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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
An UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV), commonly known as a DRONE, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) ; which include a UAV, a ground-based controller, and a system of communications between the two. The flight of UAVs may operate with various degrees of autonomy : either under remote control by a human operator or autonomously by onboard computers. Compared to manned aircraft, UAVs were originally used for missions too "dull, dirty or dangerous" for humans. While they originated mostly in military applications, their use is rapidly expanding to commercial, scientific, recreational, agricultural, and other applications, such as policing, peacekeeping, and surveillance, product deliveries , aerial photography , agriculture, smuggling, and drone racing . Civilian UAVs now vastly outnumber military UAVs, with estimates of over a million sold by 2015, so they can be seen as an early commercial application of Autonomous Things , to be followed by the autonomous car and home robots
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UAV (other)
A UAV
UAV
is an unmanned aerial vehicle, commonly known as a drone. UAV
UAV
may also refer to: ORGANIZATIONS * University of Antelope Valley
University of Antelope Valley
* UAV
UAV
Corporation or UAV
UAV
Entertainment * Ukrainian American Veterans SEE ALSO * Unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) * UAV
UAV
Sci-Tech UAV
UAV
, a Chinese UCAV * Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Battlelab * UAV
UAV
Outback Challenge * UAV
UAV
Cypher * Vrabac Mini UAV
UAV
REFERENCES This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title UAV. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=UAV_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper
The GENERAL ATOMICS MQ-9 REAPER (sometimes called PREDATOR B) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations, developed by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (GA-ASI) primarily for the United States
United States
Air Force (USAF). The MQ-9 and other UAVs are referred to as Remotely Piloted Vehicles/Aircraft (RPV/RPA) by the USAF to indicate their human ground controllers. The MQ-9 is the first hunter-killer UAV designed for long-endurance, high-altitude surveillance . In 2006, the then–Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force General T. Michael Moseley said: "We've moved from using UAVs primarily in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance roles before Operation Iraqi Freedom, to a true hunter-killer role with the Reaper." The MQ-9 is a larger, heavier, and more capable aircraft than the earlier General Atomics MQ-1 Predator
General Atomics MQ-1 Predator
; it can be controlled by the same ground systems used to control MQ-1s. The Reaper has a 950-shaft-horsepower (712 kW) turboprop engine (compared to the Predator's 115 hp (86 kW) piston engine). The greater power allows the Reaper to carry 15 times more ordnance payload and cruise at about three times the speed of the MQ-1. The aircraft is monitored and controlled by aircrew in the Ground Control Station (GCS), including weapons employment
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Phantom (UAV)
The PHANTOM (Chinese : 精灵; pinyin : Jīng Líng) is a series of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) developed by Chinese technology company DJI . It is widely regarded as the company's flagship UAV line due to the company's dominance in the consumer drone market in the United States
United States
and Europe
Europe
. The Phantom series is targeted toward commercial, amateur, and hobbyist use. CONTENTS* 1 Current Phantom Drones * 1.1 Phantom 4 Pro * 1.2 Phantom 4 Advanced * 2 Phantom Drones (Legacy) * 2.1 Phantom 1 * 2.2 Phantom 2 * 2.2.1 Vision * 2.2.2 Vision+ * 2.2.3 FC40 * 2.3 Phantom 3 * 2.3.1 Professional * 2.3.2 Advanced * 2.3.3 Standard * 2.3.4 4K * 2.4 Phantom 4 * 3 Applications * 4 Technical specs * 5 Reception * 6 Market Trends * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links CURRENT PHANTOM DRONESPHANTOM 4 PRO The Phantom 4 Pro DJI Phantom 4 Pro, released in November 2016, has a three-axis stabilized camera with a 1-inch 20 MP CMOS sensor. It upgrades its obstacle avoidance with five directional sensors. The Phantom 4 Pro offers two remote controllers, one with a dedicated screen (Phantom 4 Pro+) and one without. It integrates an upgraded Lightbridge HD video transmission system that adds 5.8 GHz transmission support and a maximum downlink video transmission range of 7 km
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Aerial Photography
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY is the taking of photographs of the ground from an elevated/direct-down position. Usually the camera is not supported by a ground-based structure. Platforms for aerial photography include fixed-wing aircraft , helicopters , unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or "drones"), balloons , blimps and dirigibles , rockets , pigeons , kites , parachutes , stand-alone telescoping and vehicle-mounted poles. Mounted cameras may be triggered remotely or automatically; hand-held photographs may be taken by a photographer. Aerial photography
Aerial photography
should not be confused with air-to-air photography , where one or more aircraft are used as chase planes that "chase" and photograph other aircraft in flight. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early history * 1.2 World War I * 1.3 Commercial aerial photography * 1.4 World War II * 2 Uses * 3 Platforms * 3.1 Aircraft
Aircraft
* 3.2 Radio-controlled model aircraft * 4 Regulations * 4.1 Australia * 4.2 United States * 4.3 United Kingdom * 5 Types * 5.1 Oblique * 5.2 Vertical * 5.3 Combinations * 5.4 Orthophotos * 6 Aerial video * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYEARLY HISTORY _ Honoré Daumier , "Nadar élevant la Photographie à la hauteur de l'Art" (Nadar elevating Photography
Photography
to Art), published in Le Boulevard_, May 25, 1862
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Altigator
ALTIGATOR is a multirotor unmanned aerial vehicle manufacturer founded in 2008 and headquartered in Waterloo , Walloon Brabant
Walloon Brabant
, Belgium. It produces complete ready-to-fly radio-controlled miniature UAVsfor various professional applications. It also holds a web-shop providing spare parts , self-assembly kits and accessories for drones . CONTENTS * 1 Activity * 2 Civil Aviation Authorities * 3 Development * 4 Former UAV
UAV
Models * 5 Current UAV
UAV
models * 6 References ACTIVITY AltiGator
AltiGator
UAVsare registered under the OnyxStar trademark which is a brand for Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) and camera mounts dedicated to this sector. They are embedding Pixhawk or MikroKopter 's flight electronics and can lift a broad range of sensors. CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITIES AltiGator
AltiGator
builds French DGAC -certified Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) used by many UAV
UAV
operators in France as listed on the Directorate General for Civil Aviation website. Therefore, the company is also listed as a certified drone manufacturer on the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy website because this Ministry is also in charge of Transportation and Aviation purposes
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Aircraft Catapult
An AIRCRAFT CATAPULT is a device used to launch aircraft from ships , most commonly used on aircraft carriers , as a form of assisted take off . It consists of a track built into the flight deck , below which is a large piston or shuttle that is attached through the track to the nose gear of the aircraft, or in some cases a wire rope , called a catapult bridle , is attached to the aircraft and the catapult shuttle. Different means have been used to propel the catapult, such as weight and derrick , gunpowder , flywheel , air pressure , hydraulic , and steam power . The U.S. Navy is developing the use of Electromagnetic Aircraft
Aircraft
Launch Systems with the construction of the Gerald R. Ford class aircraft carrier. Catapulted aircraft land like conventional aircraft, sometimes with the help of arresting gear
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Vehicular Automation
VEHICULAR AUTOMATION involves the use of mechatronics , artificial intelligence , and multi-agent system to assist a vehicle\'s operator . These features and the vehicles employing them may be labeled as intelligent or smart. A vehicle using automation for difficult tasks, especially navigation, may be referred to as semi-autonomous. A vehicle relying solely on automation is consequently referred to as robotic or autonomous . After the invention of the integrated circuit , the sophistication of automation technology increased. Manufacturers and researchers subsequently added a variety of automated functions to automobiles and other vehicles. CONTENTS* 1 Ground vehicles * 1.1 Cars * 1.2 Trucks * 1.3 Automated guided vehicle * 2 Aircraft * 3 Watercraft * 4 Submersibles * 5 Trains * 6 Limitations * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GROUND VEHICLES Further information: Unmanned ground vehicles Ground vehicles employing automation and teleoperation include shipyard gantries, mining trucks, bomb-disposal robots, robotic insects, and driverless tractors . There are a lot of autonomous and semi-autonomous ground vehicles being made for the purpose of transporting passengers. One such example is the free-ranging on grid (FROG) technology which consists of autonomous vehicles, a magnetic track and a supervisory system
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Delivery Drone
A DELIVERY DRONE, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) utilized to transport packages, food or other goods. CONTENTS * 1 Legislation * 2 In healthcare * 3 Smuggling * 3.1 Drug smuggling * 3.2 Prison smuggling * 4 Food * 5 Postal deliveries * 6 Other examples * 7 See also * 8 References LEGISLATION Further information: Regulation of unmanned aerial vehicles In the United States
United States
initial attempts at commercial use of UAVs, such as the Tacocopter company for food delivery, were blocked by FAA regulation. As of 2015, delivering of packages with drones in the United States
United States
is not permitted. On the 13th March 2015, in Sheffield, FPS Distribution completed the first commercial delivery using a UAV. IN HEALTHCARE The RQ-7 Shadow is capable of delivering a 20 lb (9.1 kg) "Quick-MEDS" canister to front-line troops. UAVs can transport medicines and vaccines, and retrieve medical samples, into and out of remote or otherwise inaccessible regions. "Ambulance drones" rapidly deliver defibrillators in the crucial few minutes after cardiac arrests , and include livestream communication capability allowing paramedics to remotely observe and instruct on-scene individuals in how to use the defibrillators
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Drone Racing
FPV DRONE RACING (where FPV stands for first-person view or first person video) is a motorsport type where participants control "drones " (typically small radio-controlled aircraft or quadcopters ), equipped with cameras while wearing head-mounted displays showing the live stream camera feed from the drones. Similar to full size air racing the goal is to complete a set course as quickly as possible. Drone racing
Drone racing
began as an amateur sport in Australia
Australia
in late 2014. CONTENTS * 1 Drone racing
Drone racing
technology * 2 Course design * 3 Organizations * 4 Past major events * 5 Events and venues * 5.1 England * 6 Funding * 7 References DRONE RACING TECHNOLOGYFPV (first person view) flying means that pilots only see what the drone sees. This is accomplished by live streaming footage from a camera mounted on the nose of the drone. The image is transmitted via radio waves (typically 2.4 GHz or 5.8 GHz frequency) to goggles or monitor worn by the pilot. The remote control, drone, and goggles are all connected via radio and must transmit with sufficient speed and reliability to allow effective control. This technology is very new and is constantly being improved. FPV goggles on the market range from $50 to $500, with the more expensive goggles offering more and better features
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Autonomous Things
AUTONOMOUS THINGS, abbreviated AUT, or the INTERNET OF AUTONOMOUS THINGS, abbreviated as IOAT, is an emerging term for the technological developments that are expected to bring computers into the physical environment as autonomous entities without human direction, freely moving and interacting with humans and other objects. Self-navigating drones are the first AuT technology in (limited) deployment. It is expected that the first mass-deployment of AuT technologies will be the autonomous car , generally expected to be available around 2020. Other currently expected AuT technologies include home robotics (e.g., machines that provide care for the elderly, infirm or young), and military robots (air , land or sea autonomous machines with information-collection or target-attack capabilities). AuT technologies share many common traits, which justify the common notation. They are all based on recent breakthroughs in the domains of (deep) machine learning and artificial intelligence . They all require extensive and prompt regulatory developments to specify the requirements from them and to license and manage their deployment (see the further reading below). And they all require unprecedented levels of safety (e.g., automobile safety ) and security, to overcome concerns about the potential negative impact of the new technology. As an example, the autonomous car both addresses the main existing safety issues and creates new issues
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Autonomous Car
An AUTONOMOUS CAR (also known as a DRIVERLESS CAR, AUTO, SELF-DRIVING CAR, ROBOTIC CAR ) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input . Many such vehicles are being developed, but as of May 2017 automated cars permitted on public roads are not yet fully autonomous. They all require a human driver at the wheel who is ready at a moment's notice to take control of the vehicle. Autonomous cars use a variety of techniques to detect their surroundings, such as radar , laser light , GPS
GPS
, odometry , and computer vision . Advanced control systems interpret sensory information to identify appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and relevant signage . Autonomous cars have control systems that are capable of analyzing sensory data to distinguish between different cars on the road, which is very useful in planning a path to the desired destination. Some demonstrative systems, precursory to autonomous cars, date back to the 1920s and 1930s. The first self-sufficient (and therefore, truly autonomous) cars appeared in the 1980s, with Carnegie Mellon University 's Navlab
Navlab
and ALV projects in 1984 and Mercedes-Benz and Bundeswehr University Munich 's Eureka Prometheus Project in 1987. A major milestone was achieved in 1995, with CMU\'s NavLab 5 completing the first autonomous long distance drive in the United States
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Robot
A ROBOT (also called a DROID) is a machine —especially one programmable by a computer — capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within. Robots may be constructed to take on human form but most robots are machines designed to perform a task with no regard to how they look. Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda 's _Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility_ ( ASIMO ) and TOSY 's _ TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot_ ( TOPIO ) to industrial robots , medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed _swarm_ robots , UAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator , and even microscopic nano robots . By mimicking a lifelike appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of intelligence or thought of its own. Autonomous Things are expected to proliferate in the coming decade, with home robotics and the autonomous car as some of the main drivers. The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics
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Drone (bee)
A DRONE is a male bee that is the product of an unfertilized egg. Unlike the female worker bee , drones do not have stingers and do not gather nectar and pollen. A drone's primary role is to mate with a fertile queen. CONTENTS * 1 Drone genetics * 2 Anatomy * 3 Role * 4 Behaviour * 5 Mating and the drone reproductive organ * 6 Drone congregation areas * 7 Varroa destructor * 8 See also * 9 References * 9.1 Inline citations * 9.2 General references * 10 External links DRONE GENETICS Drones are haploid , growing from unfertilised eggs by arrhenotoky . Drones carry only one type of allele at each chromosomal position, because they are haploid (containing only one set of chromosomes from the mother). During the development of eggs within a queen , a diploid cell with 32 chromosomes divides to generate haploid cells called gametes with 16 chromosomes. The result is a haploid egg, with chromosomes having a new combination of alleles at the various loci . This process is also called arrhenotokous parthenogenesis or simply arrhenotoky . Because the male bee technically has only a mother, and no father, its genealogical tree is rather interesting. The first generation has one member (the male). One generation back also has one member (the mother). Two generations back are two members (the mother and father of the mother). Three generations back are three members. Four back are five members
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United States Department Of Defense
742,000 (civilian) 1,300,000 (active duty military) 826,000 (National Guard and reserve): 2.87 million total (2016) ANNUAL BUDGET US$530.1 billion (2010) US$549.1 billion (2011) US$553.0 billion (est. 2012) US$496.1 billion (2015) US$534.3 billion (base FY2016) DEPARTMENT EXECUTIVES * James Mattis , Secretary * Patrick M. Shanahan , Deputy Secretary CHILD AGENCIES * U.S. Department of the Army * U.S. Department of the Navy * U.S. Department of the Air Force WEBSITE www.defense.gov The Pentagon
The Pentagon
, headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense The DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States
United States
Armed Forces . The Department is the largest employer in the world, with nearly 1.3 million active duty servicemen and women as of 2016. Adding to its employees are over 826,000 National Guardsmen and Reservists from the four services, and over 742,000 civilians bringing the total to over 2.8 million employees. It is headquartered at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside of Washington, D.C
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