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Use (liturgy)
Latin liturgical rites
Latin liturgical rites
are Christian liturgical rites of Latin tradition, used mainly by the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
as liturgical rites within the Latin Church, that originated in the area where the Latin language once dominated. The Latin rites were for many centuries no less numerous than the liturgical rites of the Eastern autonomous particular Churches. Their number is now much reduced. In the aftermath of the Council of Trent, in 1568 and 1570 Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
suppressed the Breviaries and Missals that could not be shown to have an antiquity of at least two centuries (see Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
and Roman Missal). Many local rites that remained legitimate even after this decree were abandoned voluntarily, especially in the 19th century
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Latin Church
The Latin Church, sometimes called the Western Church, is the largest particular church sui iuris in full communion with the Pope
Pope
and the rest of the Catholic Church, tracing its history to the earliest days of Christianity. Employing the Latin liturgical rites, with 1.255 billion members (2015), the Latin Church
Latin Church
is the original and still major part of Western Christianity,[2] in contrast to the Eastern Catholic churches. It is headquartered in the Vatican City, enclaved in Rome, Italy. Historically, the leadership of the Latin Church, i.e., the Holy See, has been viewed as one of the five patriarchates of the Pentarchy
Pentarchy
of early Christianity, along with the patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem
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Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church
The Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church, also known in the United States as the Byzantine Catholic Church, is an Eastern Catholic church that uses the Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
for its services. It is one of the 21 Eastern Catholic churches that are in full communion with the Holy See. There are two main communities within the church: American and European. In the United States, the Byzantine Catholic Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is self-governing (sui iuris). In Europe, Ruthenian Catholics are immediately subject to the Holy See. The European branch has an eparchy in Ukraine
Ukraine
(the Eparchy
Eparchy
of Mukacheve) and another in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(the Ruthenian Apostolic Exarchate of Czech Republic). The Ruthenian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is rooted among the Rusyn people who lived in Carpathian Ruthenia
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Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
The Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Belarusian: Беларуская грэка-каталіцкая царква, BHKC), sometimes called, in reference to its Byzantine Rite, the Belarusian Byzantine Catholic Church, is the heir within Belarus
Belarus
of the Union of Brest. It is listed in the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
as a sui iuris Church, an Eastern rite particular Church in full union with the Catholic Church.Contents1 History 2 Present situation 3 See also 4 References 5 SourcesHistory[edit] The Christians who, through the Union of Brest (1595–96), entered full communion with the See of Rome while keeping their Byzantine liturgy in the Church Slavonic
Church Slavonic
language, were at first mainly Belarusian (Litvin)
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Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church
The Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is a Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
sui juris particular Church in full union with the Roman Catholic Church.Contents1 History1.1 Middle Ages 1.2 Uniat movements 1.3 First Uniat movement 1.4 Second Uniat movement 1.5 Third Uniat movement 1.6 Bulgarian Uniate
Uniate
Church after the First World War2 See also 3 References 4 Sources 5 External linksHistory[edit] Middle Ages[edit] Under Tsar Boris
Tsar Boris
(853–889) the Bulgarians accepted Christianity
Christianity
in its Byzantine form, with the liturgy celebrated in Church Slavonic. For a variety of reasons, Boris became interested in converting to Christianity
Christianity
and undertook to do that at the hands of western clergymen to be supplied by Louis the German
Louis the German
in 863
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Greek Catholic Church Of Croatia And Serbia
The Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bosnia-Herzegovina
and Serbia
Serbia
is an Eastern Catholic Church
Catholic Church
sui iuris of the Byzantine Rite which is in full union with the Roman Catholic Church. It consists of the Eparchy of Križevci
Eparchy of Križevci
and the Apostolic Exarchate
Apostolic Exarchate
of Serbia
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Greek Byzantine Catholic Church
The Greek Byzantine Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Greek: Ελληνόρρυθμη Καθολική Εκκλησία, Ellinórrythmi Katholikí Ekklisía) is a sui iuris Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
particular church of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
that uses the Byzantine liturgical rite in Koine Greek and Modern Greek
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Hungarian Greek Catholic Church
The Hungarian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Hungarian: Magyar görögkatolikus egyház) or Hungarian Byzantine Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is a Metropolitan sui iuris ("autonomous") Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
particular Church in full communion with the Catholic Church. It is headquartered in Debrecen.[1] Its liturgical rite is the Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
in Hungarian.Contents1 History1.1 Sui iuris2 Structure 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] Hungary's Greek Catholics were originally concentrated in what is now northeastern Hungary. This region was historically inhabited by Greek rite Christians from the Carpathian Mountains
Carpathian Mountains
(Ruthenians and Romanians). Serbs
Serbs
fleeing the Turkish advance arrived later in what was then Hungary, but most stayed in the area that is now part of Serbia
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Italo-Albanian Greek Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Macedonian Byzantine-Catholic Church
The Macedonian Byzantine Catholic Church is a Byzantine Rite sui juris Eastern Catholic Church in full union with the Roman Catholic Church which uses the Macedonian language in the liturgy. The Macedonian Church consists of a single Apostolic Exarchate.[gci 1]Contents1 History 2 Statistics 3 Exarch 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] An Apostolic Exarch was appointed for Macedonia as early as 1883 until 1922/1924[gci 2][cha 1] as part of the Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church.[1] After the end of World War I and the foundation of Yugoslavia, the Exarchate was absorbed into the Eparchy of Križevci. In January 2001, a separate Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia was formed for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Macedonia
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Melkite Greek Catholic Church
The Melkite
Melkite
(Greek) Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Arabic: كنيسة الروم الملكيين الكاثوليك‎, Kanīsat ar-Rūm al-Malakiyyīn al-Kāṯūlīk) is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Church in full communion with the Holy See
Holy See
as part of the worldwide Catholic Church. The Melkites, Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
Catholics of mixed Eastern Mediterranean (Levantine) and Greek origin, trace their history to the early Christians of Antioch, formerly part of Syria
Syria
and now in Turkey, of the 1st century AD, where Christianity was introduced by Saint Peter.[2][3] It is headed by His Beatitude Youssef Absi, S.M.S.P. The Melkite
Melkite
Church is a cognate (or sister ethno-cultural group) of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch, from which it separated de facto in the mid-18th century
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Romanian Greek Catholic Church
The Romanian Greek Catholic
Catholic
Church or Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek- Catholic
Catholic
(Romanian: Biserica Română Unită cu Roma, Greco-Catolică) is a sui iuris Eastern Catholic
Catholic
Church, in full union with the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church. It has the rank of a Major Archiepiscopal Church and it uses the Byzantine liturgical rite in the Romanian language. Since 1994, Cardinal Lucian Mureșan, Archbishop
Archbishop
of Făgăraș
Făgăraș
and Alba Iulia, serves as head of the Romanian Greek- Catholic
Catholic
Church. On December 16, 2005, as the Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek- Catholic
Catholic
was elevated to the rank of a Major Archiepiscopal Church by Benedict XVI, Lucian Mureșan became its first major archbishop
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Russian Greek Catholic Church
The Russian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Russian: Российская греко-католическая церковь, Rossiyskaya greko-katolicheskaya tserkov) or also called Russian Catholic Church is a Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
Catholic Church
Catholic Church
sui juris in full union with the Roman Catholic Church. Historically it represents the first reunion of members of the Russian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
Church with the Roman Catholic Church. It is now in full communion with and subject to the authority of the Pope
Pope
as defined by Eastern canon law
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Slovak Greek Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Byzantine Rite
The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or Constantinopolitan Rite, is the liturgical rite used by the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
as well as by certain Eastern Catholic Churches; also, parts of it are employed by, as detailed below, other denominations. Its development began during the fourth century in Constantinople
Constantinople
and it is now the second most-used ecclesiastical rite in Christendom
Christendom
after the Roman Rite. The Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
was originally developed and used in Greek language and later, with introduction of Eastern Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
to other ethnic groups it was translated into local languages and continued further development. Historically, most important non-Greek variants of Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
are: Byzantine-Slavonic and Byzantine-Georgian
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Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(UGCC) (Ukrainian: Українська греко-католицька церква (УГКЦ), translit. Ukrains'ka Hreko-Katolyts'ka Tserkva; Latin: Ecclesia Graeco-Catholica Ucrainae) is a Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
Eastern Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in full communion with the Holy See. It is the second-largest particular church (sui juris) in the Catholic Church (after the Latin, or Roman, Church). The church is one of the successor churches to the acceptance of Christianity by Grand Prince
Grand Prince
Vladimir the Great
Vladimir the Great
of Kiev, in 988
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