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Sexual Orientation Discrimination
Sexual orientation discrimination (sometimes referred to as sexualism) is discrimination based on sexual orientation and/or sexual behaviour. Sexual orientation discrimination often comes up in the context of employment actions.[1] It usually refers to a predisposition towards heterosexual people, which is biased against lesbian, gay, and bisexual people, among others. It can, however, also be against heterosexual people. A related term is sexual prejudice, a negative attitude toward someone because of their sexual orientation.[2] This bias is not the same as homophobia, but rather is the discrimination towards or against certain sexual orientations. The concept of Heterosexism suggests that the basis for this bias is not found in the individual per se but rather has a broader cultural or biological basis that results in attitudes weighted in favour of heterosexuality over other sexual orientations
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LGBT Rights Opposition
LGBT rights opposition is the opposition to legal rights, proposed or enacted, for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Organizations influential in LGBT rights opposition frequently oppose the enactment of laws making same-sex marriage legal, the passage of anti-discrimination laws aimed at curtailing anti-LGBT discrimination, including in employment and housing, the passage of anti-bullying laws to protect LGBT minors, laws decriminalizing same-gender relationships, and other LGBT rights related laws. These groups are often religious or socially conservative in nature
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Anti-LGBT Rhetoric
Anti-LGBTQ+ rhetoric are themes, catchphrases, and slogans that have been used against homosexuality or other non-heterosexual sexual orientations in order to demean lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. They range from the demeaning and the pejorative to expressions of hostility towards homosexuality which are based on religious, medical, or moral grounds. It is a form of hate speech[1][2] which is illegal in countries such as the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden.[3] Anti-LGBTQ+ rhetoric often consists of moral panic and/or conspiracy theory
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Violence Against LGBT People
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people sometimes experience violence directed toward their sexuality or gender identity.[1][2] This violence may be enacted by the state, as in laws prescribing punishment for homosexual acts, or by individuals. It may be psychological or physical and motivated by homophobia, lesbophobia, biphobia, and transphobia. Influencing factors may be cultural, religious,[3][4][5] or political mores and biases.[6] Currently, homosexual acts are legal in almost all Western countries, and in many of these countries violence against LGBT people is classified as a hate crime.[7] Outside the West, many countries are deemed potentially dangerous to their LGBT population due to both discriminatory legislation and threats of violence
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