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United Nationalist Alliance
The UNITED NATIONALIST ALLIANCE (UNA) is a political party in the Philippines
Philippines
. It was created as a multi-party electoral alliance replacing the former United Opposition (UNO) coalition for the 2013 midterm elections , before it was launched as a single political party on July 1, 2015 by Jejomar Binay for his candidacy in the upcoming 2016 presidential election . The acronym "UNA" spells out the Filipino word for "first". CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early Formation, 2013 elections (2012-2015) * 1.2 Binay\'s Presidential Bid (2015-present) * 2 Coalition members * 2.1 Mainstream party members (Founding Party) * 2.1.1 Current * 2.1.2 Former * 2.2 Affiliated local parties * 3 Senatorial candidates * 3.1 2013 election * 3.2 2016 election * 4 Election results * 4.1 2013 elections * 4.2 2016 elections * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYEARLY FORMATION, 2013 ELECTIONS (2012-2015)The Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), headed by former president Joseph Estrada , and the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban), headed by Vice President Jejomar Binay , signed a coalition agreement on April 4, 2012 for the 2013 elections, forming the United Nationalist Alliance
United Nationalist Alliance
(UNA)
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United Negros Alliance
UNITED NEGROS ALLIANCE, abbreviated as UNA (or UNEGA to distinguish from United Nationalist Alliance
United Nationalist Alliance
), is a provincial political party in Negros Occidental
Negros Occidental
, Philippines
Philippines
based in Bacolod
Bacolod
. CONTENTS * 1 Establishment * 2 National affiliation * 2.1 Special
Special
status * 2.2 Party alliances * 3 Proposed merger * 4 Notable members * 5 Ideology * 6 See also * 7 References ESTABLISHMENTJoseph Marañon, then Mayor of Sagay City
Sagay City
, established United Negros Alliance initially as a coalition of different parties for his candidacy in the Negros Occidental
Negros Occidental
provincial elections, 2001 . Marañon won the race as Governor of Negros Occidental
Negros Occidental
and registered United Negros Alliance as a local party, displacing the local party of former Gov. Rafael Coscolluela, Aton Tamdon Utod Negrosanon (ATUN). By convention, the Governor of Negros Occidental
Negros Occidental
elected under the party is automatically named Chairperson. If the Governor is from another party, the party nominates the member holding the next highest post for the leadership
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Toby Tiangco
TOBIAS M. TIANGCO (born November 21, 1967) is a Filipino legislator , iconoclast , businessman and politician who served three consecutive terms as Mayor of Navotas and is currently on his second term as a Member of the House of Representatives of the Philippines. He is the brother of Mayor John Rey Tiangco , who succeeded him as the mayor. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Politics * 2.1 Mayor of Navotas * 2.2 First term (1998-1999) * 2.3 Second Term (2000-2001) * 2.4 Third Term (2001-2004) * 2.5 Fourth Term (2004-2007) * 2.6 Fifth Term and Last Term (2007-2010) * 3 Congressman * 3.1 First Term (2010-present) * 3.2 Running for re-election 2013 * 4 Impeachment of Renato Corona * 5 References EARLY LIFETiangco was born into a middle-class family on November 21, 1967 in Manila
Manila
. He is the son of Restituto B. Tiangco and Erlinda M. Tiangco. He helped his parents by working at the early age with his brother John Rey Tiangco , the present mayor of Navotas
Navotas
City . Tiangco had his primary and secondary education at the Xavier School
Xavier School
and subsequently graduated with a Bachelor\'s degree in Management
Management
at Ateneo de Manila University
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Nancy Binay
MARIA LOURDES NANCY SOMBILLO BINAY-ANGELES (born May 12, 1973) is a Filipino politician. She ran as a candidate of the 2013 Philippine Senate elections and placed fifth of the twelve senators elected. She was selected as the 12th Senatorial Nominee for the United Nationalist Alliance (UNA) . CONTENTS * 1 Education * 2 Political career * 2.1 Senate * 3 Personal life * 4 References EDUCATIONBinay pursued her elementary and secondary education at St. Scholastica\'s College, Manila . She entered the University of the Philippines
Philippines
in June 1991 initially studying culinary arts and later earning a Bachelor of Science degree in Tourism from the University of the Philippines
Philippines
Diliman in 1997. POLITICAL CAREER Nancy Binay
Nancy Binay
is the eldest daughter of the former Vice President of the Philippines, Jejomar C. Binay and Dr. Elenita Binay . Nancy Binay is also the older sister of Abigail Binay, the current mayor of Makati
Makati
, and Jejomar Binay, Jr.e , former mayor of Makati. Between 1998 and 2001 she performed administrative duties as personal assistant to her mother, liaising between the Mayor's office and other governmental departments and offices as well as with the private sector. From 2010 she has been functioning as personal assistant to her father, who is the current Vice President
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Jejomar Binay
VICE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES * Inauguration of Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
* Aquino-Binay Campaign, 2010 -------------------------MAYOR OF MAKATI CITY * People Power Revolution * Presidency of Corazon Aquino
Presidency of Corazon Aquino
-------------------------MMDA CHAIRMAN * During Ramos Administration JEJOMAR "JOJO" CABAUATAN BINAY, SR. ^ (born November 11, 1942)^ served as the 13th Vice President of the Philippines
Vice President of the Philippines
, serving under President Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
. He was a presidential candidate in the 2016 Philippine presidential election . He was appointed by former President Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
as officer-in-charge of Makati
Makati
from 1986-1987. After his assignment, he was elected as Makati
Makati
City mayor from 1988-1998. During this term, he acted as the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
(MMDA) chairman from 1990 to 1991. In 2001, he was reelected as mayor until the end of his term in 2010. He resigned as Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council and as Presidential Adviser on Overseas Filipino
Overseas Filipino
Workers on June 22, 2015
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Intramuros, Manila
INTRAMUROS (Spanish for "within the walls") is the 0.67 square kilometers (0.26 sq mi) historic walled area within the modern City of Manila
Manila
, Philippines
Philippines
. It is administered by the Intramuros Administration, which was created through the Presidential Decree No. 1616 signed on April 10, 1979. Intramuros is also called the WALLED CITY, and at the time of the Spanish Colonial Period was synonymous to the City of Manila. Other towns and arrables (suburbs) located beyond the walls are referred to as "extramuros", the Spanish for "outside the walls". It was the seat of government and political power when the Philippines
Philippines
was a component realm of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
. It was also the center of religion, education and economy. The standard way of life in Intramuros became the standard way of life throughout the Philippines. The Manila
Manila
Galleons which sailed the Pacific for 250 years, carried goods to and from Intramuros (Manila) and Acapulco
Acapulco
, Mexico
Mexico
. Construction of the defensive walls was started by the Spanish colonial government in the late 16th century to protect the city from foreign invasions
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Manila
MANILA (/məˈnɪlə/ ; Filipino : _Maynilà_, pronounced or ), officially the CITY OF MANILA (Filipino : _Lungsod ng Maynilà_ ), is the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
and the most densely populated city proper in the world. It was the first chartered City by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 on July 31, 1901 and gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the "Revised Charter of the City of Manila" on June 18, 1949. Spanish Manila
Manila
was founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish _conquistador _ Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
, it is one of the oldest cities in the Philippines
Philippines
and was the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers. It is situated on the eastern shore of Manila Bay
Manila Bay
and is home to many landmarks, some of which date back to the 16th century. In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila
Manila
as an alpha- global city . The city proper is home to 1,780,148 people in 2015 , and is the historic core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its administrative limits. The term "Manila" is commonly used to refer to the whole metropolitan area, the greater metropolitan area or the city proper
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List Of Political Ideologies
In social studies , a political ideology is a certain set of ethical ideals , principles, doctrines , myths or symbols of a social movement , institution , class or large group that explains how society should work, and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. Some parties follow a certain ideology very closely, while others may take broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without specifically embracing any one of them. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of moral entrepreneurs, who sometimes act in their own interests. Political ideologies have two dimensions: * Goals: how society should be organized. * Methods: the most appropriate way to achieve this goal.An ideology is a collection of ideas. Typically, each ideology contains certain ideas on what it considers to be the best form of government (e.g. democracy or autocracy ) and the best economic system (e.g. capitalism or socialism ). Sometimes the same word is used to identify both an ideology and one of its main ideas. For instance, "socialism" may refer to an economic system, or it may refer to an ideology which supports that economic system
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Conservatism
CONSERVATISM is a political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization . By some definitions, conservatives have variously sought to preserve institutions including religion , monarchy , parliamentary government , property rights and the social hierarchy , emphasizing stability and continuity, while the more extreme elements called reactionaries oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were". The first established use of the term in a political context originated with François-René de Chateaubriand in 1818, during the period of Bourbon restoration that sought to roll back the policies of the French Revolution . The term, historically associated with right-wing politics , has since been used to describe a wide range of views. There is no single set of policies that are universally regarded as conservative, because the meaning of conservatism depends on what is considered traditional in a given place and time. Thus conservatives from different parts of the world—each upholding their respective traditions—may disagree on a wide range of issues. Edmund Burke , an 18th-century politician who opposed the French Revolution but supported the American Revolution, is credited as one of the main theorists of conservatism in Great Britain in the 1790s
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Economic Liberalism
ECONOMIC LIBERALISM is an economic system organized on individual lines, which means that the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by individuals or households rather than by collective institutions or organizations. It includes a spectrum of different economic policies, such as freedom of movement , but it is always based on strong support for a market economy and private property in the means of production. Although economic liberalism can also be supportive of government regulation to a certain degree, it tends to oppose government intervention in the free market when it inhibits free trade and open competition. Economic liberalism is most often associated with support for free markets and private ownership of capital assets . It contrasts with protectionism because of its support for free trade and open markets . Historically, economic liberalism arose in response to mercantilism and feudalism . Today, economic liberalism is also generally considered to be opposed to non-capitalist economic orders, such as socialism and planned economies . An economy that is managed according to these precepts may be described as a LIBERAL ECONOMY. CONTENTS* 1 Origins * 1.1 Position on state interventionism * 2 See also * 3 References * 3.1 Bibliography * 4 External links ORIGINSArguments in favor of economic liberalism were advanced during the Enlightenment , opposing mercantilism and feudalism
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Fiscal Conservatism
CONSERVATISM PORTAL Libertarianism portal * v * t * e FISCAL CONSERVATISM is a political-economic philosophy regarding fiscal policy and fiscal responsibility advocating low taxes, reduced government spending and minimal government debt. Free trade
Free trade
, deregulation of the economy, lower taxes , and privatization are also the defining qualities of fiscal conservatism. Fiscal conservatism follows the same philosophical outlook of classical liberalism and economic liberalism . The term has its origins in era of the New Deal during the 1930s, as a result of the policies of the initiated by reform or modern liberals many classical liberals started calling themselves conservatives as they did not wish to be identified with what was passing for liberalism. In the United States the term liberalism has become associated with the welfare state and expanded regulatory policies created as a result of the New Deal and its offshoots from the 1930s onwards. Fiscal conservatives form one of the three legs of the traditional conservative movement in the United States, together with social conservatism and national defense conservatism. Many Americans who are classical liberals also tend to identify as Libertarian , holding more socially liberal views and advocating a non-interventionist foreign policy while supporting lower taxes and less government spending
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Right-libertarianism
RIGHT-LIBERTARIANISM (or RIGHT-WING LIBERTARIANISM) refers to libertarian political philosophies that advocate negative rights , natural law , and a major reversal of the modern welfare state . Right libertarians strongly support private property rights , and defend unequal "distribution" of natural resources and private property . This position is contrasted with that of some versions of left-libertarianism , which maintain that natural resources belong to everyone in an egalitarian manner, either unowned or owned collectively . Right-libertarianism includes anarcho-capitalism and laissez-faire , minarchist liberalism . CONTENTS* 1 Philosophy * 1.1 The non-aggression principle * 1.2 The state * 1.3 Property
Property
rights * 2 History * 3 Criticism * 4 Contention over placement on the political spectrum * 5 Other uses * 6 Theorists * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References PHILOSOPHYTHE NON-AGGRESSION PRINCIPLE Main article: Non-aggression principle The non-aggression principle (NAP) is often described as the foundation of present-day right-libertarian philosophies. It is a moral stance which forbids actions that are inconsistent with capitalist property rights. The principle defines "aggression " and "initiation of force" as violation of these rights
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Political Spectrum
A POLITICAL SPECTRUM is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions. Most long-standing spectra include a right wing and left wing , which originally referred to seating arrangements in the French parliament after the Revolution
Revolution
(1789–1799). According to the simplest left–right axis, communism and socialism are usually regarded internationally as being on the left, opposite conservatism and capitalism on the right. Liberalism can mean different things in different contexts, sometimes on the left (social liberalism ), sometimes within libertarianism (classical liberalism ). Those with an intermediate outlook are classified as centrists or moderates. Politics
Politics
that rejects the conventional left–right spectrum is known as syncretic politics . Political scientists have frequently noted that a single left–right axis is insufficient for describing the existing variation in political beliefs and often include other axes. Though the descriptive words at polar opposites may vary, often in popular biaxial spectra the axes are split between sociocultural issues and economic issues, each scaling from some form of individualism (or government for the freedom of the individual) to some form of communitarianism (or government for the welfare of the community)
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Centre-right Politics
CENTRE-RIGHT POLITICS ( Commonwealth English ) or CENTER-RIGHT POLITICS ( American English ), also referred to as MODERATE-RIGHT POLITICS, are politics that lean to the right of the left–right political spectrum , but are closer to the centre than other right-wing variants. From the 1780s to the 1880s, there was a shift in the Western world of social class structure and the economy, moving away from the nobility and mercantilism , and moving towards the bourgeoisie and capitalism . This general economic shift towards capitalism affected centre-right movements such as the British Conservative Party , that responded by becoming supportive of capitalism
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Orange (colour)
ORANGE is the colour between yellow and red on the spectrum of visible light . Human eyes perceive orange when observing light with a dominant wavelength between roughly 585 and 620 nanometres . In painting and traditional colour theory , it is a secondary colour of pigments, created by mixing red and yellow. It is named after the fruit of the same name . The orange colour of carrots , pumpkins , sweet potatoes , oranges, and many other fruits and vegetables comes from carotenes , a type of photosynthetic pigment . These pigments convert the light energy that the plants absorb from the sun into chemical energy for the plants' growth. Similarly the hues of autumn leaves are from the same pigment after chlorophyll is removed. In Europe and America, surveys show that orange is the colour most associated with amusement, the unconventional, extroverts, warmth, fire, energy, activity, danger, taste and aroma, Protestantism , the autumn and Allhallowtide seasons, as well as having long been the national colour of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and the House of Orange . It also serves as the political colour of Christian democracy
Christian democracy
political ideology and most Christian democratic
Christian democratic
political parties. In Asia it is an important symbolic colour of Buddhism and Hinduism
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Navy Blue
NAVY BLUE is a very dark shade of the color blue . French sailor in dark blue uniform Navy
Navy
blue got its name from the dark blue (contrasted with white) worn by officers in the British Royal Navy
Royal Navy
since 1748 and subsequently adopted by other navies around the world . When this color name, taken from the usual color of the uniforms of sailors , originally came into use in the early 19th century, it was initially called marine blue, but the name of the color soon changed to navy blue. An early use of navy blue as a color name in English was in 1840 though the Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
has a citation from 1813
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