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Trafalgar Square
TRAFALGAR SQUARE (/ˌtrəˈfælɡər/ _trə-FAL-gər_ ) is a public square in the City of Westminster , Central London , built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross . Its name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar , a British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars with France and Spain that took place on 21 October 1805 off the coast of Cape Trafalgar , Spain. The site of Trafalgar Square had been a significant landmark since the 13th century and originally contained the King\'s Mews . After George IV moved the mews to Buckingham Palace , the area was redeveloped by John Nash , but progress was slow after his death, and the square did not open until 1844. The 169-foot (52 m) Nelson\'s Column at its centre is guarded by four lion statues. A number of commemorative statues and sculptures occupy the square, but the Fourth Plinth , left empty since 1840, has been host to contemporary art since 1999. The square has been used for community gatherings and political demonstrations , including Bloody Sunday , the first Aldermaston March , anti-war protests, and campaigns against climate change . A Christmas tree has been donated to the square by Norway since 1947 and is erected for twelve days before and after Christmas Day. The square is a centre of annual celebrations on New Year\'s Eve
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Trafalgar Square (other)
TRAFALGAR SQUARE is a square in central London, England that commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar. TRAFALGAR SQUARE may also refer to: * Trafalgar Square, a painting by Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian
* National Heroes Square in Barbados, formerly known as Trafalgar Square * Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
Publishing is a publishing house and distribution company specializing in UK publishers This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title TRAFALGAR SQUARE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trafalgar_Square_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Charing Cross
CHARING CROSS (/ˌtʃærɪŋ ˈkrɒs/ ) denotes the junction of Strand , Whitehall and Cockspur Street , just south of Trafalgar Square in central London . It gives its name to several landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station , one of the main London rail terminals . Charing Cross is named after the Eleanor cross that stood on the site, in what was once the hamlet of Charing. The site of the cross has been occupied since 1675 by an equestrian statue of King Charles I . A loose Victorian replica of the medieval cross, the Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross , was erected a short distance to the east outside the railway station. Until 1931, "Charing Cross" referred to the part of Whitehall between Great Scotland Yard and Trafalgar Square . At least one property retains a "Charing Cross" postal address: Drummonds Bank , on the corner of Whitehall and The Mall, which is designated "49 Charing Cross" (not to be confused with Charing Cross Road ). Since the early 19th century, Charing Cross has often been regarded as the notional "CENTRE OF LONDON", and is the point from which distances from London are now measured
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Battle Of Trafalgar
33 ships (27 ships of the line and six others) 41 ships (France: 18 ships of the line and eight others Spain: 15 ships of the line) CASUALTIES AND LOSSES458 dead 1,208 wounded TOTAL: 1,666 France: 10 ships captured, one ship destroyed, 2,218 dead, 1,155 wounded, 4,000 captured Spain: 11 ships captured, 1,025 dead, 1,383 wounded, 4,000 captured Aftermath: Apx. 3,000 prisoners drowned in a storm after the battle TOTAL: 13,781 * v * t * e Anglo-Spanish War 1796–1808 Atlantic * 25 January 1797 * Cape St. Vincent * 26 April 1797 * Cádiz * Santa Cruz * 16 October 1799 * 7 April 1800 * Ferrol * Cape Santa Maria * 25 November 1804 * 7 December 1804 * Cape Finisterre * Trafalgar * 4 April 1808 Mediterranean * 13 October 1796 * 19 December 1796 * Minorca * Cartagena (1798) * 19 January 1799 * 6 February 1799 * 7 July 1799 * 10 December 1800 * 6 May 1801 * Algeciras (1st • 2nd ) Americas * Newfoundland * Trinidad * San Juan * St
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Greater London Authority
The GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY (GLA) is a top-tier administrative body for Greater London , England. It consists of a directly elected executive Mayor of London , currently Sadiq Khan , and an elected 25-member London Assembly with scrutiny powers. The authority was established in 2000, following a local referendum , and derives most of its powers from the Greater London Authority Act 1999 and the Greater London Authority Act 2007 . It is a strategic regional authority, with powers over transport, policing, economic development, and fire and emergency planning. Three functional bodies — Transport for London , the Mayor\'s Office for Policing and Crime , and London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority — are responsible for delivery of services in these areas. The planning policies of the Mayor of London are detailed in a statutory London Plan that is regularly updated and published. The Greater London Authority is mostly funded by direct government grant and it is also a precepting authority, with some money collected with local Council Tax . The GLA is unique in the British local government system, in terms of structure, elections and selection of powers
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City Of Westminster
35.2% White British 2.3% White Irish 0% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller 24.1% Other White 0.9% White & Black Caribbean 0.9% White & Black African 1.6% White the shopping areas around Oxford Street
Oxford Street
, Regent Street
Regent Street
, Piccadilly
Piccadilly
and Bond Street
Bond Street
; and the night time entertainment district of Soho
Soho
. Much of the borough is residential, and in 2008 it was estimated to have a population of 236,000. The local authority is Westminster City Council
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Wc Postcode Area
POSTCODE DISTRICT BOUNDARIES: Google Template:Attached KML/WC postcode area KML is from Wikidata LONDON WC POSTCODE AREA WC POSTCODE AREA WC POSTCODE AREA NAME London
London
WC POST TOWNS 1 POSTCODE DISTRICTS 15 POSTCODE SECTORS 46 POSTCODES (LIVE) 3,005 POSTCODES (TOTAL) 7,279 Statistics as at February 2012 The WC (WESTERN CENTRAL) POSTCODE AREA, also known as the LONDON WC POSTCODE AREA, is a group of postcode districts in central London
London
, England. It includes parts of the London
London
Borough of Camden , City of Westminster , London
London
Borough of Islington and a very small part of the City of London
London
. The area covered is of very high density development. The current postcode districts are relatively recent: divisions WC1 and WC2 districts established only in 1917. Where the districts are used for purposes other than the sorting of mail, such as use as a geographic reference and on street signs, they continue to be commonly grouped into these two 'districts'. CONTENTS* 1 Postal administration * 1.1 List of postcode districts * 2 Boundaries * 2.1 WC1 * 2.2 WC2 * 3 Map * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links POSTAL ADMINISTRATIONBoth the WC1 and WC2 postcode districts are part of the London
London
post town
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Charing Cross Road
CHARING CROSS ROAD is a street in central London running immediately north of St Martin-in-the-Fields to St Giles Circus (the intersection with Oxford Street
Oxford Street
) and then becomes Tottenham Court Road . It is so called because it serves Charing Cross railway station (named for the nearby Charing Cross
Charing Cross
). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Bookshops * 3 Features * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links HISTORYWhat is now Charing Cross
Charing Cross
road was originally two narrow streets in the West End, Crown Street and Castle Street. Following the development of Regent Street
Regent Street
in the mid-18th century, there was an increase in traffic between Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
and Charing Cross towards Tottenham Court Road and Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
, and the need for an improved road became obvious. Charing Cross
Charing Cross
Road was developed, in conjunction with Shaftesbury Avenue , by the Metropolitan Board of Works under an 1877 Act of Parliament . The total cost of building at a cost of £778,238
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Strand, London
STRAND (or THE STRAND ) is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster , Central London . It runs just over 3⁄4 mile (1,200 m) from Trafalgar Square eastwards to Temple Bar , where the road becomes Fleet Street inside the City of London , and is part of the A4 , a main road running west from inner London. The road's name comes from the Old English strond, meaning the edge of a river, as it historically ran alongside the north bank of the River Thames . The street was popular with the British upper classes between the 12th and 17th centuries, with many historically important mansions being built between the Strand and the river. These included Essex House , Arundel House , Somerset House , Savoy Palace , Durham House and Cecil House . The aristocracy moved to the West End over the 17th century, following which the Strand became well known for coffee shops, restaurants and taverns. The street was a centre point for theatre and music hall during the 19th century, and several venues remain on the Strand. At the east end of the street are two historic churches: St Mary le Strand and St Clement Danes . Several authors, poets and philosophers have lived on or near the Strand, including Charles Dickens , Ralph Waldo Emerson and Virginia Woolf
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Northumberland Avenue
NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE is a street in the City of Westminster , Central London , running from Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
in the west to the Thames Embankment
Thames Embankment
in the east. The road was built on the site of Northumberland House , the London home of the Percy family , the Dukes of Northumberland between 1874 and 1876, and on part of the parallel Northumberland Street . When built, the street was designed for luxury accommodation, including the seven-storey Grand Hotel, the Victoria and the Metropole. The Playhouse Theatre opened in 1882 and become a significant venue in London. From the 1930s onwards, hotels disappeared from Northumberland Avenue
Northumberland Avenue
and were replaced by offices used by departments of the British Government, including the War Office and Air Ministry , later the Ministry of Defence . The street has been commemorated in the Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
novels including The Hound of the Baskervilles , and is a square on the British Monopoly board. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 History * 3 Properties * 4 Cultural references * 5 See also * 6 References LOCATIONThe street is around 0.2 miles (320 m) long and part of the A400 , a local road connecting Westminster to Camden Town
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Whitehall
WHITEHALL is a road in the City of Westminster , Central London , which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea . It is the main thoroughfare running south from Trafalgar Square towards Parliament Square . The street is recognised as the centre of the Government of the United Kingdom and is lined with numerous departments and ministries including the Ministry of Defence , Horse Guards and the Cabinet Office . Consequently, the name "Whitehall" is used as a metonym for British civil service , and as the geographic name for the surrounding area. The name was taken from the Palace of Whitehall that was the residence of Kings Henry VIII through to William III , before its destruction by fire in 1698; only the Banqueting House survived. Whitehall was originally a wide road that led to the front of the palace; the route to the south was widened in the 18th century following the destruction of the palace. As well as government buildings, the street is known for its memorial statues and monuments, including Britain's primary war memorial, the Cenotaph . The Whitehall Theatre, now the Trafalgar Studios , has been a popular place for farce comedies since the mid-20th century
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The Mall, London
Coordinates : 51°30′15″N 0°8′7″W / 51.50417°N 0.13528°W / 51.50417; -0.13528 The Mall, looking southwest towards Buckingham Palace (2011) THE MALL (/ˈmæl/ ) is a road in the City of Westminster , central London , between Buckingham Palace at its western end and Trafalgar Square via Admiralty Arch to the east. Before it terminates at Whitehall it is met by Horse Guards Road and Spring Gardens where the Metropolitan Board of Works and London County Council were once based. It is closed to traffic on Sundays, public holidays and on ceremonial occasions. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Sporting events * 3 Gallery * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe Mall began as a field for playing pall-mall . In the 17th and 18th centuries it was a fashionable promenade, bordered by trees. The Mall was envisioned as a ceremonial route in the early 20th century, matching the creation of similar ceremonial routes in other cities such as Berlin , Mexico City , Oslo , Paris , Saint Petersburg , Vienna and Washington, D.C. These routes were intended to be used for major national ceremonies. As part of the development – designed by Aston Webb – a new façade was constructed for Buckingham Palace, and the Victoria Memorial was erected
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Charles Barry
SIR CHARLES BARRY FRS RA (23 May 1795 – 12 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament ) in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens. He is known for his major contribution to the use of Italianate architecture in Britain, especially the use of the Palazzo as basis for the design of country houses, city mansions and public buildings. He also developed the Italian Renaissance garden style for the many gardens he designed around country houses. CONTENTS * 1 Background and training * 2 Early career * 3 Country house work * 4 Later urban work * 5 Houses of Parliament * 6 Professional life * 7 Awards and recognition * 8 Personal life and the next generation * 9 Death and funeral * 10 Major projects * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 External links BACKGROUND AND TRAININGBorn on 23 May 1795 in Bridge Street, Westminster (opposite the future site of the Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster), he was the fourth son of Walter Edward Barry (died 1805), a stationer , and Frances Barry _née_ Maybank (died 1798). He was baptised at St Margaret\'s, Westminster , into the Church of England , of which he was a lifelong member
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