ruled from 1762. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Empire
Empire
extended from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea
Black Sea
in the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean, and (until 1867) into Alaska in North America on the east. With 125.6 million subjects registered by the 1897 census , it had the third-largest population in the world at the time, after Qing China and India
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Modernist Literature
LITERARY MODERNISM, or MODERNIST LITERATURE, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction. Modernists experimented with literary form and expression, adhering to Ezra Pound 's maxim to "Make it new". This literary movement was driven by a conscious desire to overturn traditional modes of representation and express the new sensibilities of their time. The horrors of the First World War saw the prevailing assumptions about society reassessed, and modernist writers were influenced by such thinkers as Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx , amongst others, who raised questions about the rationality of the human mind. CONTENTS * 1 Origins and precursors * 2 Early modernist writers * 3 Continuation: 1920s and 1930s * 4 Modernist literature after 1939 * 4.1 Late Modernism * 4.2 Theatre of the Absurd * 5 Other modernist writers * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Sources ORIGINS AND PRECURSORSIn the 1880s increased attention was given to the idea that it was necessary to push aside previous norms entirely, instead of merely revising past knowledge in light of contemporary techniques
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Postmodern Literature
POSTMODERN LITERATURE is literature characterized by reliance on narrative techniques such as fragmentation, paradox, and the unreliable narrator ; and often is (though not exclusively) defined as a style or a trend which emerged in the post– World War II era. Postmodern works are seen as a response against dogmatic following of Enlightenment thinking and Modernist approaches to literature . Postmodern literature, like postmodernism as a whole, tends to resist definition or classification as a "movement ". Indeed, the convergence of postmodern literature with various modes of critical theory , particularly reader-response and deconstructionist approaches, and the subversions of the implicit contract between author, text and reader by which its works are often characterised, have led to pre-modern fictions such as Cervantes ' _ Don Quixote _ (1605, 1615) and Laurence Sterne 's eighteenth-century satire _ Tristram Shandy _ being retrospectively considered by some as early examples of postmodern literature. While there is little consensus on the precise characteristics, scope, and importance of postmodern literature, as is often the case with artistic movements, postmodern literature is commonly defined in relation to a precursor
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The Defense
THE DEFENSE is the third novel written by Vladimir Nabokov during his emigration to Berlin, published in 1930. CONTENTS * 1 Publication * 2 Plot summary * 3 Major characters * 4 Comments * 5 Movie adaptation * 6 References * 7 External links PUBLICATIONThe novel appeared first under Nabokov's pen name V. Sirin in the Russian emigre quarterly "Sovremennye Zapiski" and was thereafter published by the emigre publishing house Slovo as "Защита Лужина" (The Luzhin Defense) in Berlin. More than three decades later the novel was translated into English by Michael Scammell in collaboration with Nabokov and appeared in 1964. In the foreword to the English edition Nabokov states that he wrote The Defense
The Defense
in 1929 while he vacationed in Le Boulou ("hunting butterflies") and then finished it in Berlin. He links the events in the central chapters to moves as encountered in chess problems . PLOT SUMMARYThe plot concerns the title character, Aleksandr Ivanovich Luzhin. As a boy, he is considered unattractive, withdrawn, and an object of ridicule by his classmates. One day, when a guest comes to his father's party, he is asked whether he knows how to play chess . This encounter serves as his motivation to pick up chess. He skips school and visits his aunt's house to learn the basics. He quickly becomes a great player, enrolling in local competitions and rising in rank as a chess player
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The Gift (Nabokov Novel)
THE GIFT (Russian : Дар, Dar; ISBN 0-679-72725-6 ) is Vladimir Nabokov 's final Russian novel, and is considered to be his farewell to the world he was leaving behind. Nabokov wrote it between 1935 and 1937 while living in Berlin
Berlin
, and it was published in serial form under his nom de plume , Vladimir Sirin. The Gift's fourth chapter, a pseudo-biography of the Russian writer Nikolay Chernyshevsky
Nikolay Chernyshevsky
, was censored from publication in the Russian émigré journal that published the book's four other chapters. The story's apparent protagonist is Fyodor Godunov-Cherdyntsev, a Russian writer living in Berlin
Berlin
after his family fled the Bolshevik Revolution . Fyodor's literary ambitions and his development as a writer shape the book. In the fifth and final chapter, Fyodor states his ambition to write a book that in description is very similar to The Gift. In an interview to BBC2 , Nabokov cited Fyodor as an example that not all the lives of his characters are grotesque or tragic; he said that Fyodor "is blessed with a faithful love and an early recognition of his genius." It is possible to interpret the book as metafiction , and imagine that the book was actually written by Fyodor later in his life, though this is not the only possible interpretation. Nabokov's son, Dmitri , translated the book's first chapter into English ; Michael Scammell completed the rest
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Bend Sinister (novel)
BEND SINISTER is a dystopian novel written by Vladimir Nabokov during the years 1945 and 1946, and published by Henry Holt and Company
Henry Holt and Company
in 1947. It was Nabokov's second English-language novel and eleventh overall. CONTENTS * 1 Title * 2 Plot summary * 3 Characters * 4 Background * 4.1 Publication history * 4.2 Influences * 5 Criticism * 5.1 Reception * 6 Film * 7 References * 8 Further reading TITLEA "bend sinister " is an heraldic charge : a bar drawn from the upper right to the lower left on a coat of arms (from the point of view of the person wearing the shield). A bend , the standard stripe on a coat of arms, is the reverse: It crosses from the right shoulder of the wearer to the lower left side of the trunk. A standard bend is sometimes called a bend dexter to distinguish it from the bend sinister. In a 1963 edition of the book, Nabokov explains that "this choice of a title was an attempt to suggest an outline broken by refraction, a distortion in the mirror of being, a wrong turn taken by life." In the novel, Nabokov often uses wordplay concerning leftward (or "sinister") movements. PLOT SUMMARYThis book takes place in a fictitious European city known as Padukgrad, where a government arises following the rise of a philosophy known as "Ekwilism", which discourages the idea of anyone being different from anyone else, and promotes the state as the prominent good in society
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