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Trench Knife
A trench knife is a combat knife designed to kill or gravely incapacitate an enemy soldier at close quarters, as might be encountered in a trenchline or other confined area.[1][2][3] It was developed in response to a need for a close combat weapon for soldiers conducting assaults and raids on enemy trenchlines during the First World War. An example of a World War I
World War I
trench knife is the German Army's Nahkampfmesser (close combat knife).[4][5] With the outbreak of the Second World War, the trench knife, by this time usually referred to as a combat knife, proved so useful that armies continued to develop and issue new designs
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Special Air Service
The Special
Special
Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army. The SAS was founded in 1941 as a regiment, and later reconstituted as a corps in 1950.[5] The unit undertakes a number of roles including covert reconnaissance, counter-terrorism, direct action and hostage rescue
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Bronze
Bronze
Bronze
is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon. These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility, or machinability. The archeological period where bronze was the hardest metal in widespread use is known as the Bronze
Bronze
Age. The beginning of the Bronze Age in Western Eurasia
Eurasia
and South Asia
Asia
is conventionally dated to the mid-4th millennium BC, and to the early 2nd millennium BC in China;[1] everywhere it gradually spread across regions
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Special Boat Service
The Special
Special
Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The SBS can trace its origins back to the Second World War
Second World War
when the Army Special
Special
Boat Section was formed in 1940. After the Second World War, the Royal Marines
Royal Marines
formed special forces with several name changes— Special
Special
Boat Company was adopted in 1951 and re-designated as the Special
Special
Boat Squadron in 1974—until on 28 July 1987 when the unit was renamed as the Special
Special
Boat Service after assuming responsibility for maritime counter-terrorism
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First World War
Allied victoryCentral Powers' victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front Fall of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires Russian Civil War
Russian Civil War
and foundation of the Soviet Union Formation of new countries in Europe
Europe
and the Middle East Transfer of German colonies
German colonies
and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers Establishment of the League of Nations
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American Expeditionary Forces
Western FrontBattle of Cambrai Spring OffensiveBattle of Cantigny Battle of Belleau Wood Second Battle of the Marne Battle of Château-ThierryHundred Days OffensiveBattle of Saint-Mihiel Meuse-Argonne OffensiveItalian FrontBattle of Vittorio VenetoCommandersCommander in Chief Gen. John J. PershingThe American Expeditionary Forces
American Expeditionary Forces
(AEF) were the fighting men of the United States
United States
Army during World War I. It was established on July 5, 1917, in France
France
under the command of General John J. Pershing. During the United States
United States
campaigns in World War I
World War I
it fought alongside the French Army, British Army, Canadian Army
Canadian Army
and Australian Army
Australian Army
on the Western Front, against the German Empire
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Paratrooper
Paratroopers are military parachutists — military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force. Military parachutists (troops) and parachutes were first used on a large scale during World War II
World War II
for troop distribution and transportation. Paratroopers are often used to seize strategic objectives such as airfields or bridges.Contents1 Overview 2 Paratrooper
Paratrooper
forces around the world 3 History3.1 Argentina 3.2 Australia 3.3 France 3.4 Germany 3.5 India 3.6 Italy3.6.1 Operations3.7 Japan 3.8 Peru 3.9 Poland 3.10 Portugal 3.11 Russia 3.12 South Africa 3.13 Spain 3.14 United Kingdom3.14.1 British Army 3.14.2 Royal Air Force3.15 United States4 See also 5 References 6 External linksOverview[edit]U.S
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U.S. Army Rangers
The United States Army
United States Army
Rangers are an elite rapid-deployment military formation of the United States Army, that serve in designated U.S. Army Ranger units or are graduates from the U.S. Army Ranger School.[1] The term ranger has been in use unofficially in a military context since the early 17th century. The first military company officially commissioned as rangers were English soldiers fighting in King Philip's War
King Philip's War
(1676) and from there the term came into common official use in the French and Indian Wars. There have been American military companies officially called Rangers since the American Revolution. The 75th Ranger Regiment
75th Ranger Regiment
is an elite airborne light infantry combat formation within the United States Army
United States Army
Special
Special
Operations Command (USASOC)
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Marine Raider
The Marine Raiders
Marine Raiders
were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II
World War II
to conduct special amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines. "Edson's" Raiders of 1st Marine Raiders Battalion
Battalion
and "Carlson's" Raiders of 2nd Marine Raiders
Marine Raiders
Battalion
Battalion
are said to be the first United States special operations forces
United States special operations forces
to form and see combat in World War II. However, despite the original intent for Raiders to serve in a special operations capacity, most combat operations saw the Raiders employed as conventional infantry
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Tang (tools)
A tang or shank is the back portion of the blade component of a tool where it extends into stock material or connects to a handle – as on a knife, sword, spear, arrowhead, chisel, file, coulter, pike, scythe, screwdriver, etc.[1] One can classify various tang designs by their appearance, by the manner in which they attach to a handle, and by their length in relation to the handle.Contents1 Full vs partial tang 2 Common tang styles found in swords and knives 3 See also 4 ReferencesFull vs partial tang[edit]Full tang knifeA full tang extends the full length of the grip-portion of a handle, versus a partial tang which does not. A full tang may or may not be as wide as the handle itself, but will still run the full length of the handle. There are a wide variety of full and partial tang designs
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Hilt
The hilt (rarely called the haft) of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel. The guard may contain a crossguard or quillons. A ricasso may also be present, but this is rarely the case. A tassel or sword knot may be attached to the guard or pommel.Contents1 Pommel 2 Grip 3 Guard 4 Ricasso 5 Sword
Sword
knot 6 Hilt
Hilt
ring 7 ReferencesPommel[edit] The pommel (Anglo-Norman pomel "little apple"[1]) is an enlarged fitting at the top of the handle. They were originally developed to prevent the sword slipping from the hand. From around the 11th century in Europe
Europe
they became heavy enough to be a counterweight to the blade.[2] This gave the sword a point of balance not too far from the hilt allowing a more fluid fighting style
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Hand Grenade
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand. Generally, a grenade consists of an explosive charge, a detonating mechanism, and firing pin to trigger the detonating mechanism. Once the soldier throws the grenade, the safety lever releases, the striker throws the safety lever away from the grenade body as it rotates to detonate the primer. The primer explodes and ignites the fuse (sometimes called the delay element). The fuse burns down to the detonator, which explodes the main charge. There are several types of grenades such as fragmentation grenades and stick grenades. Fragmentation grenades are probably the most common in armies. They are weapons that are designed to disperse lethal fragments on detonation. The body is generally made of a hard synthetic material or steel, which will provide some fragmentation as shards and splinters, though in modern grenades a pre-formed fragmentation matrix is often used
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M5 Bayonet
The M5 Bayonet
Bayonet
was adopted by the U.S. Military in 1953 to replace other bayonets for the U.S. rifle, caliber .30, M1 (Garand). It uses the M8A1 scabbard.Contents1 Background 2 Description 3 M8 and M8A1 Scabbard 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBackground[edit] During the Korean War, the M1 bayonet
M1 bayonet
and M1905 bayonet
M1905 bayonet
which mount to the M1, were proven difficult to remove with gloves on. As a result, the U.S. M5 Garand bayonet was designed and issued in 1953. This was a total redesign based on the M4 bayonet
M4 bayonet
used by the M1 carbine. The M5 bayonet looks nothing like the original M1905 or M1 bayonets for the M1 Garand. The M5 is the only U.S
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National Stock Number
A NATO
NATO
Stock Number, or National Stock Number (NSN) as it is known in the US, is a 13-digit numeric code, identifying all the 'standardized material items of supply' as they have been recognized by all NATO countries including United States Department of Defense. Pursuant to the NATO
NATO
Standardization Agreements, the NSN has come to be used in all treaty countries. However, many countries that use the NSN program are not members of NATO, e.g. Japan, Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. A two-digit Material Management Aggregation Code
Code
(MMAC) suffix may also be appended,[1] to denote asset end use but it is not considered part of the NSN
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Manufacture D'armes De Châtellerault
The Manufacture d'armes de Châtellerault, often abbreviated to MAC (Châtellerault Arms Manufacturer), was a French state-owned weapon manufacturer installed in the town of Châtellerault. It was created by royal decree of July, 14th, 1819 for the purpose of manufacturing swords, then after 1850 firearms and cannons. Antoine Treuille de Beaulieu (1809–1885) began to develop from 1840 the concept of rifled guns in the French Army
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Marine Raiders
The Marine Raiders
Marine Raiders
were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II
World War II
to conduct special amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines. "Edson's" Raiders of 1st Marine Raiders Battalion
Battalion
and "Carlson's" Raiders of 2nd Marine Raiders
Marine Raiders
Battalion
Battalion
are said to be the first United States special operations forces
United States special operations forces
to form and see combat in World War II. However, despite the original intent for Raiders to serve in a special operations capacity, most combat operations saw the Raiders employed as conventional infantry
[...More...]

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