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Vladimir Lenin
VLADIMIR ILYICH ULYANOV, better known by the alias LENIN (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist . He served as head of government of the Russian Republic from 1917 to 1918, of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1918 to 1924, and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the Russian Communist Party . Ideologically a Marxist , he developed political theories known as Leninism . Born to a wealthy middle-class family in Simbirsk , Lenin embraced revolutionary socialist politics following his brother\'s execution in 1887. Expelled from Kazan Imperial University for participating in protests against the Russian Empire 's Tsarist government , he devoted the following years to a law degree
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Lenin (other)
VLADIMIR LENIN (1870–1924) was a Russian revolutionary and the founder of the Soviet Union. LENIN may also refer to: * Lenin (icebreaker) , completed in 1917 * Lenin (nuclear icebreaker) , launched in 1957 * Lenin (novel) , a novel by Alan Brien * Çinarlı, Shamkir or Lenin, a village in AzerbaijanPEOPLE WITH THE SURNAME * B
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Eastern Slavic Naming Customs
EASTERN SLAVIC NAMING CUSTOMS are the traditional ways of determining a person's name in countries influenced by East Slavic languages
East Slavic languages
, mainly Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Ukraine
Ukraine
, and some South Slavic nations, including Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Serbia
Serbia
, and Macedonia . They are also featured in the non-Slavic Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, and Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
as a result of the expansion of Russia
Russia
and Russification
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Patronymic
A PATRONYM, or PATRONYMIC, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an AVONYMIC), or an even earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a matronymic . Each is a means of conveying lineage . In such instances, a person is usually referred to by their given name , rather than their patronymic. Patronymics are still in use, including mandatory use, in many countries worldwide, although their use has largely been replaced by or transformed into patronymic surnames . Examples of such transformations include common English surnames such as Johnson
Johnson
(son of John)
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Surname
A SURNAME or FAMILY NAME is a name added to a given name . In many cases, a surname is a family name and many dictionaries define "surname" as a synonym of "family name". In the English-speaking world , it is commonly synonymous with LAST NAME because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two or more surnames may be used. In Hungary , Hong Kong , Cambodia , China , Japan , Korea , Madagascar , Taiwan , Vietnam , and parts of India , the family name is placed _before_ a person's given name. The concept of a "surname" is a relatively recent historical development, evolving from a medieval naming practice called a "byname ". Based on an individual's occupation or area of residence, a byname would be used in situations where more than one person had the same name
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List Of Heads Of Government Of The Soviet Union
The office of PREMIER OF THE SOVIET UNION (Russian : Глава Правительства СССР) was synonymous with head of government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Twelve individuals became premier over the time span of the office. Two of the twelve premiers died in office of natural causes (Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
), three resigned ( Alexei Kosygin
Alexei Kosygin
, Nikolai Tikhonov and Ivan Silayev
Ivan Silayev
), and three held the offices of party leader and premier simultaneously (Lenin, Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
). The first premier was Lenin, who was inaugurated in 1922 after the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR . Ivan Silayev
Ivan Silayev
spent the shortest time in office at 126 days in 1991
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Government Of The Soviet Union
The GOVERNMENT OF THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS. (Russian : Правительство СССР, _Pravíteljstvo SSSR_) was the main body of the executive branch of government in the Soviet Union . Its head of government was the officeholder generally known in the West as the Premier of the Soviet Union . The members of the Soviet Government—people\'s commissars , ministers , and heads of state committees —were recommended by the Premier and appointed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet . The Government of the Soviet Union exercised its executive powers in conformity with the Soviet Constitution and legislation enacted by the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
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Alexei Rykov
ALEXEI IVANOVICH RYKOV (Russian : Алексе́й Ива́нович Ры́ков; IPA: ; 25 February 1881 – 15 March 1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician most prominent as Premier of Russia and the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1929 and 1924 to 1930 respectively. Rykov joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1898, and after it split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions in 1903, he joined the Bolsheviks—led by Vladimir Lenin . He played an active part in the 1905 Russian Revolution . Months prior to the October Revolution of 1917, he became a member of the Petrograd and Moscow Soviets, and was elected to the Bolshevik Party Central Committee in July–August of the same year, during the Sixth Congress of the Bolshevik Party
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List Of Heads Of Government Of Russia
Approximately 98 people have been head of the Russian government since its establishment in 1726. The chairman of government was a member of the Supreme Privy Council , which was created on 8 (19) February 1726 by Empress Catherine , and from 8 (20) September 1802 ministerial duties were allocated by the Committee of Ministers , which was established on in accordance with the proclamation of Emperor Alexander II . Beginning with Count Aleksandr Romanovich Vorontsov , the eldest of the officers was _de facto _ chairman of the committee. Eight years after the inauguration of the manifest, the first _de jure _ office holder was Count Nikolay Rumyantsev . The Council of Ministers was unofficially formed in October 1857, as a result of Emperor Alexander II's reforms; its first session began on 19 (31) December 1857
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Government Of The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN SOVIET FEDERATIVE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC was known officially as the Council of People\'s Commissars (1917–1946), the Council of Ministers (1946–1978) and the Council of Ministers – Government (1978–1991). CONTENTS* 1 Council of People\'s Commissars * 1.1 Formation * 1.2 The original People\'s Commissars * 2 Council of Ministers * 3 References * 4 External links COUNCIL OF PEOPLE\'S COMMISSARSThe Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
of the RSFSR (Russian : Совет народных комиссаров РСФСР) was government cabinet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
(RSFSR) from 1917 through 1946, when it was renamed the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR
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Ulyanovsk
ULYANOVSK (Russian : Улья́новск; IPA: ) is a city and the administrative center of Ulyanovsk Oblast , Russia, located on the Volga River 893 kilometers (555 mi) east of Moscow . Population: 613,786 (2010 Census ); 635,947 (2002 Census ); 625,155 (1989 Census ). The city, founded as SIMBIRSK (Симби́рск), is the birthplace of Alexander Kerensky and Vladimir Lenin (born Ulyanov), for whom it was renamed in 1924. It is also famous for its writers such as Ivan Goncharov , Nikolay Yazykov and Nikolay Karamzin and painters (Arkady Plastov and Nikas Safronov )
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Russian Empire
The RUSSIAN EMPIRE (also known as RUSSIA) was an empire that existed from 1721 until it was overthrown by the short-lived February Revolution in 1917 . One of the largest empires in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire
Empire
was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire
Empire
happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire
Empire
, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth , Persia and the Ottoman Empire
Empire
. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon 's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south. The House of Romanov ruled the Russian Empire
Empire
from 1721 until 1762, and its German-descended cadet branch, the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov , ruled from 1762
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Gorki Leninskiye
Coordinates : 55°30′N 37°45′E / 55.500°N 37.750°E / 55.500; 37.750 Aerial photo of the estate in Gorki Leninskiye
Gorki Leninskiye
Main house of the estate GORKI LENINSKIYE (Russian : Го́рки Ле́нинские) is an urban locality (a work settlement ) in Leninsky District of Moscow Oblast , Russia
Russia
, located 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south of Moscow
Moscow
city limits and the Moscow
Moscow
Ring Road . Population: 3,586 (2010 Census ); 1,729 (2002 Census ); 1,711 (1989 Census ). The estate of Gorki belonged to various Muscovite noblemen from the 18th century. Zinaida Morozova , the widow of Savva Morozov , purchased it in 1909, the year before she married General Anatoly Reinbot (later Anatoly Rezvoy), the Moscow
Moscow
head of police
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Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The RUSSIAN SOVIET FEDERATIVE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (RUSSIAN SFSR or RSFSR; Russian : Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, tr. Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika listen (help ·info )), also known as SOVIET RUSSIA or RUSSIA (/ˈrʌʃə/ ( listen ); Russian : Росси́я, tr. Rossija; IPA: ; from the Greek : Ρωσία — Rus\' ), was a sovereign state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed republic of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
with its own legislation in 1990–91. The Republic comprised sixteen autonomous republics , five autonomous oblasts , ten autonomous okrugs , six krais , and forty oblasts . Russians
Russians
formed the largest ethnic group
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. _Sovetsky Soyuz_; IPA: ), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (USSR; Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик (СССР), tr. _Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (SSSR)_; IPA: (_ listen )), also known unofficially as RUSSIA (Russian : Росси́я, tr. Rossiya_; IPA: ), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple equal national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party federation , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital
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Lenin's Mausoleum
LENIN\'S MAUSOLEUM (Russian : Мавзоле́й Ле́нина, tr. Mavzoléy Lénina, IPA: ), also known as LENIN\'S TOMB, situated in Red Square
Red Square
in the center of Moscow
Moscow
, is a mausoleum that currently serves as the resting place of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
. His preserved body has been on public display there since shortly after his death in 1924, with rare exceptions in wartime. Aleksey Shchusev 's diminutive but monumental granite structure incorporates some elements from ancient mausoleum