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Vilna
VILNIUS (Lithuanian pronunciation: ( listen ), see also other names ) is the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
and its largest city, with a population of 542,664 as of 2015 . Vilnius
Vilnius
is located in the southeast part of Lithuania
Lithuania
and is the second largest city in the Baltic states . Vilnius
Vilnius
is the seat of the main government institutions of Lithuania as well as of the Vilnius District Municipality . Vilnius
Vilnius
is classified as a Gamma global city according to GaWC
GaWC
studies, and is known for the architecture in its Old Town , declared a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site in 1994. Prior to World War II
World War II
, Vilnius
Vilnius
was one of the largest Jewish centers in Europe. Its Jewish influence has led to it being described as the "Jerusalem of Lithuania" and Napoleon
Napoleon
named it "the Jerusalem of the North" as he was passing through in 1812. In 2009, Vilnius
Vilnius
was the European Capital of Culture , together with the Austrian city of Linz
Linz

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Vilna (other)
VILNA may refer to: PLACES * Vilnius
Vilnius
, capital of Lithuania (Vilna in several languages) * Vilnia River , a river in Lithuania * Vilna Governorate , a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire * Vilna, Alberta , a village in CanadaOTHER USES: * Vilna Gaon , a prominent rabbi, Talmud scholar, and Kabbalist * Vilna Troupe , one of the most famous theatrical companies in the history of Yiddish theater * Vilna Group , a circle of Jewish Social-Democrats founded in the mid-1890sSEE ALSO * Wilno (other) * Wilna (other) * Vilnia
Vilnia
This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title VILNA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vilna_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Wilna (other)
WILNA is a historical spelling of the name of the city of VILNIUS . WILNA may also refer to: * Wilna, New York
Wilna, New York
, a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States * Wilna Hervey (1894 – 1979), an American silent film actress and artist * Wilna Adriaanse (born 1958), South African Afrikaans romantic fiction writerSEE ALSO * Wilno (other) * Vilna (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title WILNA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wilna_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Wilno (other)
WILNO is the Polish (and Belarusian) name of the city of Vilnius
Vilnius
, which was a city in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and pre-war Poland 1920-45. This name is still used by the Polish-speaking community in the city. WILNO may also refer to: * Wilno, Minnesota , an unincorporated community in Lincoln County, United States * Wilno, Ontario , a village in Renfrew County, Ontario, Canada * No. 317 "City of Wilno" Polish Fighter Squadron This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title WILNO. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wilno_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Gediminas' Tower
GEDIMINAS\' TOWER (Lithuanian : Gedimino pilies bokštas) is the remaining part of the Upper Castle in Vilnius
Vilnius
, Lithuania
Lithuania
. The first wooden fortifications were built by Gediminas , Grand Duke of Lithuania
Lithuania
. The first brick castle was completed in 1409 by Grand Duke Vytautas . The three-floor tower was rebuilt in 1930 by Polish architect Jan Borowski. Some remnants of the old castle have been restored, guided by archaeological research. It is possible to climb to the top of the hill on foot or by taking a funicular . The tower houses a museum exhibiting archaeological findings from the hill and the surrounding areas. The museum has models of Vilnius
Vilnius
castles from the 14th to the 17th centuries, armament, and iconographic material of the Old Vilnius. It is also an excellent vantage point, from where the panorama of Vilnius\' Old Town can be admired. Gediminas' Tower
Gediminas' Tower
is an important state and historic symbol of the city of Vilnius
Vilnius
and of Lithuania
Lithuania
itself. It was depicted on the former national currency, the litas , and is mentioned in numerous Lithuanian patriotic poems and folk songs
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Šnipiškės
ŠNIPIšKėS (also known as New City Centre) is a neighborhood in Vilnius
Vilnius
, the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
. Located on the north bank of the river Neris , it is the site of Vilnius' new business district. Several skyscrapers and the Europa Tower business center have been erected since the turn of the millennium. Although until recently the area was just a small village north of Vilnius
Vilnius
proper, it continues to be expanded with plans for modern commercial and apartment complexes. Šnipiškės
Šnipiškės
is also home to the Kalvarijos Market. HISTORYIn 19th-20th century, Šnipiškės
Šnipiškės
was a suburban settlement, named after a rich merchant Šnipis, who was gifted these plots of land from Grand Duke Vytautas . In the past, Šnipiškės
Šnipiškės
had a synagogue and a working cemetery. NAMESIts alternative names in other languages include: Polish : Snipiszki:; Yiddish : שניפּישאָק‎. REFERENCES * ^ "Šnipiškės, Lithuania". JewishGen. Retrieved 23 January 2016
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Presidential Palace, Vilnius
The PRESIDENTIAL PALACE (Lithuanian : Prezidentūra), located in Vilnius
Vilnius
Old Town , is the official office and eventual official residence of the President of Lithuania
Lithuania
. The palace dates back to the 14th century and during its history it has undergone various reconstructions, supervised by prominent architects, including Laurynas Gucevičius
Laurynas Gucevičius
and Vasily Stasov . In 1997 the palace became the official seat of the President of Lithuania
Lithuania
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Notes * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY Presidential Palace in 1850 Backyard of the Palace Backyard of the Palace during official George W. Bush welcoming ceremony Hoisting Presidential Flag on the rooftop The Palace traces its history back to the 14th century, when Jogaila , the Grand Duke of Lithuania
Lithuania
, issued an edict donating land in the city to the Vilnius
Vilnius
Diocese , for this reason the palace is sometimes referred to as the Bishops' Palace. Construction of the Palace took place in the late 14th century under the auspices of the first Bishop of Vilnius
Vilnius
Andrzej Jastrzębiec
Andrzej Jastrzębiec
, and over succeeding generations, the building was gradually enlarged and renovated
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Pilies Street
PILIES STREET (literally, "Castle Street"; Lithuanian : Pilies gatvė) is one of the main streets in the Old Town of Vilnius
Vilnius
, the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
. It is rather a short street, running from Cathedral Square to the Town Hall
Town Hall
Square . Out of several locations across Vilnius
Vilnius
used by market traders to sell the wares of folk artists, Pilies Street
Pilies Street
is the most popular. It has a natural advantage over the Town Hall
Town Hall
Square as the street is generally busy and less likely to be interrupted by the political or cultural events commonly held at the Town Hall. Many people visit the street to buy gifts at Christmas
Christmas
or before going abroad to visit friends. The market is also popular with souvenir hunters. Souvenir shops offer amberware and amber jewelry as well as linen clothes. The street is also known for the Kaziukas Fair , when folk artists from all four corners of Lithuania
Lithuania
gather here to display and sell their latest merchandise. Festivals in Vilnius
Vilnius
frequently take place on Pilies Street
Pilies Street
– most processions will make their way through here at some point
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Gate Of Dawn
The GATE OF DAWN (Lithuanian : Aušros vartai, Polish : Ostra Brama (SHARP GATE), Belarusian : Вострая Брама, transl. Sharp Gate, Russian : Острая брама, transl. Sharp Gate) is a city gate of Vilnius
Vilnius
, the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
, and one of its most important religious, historical and cultural monuments. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn * 3 Legacy * 4 References * 5 Image gallery * 6 External links HISTORYIt was built between 1503 and 1522 as a part of defensive fortifications for the city of Vilnius
Vilnius
, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
. It has also been known as the Medininkai Gate, as it led to the village Medininkai south of Vilnius
Vilnius
as well as Aštra broma, which derivative for the Lithuanian language
Lithuanian language
word aštra meaning sharp. Of the nine city gates, only the Gate of Dawn
Gate of Dawn
remains, while the others were destroyed by the order of the government at the end of the 18th century. OUR LADY OF THE GATE OF DAWN Main article: Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn In the 16th century city gates often contained religious artifacts intended to guard the city from attacks and to bless travelers
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Church Of St. Anne, Vilnius
VILNIUS (Lithuanian pronunciation: ( listen ), see also other names ) is the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
and its largest city, with a population of 542,664 as of 2015 . Vilnius
Vilnius
is located in the southeast part of Lithuania
Lithuania
and is the second largest city in the Baltic states
Baltic states
. Vilnius
Vilnius
is the seat of the main government institutions of Lithuania as well as of the Vilnius District Municipality . Vilnius
Vilnius
is classified as a Gamma global city according to GaWC studies, and is known for the architecture in its Old Town , declared a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site in 1994. Prior to World War II
World War II
, Vilnius
Vilnius
was one of the largest Jewish centers in Europe. Its Jewish influence has led to it being described as the "Jerusalem of Lithuania" and Napoleon
Napoleon
named it "the Jerusalem of the North" as he was passing through in 1812. In 2009, Vilnius
Vilnius
was the European Capital of Culture , together with the Austrian city of Linz
Linz

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Flag Of Vilnius
The COAT OF ARMS OF VILNIUS is the coat of arms of the city of Vilnius
Vilnius
, Lithuania
Lithuania
. It is also used as coat of arms of Vilnius
Vilnius
city municipality . The modern version was created in 1991 by Arvydas Každailis , the same artist who drew the modern coat of arms of Lithuania
Lithuania
. The design is based on the oldest seals of the Vilnius City Council dating back to the 14th century. There is a great version and a small version. The great version incorporates the small version, which depicts Saint Christopher (sometimes also called Saint Christophorus) with the infant Jesus
Jesus
in his hands. This coat of arms was given to Vilnius
Vilnius
in 1330. It was speculated that in pagan times, i.e., until the end of the 14th century, it featured Titan Alkis, a hero of ancient Lithuanian tales, carrying his wife Janterytė on his shoulders across the Vilnia River . The great coat of arms bears the Latin
Latin
motto "Unitas – Justitia – Spes" ("Unity – Justice – Hope"). The words are echoed by objects held by the shield supporters : the axe and tied rods represent unity; the scale, justice; and the anchor, hope. The coat of arms was abolished under the Lithuanian SSR . It was reinstated after Lithuania
Lithuania
declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990
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Coat Of Arms Of Vilnius
The COAT OF ARMS OF VILNIUS is the coat of arms of the city of Vilnius
Vilnius
, Lithuania
Lithuania
. It is also used as coat of arms of Vilnius
Vilnius
city municipality . The modern version was created in 1991 by Arvydas Každailis , the same artist who drew the modern coat of arms of Lithuania
Lithuania
. The design is based on the oldest seals of the Vilnius City Council dating back to the 14th century. There is a great version and a small version. The great version incorporates the small version, which depicts Saint Christopher (sometimes also called Saint Christophorus) with the infant Jesus
Jesus
in his hands. This coat of arms was given to Vilnius
Vilnius
in 1330. It was speculated that in pagan times, i.e., until the end of the 14th century, it featured Titan Alkis, a hero of ancient Lithuanian tales, carrying his wife Janterytė on his shoulders across the Vilnia River . The great coat of arms bears the Latin
Latin
motto "Unitas – Justitia – Spes" ("Unity – Justice – Hope"). The words are echoed by objects held by the shield supporters : the axe and tied rods represent unity; the scale, justice; and the anchor, hope. The coat of arms was abolished under the Lithuanian SSR . It was reinstated after Lithuania
Lithuania
declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990
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Palemonids
The PALEMONIDS were a legendary dynasty of Grand Dukes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania . The legend was born in the 15th or 16th century as proof that Lithuanians and the Grand Duchy are of Roman origins . Already Jan Długosz
Jan Długosz
(1415–1480) wrote that the Lithuanians were of Roman origin, but did not provide any proof. The legend is first recorded in the second edition of the Lithuanian Chronicle produced in the 1530s. At the time the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
was quarrelling with the Kingdom of Poland , rejecting the claims that Poland had civilized the pagan and barbaric Lithuania. The Lithuanian nobility felt a need for the ruling dynasty to show upstanding origins, as the only available chronicles at the time were written by the Teutonic Knights , a long-standing enemy, and depicted Gediminas
Gediminas
as a hostler of Vytenis . In this new Lithuanian chronicle, Palemon (Could be Polemon II of Pontus ), a relative of Roman Emperor Nero
Nero
, escaped Rome
Rome
together with 500 noble families. The company traveled north, through the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, and reached the Nemunas Delta
Nemunas Delta
. After that they decided to sail upstream until they reached the mouth of Dubysa
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus and Terence
Terence

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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Lithuania
Coordinates : 55°N 24°E / 55°N 24°E / 55; 24 LITHUANIA (/ˌlɪθuːˈeɪniə/ (_ listen ), Lithuanian : Lietuva_ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA (Lithuanian: _Lietuvos Respublika_), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe
Europe
. One of the three Baltic states , it is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea , to the east of Sweden
Sweden
and Denmark
Denmark
. It is bordered by Latvia
Latvia
to the north, Belarus
Belarus
to the east and south, Poland
Poland
to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave ) to the southwest. Lithuania
Lithuania
has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2017 , and its capital and largest city is Vilnius
Vilnius
. Lithuanians are a Baltic people . The official language, Lithuanian , along with Latvian , is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family. For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes . In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas , the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania , was created on 6 July 1253