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United Kingdom Census 2011
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years. The 2011 CENSUS was held in all countries of the UK on 27 March 2011. It was the first UK census which could be completed online via the Internet . The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is responsible for the census in England and Wales , the General Register Office for Scotland (GROS) is responsible for the census in Scotland , and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) is responsible for the census in Northern Ireland . The Office for National Statistics is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority , a non-ministerial department formed in 2008 and which reports directly to Parliament. ONS is the UK Government's single largest statistical producer of independent statistics on the UK's economy and society, used to assist the planning and allocation of resources, policy-making and decision-making. ONS designs, manages and runs the census in England and Wales. In its capacity as the national statistics office for the United Kingdom, ONS also compiles and releases census tables for the United Kingdom when the data from England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are complete
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General Register Office For Scotland
The GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE FOR SCOTLAND (GROS) (Scottish Gaelic : Oifis Choitcheann a' Chlàraidh na h-Alba) was a non-ministerial directorate of the Scottish Government that administered the registration of births , deaths , marriages , divorces and adoptions in Scotland
Scotland
. It was also responsible for the statutes relating to the formalities of marriage and conduct of civil marriage in Scotland. It administered the census of Scotland\'s population every ten years. It also kept the Scottish National Health Service Central Register . On 1 April 2011 it was merged with the National Archives of Scotland
Scotland
to form National Records of Scotland
Scotland
. All the former department's functions continue as part of the new body. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Superintendent of Statistics * 3 Registrars General for Scotland
Scotland
* 3.1 List of Registrars General for Scotland
Scotland
* 4 New Register House * 5 Other buildings * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY General Register House, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Initially ministers of the Church of Scotland
Scotland
were responsible for keeping parish records of baptisms and marriages , but only for their own church members
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National Records Of Scotland
NATIONAL RECORDS OF SCOTLAND is a non-ministerial department of the Scottish Government . It is responsible for civil registration , the census in Scotland
Scotland
, demography and statistics , family history and the national archives and historical records. National Records of Scotland
Scotland
was formed from the merger of the General Register Office for Scotland
General Register Office for Scotland
and the National Archives of Scotland
Scotland
in 2011, and combines all the functions of the two former organisations. The offices of Registrar General for Scotland
Scotland
and Keeper of the Records of Scotland
Scotland
both continue are combined in the person of Tim Ellis, Chief Executive of National Records of Scotland. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 History * 3 References * 4 External links LOCATIONNational Records of Scotland
Scotland
is based in HM General Register House on Princes Street in the New Town in Edinburgh
Edinburgh
. The building was designed by Robert Adam for the Register House Trustees, and was opened to the public in 1788. HISTORY For earlier history, see General Register Office for Scotland
General Register Office for Scotland
and National Archives of Scotland
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Census In The United Kingdom
Coincident full censuses have taken place in the different jurisdictions of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
every ten years since 1801, with the exceptions of 1941 (during the Second World War
Second World War
) and Ireland in 1921. Simultaneous censuses were taken in the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
and the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
, with the returns being archived with those of England
England
. In addition to providing detailed information about national demographics , the results of the census play an important part in the calculation of resource allocation to regional and local service providers by the governments of both the UK and the European Union
European Union
. The most recent UK census took place in 2011 . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Release of information * 2.1 England
England
and Wales
Wales
* 2.2 Scotland
Scotland
* 2.3 Ireland and Northern Ireland * 3 Coverage * 4 Criminal law * 5 Data sets * 5.1 2001 * 5.2 2011 * 5.3 2021 * 6 List of UK censuses * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYTax assessments (known in the later Empire as the indiction ) were made in Britain in Roman times , but detailed records have not survived
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Internet
The INTERNET is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a _network of networks_ that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail , telephony , and file sharing . The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the United States federal government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer networks. The linking of commercial networks and enterprises in the early 1990s marks the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet, and generated rapid growth as institutional, personal , and mobile computers were connected to the network. By the late 2000s , its services and technologies had been incorporated into virtually every aspect of modern life. Most traditional communications media, including telephony, radio, television, paper mail and newspapers are being reshaped or redefined by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as email , Internet telephony , Internet television , online music , digital newspapers, and video streaming websites
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Office For National Statistics
The OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority , a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Purpose and scope * 3.1 Applications of data * 4 Independence * 5 Heads of the Office and the National Statistician * 6 Work of the ONS * 6.1 Data collection * 6.2 Former departments * 6.3 The Blue Book * 6.4 Education of Statisticians * 6.5 Virtual Microdata Laboratory * 7 Office Locations * 7.1 Former Headquarters * 7.2 Gradual move of functions to South Wales * 8 Criticism of the ONS * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links OVERVIEWIt is charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the UK; responsibility for some areas of statistics in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales is devolved to the devolved governments for those areas. The ONS functions as the executive office of the National Statistician , who is also the UK Statistics
Statistics
Authority's Chief Executive and principal statistical adviser to the UK's National Statistics
Statistics
Institute, and the 'Head Office' of the Government Statistical Service (GSS)
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Wales
WALES (/ˈweɪlz/ (_ listen ); Welsh : Cymru_ (_ listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the island of Great Britain . It is bordered by England
England
to the east , the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales
Wales
has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon
Snowdon
(Yr Wyddfa_), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate . Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales
Wales
is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations . Llywelyn ap Gruffudd 's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I
Edward I
of England
England
's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales
Wales
was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales
Wales
Acts 1535–1542
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Scotland
SCOTLAND (/ˈskɒt.lənd/ ; Scots : ; Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: _ Alba
Alba
_ ( listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
. It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides
Hebrides
. The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI , King of Scots , became King of England and King of Ireland
Ireland
, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms . Scotland
Scotland
subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England
England
on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain
Great Britain

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Northern Ireland Statistics And Research Agency
The NORTHERN IRELAND STATISTICS AND RESEARCH AGENCY (NISRA, Irish : _Gníomhaireacht Thuaisceart Éireann um Staitisticí agus Taighde_) is an executive agency within the Department of Finance in Northern Ireland . The organisation is responsible for the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of Northern Ireland. It is responsible for conducting the decennial census , with the last Census
Census
in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
held on 27 March 2011, and incorporates the General Register Office (GRO) for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
which is responsible for the registration of births, marriages, civil partnerships and deaths
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Northern Ireland
NORTHERN IRELAND (Irish : _Tuaisceart Éireann_ (_ listen ); Ulster-Scots : Norlin Airlann_) is a country of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
located in the north-east of the island of Ireland
Ireland
. It has been variously described as a country, province, region, or "part" of the United Kingdom, amongst other terms. Northern Ireland
Ireland
shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. In 2011 , its population was 1,810,863, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK\'s population . Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998 as part of the Good Friday Agreement , the Northern Ireland Assembly holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government
British government
. Northern Ireland
Ireland
co-operates with the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
in some areas, and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments"
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UK Statistics Authority
The UK STATISTICS AUTHORITY (UKSA, Welsh : Awdurdod Ystadegau'r DU) is an independent body operating at arm's length from Government as a non-ministerial department , directly accountable to Parliament . It was established on 1 April 2008 by the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 . CONTENTS * 1 Functions * 2 Background * 3 Board members * 4 Notes * 5 External links FUNCTIONSFormally, the UK Statistics Authority has two main functions: oversight of the Office for National Statistics (ONS), replacing the oversight role previously performed by HM Treasury ministers; and independent monitoring and assessment of official statistics, maintaining a Code of Practice for Official Statistics and accrediting Code-compliant statistics as 'National Statistics'. However, the chair can also act to comment on perceived misuse of official statistics by persons responsible or accountable for them. The assessment function has an operational role of producing reports on code compliance of specific sets of national statistics, and also a role making more strategic recommendations for the improvement of statistical outputs, in terms of both the presentation and coverage of official statistics as well as monitoring public trust in government statistics
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List Of National And International Statistical Services
The following is a LIST OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL SERVICES. CONTENTS* 1 Central national statistical services * 1.1 Africa * 1.2 Americas * 1.3 Asia * 1.4 Europe * 1.5 Oceania * 2 Autonomous statistical services at sub-national level * 3 International statistical services * 3.1 United Nations organisations * 3.2 Intergovernmental Development and Central Banks * 3.3 Regional intergovernmental organisations * 3.4 Other organisations * 4 See also * 5 External links CENTRAL NATIONAL STATISTICAL SERVICESNearly every country in the world has set a central public sector unit entirely devoted to the production, harmonisation and dissemination of official statistics that the public sector and the national community need to run, monitor and evaluate their operations and policies. This central statistical organisation does not produce every official statistic as other public sector organisations, like the national central bank or ministries in charge of agriculture, education or health, may be charged with producing and disseminating sector policy oriented statistical data. The statistical legislation and regulation generally attribute responsibilities and authorities according to statistical domains or functions in addition to those of the central unit. The table below lists these central statistical organisations by country
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Jil Matheson
DAME JILIAN NORMA MATHESON, DCB , FAcSS is the former National Statistician of the United Kingdom. CONTENTS* 1 Career * 1.1 National Statistician * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links CAREERShe joined the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys in 1975. She worked on the Expenditure and Food Survey and the General Household Survey . After 1998 she worked on Neighbourhood Statistics . At the ONS between 2004-8, she was the Director of Census, Demographic and Regional Statistics. She became Director General for Statistics Delivery at the ONS in 2008 with responsibility for the delivery of all ONS statistical operations and outputs, and for the development of the ONS’ statistical portfolio in consultation with users. She is a Fellow of the Academy of Learned Societies in Social Science (2001), a member of the Social Research Association and a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society . NATIONAL STATISTICIANShe succeeded Dame Karen Dunnell as National Statistician on 1 September 2009, and Chief Executive of the UK Statistics Authority (and the Office for National Statistics ). She retired from these roles on 30 June 2014. She was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the Bath (DCB) in the 2014 Birthday Honours for services to government statistics
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Lockheed Martin UK
LOCKHEED MARTIN UK LIMITED (LMUK) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
, headquartered in London. The company was created on 1 July 1999, combining all of Lockheed Martin's UK operations into one company
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Census Act 1920
The CENSUS ACT 1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 41) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom . Providing for a census for Great Britain (or any subsidiary part of it), on a date to be fixed by Order in Council , it remains the primary legislation for the provision of the UK census in England , Scotland , and Wales . A minimum of five years is required between censuses. CONTENTS* 1 Parts of the Act * 1.1 Schedule * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links PARTS OF THE ACT * Power to direct taking of census. * Duty of Registrar-General to carry out census, and provision for expenses. * Regulations with respect to proceedings for taking census. * Preparation of reports and abstracts. * Preparation of statistics in respect of periods between one census and another. * Provision with respect to local census. * Expenses of local authorities. * Penalties. * Application to Scotland. * Short title and extent.SCHEDULEThe Schedule to the Act lists the 'Matters in respect of which particulars may be required'
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