HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Traditional Characters
TRADITIONAL CHINESE CHARACTERS (traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese : 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin : Zhèngtǐzì/Fántĭzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan
Taiwan
, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
[...More...]

"Traditional Characters" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Unicode
UNICODE is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding , representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems . The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts , as well as multiple symbol sets. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard is maintained in conjunction with ISO/IEC 10646 , and both are code-for-code identical. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard consists of a set of code charts for visual reference, an encoding method and set of standard character encodings , a set of reference data files , and a number of related items, such as character properties, rules for normalization , decomposition, collation , rendering, and bidirectional display order (for the correct display of text containing both right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic and Hebrew , and left-to-right scripts)
[...More...]

"Unicode" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

International Phonetic Alphabet
The INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet . It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language . The IPA is used by lexicographers , foreign language students and teachers, linguists , speech-language pathologists , singers , actors , constructed language creators and translators . The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones , phonemes , intonation and the separation of words and syllables . To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping , and sounds made with a cleft lip and cleft palate , an extended set of symbols, the extensions to the International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
, may be used
[...More...]

"International Phonetic Alphabet" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

ISO 15924
ISO 15924, CODES FOR THE REPRESENTATION OF NAMES OF SCRIPTS, defines two sets of codes for a number of writing systems (scripts). Each script is given both a four-letter code and a numeric one. Script is defined as "set of graphic characters used for the written form of one or more languages". Where possible the codes are derived from ISO 639-2 where the name of a script and the name of a language using the script are identical (example: Gujarātī ISO 639 guj, ISO 15924 Gujr). Preference is given to the 639-2 Bibliographical codes, which is different from the otherwise often preferred use of the Terminological codes. 4-letter ISO 15924 codes are incorporated into the Language Subtag Registry for IETF language tags and so can be used in file formats that make use of such language tags
[...More...]

"ISO 15924" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Sawndip
ZHUANG CHARACTERS, or SAWNDIP , are logograms derived from Han characters and used by the Zhuang people
Zhuang people
of Guangxi
Guangxi
, China
China
to write the Zhuang languages
Zhuang languages
for more than one thousand years. In Mandarin Chinese , these are called Gǔ ZHUàNGZì (Chinese : 古壮字; literally: "old Zhuang characters") or FāNGKUàI ZHUàNGZì (方块壮字; "square shaped Zhuang characters"). SAWNDIP (Sawndip: 𭨡𮄫 ) is a Zhuang word that means "immature characters". The Zhuang word for Chinese characters
Chinese characters
used in the Chinese language
Chinese language
is sawgun (Sawndip: 𭨡倱; lit. "characters of the Han"), gun is Zhuang for the Han Chinese . The name "old Zhuang script" is usually used to distinguish it of the official alphabet based script Standard Zhuang
[...More...]

"Sawndip" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
[...More...]

"Replacement Character" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Kangxi Dictionary Form
A DICTIONARY, sometimes known as a WORDBOOK, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages , often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions , usage, etymologies , phonetics , pronunciations , translation, etc. or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, sometimes known as a lexicon . It is a lexicographical product which shows inter-relationships among the data. A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries . Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language. Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study
[...More...]

"Kangxi Dictionary Form" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

East Asian Sans-serif Typeface
GOTHIC TYPEFACES (simplified Chinese : 黑体; traditional Chinese : 黑體; pinyin : hēitǐ; Japanese : ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean : 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterised by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography . It is the second most commonly used style in East Asian typography, after Ming . CONTENTS* 1 Characteristics * 1.1 Classifications * 2 Sans-serif typefaces in computing * 3 See also * 4 External links CHARACTERISTICSSimilar to Ming and Song typefaces , sans-serif typefaces were designed for printing, but they were also designed for legibility. They are commonly used in headlines, signs, and video applications
[...More...]

"East Asian Sans-serif Typeface" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Logographic
In written language , a LOGOGRAM or LOGOGRAPH is a written character that represents a word or phrase . Chinese characters
Chinese characters
and Japanese kanji are logograms; some Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
and some graphemes in cuneiform script are also logograms. The use of logograms in writing is called logography. A writing system that is based on logograms is called a logographic system. In alphabets and syllabaries , individual written characters represent sounds rather than concepts. These characters are called phonograms . Unlike logograms, phonograms do not necessarily have meaning by themselves, but are combined to make words and phrases that have meaning. Writing language in this way is called phonemic orthography
[...More...]

"Logographic" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bird-worm Seal Script
BIRD-WORM SEAL SCRIPT ( Simplified Chinese : 鸟虫篆; Traditional Chinese : 鳥蟲篆; Pinyin
Pinyin
: Niǎo Chóng Zhuàn) is a type of ancient seal script originating in China
China
. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Introduction and history * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References NAMESThe Chinese character
Chinese character
"鸟" (or "鳥" in traditional Chinese, and "Niǎo" in Pinyin) means "BIRD". The Chinese character
Chinese character
"虫" (or "蟲" in traditional Chinese, and "Chóng" in Pinyin) means any creature that looks like a "worm", including invertebrate worms and reptiles such as snakes and lizards (and even the Chinese dragon). The character "篆" means "SEAL (SCRIPT)". Other names for this kind of seal script: * NIAO-CHONG SCRIPT (Simplified Chinese: 鸟虫书; Traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲書; Pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Shū)
[...More...]

"Bird-worm Seal Script" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Khitan Script
The KHITAN SCRIPTS were the writing systems for the now-extinct para-Mongolian Khitan language used in the 10th-12th century by the Khitan people who had established the Liao dynasty
Liao dynasty
in Northeast China . There were two scripts, the large script and the small script . These were functionally independent and appear to have been used simultaneously. The Khitan scripts
Khitan scripts
continued to be in use to some extent by the Jurchen people
Jurchen people
for several decades after the fall of the Liao dynasty
Liao dynasty
until the Jurchens fully switched to a script of their own . Examples of the scripts appeared most often on epitaphs and monuments , although other fragments sometimes surface
[...More...]

"Khitan Script" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mojibake
MOJIBAKE (文字化け) (IPA: ; lit. "character transformation", from the Japanese 文字 (moji) "character" + 化け (bake, pronounced "bah-keh") "transform") is the garbled text that is the result of text being decoded using an unintended character encoding . The result is a systematic replacement of symbols with completely unrelated ones, often from a different writing system . This display may include the generic replacement character � in places where the binary representation is considered invalid. A replacement can also involve multiple consecutive symbols, as viewed in one encoding, when the same binary code constitutes one symbol in the other encoding. This is either because of differing constant length encoding (as in Asian 16-bit encodings vs European 8-bit encodings), or the use of variable length encodings (notably UTF-8 and UTF-16 )
[...More...]

"Mojibake" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Grapheme
In linguistics , a GRAPHEME is the smallest unit of a writing system of any given language. An individual grapheme may or may not carry meaning by itself, and may or may not correspond to a single phoneme of the spoken language. Graphemes include alphabetic letters , typographic ligatures , Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, numerical digits , punctuation marks, and other individual symbols. The word grapheme, coined in analogy with phoneme, is derived from Greek γράφω (gráphō), meaning 'write', and the suffix -eme, by analogy with phoneme and other names of emic units . The study of graphemes is called graphemics . The concept of graphemes is an abstract one and similar to the notion in computing of a character . By comparison, a specific shape that represents any particular grapheme in a specific typeface is called a glyph
[...More...]

"Grapheme" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

List Of Commonly Used Characters In Modern Chinese
CHARACTER(S) may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Art and entertainment * 2 Morality * 3 Psychology * 4 Science * 5 Symbols * 6 Other uses * 7 See also ART AND ENTERTAINMENT * Character (arts) , an agent within a work of art, including literature, drama, cinema, opera, etc. * Character sketch or character, a literary description of a character type * Characters (Theophrastus) , a classical Greek set of character sketches attributed to Theophrastus*
[...More...]

"List Of Commonly Used Characters In Modern Chinese" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
[...More...]

"Chinese Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Zhuyin
Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
32 c. BCE * Hieratic
Hieratic
32 c. BCE * Demotic 7 c. BCE * Meroitic 3 c. BCE* Proto-Sinaitic 19 c. BCE * Ugaritic 15 c. BCE* Epigraphic South Arabian 9 c. BCE * Ge’ez 5–6 c. BCE* Phoenician 12 c. BCE * Paleo-Hebrew 10 c. BCE * Samaritan 6 c. BCE* Libyco-Berber
Libyco-Berber
3 c. BCE * Tifinagh
Tifinagh
* Paleohispanic (semi-syllabic) 7 c. BCE* Aramaic 8 c. BCE * Kharoṣṭhī
Kharoṣṭhī
4 c. BCE* Brāhmī 4 c. BCE * Brahmic family
Brahmic family
(see) * E.g. Tibetan 7 c. CE * Hangul
Hangul
(core letters only) 1443* Devanagari
Devanagari
13 c. CE * Canadian syllabics 1840 * Hebrew 3 c. BCE* Pahlavi 3 c. BCE * Avestan 4 c. CE * Palmyrene 2 c. BCE* Syriac 2 c. BCE * Nabataean 2 c
[...More...]

"Zhuyin" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.