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Vehicle Registration Plates Of China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA issues vehicles licence plates (Chinese : 牌照; pinyin : _pái zhào_) at its Vehicle Management Offices, under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security. Hong Kong and Macau , both of which are Special Administrative Regions , issue their own licence plates, a legacy of when they were under British and Portuguese administration. Vehicles from Hong Kong and Macau are required to apply for licence plates, usually from Guangdong , to travel on roads in Mainland China . Vehicles from Mainland China have to apply for Hong Kong or Macau licence plates to enter those territories. Taiwan , on the other hand, also has plates administered by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MoTC) in the Republic of China . The number of registered cars, buses, vans, and trucks on the road in China reached 62 million in 2009, and is expected to exceed 200 million by 2020. The font used on the plates were said to be modified from the East Asian gothic typeface , but speculations exist as the numbers and letters somewhat bear similarity with the German font DIN 1451
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower . China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain . For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties , beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty . Since then, China has then expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times
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Vehicle Registration Plate
A VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATE, also known as a NUMBER PLATE (British English ) or a LICENSE PLATE ( American English ), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register . In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency
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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan ). While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups generally retain their use of Simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities generally tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name above or colloquially (简体字; _ jiǎntǐzì _). The latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms
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Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang
Zhou Youguang
, based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government
Chinese government
in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982, followed by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1986. The system was adopted as the official standard in Taiwan
Taiwan
in 2009, where it is used for romanization alone (in part to make areas more English-friendly) rather than for educational and computer-input purposes
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Hong Kong
HONG KONG, officially the HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, is an autonomous territory on the Pearl River Delta of China. It has an area of 1,104 km2 and shares its northern border with the Guangdong Province of Mainland China . With around 7.2 million Hongkongers of various nationalities, Hong Kong is the world\'s fourth most densely populated country or territory . Hong Kong used to be a British colony with the perpetual cession of Hong Kong Island from the Qing Empire after the First Opium War (1839–42). The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and acquired a 99-year lease of the New Territories from 1898. Hong Kong was later occupied by Japan during the Second World War until British control resumed in 1945. The Sino-British Joint Declaration signed between the United Kingdom and China in 1984 paved way for the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong in 1997, when it became a special administrative region (SAR) of the Peoples Republic of China with a high degree of autonomy. Under the principle of "one country, two systems ", Hong Kong maintains a separate political and economic system from China
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Macau
MACAU (/məˈkaʊ/ ( listen ); 澳門; 澳门; literally: "Bay Gate"), also spelled MACAO, is an autonomous region on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia
East Asia
. Macau
Macau
is bordered by the city of Zhuhai
Zhuhai
in Mainland China
China
to the north and the Pearl River Delta to the east and south. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
lies about 64 kilometres (40 mi) to its east across the Delta. With a population of 650,900 living in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world. A former Portuguese colony, it was returned to Chinese sovereignty on 20 December 1999. Macau
Macau
was administered by the Portuguese Empire and its inheritor states from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it constituted the last remaining European colony in Asia. Portuguese traders first settled in Macau
Macau
in the 1550s. In 1557, Macau
Macau
was leased to Portugal from Ming China
China
as a trading port. The Portuguese Empire administered the city under Chinese authority and sovereignty until 1887, when Macau, through a mutual agreement between the two countries, became a colony. Sovereignty over Macau
Macau
was transferred back to China
China
on 20 December 1999
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Special Administrative Regions Of China
The SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People\'s Government , which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy , and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Chinese Communist Party . The legal basis for the establishment of SARs, unlike the administrative divisions of Mainland China, is provided for by Article 31, rather than Article 30, of the Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China of 1982. Article 31 reads: "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress in the light of the specific conditions". At present, there are two SARs established according to the Constitution, namely the Hong Kong SAR and the Macau SAR , former British and Portuguese dependencies respectively, transferred to China in 1997 and 1999 pursuant to the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 and the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration of 1987 respectively
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British Hong Kong
BRITISH HONG KONG (Chinese : 英屬香港) was the period during which Hong Kong was under British Crown rule from 1841 to 1997 (excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945). It was established as a Crown colony and later designated a British Dependent Territory in 1981. Hong Kong Island was ceded to Great Britain by the Qing dynasty of China after the First Anglo-Chinese War (1839–42). The Kowloon Peninsula was added to the colony after the Second Anglo-Chinese War (1856–60). Finally, in 1898, the New Territories were added under a 99-year lease. Although Hong Kong Island and Kowloon were ceded to Britain in perpetuity, the New Territories – which comprised over 90 per cent of Hong Kong's land – had such a vital role in the economy that the British government agreed to transfer sovereignty of the entirety of Hong Kong to China upon the expiration of the lease in 1997. The transfer has been credited by some as marking the end of the British Empire
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Portuguese Macau
PORTUGUESE MACAU was the period of Macau
Macau
as a Portuguese colony and later, an overseas province under Portuguese administration from 1557 to 1999. Macau
Macau
was both the first and last European colony in China. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Military * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYPortuguese traders first settled in Macau
Macau
in the 16th century. In 1557 Macau
Macau
was rented to Portugal by the Chinese empire as a trading port. The Portuguese administered the city under Chinese authority and sovereignty until 1887, when Macau
Macau
became a colony of the Portuguese Empire . Sovereignty over Macau
Macau
was transferred back to China on 20 December 1999. The Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau
Macau
and the Macau
Macau
Basic Law stipulate that Macau
Macau
operate with a high degree of autonomy until at least 2049, fifty years after the transfer. MILITARY Main article: Military of Macau
Macau
under Portuguese rule GALLERY Panoramic photograph of Macau, taken by Jules Itier in the 19th Century, on top of the Penha Hill
Penha Hill
. The city of Macau
Macau
on its peninsula with both the outer and inner harbours are visible
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Guangdong
GUANGDONG (Chinese : 广东) is a province in South China , located on the South China Sea coast. Traditionally romanised as CANTON or KWANGTUNG, Guangdong surpassed Henan and Sichuan to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year; the total population was 104,303,132 in the 2010 census , accounting for 7.79 percent of Mainland China 's population. The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province at 2015 had 108,500,000 people. Since 1989, Guangdong has topped the total GDP rankings among all provincial-level divisions , with Jiangsu and Shandong second and third in rank. According to state statistics , Guangdong's GDP in 2014 reached RMB 6,779 billion, or US$ 1.104 trillion, making its economy roughly the same size as Mexico. Since 2011, Guangdong has had the highest GDP among all provinces of Mainland China . The province contributes approximately 12% of the PRC's national economic output, and is home to the production facilities and offices of a wide-ranging set of Chinese and foreign corporations
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Mainland China
MAINLAND CHINA, also known as the CHINESE MAINLAND, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC). It generally includes Hainan
Hainan
island and excludes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass). The term "mainland China" was coined by the Kuomintang (KMT Party) after receiving control of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan
Japan
after World War II
World War II
. By 1949, the KMT-led Republic of China
China
(ROC) government was defeated in the Chinese Civil War and fled to the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
where the KMT pledged to "retake the Mainland". The KMT considers both sides of the Taiwan Strait
Taiwan Strait
(including Taiwan), as one nation , whereas Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) considers only mainland China
China
as China, and Taiwan
Taiwan
as a separate entity and country
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Taiwan Province, People's Republic Of China
The People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC) claims the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
to be part its territory under its Constitution as the TAIWAN PROVINCE. It is usually referred to by mainland media as the TAIWAN REGION or TAIWAN AREA. The PRC has never administered Taiwan: the Taiwan
Taiwan
Area , including all of the contemporary Taiwan Province , is currently administered by the government of the Republic of China
China
(ROC). However, because the PRC holds the view that it has succeeded the ROC entirely since 1 October 1949, it regards all boundary changes to Taiwan Province made by the ROC after that date (mainly the carving out of several cities as municipalities directly administered by the ROC government) to be illegitimate. As a result, maps published by the PRC (and other sources that adopt the PRC's views) show Taiwan Province in accordance with its pre-1949 boundaries as a part of the PRC, with (for example) Taipei
Taipei
shown as the capital of Taiwan
Taiwan
Province, rather than a directly administered municipality. While the PRC claims Taiwan
Taiwan
to be its rightful territory, it recognises that Taiwan
Taiwan
is outside its actual territory and does not maintain a shadow government or government-in-exile of Taiwan Province
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Ministry Of Transportation And Communications (Republic Of China)
The MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA (MOTC; Chinese : 中華民國交通部; pinyin : Zhōnghuá Mínguó Jiāotōngbù) is a cabinet-level governmental body of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in charge of all policy and regulation of transportation and communications networks and administration of all transportation and communications operations and enterprises in Taiwan . CONTENTS * 1 Introduction * 2 Organization * 2.1 Internal Division * 2.2 External Division * 3 List of Ministers * 4 Access * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links INTRODUCTION Former Ministry of Transportation and Communications building in Nanjing
Nanjing
. In Taiwan, transportation and communications operations comprise four categories: communications, transportation, meteorology, and tourism. The Ministry of Transportation and Communications is responsible for making policy, formulating laws and regulations, and overseeing operations in the area of transportation and communications. Communications operations encompass postal services and telecommunications. Postal services are managed by the Taiwan
Taiwan
Post Co., Ltd. In regard to telecommunications, the MOTC is responsible for overall planning of communications resources, assisting and promoting the communications industry, and fostering universal access to communications
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Taiwan
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia . Its neighbors include China (officially the People's Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations and the largest economy outside the UN. The island of Taiwan , formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning , the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty , the last dynasty of China. The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan in 1895 after the Sino-Japanese War . While Taiwan was under Japanese rule, the Republic of China (ROC) was established on the mainland in 1912 after the fall of the Qing dynasty . Following the Japanese surrender to the Allies in 1945, the ROC took control of Taiwan. However, the resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the ROC's loss of the mainland to the Communists , and the flight of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949
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