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Vézelay Abbey
VéZELAY ABBEY (French : Abbaye Sainte-Marie-Madeleine de Vézelay) was a Benedictine and Cluniac monastery in Vézelay in the Yonne department in northern Burgundy , France
France
. The Benedictine abbey church, now the Basilica
Basilica
of Sainte-Marie-Madeleine (Saint Mary Magdalene ), with its complicated program of imagery in sculpted capitals and portals, is one of the outstanding masterpieces of Burgundian Romanesque art and architecture . Sacked by the Huguenots in 1569, the building suffered neglect in the 17th and the 18th centuries and some further damage during the period of the French Revolution . The church and hill at Vézelay were added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
list of World Heritage Sites in 1979. Claimed relics of Mary Magdalene can be seen inside the Basilica
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Pilgrimage
A PILGRIMAGE is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance. Typically, it is a journey to a shrine or other location of importance to a person's beliefs and faith , although sometimes it can be a metaphorical journey into someone's own beliefs. Many religions attach spiritual importance to particular places: the place of birth or death of founders or saints, or to the place of their "calling" or spiritual awakening, or of their connection (visual or verbal) with the divine, to locations where miracles were performed or witnessed, or locations where a deity is said to live or be "housed", or any site that is seen to have special spiritual powers. Such sites may be commemorated with shrines or temples that devotees are encouraged to visit for their own spiritual benefit: to be healed or have questions answered or to achieve some other spiritual benefit. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim
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Huguenots
HUGUENOTS (English pronunciation /ˈhjuːɡənɒt/ or /ˈhjuːɡənoʊ/ ; French : Les huguenots, ) are the ethnoreligious group of French Protestants
Protestants
who follow the Reformed tradition
Reformed tradition
. The term was used frequently to describe members of the French Reformed
Reformed
Church until the beginning of the 19th century. The term has its origin in 16th-century France. Huguenots
Huguenots
were French Protestants mainly from northern France, who were inspired by the writings of John Calvin and endorsed the Reformed tradition
Reformed tradition
of Protestantism, contrary to the largely German Lutheran
Lutheran
population of Alsace
Alsace
, Moselle , and Montbéliard
Montbéliard

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Narthex
The NARTHEX is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave , opposite the church's main altar . Traditionally the narthex was a part of the church building, but was not considered part of the church proper. In early Christian churches the narthex was often divided into two distinct parts: an esonarthex (inner narthex), between the west wall and the body of the church proper, separated from the nave and aisles by a wall, arcade , colonnade , screen or rail, and an external closed space, the exonarthex (outer narthex), a court in front of the church facade delimited on all sides by a colonnade as in the first St. Peter\'s Basilica
Basilica
in Rome
Rome
or in the Basilica
Basilica
of Sant\'Ambrogio in Milan
Milan

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Pope Innocent II
POPE INNOCENT II (Latin : Innocentius II; died 23 September 1143), born GREGORIO PAPARESCHI, was Pope
Pope
from 14 February 1130 to his death in 1143. His election was controversial and the first eight years of his reign were marked by a struggle for recognition against the supporters of Antipope Anacletus II . He reached an understanding with Lothair II, Holy Roman Emperor who supported him against Anacletus and whom he crowned King of the Romans
King of the Romans
. Innocent went on to preside over the Second Lateran council . CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 Election as Pope
Pope
* 3 Papacy * 3.1 Second Lateran Council * 3.2 Treaty of Mignano * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY YEARSPapareschi came from a Roman family, probably of the rione Trastevere
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Mary Of Bethany
MARY OF BETHANY ( Judeo-Aramaic מרים, Maryām, rendered Μαρία, Maria, in the Koine Greek
Koine Greek
of the New Testament
New Testament
; form of Hebrew
Hebrew
מִרְיָם, Miryām, or Miriam , "wished for child", "bitter" or "rebellious") is a biblical figure described in the Gospels
Gospels
of John and Luke in the Christian
Christian
New Testament
New Testament
. Together with her siblings Lazarus and Martha
Martha
, she is described by John as living in the village of Bethany near Jerusalem
Jerusalem
; in Luke only the two sisters, living in an unnamed village, are mentioned
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Anointing Of Jesus
PORTALS: Christianity Bible Book:Life of Jesus
Jesus
* v * t * e The ANOINTING OF JESUS is one of the relatively few events reported by each of the four Gospels , although the details differ in the accounts. All report the anointing of Jesus
Jesus
with expensive perfume by a woman, who pours over Jesus
Jesus
the contents of an alabastron jar of "nard" (or spikenard ), a very expensive perfume. The anointing angers some of the onlookers because the perfume could have been sold for a year's wages—which the Gospel of Mark
Gospel of Mark
enumerates as 300 denarii —and the money given to the poor. Matthew\'s Gospel states that the "disciples were indignant" and John\'s states that it was Judas who was most offended. John adds that he was bothered because Judas was a thief and desired the money for himself
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World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Santiago De Compostela
SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA, commonly known as SANTIAGO (/ˌsæntiˈɑːɡoʊ/ , Galician: , Spanish: ), is the capital of the autonomous community of Galicia in northwestern Spain . The city has its origin in the shrine of Saint James the Great , now the city\'s cathedral , as destination of the Way of St. James , a leading Catholic pilgrimage route originated in the 9th century . In 1985 the city's Old Town was designated a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site . CONTENTS * 1 Toponym * 2 The city * 2.1 Climate * 3 Population * 4 History * 5 Economy * 6 Way of St
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Monk
A MONK (/mʌŋk/ , from Greek : μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" and Latin
Latin
monachus ) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks. A monk may be a person who decided to dedicate his life to serving all other living beings, or to be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live his or her life in prayer and contemplation. The concept is ancient and can be seen in many religions and in philosophy. In the Greek language
Greek language
the term can apply to women, but in modern English it is mainly in use for men. The word nun is typically used for female monastics. Although the term monachos is of Christian
Christian
origin, in the English language "monk" tends to be used loosely also for both male and female ascetics from other religious or philosophical backgrounds
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Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. SAINT-MAXIMIN-LA-SAINTE-BAUME (Occitan : Sant Maissemin de la Santa Bauma) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d\'Azur region in southeastern France
France
. It lies 40 km (25 mi) east of Aix-en-Provence , in the westernmost point of Var département . It is located at the foot of the Sainte-Baume mountains: baume or bama is the Provençal equivalent of "cave". The town's basilica is dedicated to Mary Magdalene . Saint-Maximin-la- Sainte-Baume is not to be confused with Sainte-Maxime farther east on the Côte d'Azur
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Bernard Of Clairvaux
BERNARD OF CLAIRVAUX (Latin : Bernardus Claraevallensis), O.Cist (1090 – 20 August 1153) was a French abbot and the primary reformer of the Cistercian
Cistercian
order . After the death of his mother, Bernard sought admission into the Cistercian
Cistercian
order. "Three years later, he was sent to found a new abbey at an isolated clearing in a glen known as the Val d'Absinthe, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Bar-sur-Aube . According to tradition, Bernard founded the monastery on 25 June 1115, naming it Claire Vallée, which evolved into Clairvaux. There Bernard would preach an immediate faith, in which the intercessor was the Virgin Mary ." In the year 1128, Bernard attended the Council of Troyes , at which he traced the outlines of the Rule of the Knights Templar
Knights Templar
, which soon became the ideal of Christian nobility
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Second Crusade
Crusader States * Kingdom of Jerusalem * County of Tripoli
County of Tripoli
* Principality of Antioch Military Orders *
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Henry II Of England
HENRY II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as HENRY CURTMANTLE (French : _Court-manteau_), HENRY FITZEMPRESS or HENRY PLANTAGENET, ruled as Count of Anjou , Count of Maine , Duke of Normandy , Duke of Aquitaine , Count of Nantes , King of England (1154–89) and Lord of Ireland ; at various times, he also controlled Wales
Wales
, Scotland
Scotland
and Brittany . Henry was the son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda , daughter of Henry I of England . He became actively involved by the age of 14 in his mother's efforts to claim the throne of England , then occupied by Stephen of Blois , and was made Duke of Normandy at 17. He inherited Anjou in 1151 and shortly afterwards married Eleanor of Aquitaine , whose marriage to Louis VII of France had recently been annulled
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Diocese Of Autun
The ROMAN CATHOLIC DIOCESE OF AUTUN (–CHALON-SUR-SAôNE–MâCON–CLUNY) ( Latin
Latin
: Dioecesis Augustodunensis (–Cabillonensis–Matisconensis–Cluniacensis); French : Diocèse d' Autun
Autun
(–Chalon-sur-Saône–Mâcon–Cluny)), more simply known as the DIOCESE OF AUTUN, is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Church in France. The diocese comprises the entire Department of Saone et Loire , in the Region of Bourgogne
Bourgogne
. The diocese was suffragan to the Archdiocese of Lyon
Archdiocese of Lyon
under the Ancien Régime, and the Bishop of Autun
Autun
held the post of Vicar of the Archbishop
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Counts And Dukes Of Nevers
This page lists the COUNTS OF NEVERS, who were the rulers of the County of Nevers
County of Nevers
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Counts of Nevers * 3 Dukes of Nevers * 4 External links HISTORYThe history of the County of Nevers
County of Nevers
is closely connected to the Duchy of Burgundy , from which it was separated in the 11th century. The counts also held the County of Auxerre in the 11th and 12th centuries, and the county was held by the Count of Flanders
Count of Flanders
and then the Duke of Burgundy again in the 14th century. In 1539 it was directly annexed to France
France
and became a duchy in the peerage of France
France
, where for a time it was held by the Gonzaga family
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