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Use (liturgy)
LATIN LITURGICAL RITES, or _Western liturgical rites_, are the Catholic liturgical rites used within the Latin Church
Latin Church
, that part of Catholic Church
Catholic Church
originating in the area where the Latin language
Latin language
once dominated. The Latin rites were for many centuries no less numerous than the liturgical rites of the Eastern autonomous particular Churches . Their number is now much reduced. In the aftermath of the Council of Trent , in 1568 and 1570 Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
suppressed the Breviaries and Missals that could not be shown to have an antiquity of at least two centuries (see Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
and Roman Missal ). Many local rites that remained legitimate even after this decree were abandoned voluntarily, especially in the 19th century. In the second half of the 20th century, most of the religious orders that had a distinct liturgical rite chose to adopt in its place the Roman Rite as revised in accordance with the decrees of the Second Vatican Council (see Mass of Paul VI ). A few such liturgical rites persist today for the celebration of Mass, since 1965-1970 in revised forms, but the distinct liturgical rites for celebrating the other sacraments have been almost completely abandoned
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Latin Church
The LATIN CHURCH, sometimes called the _Western Church_, is the largest part of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, governed directly by the Pope
Pope
, tracing its history to the earliest days of Christianity . It represents the largest particular church sui iuris in full communion with the Catholic Church. Employing the Latin liturgical rites , with 1.197 billion members (2011), the Latin Church
Latin Church
is considered to form the original and still major part of Western Christianity . It is headquartered in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
. Historically, the Latin Church
Latin Church
is viewed as one of the five patriarchates - the Pentarchy - of early Christianity , along with the Patriarchs of Constantinople , Alexandria , Antioch , and Jerusalem . Due to geographic and cultural considerations, the latter churches developed within the distinct Eastern Christian traditions. The majority of Eastern Christian churches broke full communion with the Latin Church, following various theological and leadership disputes, notably in the centuries following the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD ( Oriental Orthodoxy ), and the East-West Schism of 1054 (Eastern Orthodoxy )
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Roman Rite
The ROMAN RITE (_Ritus Romanus_) is the most widespread liturgical rite in the Catholic Church and is one of the Latin rites used in the Western or Latin Church . The Roman Rite has been adapted over the centuries and its Eucharistic liturgy can be divided into three stages: the Pre-Tridentine Mass , Tridentine Mass and Mass of Paul VI . The 2007 motu proprio _ Summorum Pontificum _ specifies the circumstances in which priests of the Latin Church may continue to use the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite , a revision of the Tridentine form promulgated in the in the 1962 Roman Missal . The Roman Rite gradually became the predominant rite used by the Western Church . The Latin rites were for many centuries no less numerous than the liturgical rites of the Eastern autonomous particular Churches , though their number is greatly reduced today. In the aftermath of the Council of Trent , in 1568 and 1570 Pope Pius V suppressed the Breviaries and Missals that could not be shown to have an antiquity of at least two centuries (see Tridentine Mass and Roman Missal ). Many local rites that remained legitimate even after this decree were abandoned voluntarily, especially in the 19th century
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Stupava, Malacky District
STUPAVA (German : Stampfen; Hungarian : Stomfa) is a town in western Slovakia . It is situated in the Malacky District , Bratislava Region . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 History * 4 Landmarks * 5 Demographics * 6 References * 7 External links ETYMOLOGYThe name is derived from Proto-Slavic stǫpa (Slovak : stupa) - a wooden bowl carved from a tree trunk, but also the name of various crushing and pressing tools. GEOGRAPHYThe town is located in the Záhorie lowland, under the Little Carpathians , around 15 km (9 mi) north of Bratislava at an altitude of 182 metres. It has 13, 499 inhabitants as of 2015 and has a land area of 67.17 km2 (26 sq mi). Except the main part Stupava, it also has part Mást (German: Maaßt; Hungarian: Mászt) located south of the town. HISTORYHowever, traces of habitation go back to the Bronze Age, and the first known inhabitants were Celts . The Romans built a military station as a part of the near Limes Romanus on the Danube . The first written mention about the town was in 1269 in a document of the King Béla IV of Hungary under name Ztumpa. In the second half of the 13th century the now-ruined Pajštún Castle in the Little Carpathians was built. It was developing mainly as an agricultural and trading settlement. The name of the town comes from the pressing mills called stupa on the Stupavský potok brook, which were used for extracting oil from flax and hemp
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Slovakia
Coordinates : 48°40′N 19°30′E / 48.667°N 19.500°E / 48.667; 19.500 Slovak Republic _Slovenská republika_ (Slovak ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Nad Tatrou sa blýska " "Lightning Over the Tatras" Location of Slovakia
Slovakia
(dark green) – in Europe
Europe
(green "> (green) – Capital and largest city Bratislava
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List Of Catholic Liturgical Rites And Particular Churches
A PARTICULAR CHURCH ( Latin : _ecclesia particularis_) is a hierarchically ordered assembly of the faithful. Catholic canon law and ecclesiology define a particular church as an ecclesiastical community headed by a bishop or someone recognised as the equivalent of a bishop . There are two kinds of particular churches: * An AUTONOMOUS PARTICULAR CHURCH or CHURCH _SUI IURIS _: In this context the descriptors _autonomous_ (Greek : αὐτόνομος, translit. _autónomos_) and _sui iuris_ ( Latin ) are synonymous, each meaning "of its own law". These are aggregations of local diocesan churches that share a specific liturgical, theological and canonical tradition. They have also been called "particular Churches or rites". The largest such autonomous particular church is the Latin Church . The other 23 are referred to collectively as the Eastern Catholic Churches , some of which are headed by bishops who have the title and rank of Patriarch or Major Archbishop . * A LOCAL PARTICULAR CHURCH: A diocese or eparchy is the most familiar form of such local particular churches, but there are other forms, including that of territorial abbacy , apostolic vicariate , apostolic prefecture , military ordinariate , personal ordinariate , and personal prelature . Each _particular church_ has evolved LITURGICAL RITES on the basis of its unique theological and spiritual heritage
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Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian Church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome , known as the Pope , the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed . Its central administration, the Holy See , is in the Vatican City , enclaved within Rome , Italy . The Catholic Church teaches that it is the one true church founded by Jesus Christ , that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles , and that the Pope is the successor to Saint Peter ; the Prince of the Apostles . The Catholic Church maintains that the doctrine on faith and morals that it declares as definitive is infallible . The Latin Church and Eastern Catholic Churches , as well as institutes such as mendicant orders and enclosed monastic orders , reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the Church. The Catholic Church is notable within Western Christianity for its sacred tradition and seven sacraments . The principal sacrament, the Eucharist , is celebrated liturgically in the Mass
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

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Eastern Catholic Churches
The EASTERN CATHOLIC CHURCHES or ORIENTAL CATHOLIC CHURCHES, also called the EASTERN-RITE CATHOLIC CHURCHES, _Greek Catholic Churches_, and in some historical cases _Uniate Churches_, are 23 Eastern Christian particular churches _sui iuris _ in full communion with the Pope in Rome , as part of the worldwide Catholic Church . Headed by patriarchs , metropolitans , and major archbishops , the Eastern Catholic Churches are governed in accordance with the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches , although each church also has its own canons and laws on top of this, and the preservation of their own traditions is explicitly encouraged. The total membership of the various churches accounts for about 16 million, according to the _ Annuario Pontificio _, thus making up about 1.5 percent of the Catholic Church, with the rest of its more than 1.2 billion members belonging to the Latin Church . The coat of arms of one of the Eastern Catholic churches, the Maronite Church in Lebanon , with motto in Latin and Syriac : "The glory of Lebanon is given to him" (Isaiah 35:2 ), applied to its leader, a Patriarch . The Maronite Church is considered the only one of them to permanently have remained in full communion with the Holy See, while most of the other churches unified from the 16th century onwards
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Particular Church
The PARTICULAR CHURCHES and LITURGICAL RITES of the Catholic Church are closely related yet distinct. The term _church_ refers to a hierarchically ordered assembly of the faithful, whereas the term _rite_ refers to a liturgical, theological , and spiritual heritage. Therefore, even though particular churches and liturgical rites are often closely interrelated, churches and rites must for the sake of clarity be listed separately. In Catholic canon law and ecclesiology , a particular church ( Latin : _ecclesia particularis_) is an ecclesiastical community headed by a bishop or someone recognised as the equivalent of a bishop . There are two kinds of particular churches: * AUTONOMOUS PARTICULAR CHURCH or CHURCH _SUI IURIS _: In this context the descriptors _autonomous_ (Greek : αὐτόνομος, translit. _autónomos_) and _sui iuris_ ( Latin ) are synonymous, each meaning "of its own law". These are aggregations of local diocesan churches that share a specific liturgical, theological and canonical tradition. They have also been called "particular Churches or rites"
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Council Of Trent
The COUNCIL OF TRENT (Latin : _Concilium Tridentinum_), held between 1545 and 1563 in Trento (Trent) and Bologna , northern Italy , was one of the Roman Catholic Church 's most important ecumenical councils . Prompted by the Protestant Reformation , it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation . Four hundred years later, when Pope John XXIII initiated preparations for the Second Vatican Council (Vatican II), he affirmed the decrees it had issued: "What was, still is." As well as decrees, the Council issued condemnations of what it defined to be heresies committed by Protestantism and, in response to them, key statements and clarifications of the Church's doctrine and teachings. These addressed a wide range of subjects, including scripture , the Biblical canon , sacred tradition , original sin , justification , salvation , the sacraments , the Mass and the veneration of saints
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Pope Pius V
POPE SAINT PIUS V (17 January 1504 – 1 May 1572), born ANTONIO GHISLIERI (from 1518 called MICHELE GHISLIERI, O.P. ), was Pope from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church . He is chiefly notable for his role in the Council of Trent , the Counter-Reformation , and the standardization of the Roman rite within the Latin Church . Pius V declared Thomas Aquinas a Doctor of the Church . As a cardinal, Ghislieri gained a reputation for putting orthodoxy before personalities, prosecuting eight French bishops for heresy . He also stood firm against nepotism , rebuking his predecessor Pope Pius IV to his face when he wanted to make a 13-year-old member of his family a cardinal and subsidize a nephew from the papal treasury. By means of the papal bull of 1570, Regnans in Excelsis , Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. He also arranged the formation of the Holy League , an alliance of Catholic states. Although outnumbered, the Holy League famously defeated the Ottoman Empire , which had threatened to overrun Europe, at the Battle of Lepanto . Pius V attributed the victory to the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary and instituted the feast of Our Lady of Victory
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Tridentine Mass
The TRIDENTINE MASS, the 1962 version of which has been officially declared the (authorized) _extraordinary form of the Roman Rite OF MASS (\'_EXTRAORDINARY FORM for short; Latin
Latin
: _forma extraordinaria_), is the Roman Rite Mass which appears in typical editions of the Roman Missal published from 1570 to 1962. The most widely used Mass liturgy in the world until the introduction of the Mass of Paul VI in 1969, it is celebrated in ecclesiastical Latin
Latin
. "Tridentine" is derived from the Latin
Latin
_Tridentinus_, "related to the city of Tridentum" (modern-day Trent , Italy), where the Council of Trent was held. In response to a decision of that council, Pope Pius V promulgated the 1570 Roman Missal , making it mandatory throughout the Latin
Latin
Church , except in places and religious orders with missals from before 1370. Despite being often described as "the (Traditional) Latin
Latin
Mass", the Mass of Paul VI (the _Novus Ordo Missae_) that replaced it as the Ordinary Form of the Roman Rite has its official text in Latin
Latin
and is sometimes celebrated in that language
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Roman Missal
The ROMAN MISSAL (Latin : _Missale Romanum_) is the liturgical book that contains the texts and rubrics for the celebration of the Mass in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Situation before the Council of Trent * 1.2 From the Council of Trent to the Second Vatican Council * 1.3 Revision of the Missal following the Second Vatican Council * 1.4 More recent changes * 1.5 Continued use of earlier editions * 2 Official English translations * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links * 6.1 Online texts of editions of the Roman Missal * 6.1.1 Full texts of the _Missale Romanum_ * 6.1.2 Texts of Roman Rite missals earlier than the 1570 Roman Missal * 6.1.3 The 2011 English translation * 6.1.4 Partial texts HISTORYSITUATION BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF TRENTBefore the high Middle Ages , several books were used at Mass: a Sacramentary with the prayers , one or more books for the Scriptural readings, and one or more books for the antiphons and other chants. Gradually, manuscripts came into being that incorporated parts of more than one of these books, leading finally to versions that were complete in themselves. Such a book was referred to as a _Missale Plenum_ (English: "Full Missal")
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Second Vatican Council
Four Constitutions: * _ Sacrosanctum Concilium _ (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy) * _ Lumen gentium _ (Dogmatic Constitution on the Church) * _ Dei verbum _ (Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation) * _ Gaudium et spes _ (Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World)Three Declarations: * _ Gravissimum educationis _ (Declaration on Christian Education) * _ Nostra aetate _ (Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions) * _ Dignitatis humanae
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Mass Of Paul VI
The MASS OF PAUL VI, also known as the _NOVUS ORDO MISSAE_ ( Latin for "New Order of the Mass"; often simply the _NOVUS ORDO_) and the ORDINARY FORM OF THE ROMAN RITE, is a form of Mass in the Catholic Church , promulgated by Pope Paul VI in 1969 after the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965). It is now the ordinary or standard form of the Roman Rite Mass. The form of Mass in the Roman Rite during the preceding four centuries, 1570 to 1969, is called the Tridentine Mass (including the 1962 version which is now called the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite ), while the various forms that succeeded each other in previous centuries are referred to as the Pre- Tridentine Mass
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