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True Parrot
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittrichasiidae Psittaculidae The TRUE PARROTS are about 350 species of colorful flighted (with a few notable exceptions ) hook-billed, mostly herbivorous birds forming the superfamily PSITTACOIDEA, one of the three superfamilies in the biological order Psittaciformes (parrots). True parrots are widespread, with species in Mexico
Mexico
, Central and South America
South America
, sub-Saharan Africa , India
India
, Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, Australia
Australia
, and eastwards across the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
as far as Polynesia
Polynesia
. The true parrots include many of the familiar parrots including macaws , conures , lorikeets , eclectus , Amazon parrots , African gray parrot , and budgerigar
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International Union For The Conservation Of Nature
The INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE (IUCN), officially INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources . It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable." Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Threatened
THREATENED SPECIES are any species (including animals , plants , fungi , etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future. Species that are threatened are sometimes characterised by the population dynamics measure of critical depensation , a mathematical measure of biomass related to population growth rate . This quantitative metric is one method of evaluating the degree of endangerment
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Australasia
AUSTRALASIA, a region of Oceania
Oceania
, comprises Australia
Australia
, New Zealand , the island of New Guinea
New Guinea
, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean
Ocean
. Charles de Brosses coined the term (as French Australasie) in Histoire des navigations aux terres australes (1756). He derived it from the Latin
Latin
for "south of Asia
Asia
" and differentiated the area from Polynesia
Polynesia
(to the east) and the southeast Pacific ( Magellanica ). The bulk of Australasia
Australasia
sits on the Indo-Australian Plate
Indo-Australian Plate
, together with India
India

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IUCN Red List
The IUCN
IUCN
RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES (also known as the IUCN
IUCN
RED LIST or RED DATA LIST), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species . The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN
IUCN
Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction
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Animal Trapping
ANIMAL TRAPPING, or simply TRAPPING, is the use of a device to remotely catch an animal. Animals may be trapped for a variety of purposes, including food, the fur trade , hunting , pest control , and wildlife management
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Australia
Coordinates : 25°S 133°E / 25°S 133°E / -25; 133 Commonwealth of Australia Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Advance Australia Fair
Advance Australia Fair
" CAPITAL Canberra
Canberra
35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E
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Pacific Ocean
The PACIFIC OCEAN is the largest and deepest of Earth
Earth
's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica
Antarctica
) in the south and is bounded by Asia
Asia
and Australia
Australia
in the west and the Americas
Americas
in the east. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in area (as defined with an Antarctic
Antarctic
southern border), this largest division of the World Ocean —and, in turn, the hydrosphere —covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about one-third of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined
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Polynesia
POLYNESIA (UK : /ˌpɒlᵻˈniːziə/ ; US : /ˌpɑːləˈniːʒə/ , from Greek : πολύς "poly" many + Greek : νῆσος "nēsos" island) is a subregion of Oceania , made up of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean . The indigenous people who inhabit the islands of Polynesia are termed Polynesians . They share many similar traits including the language family , culture , and beliefs. Historically, they were experienced sailors who used stars to navigate at night. The term Polynesia was first used in 1756 by French writer Charles de Brosses , and originally applied to all the islands of the Pacific . In 1831, Jules Dumont d\'Urville proposed a restriction on its use during a lecture to the Geographical Society of Paris. Historically, these islands have also been referred to as the SOUTH SEA ISLANDS
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Budgerigar
The BUDGERIGAR (Melopsittacus undulatus) /ˈbʌdʒərᵻɡɑːr/ , also known as the COMMON PARAKEET or SHELL PARAKEET and informally nicknamed the BUDGIE, is a small, long-tailed, seed-eating parrot . Budgerigars are the only species in the Australian genus Melopsittacus and are found wild throughout the drier parts of Australia
Australia
where the species has survived harsh inland conditions for the last five million years. Budgerigars are naturally green and yellow with black, scalloped markings on the nape, back and wings, but have been bred in captivity with colouring in blues, whites, yellows, greys and even with small crests . Budgerigars are popular pets around the world due to their small size, low cost and ability to mimic human speech. The origin of the budgerigar\'s name is unclear. The species was first recorded in 1805, and today is the third most popular pet in the world, after the domesticated dog and cat
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Beak
The BEAK, BILL, or ROSTRUM is an external anatomical structure of birds that is used for eating and for preening , manipulating objects, killing prey, fighting, probing for food, courtship and feeding young. The terms beak and rostrum are also used to refer to a similar mouth part in some dicynodonts , Ornithischians , cephalopods , cetaceans , billfishes , pufferfishes , turtles , Anuran tadpoles and sirens . Although beaks vary significantly in size, shape, color and texture, they share a similar underlying structure. Two bony projections—the upper and lower mandibles—are covered with a thin keratinized layer of epidermis known as the rhamphotheca. In most species, two holes known as nares lead to the respiratory system
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Southern Hemisphere
Coordinates : 90°0′0″S 0°0′0″E / 90.00000°S 0.00000°E / -90.00000; 0.00000 A photo of Earth
Earth
from Apollo 17 (Blue Marble ) originally had the south pole at the top; however, it was turned upside-down to fit the traditional perspective The Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
highlighted in yellow ( Antarctica
Antarctica
not depicted) The Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
from above the South Pole The SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE is the half sphere of Earth
Earth
which is south of the equator
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Habitat
A HABITAT is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal , plant , or other type of organism . The term typically refers to the zone in which the organism lives and where it can find food, shelter, protection and mates for reproduction. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds a species population . A habitat is made up of physical factors such as soil , moisture , range of temperature , and light intensity as well as biotic factors such as the availability of food and the presence or absence of predators . Every organism has certain habitat needs for the conditions in which it will thrive, but some are tolerant of wide variations while others are very specific in their requirements
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Forest
A FOREST is a large area dominated by trees . Hundreds of more precise definitions of forest are used throughout the world, incorporating factors such as tree density, tree height, land use, legal standing and ecological function. According to the widely used Food and Agriculture Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization
definition, forests covered four billion hectares (15 million square miles) or approximately 30 percent of the world's land area in 2006. Forests are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem of Earth, and are distributed across the globe. Forests account for 75% of the gross primary productivity of the Earth's biosphere , and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. Forests at different latitudes and elevations form distinctly different ecozones : boreal forests near the poles, tropical forests near the equator and temperate forests at mid-latitudes
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Nectar
NECTAR is a sugar -rich liquid produced by plants in glands called NECTARIES, either within the flowers with which it attracts pollinating animals, or by EXTRAFLORAL NECTARIES, which provide a nutrient source to animal mutualists , which in turn provide antiherbivore protection . Common nectar-consuming pollinators include mosquitoes , hoverflies , wasps , bees , butterflies and moths , hummingbirds , and bats . Nectar
Nectar
plays an important role in the foraging economics and overall evolution of nectar-eating species; for example, nectar and its properties are responsible for the differential evolution of the African honey bee, A. m. scutellata and the western honey bee . Nectar
Nectar
is an ecologically important item, the sugar source for honey . It is also useful in agriculture and horticulture because the adult stages of some predatory insects feed on nectar
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Syrinx (bird Anatomy)
The SYRINX (Greek σύριγξ for pan pipes ) is the vocal organ of birds . Located at the base of a bird's trachea , it produces sounds without the vocal folds of mammals. The sound is produced by vibrations of some or all of the membrana tympaniformis (the walls of the syrinx) and the pessulus , caused by air flowing through the syrinx. This sets up a self-oscillating system that modulates the airflow creating the sound. The muscles modulate the sound shape by changing the tension of the membranes and the bronchial openings. The syrinx enables some species of birds (such as parrots , crows , and mynas ) to mimic human speech. Unlike the larynx of mammals, the syrinx is located where the trachea forks into the lungs. Thus, lateralization of bird song is possible and some songbirds can produce more than one sound at a time
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