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Venezuela
Coordinates : 7°N 65°W / 7°N 65°W / 7; -65 Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Venezuela
* _República Bolivariana de Venezuela_ (Spanish ) _ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo _ (English: "Glory to the Brave People") Capital and largest city Caracas
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
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Flag Of Venezuela
The current FLAG OF VENEZUELA was introduced in 2006. The basic design includes a horizontal tricolor of yellow, blue, and red, dating to the original flag introduced in 1811, in the Venezuelan War of Independence . Further modifications have involved including a set of stars, multiple changes to the placement and number of stars and inclusion of an optional coat of arms at the upper-left corner
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Coat Of Arms Of Venezuela
The current COAT OF ARMS OF VENEZUELA was primarily approved by the Congress on April 18, 1836, undergoing small modifications through history, reaching the present version. The coat of arms was established in the Law of the National Flag, Shield and Anthem (Ley de Bandera, Escudo e Himno Nacionales), passed on February 17, 1954, by the military governor of Venezuela, Marcos Pérez Jiménez . The shield is divided in the colors of the national flag . In the dexter chief, on a red field, wheat represents the union of the 20 states of the Republic
Republic
existing at the time and the wealth of the nation . In sinister chief, on a yellow field, weapons (a sword, a sabre and three lances) and two national flags are tied by a branch of laurel , as a symbol of triumph in war. In base, on a deep blue field, a wild white horse (perhaps representing Simón Bolívar 's white horse Palomo) runs free, an emblem of independence and freedom
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Gloria Al Bravo Pueblo
"GLORIA AL BRAVO PUEBLO" (Glory to the Brave People) was adopted as Venezuela
Venezuela
's national anthem by President Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Antonio Guzmán Blanco
on May 25, 1881. The lyrics were written by the physician and journalist Vicente Salias in 1810. The music was later composed by musician Juan José Landaeta. It is said, however, that the melody has been known since 1840 as La Marsellesa Venezolana (Venezuelan Marseillaise), in reference to its subtle similarity to the French national anthem . Some recent investigations have suggested that the real author of the anthem was Andrés Bello , and not Salias, to whom it was originally credited, and the music was composed by another musician called Lino Gallardo . However, this theory has yet to be proven, and lacks any real recognition among the general Venezuelan population, historians, or otherwise
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Caracas
CARACAS (Spanish pronunciation: ; locally ), officially SANTIAGO DE LEóN DE CARACAS, is the capital, the center of the GREATER CARACAS AREA , and the largest city of Venezuela
Venezuela
. Caracas
Caracas
is located along the Guaire River in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas
Caracas
Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range (Cordillera de la Costa). Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 910 m (2,490 and 2,990 ft) above sea level . The valley is close to the Caribbean Sea , separated from the coast by a steep 2,200-metre-high (7,200 ft) mountain range , Cerro El Ávila ; to the south there are more hills and mountains
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Venezuelan Spanish
VENEZUELAN SPANISH (castellano venezolano or español venezolano) refers to the Spanish language as spoken in Venezuela
Venezuela
. Spanish was introduced in Venezuela
Venezuela
by the colonizers . Most of them were from Galicia , Basque Country , Andalusia and the Canary Islands . Perhaps the last of these has been the most fundamental influence on modern Venezuelan Spanish, to the point that Canarian and Venezuelan accents may seem indistinguishable to other Spanish speakers. Italian and Portuguese immigrants from the late 19th and early 20th century have also had an influence. German settlers also left an influence when Venezuela
Venezuela
was contracted as a concession by the King of Spain to the German Welser banking family ( Klein-Venedig
Klein-Venedig
, 1528–1546). The Spaniards additionally brought African slaves
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Mestizo
MESTIZO (/mɛˈstizoʊ/ ; Peninsular Spanish : , Latin American Spanish , Philippine Spanish : ) is a term traditionally used in Spain, the Philippines, parts of Central America, especially in Belize and Latin America
Latin America
which originally meant a person of combined European and Amerindian or Pacific Islander descent, regardless of where the person was born. The term was used as an ethnic/racial category in the casta system that was in use during the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
's control of their New World colonies. Nowadays though, particularly in Latin America , Mestizo
Mestizo
has become more of a cultural term, with culturally mainstream Latin Americans regarded or termed as Mestizos regardless of their actual ancestry, and with the term "Indian" being reserved exclusively for people who have maintained a separate ethnic identity, language, tribal affiliation, etc
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Venezuelan Of European Descent
EUROPEAN VENEZUELANS or WHITE VENEZUELANS are Venezuelan citizens who self-identify in the national census as white, tracing their heritage to European ethnic groups . According to the official census report, although "white" literally involves external issues such as light skin, shape and color of hair and eyes, among others, the term "white" has been used in different ways in different historical periods and places, and so its precise definition is somewhat confusing. :65 According to the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, 43.6% of the population identified themselves as white people . A genomic study shows that about 61.5% of the Venezuelan gene pool has European origin. Among the Latin American countries in the study (Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, El Salvador, Ecuador, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela), Brazil, Venezuela, and Argentina exhibit the highest European contribution
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Afro-Venezuelan
AFRO-VENEZUELANS (Spanish : Afrovenezolanos; negros) are Venezuelans of Sub-Saharan African origin descended from slaves brought to the Western hemisphere
Western hemisphere
by the conquistadors during the Atlantic slave trade . In the 2011 census, they represented 3.6% of the total population of Venezuela. Although many Venezuelans
Venezuelans
have some African ancestry
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Afro-American Peoples Of The Americas
The AFRICAN DIASPORA IN THE AMERICAS is used to refer to people born in the Americas
Americas
with predominantly African ancestry
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Roman Catholicism
CATHOLICISM (from Greek καθολικισμός, _katholikismos_, "universal doctrine") is a term which in its broadest sense refers to the beliefs and practices of Christian denominations that describe themselves as _Catholic _ in accordance with the Four Marks of the Church , as expressed in the Nicene Creed of the First Council of Constantinople in 381: "_ in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church._ The most frequent use is to refer to the faith and practices of the Catholic Church , consisting of the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches in full communion with the Pope in Rome . However, the description "Catholic" is also used by other denominations such as the Eastern Orthodox Church , the Oriental Orthodox Church , the Assyrian Church of the East
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Protestant
PROTESTANTISM is a form of Christianity which originated with the Reformation , a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church . It is one of the three major divisions of Christendom , together with Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy . The term derives from the letter of protestation from German Lutheran princes in 1529 agai