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Twin Cities
TWIN CITIES are a special case of two cities or urban centres that are founded in close geographic proximity and then grow into each other over time, losing most of their mutual buffer zone . There are no precise criteria for twin-cityhood, but to be considered twin cities, the cities involved have to have a similar administrative status and somewhat comparable sizes; a suburb of a much larger population center is usually not considered to form a twin city with it. For example, South San Francisco (population about 65,000) is not considered a twin city with San Francisco (population about 850,000). However, cities considered twinned by proximity do not necessarily match demographically, economically, or politically. In many historical cases, cities that grew into each other's space lost their individual identities, and the border or barrier originally separating them became almost irrelevant. An 1873 case of twin cities merging to become a united city is Budapest in Hungary, which began as two settlements ( Buda and Pest ) facing each other across the Danube at a strategic fording place along a trade route. In China, the three ancient cities of Hankou , Hanyang , and Wuchang , separated by the junction of the Yangtze and Hanjiang rivers, were joined in 1927 into the single entity of Wuhan
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Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minnesota
Minnesota
Wisconsin
Wisconsin
* PRINCIPAL CITIES * Minneapolis
Minneapolis
* Saint Paul AREA • URBAN 1,021.8 sq mi (2,646 km2) • METRO 8,120 sq mi (21,000 km2) HIGHEST ELEVATION 1,376 ft (419 m) LOWEST ELEVATION 666 ft (203 m) POPULATION (2016) • DENSITY 515.4/sq mi (199.0/km2) • URBAN 3,112,117 (14th ) • MSA 3,551,036 (16th ) • CSA 3,894,820 (14th ) MSA/CSA: 2016 Urban: 2010 TIME ZONE CST ( UTC-6 ) • SUMMER (DST ) CDT ( UTC-5 ) MSA HISTORICAL POPULATION CENSUS POP. %± 1850 4,491 — 1860 77,565 1,627.1% 1870 167,674 116.2% 1880 284,766 69.8% 1890 540,232 89.7% 1900 649,735 20.3% 1910 808,388 24.4% 1920 921,031 13.9% 1930 1,069,845 16.2% 1940 1,162,361 8.6% 1950 1,346,285 15.8% 1960 1,697,403 26.1% 1970 2,079,826 22.5% 1980 2,255,502 8.4% 1990 2,595,799 15.1% 2000 3,031,918 16.8% 2010 3,346,859 10.4% EST. 2016 3,551,036 6.1% U.S
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Twin City (other)
TWIN CITY or TWIN TOWN may refer to: * Twin Town, Wisconsin , an unincorporated community * Twin towns and sister cities , two distant cities or towns agree to partner each other, for various reasons* Twin cities
Twin cities
, two towns or cities that are geographically close to each other, and often referred to collectively * Minneapolis–Saint Paul in the U.S. state of Minnesota, most commonly referred to as the Twin Cities * The Twin City, a nickname for the city of Winston-Salem, North Carolina * Twin City, Georgia , taken as a proper name when two adjacent municipalities merged * Lewiston–Auburn , in the U.S. state of Maine, often called the Twin Cities * Champaign–Urbana , in the U.S. state of Illinois, often called the Twin Cities * Twin City (Bratislava) , name of the biggest multifunction building complex in Central Europe, under construction * Twin Town
Twin Town
, a 1997 comedy filmSEE ALSO * Cândido Godói , a town in Brazil known for its unusually high twin population * Twinsburg, Ohio , location of an annual twin convention * Twin Township (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title TWIN CITY. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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City
A CITY is a large and permanent human settlement . CITIES generally have extensive systems for housing , transportation , sanitation , utilities , land use , and communication . Their density facilitates interaction between people and businesses, sometimes benefiting both parties in the process. Historically citydwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but today, following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization , half of the world population is said to live in cities. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas , creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. The most populated city proper is Shanghai while the largest metropolitan areas also include the Greater Tokyo Area and Jabodetabek ( Jakarta ). The cities of Faiyum , Damascus , and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation
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Buffer Zone
A BUFFER ZONE is generally a zonal area that lies between two or more other areas (often, but not necessarily, countries ), but depending on the type of buffer zone, the reason for it may be to segregate regions or to conjoin them. Common types of buffer zones are demilitarized zones , border zones and certain restrictive easement zones and green belts . Such zones may be, but not necessarily be, comprised by a sovereign state, forming a buffer state . Buffer zones have various purposes, political or otherwise. They can be set up to prevent violence, protect the environment, protect residential and commercial zones from industrial accidents or natural disasters, keep prisoners intent on escaping from rapidly acquiring hostages or a hiding place, and have uses in several other scenarios. Buffer zones often result in large uninhabited regions which are themselves noteworthy in many increasingly developed or crowded parts of the world. CONTENTS * 1 Conservation * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links CONSERVATIONFor use in nature conservation, a buffer zone is often created to enhance the protection of areas under management for their biodiversity importance. The buffer zone of a protected area may be situated around the periphery of the region or may be a connecting zone within it which links two or more protected areas, therefore increasing their dynamics and conservation productivity
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Suburb
A SUBURB is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking regions , suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner city areas, but in Australian English and South African English , "suburb" has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood " in other countries and the term extends to inner city areas. In some areas, such as Australia
Australia
, China
China
, New Zealand
New Zealand
, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, and a few U.S. states , new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Arabia
Arabia
, Canada
Canada
, France
France
, and much of the United States
United States
, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county . Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting
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South San Francisco
SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO is a city in San Mateo County , California
California
, United States
United States
, located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area . The population was 63,632 at the 2010 census . CONTENTS * 1 Physical Location * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Climate * 5 Demographics * 5.1 2000 * 5.2 2010 * 6 Transportation * 7 Education * 8 Fire department * 9 Neighborhoods * 10 Points of interest and recreation * 10.1 Sign Hill * 10.2 Wind Harp * 10.3 City Hall * 10.4 Other parks * 10.5 Other places of interest * 11 Economy * 11.1 Top employers * 12 Government * 13 Sister cities * 14 References * 15 External links PHYSICAL LOCATIONSouth San Francisco
San Francisco
is located at 37°39′22″N 122°25′32″W / 37.65611°N 122.42556°W / 37.65611; -122.42556 (37.655983, -122.425525) . According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau , the city has a total area of 30.2 square miles (78 km2), of which, 9.1 square miles (24 km2) of it is land and 21.0 square miles (54 km2) of it (69.69%) is water
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San Francisco
California
California
------------------------- CSA San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland METRO San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward MISSION June 29, 1776 INCORPORATED April 15, 1850 FOUNDED BY José Joaquin Moraga Francisco Palóu NAMED FOR St. Francis of Assisi
Francis of Assisi
GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor-council • BODY Board of Supervisors • MAYOR Edwin M. Lee (D ) • SUPERVISORS List * Sandra Lee Fewer (D) * Mark Farrell (D) * Aaron Peskin (D) * Katy Tang (D) * London Breed (D) * Jane Kim (D) * Norman Yee (D) * Jeff Sheehy (D) * Hillary Ronen
Hillary Ronen
(D) * Malia Cohen (D) * Ahsha Safaí (D) • ASSEMBLY MEMBERS David Chiu (D ) Phil Ting (D ) • STATE SENATOR Scott Wiener (D ) • UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVES Nancy Pelosi (D ) Jackie Speier (D ) AREA • CITY AND COUNTY 231.89 sq mi (600.59 km2) • LAND 46.89 sq mi (121.46 km2) • WATER 185.00 sq mi (479.14 km2) 80.00% • METRO 3,524.4 sq mi (9,128 km2) ELEVATION 52 ft (16 m) HIGHEST ELEVATION 934 ft (285 m) LOWEST ELEVATION 0 ft (0 m) POPULATION (2016) • CITY AND COUNTY 870,887 • RANK 13th, U.S
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United City
A UNITED CITY is one which, as a consequence of political changes or border shifts, once constituted two separate entities that were later merged
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Budapest
BUDAPEST (Hungarian: ( listen )) is the capital and by far the most populous city of Hungary and one of the largest cities in the European Union . With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles), Budapest is also one of the most densely populated major cities in the EU. Budapest is both a city and county , and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area , which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 square miles) and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary. The Budapest metropolitan area had a GDP of $141.0 billion (€129.4 billion) in 2016, accounting for 49.6 percent of the GDP of Hungary. GDP per capita in the city is $64,283, which means 148% of the EU average measured on purchasing power parity . Thereby the city is among the top 100 GDP performing cities in the world and making it one of the largest regional economies in the European Union. Budapest is a leading global city with strengths in commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment
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Buda
BUDA (Hungarian pronunciation: ) was the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Hungary and since 1873 has been the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest , on the west bank of the Danube . Buda comprises a third of Budapest’s total territory and is in fact mostly wooded. Landmarks include Buda Castle , the Citadella , and Hungary’s president’s residence Sándor Palace . CONTENTS * 1 Demographics * 2 Notable residents * 3 Twin cities * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links DEMOGRAPHICS Flag of Buda before 1873. Historical coat of arms of Buda, used between 1703-1873. The Buda fortress and palace were built by King Béla IV of Hungary in 1247, and were the nucleus round which the town of Buda was built, which soon gained great importance, and became in 1361 the capital of Hungary. While Pest was mostly Hungarian in the 15th century, Buda had a German majority; however according to the Hungarian Royal Treasury, it had a Hungarian majority with a sizeable German minority in 1495. Buda became part of Ottoman -ruled central Hungary from 1541 to 1686. It was the capital of the province of Budin during the Ottoman era
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Pest (city)
PEST (Hungarian pronunciation: ) is the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapest , Hungary , comprising about two thirds of the city's territory. It is separated from Buda and Óbuda , the western parts of Budapest, by the Danube River . Among its most notable parts are the Inner City , including the Hungarian Parliament , Heroes\' Square and Andrássy Avenue . In colloquial Hungarian , "Pest" is often used for the whole capital of Budapest. The three parts of Budapest (Pest, Buda , Óbuda ) united in 1873. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Notable people * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links ETYMOLOGYThe name Pest comes from a Slavic word meaning "furnace", "oven" (Bulgarian пещ ; Serbian пећ; Croatian "peć"), related to the word пещера (meaning "cave"), probably with reference to a local cave where fire burned. The spelling Pesth was occasionally used in English, even as late as the early 20th century, although it is now considered archaic. HISTORY Flag of Pest before 1873. Historical coat of arms of Pest, used between 1703-1873. Pest was a separate independent city , references to which appear in writings dating back to 1148. In earlier centuries there were ancient Celtic and Roman settlements there
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Danube
The DANUBE (/ˈdænjuːb/ _DAN-ewb_ , known by various names in other languages ) is Europe 's second-longest river , after the Volga River . It is located in Central and Eastern Europe . The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire , and today flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world. Originating in Germany , the Danube flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi), passing through or touching the border of Austria , Slovakia , Hungary , Croatia , Serbia , Romania , Bulgaria , Moldova and Ukraine before emptying into the Black Sea . Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries. The Danube river basin is the most biodiverse region in Europe, and is home to hundreds of fish species, such as pike , Zander , huchen , wels catfish , burbot and tench . It is also home to a large diversity of carp , sturgeon , and salmon /trout . A few species of Euryhaline fish, such as European seabass , mullet , and eel , inhabit the Danube delta and the lower portion of the river
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Ford (crossing)
A FORD is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet. A ford is mostly a natural phenomenon, in contrast to a low water crossing , which is an artificial bridge that allows crossing a river or stream when water is low. CONTENTS* 1 Description * 1.1 Watersplash * 2 Location names * 3 Famous battles * 3.1 In fiction * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links DESCRIPTIONA ford is a much cheaper form of river crossing than a bridge , but it may become impassable after heavy rain or during flood conditions. A ford is therefore normally only suitable for very minor roads (and for paths intended for walkers and horse riders etc.). Most modern fords are usually shallow enough to be crossed by cars and other wheeled or tracked vehicles (a process known as "fording"). In New Zealand, however, fords are a normal part of major roads, including, until 2010, along State Highway 1 on the South Island's east coast. As most inter-city domestic passengers travel by air and as much cargo goes by sea, long distance road traffic is low and fords are thus a practical necessity for crossing seasonal rivers. In dry weather, drivers become aware of a ford by crunching across outwash detritus on the roadway. A Bailey bridge may be built off the main line of the road to carry emergency traffic during high water
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Hankou
Coordinates : 30°34′52″N 114°16′21″E / 30.581179°N 114.272597°E / 30.581179; 114.272597 Hankou 汉口市 City of China
China
1921–1949 → → → The map of Hankou
Hankou
(with the five foreign concessions), Hanyang, and Wuchang, as of 1915 HISTORY • Established 3 July 1921 • Disestablished 16 May 1949 TODAY PART OF Part of Wuhan
Wuhan
(Jiang\'an , Jianghan , "> CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Revolutionary periods * 1.2 Foreign concessions period * 2 Modern status * 3 Media * 4 References * 5 Notes * 6 External links HISTORY THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CHINESE TEXT. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters .The city's name literally means "Mouth of the Han", from its position at the confluence of the Han with the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
. The name appears in a Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
poem by Liu Changqing . Other historical names for the city include XIAKOU (夏口), MIANKOU (沔口), and LUKOU (鲁口). Hankou, from the Ming to late Qing , was under the administration of the local government in Hanyang , although it was already one of the four major national markets (zh:四大名镇) in Ming dynasty
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Hanyang District
HANYANG DISTRICT (simplified Chinese : 汉阳区; traditional Chinese : 漢陽區; pinyin : Hànyáng qū) forms part of the urban core of and is one of 13 districts of Wuhan
Wuhan
, the capital of Hubei
Hubei
province, People's Republic of China. Currently, it is a district and stands between the Han River (right/southern bank) and the Yangtze River (left/northwestern bank), where the former drains into the latter. It is connected by bridges with its former sister cities, Hankou and Wuchang . Presently, on the left bank of the Yangtze, it borders the districts of Qiaokou to the north across the Han River, Jianghan to the northeast, Caidian to the southwest, and Dongxihu to the northwest; on the opposite bank it borders Wuchang and Hongshan . The name "Hanyang" continues to be commonly used for the part of urban Wuhan
Wuhan
between the Han and the Yangtze. Administr