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Type Section
A stratotype or type section is a geological term that names the physical location or outcrop of a particular reference exposure of a stratigraphic sequence or stratigraphic boundary. If the stratigraphic unit is layered, it is called a stratotype, whereas the standard of reference for unlayered rocks is the type locality.[1] See also[edit]Global Boundary Stratotype Section and PointReferences[edit]^ "Stratotypes and Type Localities". International Commission on Stratigraphy
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Geology
Geology
Geology
(from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse"[1][2]) is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. Geology can also refer to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite, (such as Mars
Mars
or the Moon). Geology
Geology
describes the structure of the Earth
Earth
beneath its surface, and the processes that have shaped that structure
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Korean Era Name
Korean era names were used during the period of Silla, Goguryeo, Balhae, Taebong, Goryeo, Joseon, and the Korean Empire
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Yuga
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra


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Mesoamerican Calendars
Mesoamerican calendars
Mesoamerican calendars
are the calendrical systems devised and used by the pre-Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica. Besides keeping time, Mesoamerican calendars
Mesoamerican calendars
were also used in religious observances and social rituals, such as for divination. The existence of Mesoamerican calendars
Mesoamerican calendars
is known as early as ca. 500 BCE, with the essentials already appearing fully defined and functional
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Mesoamerican Long Count Calendar
The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar
Mesoamerican Long Count calendar
is a non-repeating, vigesimal (base-20) and base-18 calendar used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya. For this reason, it is often known as the Maya (or Mayan) Long Count calendar
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Tzolk'in
Tzolk'in[1] (Mayan pronunciation: [t͡sol ˈkʼin], formerly and commonly tzolkin) is the name bestowed by Mayanists on the 260-day Mesoamerican calendar originated by the Maya civilization
Maya civilization
of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. The tzolk'in, the basic cycle of the Maya calendar, is a preeminent component in the society and rituals of the ancient and the modern Maya. The tzolk'in is still in use by several Maya communities in the Guatemalan highlands. Its use is marginal but spreading in this region, although opposition from Evangelical Christian converts continues in some communities. The word tzolk'in, meaning "division of days"[citation needed], is a western coinage in Yukatek Maya
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Haab'
The Haab' (Mayan pronunciation: [haːɓ]) is part of the Maya calendric system
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Regnal Year
A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule. The oldest dating systems were in regnal years[citation needed], and considered the date as an ordinal, not a cardinal number. For example, a monarch could have a first year of rule, a second year of rule, a third year of rule, and so on, but not a zeroth year of rule, which would be nonsensical. Applying this ancient epoch system to modern calculations of time, which include zero, is what led to the debate over when the third millennium began. Regnal years are "finite era names", contrary to "infinite era names" such as Christian era, Jimmu era, Juche era, and so on.Contents1 Reckoning in various cultures 2 England 3 Ancient Egypt 4 Asian era names4.1 Chinese era names 4.2 Japanese 4.3 Korean5 Notable king lists 6 See also 7 ReferencesReckoning in various cultures[edit] In ancient times, calendars were counted in terms of the number of years of the reign of the current monarch
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Canon Of Kings
The Canon of Kings was a dated list of kings used by ancient astronomers as a convenient means to date astronomical phenomena, such as eclipses. The Canon was preserved by the astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, and is thus known sometimes as Ptolemy's Canon. It is one of the most important bases for our knowledge of ancient chronology. The Canon derives originally from Babylonian sources. Thus, it lists Kings of Babylon
Babylon
from 747 BC until the conquest of Babylon
Babylon
by the Persians in 539 BC, and then Persian kings from 538 to 332 BC
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Limmu
Limmu was an Assyrian eponym. At the beginning of the reign of an Assyrian king, the limmu, an appointed royal official, would preside over the New Year festival at the capital. Each year a new limmu would be chosen. Although picked by lot, there was most likely a limited group, such as the men of the most prominent families or perhaps members of the city assembly. The Assyrians used the name of the limmu for that year to designate the year on official documents. Lists of limmus have been found accounting for every year between 892 BC and 648 BC. During the Old Assyrian period, the king himself was never the limmum, as it was called in their language
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Chinese Era Name
A Chinese era name is the regnal year, reign period, or regnal title used when traditionally numbering years in an emperor's reign and naming certain Chinese rulers. Some emperors have several era names, one after another, where each beginning of a new era resets the numbering of the year back to year one or yuán (元). The numbering of the year increases on the first day of the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
each year. The era name originated as a motto or slogan chosen by an emperor.Contents1 Function 2 History 3 Era system versus Western dating system 4 See also 5 External linksFunction[edit] Emperor Wu of Han
Emperor Wu of Han
was conventionally regarded as the first emperor to declare an era name; however he was only the first to use an era name in every year of his reign. His grandfather and father also employed era names, though not continuously
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Japanese Era Name
The Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name"), also known as gengō (元号), is the first of the two elements that identify years in the Japanese era calendar scheme. The second element, a number, counts the years since the era began; as in many other systems, there is no year zero. For example, the first year of the Heisei period
Heisei period
was 1989 CE, or " Heisei
Heisei
1", so the year 2018 CE in this scheme is "Heisei 30". As elsewhere in East Asia, the use of nengō was originally derived from Chinese Imperial practice, although the Japanese system is independent of the Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese era-naming systems. Unlike some of these other similar systems, Japanese era names are still in use
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Vietnamese Era Name
Following is the era names of Vietnamese monarchs.[1]Contents1 Table 2 See also 3 References3.1 Notes 3.2 BibliographyTable[edit] Era name Classical Chinese Year Emperor DynastyThiên Đức (Đại Đức) Thái Bình Thái Bình Thiên Phúc Hưng Thống Ứng Thiên Ứng Thiên Cảnh Thụy Thuận Thiên Thiên Thành Thông Thụy Càn Phù Hữu Đạo Minh Đạo Thiên Cảm Thánh Vũ Sùng Hưng Đại Bảo Long Thụy Thái Bình Chương Thánh Gia Khánh Long Chương Thiên Tự Thiên Huống Bảo Tượng Thần Vũ Thái Ninh Anh Vũ Chiêu Thắng Quảng Hựu Hội Phong Long Phù Hội Tường Đại Khánh Thiên Phù Duệ Vũ Thiên Phù Khánh Thọ Thiên Thuận Thiên Chương Bảo Tự Thiệu Minh Đại Định Chính Long Bảo Ứng Thiên Cảm Ch
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Sothic Cycle
The Sothic cycle
Sothic cycle
or Canicular period is a period of 1,461 Egyptian civil years of 365 days each or 1,460 Julian years averaging 365¼ days each. During a Sothic cycle, the 365-day year loses enough time that the start of its year once again coincides with the heliacal rising of the star Sirius
Sirius
(Ancient Egyptian: Spdt or Sopdet, "Triangle"; Greek: Σῶθις, Sō̂this) on 19 July in the Julian calendar.[1][a] It is an important aspect of Egyptology, particularly with regard to reconstructions of the Egyptian calendar
Egyptian calendar
and its history
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Calendar
A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months and years. A date is the designation of a single, specific day within such a system. A calendar is also a physical record (often paper) of such a system
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