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Victoria The Great
Victoria the Great
Victoria the Great
is a 1937 British historical film directed by Herbert Wilcox
Herbert Wilcox
and starring Anna Neagle, Anton Walbrook
Anton Walbrook
and Walter Rilla.[2] When Laurence Housman's play Victoria Regina was banned by the Lord Chamberlain
Lord Chamberlain
(in 1935, the royal family could not be shown on the British stage); its subsequent Broadway success prompted King Edward VIII to commission producer Herbert Wilcox
Herbert Wilcox
to turn it into a film, commemorating the centenary of Victoria's reign.[3] The film biography of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
concentrates initially on the early years of her reign with her marriage to Prince Albert and her subsequent rule after Albert's death in 1861
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American Civil War
Union victoryDissolution of the Confederate States U.S. territorial integrity preserved Slavery abolished Beginning of the Reconstruction EraBelligerents United States  Confederate StatesCommanders and leaders Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant William T. Sherman David Farragut George B. McClellan Henry Halleck George Meade and others Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee  J. E. Johnston  G. T. Beauregard  A. S
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Robert Peel
Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, FRS (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850), was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(1834–35 and 1841–46) and twice as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
(1822–27 and 1828–30). He is regarded as the father of modern British policing and as one of the founders of the modern Conservative Party. The son of wealthy textile-manufacturer and politician Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet, making Robert the first future prime minister from an industrial business background, he was educated at Bury
Bury
Grammar School, Hipperholme Grammar School
Hipperholme Grammar School
and Harrow School, subsequently earning a double first in classics and mathematics from Christ Church, Oxford
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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke Of Wellington
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. His defeat of Napoleon
Napoleon
at the Battle of Waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain's military heroes. Wellesley was born in Dublin, into the Protestant Ascendancy
Protestant Ascendancy
in Ireland. He was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army
British Army
in 1787, serving in Ireland
Ireland
as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons
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Victoria, Duchess Of Kent
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (17 August 1786 – 16 March 1861), later Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, was a German princess and the mother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. As the widow of Charles, Prince of Leiningen (1763–1814), from 1814 she served as regent of the Principality during the minority of her son from her first marriage, Carl, until her second wedding in 1818.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Marriages2.1 First marriage 2.2 Regency 2.3 Second marriage3 Widowhood 4 Royal feud 5 Reconciliation 6 Rumours of affairs 7 Death 8 Portrayal 9 Ancestors 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External linksEarly life[edit] Victoria was born in Coburg on 17 August 1786 in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. She was the fourth daughter and seventh child of Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf
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Lord Melbourne
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, PC, FRS (15 March 1779 – 24 November 1848), was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830–1834) and Prime Minister (1834 and 1835–1841). He is best known for his intense and successful mentoring of Queen Victoria in the ways of politics, when she was between the ages of 18 and 21. Historians have concluded that Melbourne
Melbourne
does not rank highly as a Prime Minister, for there were no great foreign wars or domestic issues to handle, he lacked major achievements, and he enunciated no grand principles. "But he was kind, honest and not self-seeking."[1] Melbourne
Melbourne
was Prime Minister of the UK on two occasions. The first occasion ended when he was dismissed by King William IV in 1834, the last Prime Minister of the UK to be dismissed by a monarch
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Ernest II, Duke Of Saxe-Coburg And Gotha
German: Ernst August Karl Johann Leopold Alexander Eduard English: Ernest Augustus Charles John Leopold Alexander EdwardHouse Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and GothaFather Ernest I, Duke of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and GothaMother Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-AltenburgReligion LutheranismErnest II (German: Ernst August Karl Johann Leopold Alexander Eduard; 21 June 1818 – 22 August 1893) was the sovereign duke of the Duchy of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha, reigning from 1844 to his death. Ernest was born in Coburg
Coburg
as the elder child of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and his wife, Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Fourteen months later, his younger brother, Prince Albert, was born, who became consort of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
of the United Kingdom
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Albert, Prince Consort
Prince Albert of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel;[1] 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria. He was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of 20, he married his first cousin, Queen Victoria; they had nine children. Initially he felt constrained by his role of consort, which did not afford him power or responsibilities. He gradually developed a reputation for supporting public causes, such as educational reform and the abolition of slavery worldwide, and was entrusted with running the Queen's household, office and estates. He was heavily involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851, which was a resounding success. Victoria came to depend more and more on his support and guidance
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Queen Victoria
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III
King George III
died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power
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Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount
Viscount
Palmerston, KG, GCB, PC, FRS (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865), was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century. Palmerston dominated British foreign policy during the period 1830 to 1865, when Britain was at the height of her imperial power. He held office almost continuously from 1807 until his death in 1865. He began his parliamentary career as a Tory, defected to the Whigs in 1830, and became the first Prime Minister of the newly formed Liberal Party in 1859. Palmerston succeeded to his father's Irish peerage
Irish peerage
in 1802. He became a Tory MP in 1807, and, from 1809 to 1828, served as Secretary at War, as which he was responsible for the organisation of the finances of the army
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John Brown (servant)
John Brown (8 December 1826 – 27 March 1883) was a Scottish personal attendant and favourite of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
for many years. He was appreciated by many (including the Queen) for his competence and companionship, and resented by others for his influence and informal manner
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Trent Affair
The Trent Affair
Trent Affair
was a diplomatic incident in 1861 during the American Civil War that threatened a war between the United States and the United Kingdom. The U.S. Navy illegally captured two Confederate diplomats from a British ship; the UK protested vigorously. The United States closed the incident by releasing the diplomats. On November 8, 1861, the USS San Jacinto, commanded by Union Captain Charles Wilkes, intercepted the British mail packet RMS Trent and removed, as contraband of war, two Confederate diplomats – James Murray Mason and John Slidell. The envoys were bound for Britain and France to press the Confederacy's case for diplomatic recognition and to lobby for possible financial and military support. Public reaction in the United States was to celebrate the capture and rally against Britain, threatening war
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Corn Laws
The Corn Laws
Corn Laws
were tariffs and other trade restrictions on imported food and grain ("corn") enforced in Great Britain
Great Britain
between 1815 and 1846. They were designed to keep grain prices high to favour domestic producers, and represented British mercantilism, since they were the only mercantilist laws of the country.[1] The Corn Laws
Corn Laws
imposed steep import duties, making it too expensive to import grain from abroad, even when food supplies were short. The Corn Laws
Corn Laws
enhanced the profits and political power associated with land ownership. The laws raised food prices and the costs of living for the British public, and hampered the growth of other British economic sectors, such as manufacturing, by reducing the disposable income of the British public.[2] The laws became the focus of opposition from urban groups who had far less political power than rural Britain
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Johann Strauss II
Johann Strauss II
Johann Strauss II
(October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899), also known as Johann Strauss Jr., the Younger, the Son (German: Sohn), Johann Baptist Strauss, son of Johann Strauss I, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz
Waltz
King", and was largely then responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna
Vienna
during the 19th century. Strauss had two younger brothers, Josef and Eduard Strauss, who became composers of light music as well, although they were never as well known as their elder brother. Some of Johann Strauss's most famous works include "The Blue Danube", "Kaiser-Walzer" (Emperor Waltz), "Tales from the Vienna
Vienna
Woods", and the "Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka"
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William IV Of The United Kingdom
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom
King of the United Kingdom
and King of Hanover
King of Hanover
from 26 June 1830 until his death. The third son of George III, William succeeded his elder brother George IV, as the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover. William served in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in his youth and was, both during his reign and afterwards, nicknamed the "Sailor King".[1][2] He served in North America and the Caribbean. In 1789, he was created Duke
Duke
of Clarence and St Andrews. In 1827, he was appointed as Britain's first Lord High Admiral
Admiral
since 1709. Since his two older brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, he inherited the throne when he was 64 years old
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George VI Of The United Kingdom
George VI
George VI
(Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom
King of the United Kingdom
and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth
British Commonwealth
from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India
Emperor of India
and the first Head of the Commonwealth. Known publicly as Albert until his accession, and "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI
George VI
was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, and was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort. As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward
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