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Vingtaine
A VINGTAINE (literally "group of twenty" in French ) is a political subdivision of Jersey
Jersey
. They are subdivisions of the various parishes of Jersey
Jersey
, and one, La Vingtaine de la Ville (The Vingtaine
Vingtaine
of the town), in Saint Helier
Saint Helier
is further divided into two cantons. St. Ouen has _cueillettes_ ( Jèrriais : _Tchilliettes_) instead of vingtaines. In each vingtaine, vingteniers and Constable
Constable
's officers (in French: _officiers du Connétable_) are elected as part of Jersey's Honorary Police system. They do not have to live within the vingtaine or cueillette they represent, but they must live in the parish they represent (except in St. Helier, where ratepayers and mandataires are eligible). Vingteniers are elected by a Parish Assembly of electors and ratepayers for a term of three years but are elected to a particular vingtaine (or cueillette) in that Parish. Vingteniers carry out general community policing in the parish, and fulfill administrative roles within their vingtaine in respect of tasks such as the Visite du Branchage . Constable\'s Officers are elected to serve a vingtaine or cueillette at an Assembly of the electors of that Parish. They assist the Centeniers and vingteniers of the parish with community policing
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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts * Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (_le français_ (_ listen ) or la langue française_ ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire , as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic ) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages , most notably Haitian Creole . A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as "FRANCOPHONE" in both English and French
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Jersey
JERSEY (/ˈdʒɜːrzi/ , French: ; Jèrriais : _Jèrri_ dʒɛri), officially the BAILIWICK OF JERSEY (French : _Bailliage de Jersey_; Jèrriais : _Bailliage dé Jèrri_), is a Crown dependency of the United Kingdom located near the coast of Normandy , France . Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy , whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the ducal title surrendered to France, Jersey and the other Channel Islands remained attached to the English crown. The bailiwick consists of the island of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands , along with surrounding uninhabited islands and rocks collectively named Les Dirouilles , Les Écréhous , Les Minquiers , Les Pierres de Lecq , and other reefs. Although the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey are often referred to collectively as the Channel Islands, the "Channel Islands" are not a constitutional or political unit. Jersey has a separate relationship to the Crown from the other Crown dependencies of Guernsey and the Isle of Man , although all are held by the monarch of the United Kingdom
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Parishes Of Jersey
The Channel Island of Jersey
Jersey
is divided into twelve administrative districts or parishes . All have access to the sea and are named after the saints to whom their ancient parish churches are dedicated. CONTENTS * 1 The parishes * 2 Map of parishes * 3 Municipal structure * 3.1 Constable
Constable
* 3.2 Procureur du Bien Public
Procureur du Bien Public
* 3.3 Roads Committee * 3.4 Vingtaines * 3.5 Honorary Police
Police
* 3.6 Roads Inspectors * 3.7 Parish
Parish
Assembly * 4 References * 5 See also THE PARISHESThis is a list of parishes of Jersey. The population figures are as reported in the 2011 census
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Vingtaine De La Ville
The VINGTAINE DE LA VILLE is one of the six vingtaines of Saint Helier in Jersey, and roughly corresponds to the historic town centre and harbours. It is divided into two cantons: * Canton de Bas de la Vingtaine de la Ville * Canton de Haut de la Vingtaine de la VilleThe Vingtaine de la Ville maintains an autonomous financial existence, unlike other vingtaines in Jersey, thanks to an endowment which has its origins in the purchase of Le Mont de la Ville by the British government in 1804. Formerly, Le Mont de la Ville, a craggy plateau overlooking the town of St. Helier, was topped by open common land used for grazing and rabbit hunting . In 1785 part of the plateau was levelled as a parade ground, which led to the discovery of a dolmen which the vingtaine presented to the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey , Marshal Conway, who subsequently transported it to his estate at Henley-on-Thames where it was re-erected. As it is now a listed monument in the United Kingdom, attempts to have it returned to Jersey have been to no avail. The continuing Napoleonic threat persuaded the British government to fortify the hill and Fort Regent was constructed. The proceeds from the sale established the original fund that lay at the foundation of the finances managed by the vingtaine's two elected procureurs today. Until 1831, a large number of bodies and individuals in Jersey issued their own banknotes
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Saint Helier
SAINT HELIER (/sintˈhɛliər/ ) is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey
Jersey
, the largest of the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
in the English Channel . St Helier
Helier
has a population of about 33,500, roughly 34.2% of the total population of Jersey, and is the capital of the Island (although Government House is situated in St Saviour ). The urban area of the parish of St Helier
Helier
makes up most of the largest town in Jersey, although some of the town area is situated in adjacent St Saviour, with suburbs sprawling into St Lawrence and St Clement . The greater part of St Helier
Helier
is rural. The parish covers a surface area of 4.1 square miles (10.6 km2), being 9% of the total land area of the Island (this includes reclaimed land area of 494 acres (2.00 km2) or 200 ha ). The parish arms are two crossed gold axes on a blue background, the blue symbolising the sea, and the axes symbolising the martyrdom of Helier
Helier
at the hands of Saxon
Saxon
pirates in 555 AD
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Jèrriais
JèRRIAIS is the form of the Norman language
Norman language
spoken in Jersey
Jersey
, one of the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
off the coast of France
France
. It has been in decline over the past century as English has increasingly become the language of education, commerce and administration. There are very few people who speak Jèrriais
Jèrriais
as a mother tongue and, owing to the age of the remaining speakers, their numbers decrease annually. Despite this, efforts are being made to keep the language alive. A similar language, Guernésiais , is spoken in neighbouring Guernsey ; the language of Sark
Sark
, Sercquiais , is a descendant of the Jèrriais brought by the Jersey
Jersey
colonists who settled Sark
Sark
in the 16th century; and there is mutual intelligibility with the Norman language
Norman language
of mainland Normandy
Normandy

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Vingtenier
There is an HONORARY POLICE (French : POLICE HONORIFIQUE) force in each of the 12 parishes of Jersey
Jersey
. Members of the Honorary Police are elected by the voters of the parish in which they serve, and are unpaid. Honorary Police officers have, for centuries, been elected by parishioners to assist the Connétable of the Parish to maintain law and order. Officers are elected as Centeniers, Vingteniers or Constable's Officers, each with various duties and responsibilities. Until the 19th century the Honorary Police provided the only civilian law enforcement in Jersey. However, in the early part of the 19th century, crime was widespread among the urban population in Saint Helier (around 25,000 people) and paid Police officers for the Parish of Saint Helier
Saint Helier
were appointed in 1853 and their remit was later extended to serve the whole Island as the States of Jersey Police . However, even today the SOJP cannot CHARGE anyone with an offence - charges have to be brought by the Centenier of the parish in which the alleged offence was committed - and as such the Honorary Police continue to have a significant role in policing
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Constable
A CONSTABLE is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement . The office of constable can vary significantly in different jurisdictions. A constable is commonly the rank of an officer within the police . Other persons may be granted powers of a constable without holding the title of constable
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Honorary Police
There is an HONORARY POLICE (French : POLICE HONORIFIQUE) force in each of the 12 parishes of Jersey
Jersey
. Members of the Honorary Police
Honorary Police
are elected by the voters of the parish in which they serve, and are unpaid. Honorary Police
Honorary Police
officers have, for centuries, been elected by parishioners to assist the Connétable of the Parish to maintain law and order. Officers are elected as Centeniers, Vingteniers or Constable's Officers, each with various duties and responsibilities. Until the 19th century the Honorary Police
Honorary Police
provided the only civilian law enforcement in Jersey. However, in the early part of the 19th century, crime was widespread among the urban population in Saint Helier (around 25,000 people) and paid Police officers for the Parish of Saint Helier
Saint Helier
were appointed in 1853 and their remit was later extended to serve the whole Island as the States of Jersey Police . However, even today the SOJP cannot CHARGE anyone with an offence - charges have to be brought by the Centenier of the parish in which the alleged offence was committed - and as such the Honorary Police continue to have a significant role in policing
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Parish Assembly (Jersey)
A PARISH ASSEMBLY in Jersey
Jersey
is the decision-making body of local government, comprising ratepayers (including mandataires) and electors of the parish . The Parish
Parish
Assembly: * sets the annual domestic rate according to the budget proposed by the Connétable ; * elects members of the municipality, including the Roads Committee, Roads Inspectors, Vingteniers, Constable\'s Officers ; * recommends liquor licences to the licensing bench; * adopts road names; * authorises the Procureurs du Bien Public to enter into contracts in the name of the parish; * may discuss other matters as proposed by the Connétable , or at the written request of a number of members of the AssemblyCONTENTS* 1 Municipal structure * 1.1 Vingtaines * 1.2 Roads Committee * 1.3 Roads Inspectors * 1.4 Honorary Police
Honorary Police
Officers * 2 Ecclesiastical Assembly * 3 References MUNICIPAL STRUCTUREEach parish is headed by a Constable
Constable
(French : Connétable; Jèrriais : Connêtabl'ye) who is elected for a three-year period by the residents of the Parish. The Constable
Constable
is assisted in all matters by a Parish
Parish
Municipality which consists of two Procureurs du Bien Public . VINGTAINESThe Parish
Parish
is further divided into Vingtaines (or in Saint Ouen cueillettes)
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Visite Du Branchage
A VISITE DU BRANCHAGE is an inspection of roads in Jersey
Jersey
and Guernsey
Guernsey
to ensure property owners have complied with the laws against vegetation encroaching onto the road. JERSEYThe Visite du Branchage takes place in each Parish twice a year to check that occupiers of houses and land bordering on public roads have undertaken the 'branchage'. The Loi (1914) sur la Voirie imposes a duty on all occupiers of property to ensure that encroachments are removed from the public highway. The first Visite is between 1–15 July and the second is between 1–15 September. On the Visite du Branchage the Connétable , assisted by the members of the Roads Committee , Roads Inspectors and the Centeniers , will visit the roads of his parish accompanied by the Vingteniers in their respective Vingtaines to ensure that the branchage has been completed. Occupiers of land may be fined up to £50 for each infraction unless - * the 'branchage' has been trimmed back so as to give a clearance of 12 feet over main roads and by-roads; * the 'branchage' has been trimmed back so as to give a clearance of 8 feet over footpaths ; and all trimmings have been removed from the road.If the branchage has not been completed the occupier will be required to undertake the work and, if it is not carried out, the Parish may arrange for the work to be done and charge the occupier the cost of that work
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Constable's Officer
There is an HONORARY POLICE (French : POLICE HONORIFIQUE) force in each of the 12 parishes of Jersey
Jersey
. Members of the Honorary Police
Honorary Police
are elected by the voters of the parish in which they serve, and are unpaid. Honorary Police
Honorary Police
officers have, for centuries, been elected by parishioners to assist the Connétable of the Parish to maintain law and order. Officers are elected as Centeniers, Vingteniers or Constable's Officers, each with various duties and responsibilities. Until the 19th century the Honorary Police
Honorary Police
provided the only civilian law enforcement in Jersey. However, in the early part of the 19th century, crime was widespread among the urban population in Saint Helier (around 25,000 people) and paid Police officers for the Parish of Saint Helier
Saint Helier
were appointed in 1853 and their remit was later extended to serve the whole Island as the States of Jersey Police . However, even today the SOJP cannot CHARGE anyone with an offence - charges have to be brought by the Centenier of the parish in which the alleged offence was committed - and as such the Honorary Police continue to have a significant role in policing
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Centenier
There is an HONORARY POLICE (French : POLICE HONORIFIQUE) force in each of the 12 parishes of Jersey
Jersey
. Members of the Honorary Police are elected by the voters of the parish in which they serve, and are unpaid. Honorary Police officers have, for centuries, been elected by parishioners to assist the Connétable of the Parish to maintain law and order. Officers are elected as _Centeniers_, _Vingteniers_ or _Constable's Officers_, each with various duties and responsibilities. Until the 19th century the Honorary Police provided the only civilian law enforcement in Jersey. However, in the early part of the 19th century, crime was widespread among the urban population in Saint Helier (around 25,000 people) and paid Police officers for the Parish of Saint Helier
Saint Helier
were appointed in 1853 and their remit was later extended to serve the whole Island as the States of Jersey Police . However, even today the SOJP cannot CHARGE anyone with an offence - charges have to be brought by the Centenier
Centenier
of the parish in which the alleged offence was committed - and as such the Honorary Police continue to have a significant role in policing
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Roads Inspector
A Roads Inspector ( Jèrriais
Jèrriais
: L's Înspecteurs des C'mîns ; French : Inspecteur des chemins) is a statutory office in Jersey
Jersey
responsible for the maintenance of public highways. The Parish
Parish
Assembly elects two Roads Inspectors for each Vingtaine for a three-year term of office in accordance with the Loi (1914) sur la Voirie. Roads Inspectors are responsible for the repair of by-roads of the Parish
Parish
and have to ensure the instructions of the Roads Committee are carried out. In the Parish
Parish
of St Helier , the Roads Inspectors also undertake additional non-statutory responsibilities with regard to the policing of infractions of the Road Traffic Act (Jersey) and other areas of the law within the parochial remit such as dog licensing and fly posting. They also serve as conduits of information to the Honorary Police
Honorary Police
. Their chief role is the annual Visite du Branchage
Visite du Branchage
and the triennial Visite Royale . REFERENCES * ^ " Jersey
Jersey
Law Revised Revised Revised Edition - Showing the law at 1 January 2006 - Loi (1914) sur la Voirie 1 Jan 2006 1 Jan 2006". Jerseylaw.je. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2013-04-09. This article about the Bailiwick of Jersey
Jersey
is a stub
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Politics Of Jersey
POLITICS OF THE BAILIWICK OF JERSEY takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitution. As one of the Crown Dependencies , Jersey
Jersey
is autonomous and self-governing, with its own independent legal , administrative and fiscal systems. The legislature is the Assembly of the States of Jersey
Jersey
. Executive powers are mainly exercised by a Chief Minister and nine ministers, known collectively as the Council of Ministers . Other executive powers are exercised by the Connétable and Parish Assembly in each of the twelve parishes
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