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UNCTAD
The United Nations
United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly dealing with trade, investment, and development issues. The organization's goals are to: "maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them in their efforts to integrate into the world economy on an equitable basis."[1] The primary objective of UNCTAD is to formulate policies relating to all aspects of development including trade, aid, transport, finance and technology. The conference ordinarily meets once in four years; the permanent secretariat is in Geneva. One of the principal achievements of UNCTAD (1964) has been to conceive and implement the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)
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Western European And Others Group
The Western European and Others Group
Western European and Others Group
(WEOG) is one of five unofficial Regional Groups in the United Nations
United Nations
that act as voting blocs and negotiation forums. Regional voting blocs were formed in 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from regional groups. As of 2010, there are 28 member states, plus one observer.[1] Almost all members are in Western Europe, but the WEOG is unusual in that geography is not the sole defining factor; Europe
Europe
is divided between the WEOG and the Eastern European Group, and the WEOG also contains Canada, Australia, New Zealand, which are culturally and politically descended from Western European states but are located far away from them
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Manila
Manila
Manila
(/məˈnɪlə/; Filipino: Maynilà, pronounced [majˈnilaʔ] or [majniˈla]), officially the City of Manila
Manila
(Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynilà [luŋˈsod nɐŋ majˈnilaʔ], Spanish: Ciudad de Manila), is the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
and the most densely populated city proper in the world.[3] It was the first chartered City by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 on July 31, 1901 and gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No
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Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean
Ocean
is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic
Arctic
Ocean
Ocean
in the north to the Southern Ocean
Ocean
(or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by Asia
Asia
and Australia
Australia
in the west and the Americas
Americas
in the east. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in area (as defined with an Antarctic
Antarctic
southern border), this largest division of the World Ocean—and, in turn, the hydrosphere—covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about one-third of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined.[1] The centers of both the Water Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere are in the Pacific Ocean
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United Nations Regional Groups
The United Nations
United Nations
Regional Groups are the geopolitical regional groups of member states of the United Nations. Originally, UN member states were unofficially grouped into five geopolitical regional groups. What began as an informal means of sharing the distribution of posts for General Assembly committees has taken on a much more expansive role. Depending on the UN context, regional groups control elections to UN-related positions, on the basis of geographic representation, as well as coordinate substantive policy, and form common fronts for negotiations and voting.  African Group   Asia-Pacific Group   Eastern European Group   Latin American and Caribbean
Caribbean
Group   Western European and Others Group   UN member not in any voting group   Observer states   Disputed territoryThe groupings have changed over time
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Cook Islands
Coordinates: 21°14′S 159°46′W / 21.233°S 159.767°W / -21.233; -159.767Cook IslandsKūki 'Āirani Flag Coat of arms Anthem: Te Atua Mou EGod is Truth Capitaland largest cityAvarua21°12′S 159°46′W / 21.200°S 159.767°W / -21.200; -159.767Official languagesEnglish Cook Islands Māori (including Pukapukan[a])Spoken languagesEnglish (86.4%)Māori (76.2%)other (8.3%)[1]Ethnic groups (2011[1])81.3% Māori6.7% part-Māori11.9% otherDemonym(s)Cook IslanderGovernmentConstitutional monarchy• Monarch Elizabeth II• Queen's Representative Tom Marsters• Prime Minister Henry Puna• House of Ariki Tou Travel Ariki LegislatureParliament
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Niue
Niue
Niue
(/ˈnjuːeɪ/ NEW-ay; Niuean: Niuē) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi) northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands. Niue's land area is about 261 square kilometres (101 sq mi)[7] and its population, predominantly Polynesian, was about 1,600 in 2016.[4] The island is commonly referred to as "The Rock", which comes from the traditional name "Rock of Polynesia".[8] Niue
Niue
is one of the world's largest coral islands. The terrain consists of steep limestone cliffs along the coast with a central plateau rising to about 60 metres above sea level. A coral reef surrounds the island, with the only major break in the reef being in the central western coast, close to Alofi
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List Of States With Limited Recognition
A number of polities have declared independence and sought diplomatic recognition from the international community as de jure sovereign states, but have not been universally recognised as such. These entities often have de facto control of their territory. A number of such entities have existed in the past. There are two traditional doctrines that provide indicia of how a de jure sovereign state comes into being. The declarative theory defines a state as a person in international law if it meets the following criteria:a defined territory a permanent population a government, and a capacity to enter into relations with other states.According to the declarative theory, an entity's statehood is independent of its recognition by other states
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Midrand, Gauteng
Midrand
Midrand
is an area in central Gauteng
Gauteng
Province, South Africa. It is situated between Centurion and Kyalami, and is part of the City of Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Metropolitan Municipality.Contents1 History 2 Government 3 Landmarks 4 Business 5 Education 6 Sports 7 Transport 8 Climate 9 References 10 External linksHistory[edit] Midrand
Midrand
was established as a municipality in 1981 (in an area known as Halfway House, after its position between Pretoria
Pretoria
and Johannesburg), but ceased to be an independent town in the restructuring of local government that followed the end of apartheid in 1994. It was incorporated in the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality
City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality
in 2000
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Accra
The Accra
Accra
Metropolitan Area or simply Accra
Accra
/əˈkrɑː/ is the capital of the Republic of Ghana, with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million as of 2012[update].[5] Its core, the City of Accra, is coterminous with the Accra
Accra
Metropolitan District and covers an area of 86.78 sq mi (139km2).[6] Since 2007, Accra
Accra
has also referred to the metropolitan area around this core, encompassing the Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal district and La Dade Kotopon Municipal district which were carved out of the Accra
Accra
Metropolitan District.[7][8] The intersection of the Lafa stream and Mallam junction serves as the western border of Accra, the Great Hall of the University of Ghana forms Accra's northern border, while the Nautical College forms the eastern border
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São Paulo
São Paulo
São Paulo
(/ˌsaʊ ˈpaʊloʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ˈpawlu] ( listen)) is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil. The metropolis is an alpha global city (as listed by the GaWC) and the most populous city in Brazil, the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
and the Southern Hemisphere. The municipality is also the Earth's 13th largest city proper by population. The city is the capital of the surrounding state of São Paulo, one of 26 constituent states of the republic. It is the most populous and wealthiest city in Brazil. It exerts strong international influences in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment.[7] The name of the city honors the Apostle, Saint Paul of Tarsus
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Bangkok
Bangkok
Bangkok
(UK: /bæŋˈkɒk/,[6][7] US: /ˈbæŋkɒk/[7][8]) is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced [krūŋ tʰêːp mahǎː nákʰɔ̄ːn] ( listen)) or simply Krung Thep ( listen (help·info)). The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand, and has a population of over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population
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Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
(/dʒoʊˈhænɪsbɜːrɡ/; Afrikaans: [jʊəˈɦanəsbœrχ]; also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa
South Africa
and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.[8] It is the provincial capital and largest city in Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa.[9] While Johannesburg
Johannesburg
is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court. The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand
Witwatersrand
range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade.[citation needed] The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network
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Cartagena, Colombia
The city of Cartagena, known in the colonial era as Cartagena de Indias (Spanish: Cartagena de Indias
Cartagena de Indias
[kaɾtaˈxena ðe ˈindjas] ( listen)), is a major port founded in 1533, located on the northern coast of Colombia
Colombia
in the Caribbean Coast Region. It was strategically located between the Magdalena and Sinú rivers and became the main port for trade between Spain
Spain
and its overseas empire, establishing its importance by the early 1540s. During the colonial era it was a key port for the export of Peruvian silver to Spain
Spain
and for the import of African slaves under the asiento system
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Belgrade
Belgrader (en) Beograđanin (sr)Time zone CET (UTC+1) • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)Postal code 11000Area code(s) +381(0)11 ISO 3166 code RS-00Car plates BGWebsite www.beograd.rs Belgrade
Belgrade
(/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian: Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city", Serbian pronunciation: [beǒɡrad] ( listen); names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava
Sava
and Danube
Danube
rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans.[6] The urban area of the City of Belgrade
Belgrade
has a population of 1.23 million, while nearly 1.7 million people live within its administrative limits.[5] One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade
Belgrade
area in the 6th millennium BC
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Nairobi
Nairobi
Nairobi
(/naɪˈroʊbi/; locally [naɪˈroːbi]) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyrobi, which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi River
Nairobi River
which flows through the city. The city proper has a population of 3,138,369, while the metropolitan area has a population of 6,547,547
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