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Violin Concerto (Beethoven)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven
composed a Violin
Violin
Concerto
Concerto
in D major, Op. 61, in 1806. Its first performance by Franz Clement was unsuccessful and for some decades the work languished in obscurity, until revived in 1844 by Joseph Joachim. Since then it has become one of the best-known violin concertos.Contents1 Genesis 2 Performance history 3 Performance practice 4 Structure4.1 Cadenzas5 Alternative versions 6 Recordings 7 References 8 External linksGenesis[edit] Beethoven had previously written a number of pieces for violin and orchestra. At some point in 1790–2, before his musical maturity, he began a Violin
Violin
Concerto
Concerto
in C, of which only a fragment of the first movement survives
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Jenő Hubay
Jenő Hubay, Jenő Hubay
Jenő Hubay
von Szalatna, Hungarian: szalatnai Hubay Jenő (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈjɛnøː ˈhubɒi]; 15 September 1858 – 12 March 1937), also known by his German name Eugen Huber (pronounced [ˈɔʏɡeːn ˈhuːbɐ]), was a Hungarian violinist, composer and music teacher.Contents1 Early life 2 Teaching 3 Performance 4 Compositions 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksEarly life[edit] Eugen Huber was born into a German family of musicians in Pest, Hungary. He adopted the Hungarian version of his name, Jenő Hubay, in his twenties, while living in the French-speaking world. Hubay was trained in violin and music by his father, Karl Huber[hu] (Károly Huber, later Károly Hubay[de]) from Varjas
Varjas
(Romanian: Variaș), concertmaster of the Hungarian National Opera House and a teacher at the Budapest College of Music. His mother was Italian descent
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Airat Ichmouratov
Airat Rafailovich Ichmouratov (Russian: Айрат Рафаилович Ишмуратов, Tatar
Tatar
Cyrillic: Айрат Рафаил улы Ишмурат,) born June 28, 1973) is a Volga Tatar
Tatar
born Russian / Canadian composer , conductor and klezmer clarinetist
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Oboe
Plucked Appalachian dulcimer
Appalachian dulcimer
(United States) Autoharp Baglama
Baglama
or Saz (Turkey)
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Bassoon
Plucked Appalachian dulcimer
Appalachian dulcimer
(United States) Autoharp Baglama
Baglama
or Saz (Turkey)
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Natural Horn
The natural horn is a musical instrument that is the ancestor of the modern-day horn, and is differentiated by its lack of valves. It consists of a mouthpiece, some long coiled tubing, and a large flared bell. Pitch changes are made through a few techniques:Modulating the lip tension as done with modern brass instruments. This allows for notes in the harmonic series to be played. Changing the length of the instrument by switching the crooks. This is a rather slow process
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Trumpet
BrassWind Brass Aerophone Hornbostel–Sachs classification 423.233 (Valved aerophone sounded by lip movement)Playing rangeWritten range:Related instrumentsFlugelhorn, cornet, cornett, Flumpet, bugle, natural trumpet, bass trumpet, post horn, Roman tuba, buccina, cornu, lituus, shofar, dord, dung chen, sringa, shankha, lur, didgeridoo, Alphorn, Russian horns, serpent, ophicleide, piccolo trumpet, horn, alto horn, baritone horn, pocket trumpetPart of a series onMusical instrumentsWoodwindsPiccolo Flute Oboe Cor anglais Clarinet Saxophone Bassoon Contrabassoon Bagpipes RecorderGarklein in C6 (c‴) Sopranino in F5 (f″) Soprano in C5 (c″) Alto in F4 (f′)
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String Section
The string section is composed of bowed instruments belonging to the violin family. It normally consists of first and second violins, violas, cellos, and double basses (or basses), and is the most numerous group in the typical Classical orchestra. In discussions of the instrumentation of a musical work, the phrase "the strings" or "and strings" is used to indicate a string section as just defined. An orchestra consisting solely of a string section is called a string orchestra
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Gidon Kremer
Gidon Kremer
Gidon Kremer
(Latvian: Gidons Krēmers; born 27 February 1947) is a Latvian classical violinist, artistic director, and founder of Kremerata Baltica.Contents1 Life and career 2 Honours and awards 3 References 4 External links 5 SourcesLife and career[edit] Gidon Kremer
Gidon Kremer
was born in Riga. His father was Jewish
Jewish
and had survived the Holocaust. His mother had German-Swedish origins.[1] His grandfather Karl Brückner was a well-known musicologist and violinist in Riga.[2] He began playing the violin at the age of four, receiving instruction from his father and his grandfather who were both professional violinists. He went on to study at the Riga
Riga
School of Music, where his teacher was mainly Voldemar Sturestep (Voldemārs Stūresteps)
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Klezmer
Klezmer
Klezmer
(Yiddish: כליזמר or קלעזמער (klezmer), pl.: כליזמרים (klezmorim) – instruments of music) is a musical tradition of the Ashkenazi Jews
Ashkenazi Jews
of Eastern Europe. Played by professional musicians called klezmorim in ensembles known as kapelye, the genre originally consisted largely of dance tunes and instrumental display pieces for weddings and other celebrations. In the United States the genre evolved considerably as Yiddish-speaking Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe, who arrived between 1880 and 1924,[1] met and assimilated American jazz
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Alexandre Da Costa
Alexandre Da Costa
Alexandre Da Costa
is a Canadian concert violinist from Montreal, Quebec.Contents1 Life and career 2 Prizes and Awards 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksLife and career[edit] Sony Classical artist and Winner of the 2012 Juno Award, Alexandre Da Costa was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He showed an uncommon interest for both the violin and piano at a very early age. By the age of nine, he had the astonishing ability to perform his first concerts with stunning virtuosity on both instruments, which brought him recognition as a musical prodigy. His chosen professional career as a violinist began very early and, after encouragement from Charles Dutoit, he was soon performing regularly as soloist with orchestra as well as in recital. At age 18, he obtained a Master’s Degree in violin and a First Prize from the Conservatoire de Musique du Québec
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Violin
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family. Most violins have a hollow wooden body. It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the family in regular use. Smaller violin-type instruments are known, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually unused. The violin typically has four strings tuned in perfect fifths, and is most commonly played by drawing a bow across its strings, though it can also be played by plucking the strings with the fingers (pizzicato) and by striking the strings with the wooden side of the bow (col legno). Violins are important instruments in a wide variety of musical genres. They are most prominent in the Western classical tradition, both in ensembles (from chamber music to orchestras) and as solo instruments and in many varieties of folk music, including country music, bluegrass music and in jazz
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Taipei Symphony Orchestra
The Taipei
Taipei
Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
(Chinese: 台北市立交響樂團; pinyin: Táiběi Shìlì Jiāoxiǎng Yuètuán, as known as TSO (not to be confused with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra), founded in 1969, is one of the leading orchestras based in Taipei, Taiwan. In these seasons, TSO works also with European Music directors and conductors, such as Reinhard Goebel, Martin Fischer-Dieskau
Martin Fischer-Dieskau
or Maurice Steger. The orchestra's current Principal Conductor is Gilbert Varga.Contents1 Introduction 2 Taipei
Taipei
Music Festival 3 Music directors and principal conductors 4 Current members 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksIntroduction[edit] Under the direction of Felix Chen
Felix Chen
from 1986 to 2003, the Orchestra grew in size and strength, the number of orchestra members increased, and the length of the season expanded
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Warner Classics
Warner Classics
Warner Classics
is the classical music arm of Warner Music Group. The label began issuing new recordings under the Warner Classics
Warner Classics
banner in 1991.[1] The company also includes the Erato Records, Teldec
Teldec
Records and NVC Arts labels. Based in France,[2] Warner Classics
Warner Classics
also distributes the Lontano and Finlandia labels.[3] History[edit] What was then known as Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, which owned Warner Bros. Records and Atlantic Records, acquired Elektra Records
Elektra Records
in 1969 which included Elektra's Nonesuch Records
Nonesuch Records
classical music label. This led to the formation of WEA, the forerunner of Warner Music Group. Nonesuch is now part of Warner Bros. Records. WEA acquired Teldec Records in 1988. Warner Classics
Warner Classics
was formed in 1991
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Joshua Bell
Joshua David Bell (born December 9, 1967) is an American Grammy award-winning violinist and conductor.Contents1 Childhood 2 Career 3 Washington Post experiment 4 Personal life 5 Selected discography5.1 Soundtrack albums6 References 7 External linksChildhood[edit] Bell was born in Bloomington, Indiana, United States. His mother, Shirley, was a therapist. His father, Alan P. Bell, was a psychologist, Professor Emeritus of Indiana University, in Bloomington, and a former Kinsey researcher.[1][2] His father is of Scottish descent, and his mother is Jewish
Jewish
(his maternal grandfather was born in Israel and his maternal grandmother was from Minsk)
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Ferruccio Busoni
Ferruccio Busoni
Ferruccio Busoni
(1 April 1866 – 27 July 1924) (given names: Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto)[i] was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and teacher. His international career and reputation meant that he met and had close relations with many of the leading musicians, artists and literary figures of his time, and he was sought-after both as a keyboard instructor and a teacher of composition. Busoni was born in Empoli, just south of Florence; he was the son of professional musicians. Initially trained by his father, he later studied at the Vienna Conservatory and then with Wilhelm Mayer and Carl Reinecke. In the ensuing years, after brief periods teaching in Helsinki, Boston, and Moscow, he devoted himself to composing, teaching, and touring as a virtuoso pianist in Europe and the United States
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