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University Of Vienna
The UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA (German: _Universität Wien_) is a public university located in Vienna , Austria . It was founded by Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is one of the oldest universities in the German-speaking world . With its long and rich history, the University of Vienna has developed into one of the biggest universities in Europe, and also one of the most renowned, especially in the Humanities . It is associated with 15 Nobel prize winners and has been the academic home of a large number of figures both of historical and academic importance
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Vienna University Of Economics And Business
The VIENNA UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS (German : _WIRTSCHAFTSUNIVERSITäT WIEN_ or WU) is the largest university focusing on business and economics in Europe and, in terms of student body, one of the largest universities in Austria . It has been ranked as one of the best business schools in Europe. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 WU today * 3 New campus * 4 Research * 5 Studies * 6 Rankings and Accreditations * 7 Notable faculty * 8 Notable alumni * 9 Notes * 10 External links HISTORY Old Building of Hochschule für Welthandel WU was founded on October 1, 1898 as _k.u.k. Exportakademie_ to provide professional training to future businessmen and thus stimulate the Austro-Hungarian empire 's economy . From humble beginnings as a professional school, it quickly grew to become an important institution, which was awarded the status of a fully-fledged _ Hochschule _ (an educational institution equivalent to a university, but specializing in a certain field such as technology or business or art) in 1919. At that time, it was renamed to _ Hochschule für Welthandel_. The course of studies leading to the academic degree of _Diplomkaufmann_ provided training preparing for the export and banking businesses and was very practical, comprising courses in business administration, economics, law and others
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

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Public University
A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities . Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country (or region) to another, largely depending on the specific education landscape
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University President
A CHANCELLOR is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is usually a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the VICE-CHANCELLOR, who may carry an additional title, such as "president if not, this duty is often held by a chairman who may be known as a pro-chancellor. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector . In the United States, the head of a university is most commonly a university president. In U.S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa
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Heinz Engl
HEINZ WERNER ENGL (born 28 March 1953) is an Austrian mathematician, the rector of the University of Vienna . Engl was born in Linz
Linz
. He studied at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz
Linz
, where he earned an engineering diploma in technical mathematics in 1975, a doctorate in 1977, and a habilitation in 1979. He worked at the University of Linz
Linz
starting in 1976 as an assistant professor, was promoted and tenured in 1981, and became a full professor in 1988. His research in this period concerned inverse problems in applied mathematics . He became vice-rector of the University of Vienna in 2007, and rector in 2013. With Martin Hanke and Andreas Neubauer he is the author of the book Regularization of Inverse Problems (Mathematics and its Applications 375, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996). Engl won the Theodor Körner Prize in 1978, the Wilhelm Exner Medal in 1998, and the ICIAM Pioneer Prize (jointly with Ingrid Daubechies ) in 2007. He became a corresponding member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 2000, and a full member in 2003. He became a fellow of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
in 2009, an inaugural fellow of the American Mathematical Society in 2012, and a member of Academia Europaea in 2013
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Postgraduate Education
POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION, or GRADUATE EDUCATION in North America
North America
, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees , academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor\'s degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education . In North America, this level is generally referred to as graduate school (or sometimes colloquially as GRAD SCHOOL). The organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history
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Doctorate
A DOCTORATE (from Latin _docere_, "to teach") or DOCTOR\'S DEGREE (from Latin _doctor_, "teacher") or DOCTORAL DEGREE (from the ancient formalism _licentia docendi_) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession . There are a variety of doctoral degrees, with the most common being the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), which is awarded in many different fields, ranging from the humanities to the scientific disciplines. There are also some doctorates in the US , such as the Juris Doctor (JD), Doctor of Medicine (MD), Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO), Doctor of Chiropractic (DC), and Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) which are generally regarded internationally as professional degrees rather than doctorates, as they are not research degrees and no defense of any dissertation or thesis is performed. Many universities also award _honorary doctorates _ to individuals who have been deemed worthy of special recognition, either for scholarly work or for other contributions to the university or to society
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Vienna
VIENNA (/viˈɛnə/ (_ listen ); German : Wien_, pronounced (_ listen )) is the capital and largest city of Austria
Austria
and one of the nine states of Austria
Austria
. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primary city , with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area , nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural , economic , and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
European Union
. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I
World War I
, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin
Berlin
. Vienna is host to many major international organizations , including the United Nations
United Nations
and OPEC . The city is located in the eastern part of Austria
Austria
and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
, Slovakia
Slovakia
, and Hungary
Hungary
. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region
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Austria
Coordinates : 47°20′N 13°20′E / 47.333°N 13.333°E / 47.333; 13.333 Republic of Austria _Republik Österreich_ (German ) _ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: * Land der Berge, Land am Strome _ (German ) * _Land of Mountains, Land by the River_ * Location of Austria (dark green) – in Europe (green "> (green) – Capital and largest city Vienna 48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.200°N 16.350°E / 48.200; 16.350 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Austrian German ETHNIC GROUPS (2012) * 81.1%
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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School Colors
In the United States, SCHOOL COLORS are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. Most schools have two colors, which are usually chosen to avoid conflicts with other schools with which the school competes in sports and other activities. The colors are often worn to build morale among the teachers and pupils, and as an expression of school spirit . School colors are often found in pairs and rarely no more than trios, though some professional teams use up to four colors in a set. The choice of colors usually follows the rule of tincture from heraldry , but exceptions to this rule are known. Common primary colors include ORANGE , PURPLE , BLUE , RED , and GREEN . These colors are either paired with a color representing a metal (often BLACK , BROWN , GRAY (or SILVER ), WHITE , or GOLD ), or occasionally each other, such as ORANGE/BLUE, RED/GREEN, or BLUE/YELLOW. Pairing two metals, such as BLACK/WHITE, SILVER/GOLD, and especially BLACK/GOLD, is also a common practice. Finally, some American schools, in a display of patriotism, adopt the national colors of RED, WHITE, OR BLUE. In an effort to further establish identity and promote a standard, many institutions often decree the use of specific shades of colors. MAROON , generally regarded as a darker shade of red, is a common primary color
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Blue
BLUE is the colour between violet and green on the optical spectrum of visible light . Human eyes perceive blue when observing light with a wavelength between 450 and 495 nanometres , which is between 4500 and 4950 ångströms . Blues with a higher frequency and thus a shorter wavelength gradually look more violet, while those with a lower frequency and a longer wavelength gradually appear more green. Pure blue, in the middle, has a wavelength of 470 nanometers (4700 ångströms). In painting and traditional colour theory , blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments, along with red and yellow, which can be mixed to form a wide gamut of colours. Red and blue mixed together form violet, blue and yellow together form green. Blue is also a primary colour in the RGB colour model , used to create all the colours on the screen of a television or computer monitor. The modern English word _blue_ comes from Middle English _bleu_ or _blewe_, from the Old French _bleu_, a word of Germanic origin related to Old Dutch , Old High German , Old Saxon _blāo_ and Old Frisian _blāw_, _blau_. The clear sky and the deep sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering
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White
WHITE is an achromatic color , a color without hue. Light with a spectral composition that stimulates all three types of the color-sensitive cone cells of the human eye in nearly equal amounts appears white. White is one of the most common colors in nature, the color of sunlight , and the color of sunlight reflected by snow , milk , chalk , limestone and other common minerals. In many cultures white represents or signifies purity, innocence, and light, and is the symbolic opposite of black , or darkness. According to surveys in Europe and the United States, white is the color most often associated with perfection, the good, honesty, cleanliness, the beginning, the new, neutrality, and exactitude. In ancient Egypt and ancient Rome, priestesses wore white as a symbol of purity, and Romans wore a white toga as a symbol of citizenship. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance a white unicorn symbolized chastity, and a white lamb sacrifice and purity; the widows of kings dressed in white rather than black as the color of mourning. It sometimes symbolizes royalty; it was the color of the French kings (black being the color of the queens) and of the monarchist movement after the French Revolution as well as of the movement called _the White Russians _ (not to be confounded with _Belarus_, literally "White Russia") who fought the _ Bolsheviks _ during the Russian Civil War (1917–1922)
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European University Foundation - Campus Europae
European University Association (EUA); European Civil Society Platform on Lifelong Learning (EUCIS-LLL); European Language Council Partnerships: European Commission; European Parliament; Council of Europe; Erasmus Student Network; Luxembourg Government WEBSITE www.uni-foundation.eu FORMERLY CALLED Campus EuropaeEUROPEAN UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION - _CAMPUS EUROPAE_ (EUF-CE) (short name: _CAMPUS EUROPAE_) is a European network which aims at the promotion of high quality student mobility and contributing to educating a generation of European graduates with an innate understanding of Europe’s unity in diversity. The project is under the patronage of the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and its Secretariat is based at the Munsbach Castle
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European University Association
The EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY ASSOCIATION (EUA) represents and supports more than 850 institutions of higher education in 47 countries, providing them with a forum for cooperation and exchange of information on higher education and research policies. Members of the Association are European universities involved in teaching and research, national associations of rectors and other organisations active in higher education and research. EUA is the result of a merger between the Association of European Universities (CRE) and the Confederation of European Union Rectors\' Conferences . The merger took place in Salamanca on 31 March 2001