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Urayoán
Urayoán was a Taíno "Cacique" (Chief) famous for ordering the drowning of Diego Salcedo to determine whether the Spanish were gods. He was the cacique of "Yucayeque del Yagüeka or Yagüeca", which today lies in the region between Añasco and Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. His territory was marked by the natural boundaries of two rivers: Guaorabo to the north and Yagüez to the south. In 1511, Urayoán and Agüeybaná II
Agüeybaná II
(The Brave) conceived a plan to find out whether the Spaniards were really gods. Diego Salcedo (a Spanish soldier) was welcomed by Urayoán into his village and was offered to stay for the night. The following day, by Urayoán's order, Salcedo was drowned while attempting to cross, while on top of a Taíno warrior, the Guaorabo river (presently called Great Añasco River). The body of Salcedo was watched for three days after his death
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Fernando Fernández (distiller)
Fernando Fernández (c.1850–1940) was the founder of the oldest rum producing company in Puerto Rico.[1]Contents1 Start of a dynasty 2 Pedro Fernando Fernández takes charge 3 Edmundo B. Fernández, Inc. 4 Freedom barrel 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksStart of a dynasty[edit] Tower
Tower
at Hacienda Santa AnaFernández, was born in Bayamon, Puerto Rico. He was the owner of the Santa Ana plantation located in the city of his birth. The Santa Ana plantation is located on land which was granted to his grandfather (whose name was also Fernando Fernández) by the Spanish Royal Crown in 1797. Fernández's grandfather was a naval captain who fought against pirates and English merchant ships. The Spanish Royal Crown granted him this land in recognition of his service to Spain, here he planted sugarcane and raised cattle.[2] In 1804, the elder Fernández used a mixture of sugar and honey to process and distill rum
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Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°12′N 66°30′W / 18.2°N 66.5°W / 18.2; -66.5Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Joannes est nomen ejus" (Latin) "John is his name"Anthem: "La Borinqueña"[a] "The Borinquenian""The Star-Spangled Banner"Great SealStatus Unincorporated territoryCapital and largest city San Juan 18°27′N 66°6′W / 18.450°N 66.100°W / 18.450; -66.100Official languages Spanish English[1]Common languages94.7% Spanish[2]5.3% EnglishEthnic groups75.8% White12.4% Black3.3% Two or more races0.5% American Indian & Alaskan Native0.2% Asian<0.1% Pacific Islander7.8% Other[3]DemonymPuerto Rican (formal) American (since 1917) Boricua (colloquial)Country  United StatesGovernment Commonwealth[b
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Liberal Party Of Puerto Rico
Liberal may refer to:Look up Liberal, liberal, liberally, liberalism, or liberality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.Contents1 Politics 2 Economics 3 Places3.1 United States4 Arts, entertainment, and media 5 Religion 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolitics[edit]A supporter of liberalism, a political philosophy founded on ideas of liberty and equalityClassical liberalism, a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties Conservative liberalism, a variant of liberalism, combining liberal values and policies
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Roberto Cofresí
Roberto Cofresí
Roberto Cofresí
y Ramírez de Arellano[nb 1] (June 17, 1791 – March 29, 1825), better known as El Pirata Cofresí, was a pirate from Puerto Rico. Despite his birth into a noble family, the political and economic difficulties faced by the island as a colony of the Spanish Empire during the late 18th and early 19th centuries meant that his household was poor. Cofresí worked at sea from an early age; although this familiarized him with the region's geography, it provided only a modest salary. He eventually decided to abandon a sailor's life, becoming a pirate
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Tibes Indigenous Ceremonial Center
The Tibes
Tibes
Indigenous Ceremonial Center (Spanish: Centro Ceremonial Indígena de Tibes) in Barrio Portugués, Ponce municipality, Puerto Rico, houses one of the most important archeological discoveries made in the Antilles. The discovery provides an insight as to how the indigenous tribes of the Igneri and Taínos
Taínos
lived and played during and before the arrival of Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
to the New World. Tibes is the oldest Antillean Indian ceremonial and sports complex yet uncovered in Puerto Rico
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Agüeybaná (other)
Agüeybaná may refer to: Agüeybaná I (died 1510), Taíno cacique on Puerto Rico during Spanish contact Agüeybaná II
Agüeybaná II
(1470 – 1511), or Güeybaná, Agüeybaná I's brother and successor who led the Taíno rebellion of 1511Disambiguation page providing links to articles with similar titles This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name
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Añasco, Puerto Rico
Añasco (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈɲasko]), named after one of its settlers, Don Luis de Añasco, is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located on the west coast of the island bordering the Mona Passage to the west, north of Mayagüez, and Las Marias; south of Rincón, Aguada, and Moca and west of San Sebastián and Las Marias. It is part of the Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián Metropolitan Statistical Area.Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Cityscape3.1 Barrios/Neighborhoods4 Tourism4.1 Landmarks and places of interest5 Culture5.1 Festivals and events 5.2 Sports 5.3 Notable People6 Economy6.1 Agriculture7 Demographics 8 Government 9 Education 10 Symbols10.1 Flag 10.2 Coat of Arms11 See also 12 References 13 External linksHistory[edit] The town was founded on October 18, 1733 and named after Don Luis de Añasco, a colonist from the
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Deity
A deity (/ˈdiːəti/ ( listen) or /ˈdeɪ.əti/ ( listen))[1] is a hypothetical supernatural being considered divine or sacred.[2] The Oxford Dictionary of English defines deity as "a god or goddess (in a polytheistic religion)", or anything revered as divine.[3] C
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Spanish People
Spain
Spain
Nationals 41,539,400[1] (for a total population of 47,059,533) Hundreds of millions with Spanish ancestors in the Americas especially in the Hispanic
Hispanic
colonies Nationals Abroad : 2,183
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Orocobix
Orocobix was the principal regional Taíno Cacique (chief) of the central mountain region of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
called Jatibonicu in the 16th century. The Jatibonicu territorial region covered the present day municipalities of Aibonito, Orocovis, Barranquitas, Morovis and Corozal. The Taíno language
Taíno language
name Orocobix or O-roco-bis literally means: 'Remembrance of the First Great Mountain.' The seat of power of Orocobix's kingdom and caney (longhouse) was located in the town of Aibonito. Orocobix was the first cousin of Cacique Agüeybaná (The Great Sun). His wife was named "La Cacica" Yayo, she was the mother of Cacica Catalina. Cacique Orocobix and Cacica Yayo were both later given in servitude in the year 1514 and worked in the Royal Mines of the King of Spain, in Utuado
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Mathias Brugman
Mathias Brugman
Mathias Brugman
(birth name: Mathias Brugman
Mathias Brugman
Duliebre) (January 3, 1811 – September 30, 1868), a.k.a. Mathias Bruckman, was a leader in Puerto Rico's independence revolution against Spain known as El Grito de Lares (English: The Cry of Lares).Contents1 Early years 2 Independence advocate 3 El Grito de Lares 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksEarly years[edit] Brugman's father was Pierre Brugman from Curaçao
Curaçao
of Dutch–Jewish Sephardic
Sephardic
ancestry and his mother, Isabel Duliebre from Puerto Rico. They met and married in New Orleans, Louisiana
Louisiana
where Brugman was born, raised and educated. The Brugman family moved to Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and settled in the City of Mayagüez where Mathias met and married Ana Maria Laborde
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María De Las Mercedes Barbudo
María de las Mercedes Barbudo
María de las Mercedes Barbudo
(1773 – February 17, 1849) was a Puerto Rican political activist, the first woman Independentista in the island, and a "Freedom Fighter".[2][3] At the time, the Puerto Rican independence movement had ties with the Venezuelan rebels led by Simón Bolívar.[4]Contents1 Early years 2 Political activist 3 Held without bail or trial 4 Exile and escape to Venezuela 5 Legacy and honors 6 Further reading 7 Notes 8 See also 9 ReferencesEarly years[edit] Barbudo (birth name: María de las Mercedes Barbudo
María de las Mercedes Barbudo
y Coronado [note 1]) was one of four siblings born in San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico, to a Spanish father, Domingo Barbudo, and Puerto Rican mother, Belén Coronado. Her father was an officer in the Spanish Army. The benefits of being the daughter of a military officer was that she could afford to obtain an education and to buy books
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José De Diego
José de Diego
José de Diego
(April 16, 1866 – July 16, 1918), was a statesman, journalist, poet, lawyer, and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain
Spain
and from the United States
United States
who was referred to by his peers as "The Father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement"[1]Contents1 Early years 2 Poetry 3 Confederation of the Spanish-speaking islands in the Caribbean 4 Politician 5 Later years 6 Legacy 7 Partial bibliography 8 Further reading 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External linksEarly years[edit] De Diego, (birth name: José de Diego
José de Diego
y Martínez [note 1]) was born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico. He was the son of Felipe de Diego Parajón, a Spanish Army Officer from Asturias, Spain, and Elisa Martínez Muñiz, a native of Puerto Rico
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Mariana Bracetti
Mariana Bracetti (1825–1903) was a patriot and leader of the Puerto Rico independence movement in the 1860s. She is attributed with having knitted the flag that was intended to be used as the national emblem of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
in its attempt to overthrow the Spanish government on the island, and to establish the island as a sovereign republic. The attempted overthrow was the Grito de Lares, and Bracetti's creation became known as "The Flag of Lares." The flag's design was later adopted as the official flag of the municipality of Lares, Puerto Rico.Contents1 Early years 2 The first flag of Puerto Rico 3 El Grito de Lares 4 Legacy 5 Further reading 6 See also 7 ReferencesEarly years[edit] Bracetti, born in the city of Añasco, Puerto Rico, met and developed a romantic relationship with Miguel Rojas Luzardo, a rich Venezuelan businessman visiting Añasco
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Eugenio María De Hostos
Eugenio María de Hostos
Hostos
(January 11, 1839 – August 11, 1903), known as "El Gran Ciudadano de las Américas" ("The Great Citizen of the Americas"), was a Puerto Rican educator, philosopher, intellectual, lawyer, sociologist, novelist, and Puerto Rican independence
Puerto Rican independence
advocate.Contents1 Early years and family 2 Independence
Independence
advocate 3 Contributions to Latin America 4 Educator 5 Later years 6 Honors and recognitions 7 Written works 8 Ancestry 9 Notes 10 Further reading 11 See also 12 References 13 External linksEarly years and family[edit] Hostos
Hostos
(birth name: Eugenio María de Hostos
Hostos
y de Bonilla[note 1]) was born into a well-to-do family in Barrio Río Cañas of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
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