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Turist Iguazu Argentina Latin America
Coordinates : 34°S 64°W / 34°S 64°W / -34; -64 Argentine Republic República Argentina
Argentina
(Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: * " En unión y libertad " * ("In Unity and Freedom") ANTHEM: * Himno Nacional Argentino * ("Argentine National Anthem") * Sol de Mayo (Sun of May) Argentina
Argentina
shown in dark green


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Argentina (other)
ARGENTINA is a country in South America. ARGENTINA may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Places * 2 Other uses * 3 People with the name * 4 See also PLACES * Argentina, Santiago del Estero , Argentina, a village * Strasbourg or Argentina, a city and prince-bishopric in France * Argentina (river) in Imperia Province, ItalyOTHER USES * Argentina (plant) , a genus of flowering plants * Argentina (fish) , a genus of fishes * Argentina (album) , an album by Thela * Argentina (brand) , a Philippine brand of meat products * Argentina, a variant of the Ligurian dialect Brigasc PEOPLE WITH THE NAME * Argentina Brunetti (1907–2005), Argentine actress and writer * Imperio Argentina , singer and actressSEE ALSO * Argentia , Newfoundland, Canada * Argennina , a genus of spiders * Argentine (other) * La Argentina (other) * La Argentinita or Encarnación López Julvez (1898–1945), Argentine flamenco dancer * Largo di Torre Argentina , a piazza in Rome * Name of Argentina This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ARGENTINA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese . Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century
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Flag Of Argentina
The FLAG OF ARGENTINA is a triband , composed of three equally wide horizontal bands coloured light blue and white . There are multiple interpretations on the reasons for those colors. The flag was created by Manuel Belgrano , in line with the creation of the Cockade of Argentina , and was first raised at the city of Rosario on February 27, 1812, during the Argentine War of Independence . The National Flag Memorial was later built on the site. The First Triumvirate did not approve the use of the flag, but the Asamblea del Año XIII allowed the use of the flag as a war flag . It was the Congress of Tucumán which finally designated it as the national flag , in 1816. A yellow Sun of May was added to the center in 1818. The full flag featuring the sun is called the Official Ceremonial Flag (Spanish : _Bandera Oficial de Ceremonia_). The flag without the sun is considered the Ornamental Flag (Bandera de Ornato). While both versions are equally considered the national flag, the ornamental version must always be hoisted below the Official Ceremony Flag. In vexillological terms, the Official Ceremonial Flag is the civil, state and war flag and ensign , while the Ornamental Flag is an alternative civil flag and ensign. There is controversy of the true colour of the first flag, between scientist and the descendants of Manuel Belgrano between blue and pale blue
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Coat Of Arms Of Argentina
The COAT OF ARMS OF THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC (Spanish : Escudo de la República Argentina) was established in its current form in 1944, but has its origins in the seal of the General Constituent Assembly of 1813. It is supposed that it was chosen quickly because of the existence of a decree signed on February 22 sealed with the symbol. The first mention of it in a public document dates to March 12 of that same year, in which it is stated that the seal had to be used by the executive power, that is, the second triumvirate. On April 13 the National Assembly coined the new silver and gold coins, each with the seal of the assembly on the reverse, and on April 27 the coat of arms became a national emblem. Although the coat of arms is not currently shown on flags, the Buenos Aires -born military leader Manuel Belgrano ordered to paint it over the flag he gave to the city of San Salvador de Jujuy , and during the Argentine War of Independence most flags had the coat of arms . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Provincial shields * 3 References * 4 Further reading DESCRIPTION Seal of the General Constituent Assembly of 1813. Seal of a French group in the National Assembly, around 1793. It is unknown who designed the coat of arms
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En Unión Y Libertad
EN UNIóN Y LIBERTAD (Spanish for "in unity and freedom") is Argentina
Argentina
's national motto. It appeared for the first time on the earliest Argentine gold and silver coins, as established by the 1813 General Assembly during the War of Independence of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata from the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
. It can be seen in all peso coins and banknotes currently in circulation. * Coat of arms of Argentina
Argentina
. The handshake symbolizes unity and the Phrygian cap , freedom. REFERENCES * ^ Pezzano, Luciano. "En unión y libertad" (PDF). Centro Filatélico y Numismático San Francisco (in Spanish). p. 1. Retrieved 3 January 2014. El objeto de este estudio es la divisa "En Unión y Libertad", auténtico lema nacional ... * ^ Fernández, Sebastián Martín. "La cultura como factor de un poder de estado" (PDF). Centro Argentino de Estudios Internacionales (in Spanish). p. 17. Retrieved 3 January 2014. El lema de la Argentina es desde la Asamblea del Año XIII "En Unión y Libertad". * ^ "Asamblea General Constituyente. Sesión del 12 de Marzo de 1813" . Ministerio de Educación de la Nación (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014. ... por el reverso un Sol que ocupe todo el centro, y alrededor la inscripción siguiente: En Unión y Libertad ..
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Argentine National Anthem
The original ARGENTINE NATIONAL ANTHEM (Spanish : _Himno Nacional Argentino_) was named _Marcha Patriótica_ (Patriotic March), later renamed _Canción Patriótica Nacional_ (National Patriotic Song), and then _Canción Patriótica_ (Patriotic Song). It has been called _Himno Nacional Argentino_ since it was published with that name in 1847. Its lyrics were written by the Buenos Aires-born politician Vicente López y Planes and the music was composed by the Spanish musician Blas Parera . The work was adopted as the sole official song on May 11, 1813, three years after the May Revolution ; May 11 is therefore Anthem
Anthem
Day in Argentina. Some first, quite different, anthems were composed from 1810; a version was then introduced in 1813 which was used throughout the nineteenth century. The present, much shorter, anthem comprises only the first and last verses and the chorus of the 1813 Patriotic March, omitting much emotional text about the struggle for independence from Spain
Spain
(_with strong arms they tear to pieces the arrogant Iberian lion_). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Usage * 2.1 Short instrumental versions * 3 Lyrics * 3.1 Original version * 3.2 Modern version * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY French transcription for piano by Luis Messemaeckers, published in 1822. This is the oldest sheet found of the anthem outside Argentina
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Sol De Mayo
Sun
Sun
of May in the flag of Argentina
Argentina
, 1818 * Sun
Sun
of May in the flag of Uruguay
Uruguay
, 1830 Sun
Sun
of May on the first Argentine coin , 1813 The SUN OF MAY (Spanish : _Sol de Mayo_) is a national emblem of Argentina
Argentina
and Uruguay
Uruguay
, and appears on both countries' flags. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 3 Features and specifics * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe specification "_of May_" is a reference to the May Revolution which took place in the week from 18 to 25 May 1810, which marked the beginning of the independence from the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
for the countries that were part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plataby then. There is a legend that as the new government was proclaimed, the sun broke through the clouds, which was seen as a good omen. Anarchist and economist Diego Abad de Santillán
Diego Abad de Santillán
claimed that the Sun of May was a representation of the Inca sun god Inti
Inti
. DESCRIPTIONIn Argentina
Argentina
, the Sun
Sun
of May is the radiant golden yellow sun bearing the human face and thirty-two rays that alternate between sixteen straight and sixteen wavy
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Buenos Aires
BUENOS AIRES (/ˌbweɪnəs ˈɛəriːz/ or /-ˈaɪrɪs/ ; Spanish pronunciation: ) is the capital and most populous city of Argentina . The city is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata , on the South American continent's southeastern coast. "Buenos aires" can be translated as "fair winds" or "good airs", but the first one was the meaning intended by the founders in the 16th century, by the use of the original name "Real de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre". The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts , constitutes the fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the Americas , with a population of around 17 million. The city of Buenos Aires is neither part of Buenos Aires Province nor the Province's capital; rather, it is an autonomous district. In 1880, after decades of political infighting , Buenos Aires was federalized and removed from Buenos Aires Province. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano and Flores ; both are now neighborhoods of the city . The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy , hence its formal name: _CIUDAD AUTóNOMA DE BUENOS AIRES_ (AUTONOMOUS CITY OF BUENOS AIRES). Its citizens first elected a chief of government (i.e. mayor) in 1996; previously, the mayor was directly appointed by the President of the Republic
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Guaraní Language
GUARANI (/ˈɡwɑːrəniː/ or /ɡwærəˈniː/ ), specifically the primary variety known as PARAGUAYAN GUARANI (endonym avañe'ẽ 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America
South America
that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani family of the Tupian languages . It is one of the official languages of Paraguay
Paraguay
(along with Spanish ), where it is spoken by the majority of the population, and where half of the rural population is monolingual. It is spoken by communities in neighboring countries, including parts of northeastern Argentina
Argentina
, southeastern Bolivia
Bolivia
and southwestern Brazil
Brazil
, and is a second official language of the Argentine province of Corrientes since 2004; it is also an official language of Mercosur . Guarani is one of the most-widely spoken indigenous languages of the Americas
Americas
and the only one whose speakers include a large proportion of non-indigenous people
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Corrientes Province
CORRIENTES (Spanish pronunciation: , lit. ‘currents’ or ‘streams’; Guarani : _Taragui Tetãmini_) is a province in northeast Argentina , in the Mesopotamia region . It is surrounded by (from the north, clockwise): Paraguay , the province of Misiones , Brazil, Uruguay , and the provinces of Entre Rios , Santa Fe and Chaco . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Culture * 2.1 Official languages * 3 Geography and climate * 4 Economy * 5 Political division * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYBefore the arrival of the Spanish conquest, the Kaingang , Charrua and Guaraní lived in a big area that also covered most of the current province of Corrientes. The city of Corrientes was founded on April 3, 1588 by Juan Torres de Vera y Aragón as a mid-stop between Asunción and Buenos Aires ; the city flourished thanks to the traffic from the route. Jesuits erected missions in the north of the province, where they dedicated themselves to the expansion of the faith. In the wars of independence from Spain, Corrientes joined Artigas ' _Liga de los Pueblos Libres_ (1814–1820). The attack of Paraguayan forces on the province in 1865 marked the start of the War of the Triple Alliance . In 1919 the National University of the Littoral was founded, which in 1956 became the National University of the Northeast
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Toba Qom Language
TOBA QOM is a Guaicuruan language spoken in South America by the Toba people . The language is known by a variety of names including TOBA, QOM or KOM, CHACO SUR, and TOBA SUR. In Argentina it is most widely dispersed in the eastern regions of the provinces of Formosa and Chaco where the majority of the approximately 19,810 (2000 WCD) speakers reside. The language is distinct from Toba-Pilagá and Paraguayan Toba-Maskoy . There are also 146 Toba speakers in Bolivia where it is known as Qom and in Paraguay where it is also known as Qob or Toba-Qom. In 2010, the province of Chaco in Argentina declared Qom as one of four provincial official languages alongside Spanish and the indigenous Moqoit and Wichí . CONTENTS* 1 Phonology * 1.1 Consonants * 1.2 Vowels * 2 References * 3 External links PHONOLOGYCONSONANTS BILABIAL ALVEOLAR POSTALVEOLAR PALATAL VELAR UVULAR GLOTTAL PLOSIVE p t d k ɡ q ɢ~ʁ ʔ FRICATIVE s ʃ h AFFRICATE t͡ʃ FLAP ɾ LATERAL l ʎ NASAL m n ɲ APPROXIMANT w jVOWELS FRONT CENTRAL BACK CLOSE i iː MID e eː o oː OPEN a aːREFERENCES * ^ Toba at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Toba". Glottolog 2.7 . Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
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Mocoví Language
The MOCOVí language is a Guaicuruan language of Argentina spoken by about 3,000 people, mostly in Santa Fe province. REFERENCES * ^ A B C Mocoví at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Mocovi". Glottolog 2.7
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Wichí Language
WICHí LANGUAGES are the most widely spoken language of the Matacoan language family. They are also known as Mataco, Wichi, Wichí Lhamtés, Weenhayek, Noctenes, Matahuayo, Matako, Weʃwo. The name Mataco is common but pejorative. CONTENTS * 1 Languages * 2 Phonology * 3 External links * 4 Notes LANGUAGESThey include the following languages: * Noktén (a.k.a. Noctén, Wichí Lhamtés Nocten ), spoken in Bolivia and Argentina * Vejoz (a.k.a. Vejo, Pilcomayo, Bermejo, Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz ), spoken in Argentina and Bolivia * Wiznay (a.k.a. Güisnay, Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay ), spoken in Argentina. * Matawayo (a.k.a. Matahuayo).The Argentine National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC) gives a figure of 36,135 Wichí speakers in Argentina. In Rosario, the third biggest city of Argentina, there's a community of about 10,000 Wichí people , all of them fluent in Wichi, and some native speakers. There are a couple of bilingual primary schools. For Bolivia, Alvarsson estimated between 1,700 and 2,000 speakers in 1988; a census reported 1,912, and Diez Astete verbal words have between 2 and 15 morphemes. Alienable and inalienable possession is distinguished. The phonological inventory is large, with simple, glottalized and aspirated stops and sonorants . The number of vowels varies with dialect (five or six)
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Chaco Province
The PROVINCE OF CHACO (Spanish : _provincia del Chaco_, Spanish pronunciation: ) is a province in north-eastern Argentina . It is bordered by Salta and Santiago del Estero to the west, Formosa to the north, Corrientes to the east, and Santa Fe to the south. It also has an international border with the Paraguayan Department of Ñeembucú . The capital, and largest city, is Resistencia . With an area of 99,633 km2 (38,469 sq mi), and a population of 1,055,259 as of 2010, it is the twelfth most extensive, and the ninth most populated, of the twenty-three Argentine provinces. Chaco Province has historically been among Argentina's poorest regions, and presently ranks last by per capita GDP among its provinces, and occupies the twenty-first place on the Human Development Index , though it is above neighbours Formosa and Santiago del Estero. CONTENTS * 1 Etymological derivation of _Chaco_ * 2 Geography * 3 Climate * 3.1 Precipitation * 3.2 Temperature * 3.3 Humidity * 4 History * 5 20th century * 5.1 Political Structure * 5.2 Infrastructure * 5.3 Poverty * 5.4 Official languages * 6 Economy * 7 Political organization * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links ETYMOLOGICAL DERIVATION OF _CHACO_Chaco derives from _chacú_, the Quechua word used to name a hunting territory or the hunting technique used by the people of the Inca Empire
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