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Umayyad Palace
The UMAYYAD PALACE is a large palatial complex from the Umayyad period, located on the Citadel Hill (Jabal al-Qal'a) of Amman
Amman
, Jordan . Built during the first half of the 8th century, it is now largely ruined, with a restored domed entrance chamber, known as the "kiosk" or "monumental gateway"
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Umayyad
The UMAYYAD CALIPHATE ( Arabic : ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة‎‎, trans. _Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah_), also spelled OMAYYAD, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad . This caliphate was centred on the Umayyad dynasty ( Arabic : ٱلأُمَوِيُّون‎‎, _al-ʾUmawiyyūn_, or بَنُو أُمَيَّة, _Banū ʾUmayya_, "Sons of Umayya "), hailing from Mecca . The Umayyad family had first come to power under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan (r. 644–656), but the Umayyad regime was founded by Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan , long-time governor of Syria , after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in AD 661/41 AH . Syria remained the Umayyads' main power base thereafter, and Damascus was their capital
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Main Page
The 1983 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms . Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia_(satellite image pictured)_ on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean
Caribbean

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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media


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Al-Muwaqqar
AL-MUWAQQAR(Arabic : الموقر‎‎) is a district in the Amman Governorate of north-western Jordan
Jordan
. The village contains the ruins of an Umayyad
Umayyad
palace, the Qasr Al Muwaqqar, one of the desert castles . Little remains of the palace today except several acanthus leaf capitals and gauge for a water reservoir . The district is the headquarters of the 3rd Armored Division and a police training center. CONTENTS * 1 Archaeology: the qasr * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links ARCHAEOLOGY: THE QASRThe village of contains the ruins of an Umayyad
Umayyad
palace, the QASR AL-MUSHASH or QASR AL-MUWAQQAR, a qasr-type fortified palace also known as a desert castle . Little remains of the palace today except several acanthus leaf capitals and gauge for a water reservoir
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Al Qastal, Jordan
Coordinates : 31°44′49″N 35°56′8″E / 31.74694°N 35.93556°E / 31.74694; 35.93556 AL QASTAL (Arabic : القسطل‎‎)is a town in the Amman Governorate
Amman Governorate
of northern Jordan
Jordan
. Originally established as an Umayyad
Umayyad
settlement, it remains the oldest and most complete such settlement in the Near East The remains of the minaret at Qastal is especially important as it is the only one extant from the Umayyad
Umayyad
period, making it one of the oldest minarets in the world. Qasr Al Qastal, also located within the town, is considered one of the desert castles and is just 5 km from Qasr Mshatta . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Qasr al-Qastal * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYTextual evidence from the poet Kuthayyir Azza indicates that the complex at Al Qastal was originally built by Caliph Yazid bin Abd al-Malik
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Jordan
JORDAN (/ˈdʒɔːrdən/ ; Arabic : الأردن‎‎ _Al-Urdunn_), officially THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN ( Arabic : المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية‎‎ _Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah_), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia , on the East Bank of the Jordan River . Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the east and south; Iraq to the north-east; Syria to the north; Israel , Palestine and the Dead Sea to the west; and the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman , is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre. What is now Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period
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Qasr Burqu'
Coordinates : 32°36′30″N 37°57′45″E / 32.608436°N 37.96237°E / 32.608436; 37.96237 Qasr Burqu'
Qasr Burqu'
and Burqu lake from the north QASR BURQU\' is a set of ruins and an archaeological site in the badia of eastern Jordan
Jordan
. It is often described as one of the Umayyad desert castles although, as noted by Svend Helms, "it is neither a castle, nor is it in the desert" and most of the structures predate the Umayyad Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
. Wikimedia Commons has media related to QASR BURQU\\' .REFERENCES * ^ Helms, Svend (1991). "A New Architectural Survey of Qaṣr Burquʽ, Eastern Jordan". The Antiquaries Journal. 71: 191–215. doi :10.1017/S000358150008687X . ISSN 1758-5309
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Qasr Al-Hayr Al-Sharqi
QASR AL-HAYR AL-SHARQI (Eastern al-Hayr Palace
Palace
or the "Eastern Castle") is a castle (qasr) in the middle of the Syrian Desert
Syrian Desert
. It was built by the Umayyad
Umayyad
caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
in 728-29 CE in an area rich in desert fauna. It was apparently used as a military and hunting outpost. The palace is the counterpart of Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi , a nearby castle palace built one year earlier. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Syrian Civil War * 3 Architecture * 4 World Heritage
World Heritage
Status * 5 See also * 6 Notes LOCATIONQasr al-Hayr al-Sharq is 27 kilometres (17 mi) from Al-Sukhnah and 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Sergiopolis (Rusafa), near Bishri Mountain near Palmyran Middle Mountains
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Al-Sinnabra
AL-SINNABRA or SINN EN-NABRA, is the Arabic place name for a historic site on the southern shore of the Sea of Galilee in modern-day Israel . The tell upon which al-Sinnabra was situated, Khirbet Kerak
Khirbet Kerak
or Bet Yerah, is one of the largest in the Levant
Levant
, spanning an area of over 50 acres. Bet Yerah was the Hellenistic era twin city of SENNABRIS (Hebrew : צינבריי, סנבראי‎), as al-Sinnabra was known in Classical antiquity, and its remains are located at the same tell. The city or village was inhabited in the Hellenistic, Roman-Byzantine, and early Islamic
Islamic
periods. An Arab
Arab
Islamic
Islamic
palatial complex or qasr located there was also known as al-Sinnabra and served as a winter resort to caliphs in Umayyad
Umayyad
-era Palestine (c. 650-704 AD)
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Qasr Tuba
Coordinates : 31°19′32″N 36°34′15″E / 31.32556°N 36.57083°E / 31.32556; 36.57083 QASR TUBA is an Umayyad
Umayyad
qasr or castle in the Amman Governorate
Amman Governorate
of northern Jordan
Jordan
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYLike the other desert castles , Qasr Tuba
Qasr Tuba
was built during the Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliphate. The site was brought to art historical attention after it was visited in 1896 by the Czech explorer Alois Musil . DESCRIPTIONLike another Umayyad
Umayyad
desert castle, Qasr Mshatta , Qasr Tuba
Qasr Tuba
was built using a combination of limestone and bricks
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Khirbat Al-Minya
KHIRBAT AL-MINYA (also known as AYN MINYAT HISHAM or HURVAT MINIM) is an Umayyad
Umayyad
-built palace in the eastern Galilee
Galilee
, Israel
Israel
, located about 200 meters (660 ft) west of the northern end of Lake Tiberias
Tiberias
. It was erected as a qasr complex, with a palace, mosque, and bath built by a single patron. The site is the only Umayyad
Umayyad
ruin in Israeli territory with remains above the ground and features one of the earliest mosques in Palestine . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Construction * 1.2 Modern rediscovery * 2 Architecture * 3 Today * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links HISTORYCONSTRUCTION Khirbat al-Minya
Khirbat al-Minya
was likely built during the reign of the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I (705-715 CE ) and an inscription on a stone found at the site mentions his name
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Qasr Al-Hayr Al-Gharbi
QASR AL-HAYR AL-GHARBI (Arabic : قصر الحير الغربي‎) is a castle or qasr located 80 km south-west of Palmyra
Palmyra
on the Damascus road in Syria, is a twin palace of Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi
Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi
, built by the Umayyad
Umayyad
caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
in 727 CE. It was built in the Byzantine
Byzantine
architectural style. It was used as an eye of the king during the Umayyad
Umayyad
era, to control the movement of the desert tribes and to be a barrier against them, as well as being a hunting lodge . Later it was utilized by the Ayyubids and the Mamelukes
Mamelukes
but was abandoned permanently after the Mongol invasions. The castle is quadrangular in outline with 70-meter sides
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Qasr Hammam As Sarah
HAMMAM AS-SARAH is an Umayyad
Umayyad
bathhouse located in Jordan
Jordan
, and built in connection with the complex of Qasr al-Hallabat , which stands some 2 kilometres to the west. Qasr al-Hallabat is one of the Umayyad buildings collectively known as the desert castles . The design of Hammam as-Sarah shows similarities to the design of Qusayr \'Amra , another one of the desert castles. The design consists of a rectangular audience hall as well as the actual baths. The baths comprise an apodyterium (undressing room), tepidarium (warm room) and caldarium (hot room), with attached furnace, water well, water lifting device (saqiya ), and raised water tank. The remains of a roofless mosque next to the furnace are of recent date. As of 2007 or earlier, most of the bath complex as well as the accompanying mosaics and sculpture were being conserved
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