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Top Rank Records
The RANK ORGANISATION was a British entertainment conglomerate founded by industrialist J. Arthur Rank in April 1937. It quickly became the largest and most vertically integrated film company in Britain, owning production, distribution and exhibition facilities. It also diversified into the manufacture of radios, TVs and photocopiers (as one of the owners of Rank Xerox ). The company name lasted until February 1996 when the name and some of the remaining assets were absorbed into the newly structured the Rank Group Plc . The company logo, the Gongman , first used in 1935 by the group's distribution company General Film Distributors and seen in the opening titles of the films, became a celebrated and enduring film emblem. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Growth * 3 Film making in the 1940s * 4 Crisis and diversification * 5 Declining involvement in the film industry * 6 1970s * 6.1 Temporary revival and final cessation of production * 7 Select filmography * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links ORIGIN J. Arthur Rank , born in Kingston upon Hull , UK, was already a wealthy industrialist through his father's flour milling business, Joseph Rank Ltd , when he made his somewhat unlikely start in film-making, financing short religious subjects in line with his Methodist
Methodist
beliefs
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List Of Business Entities
A BUSINESS ENTITY is an entity that is formed and administered as per commercial law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable. Most often, business entities are formed to sell a product or a service. There are many types of business entities defined in the legal systems of various countries. These include corporations , cooperatives , partnerships , sole traders , limited liability company and other specifically permitted and labelled types of entities. The specific rules vary by country and by state or province. Some of these types are listed below, by country. For guidance, approximate equivalents in the company law of English-speaking countries are given in most cases, ≈ public limited company (UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth) ≈ Ltd.
Ltd.
(UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth) ≈ limited partnership = unlimited partnership = chartered company = statutory company = holding company = subsidiary company = one man company (sole proprietor ) = NGOs However, the regulations governing particular types of entity, even those described as roughly equivalent, differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. When creating or restructuring a business, the legal responsibilities will depend on the type of business entity chosen
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Public Company
A PUBLIC, PUBLICLY TRADED, PUBLICLY HELD COMPANY, or PUBLIC CORPORATION is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets. In some jurisdictions, public companies over a certain size must be listed on an exchange. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Securities of a company * 2.1 Advantages * 2.2 Disadvantages * 2.3 Stockholders * 3 General trend * 4 Privatization * 5 Trading and valuation * 6 See also * 7 References HISTORYIn the early modern period, the Dutch developed several financial instruments and helped lay the foundations of modern financial system. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) became the first company in history to issue bonds and shares of stock to the general public. In other words, the VOC was officially the first publicly traded company, because it was the first company to be ever actually listed on an official stock exchange . While the Italian city-states produced the first transferable government bonds, they did not develop the other ingredient necessary to produce a fully fledged capital market : corporate shareholders. As Edward Stringham (2015) notes, "companies with transferable shares date back to classical Rome, but these were usually not enduring endeavors and no considerable secondary market existed (Neal, 1997, p
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Entertainment
ENTERTAINMENT is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience , or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an idea or a task, but is more likely to be one of the activities or events that have developed over thousands of years specifically for the purpose of keeping an audience's attention. Although people's attention is held by different things, because individuals have different preferences in entertainment, most forms are recognisable and familiar. Storytelling , music , drama , dance , and different kinds of performance exist in all cultures, were supported in royal courts , developed into sophisticated forms and over time became available to all citizens. The process has been accelerated in modern times by an entertainment industry that records and sells entertainment products. Entertainment evolves and can be adapted to suit any scale, ranging from an individual who chooses a private entertainment from a now enormous array of pre-recorded products; to a banquet adapted for two; to any size or type of party , with appropriate music and dance; to performances intended for thousands; and even for a global audience. The experience of being entertained has come to be strongly associated with amusement , so that one common understanding of the idea is fun and laughter, although many entertainments have a serious purpose
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The Rank Group
THE RANK GROUP is a British gambling company based in the United Kingdom . Rank was formerly involved in the cinema and motion picture industry until 2006, and continues to use the Gongman logo originally used by the Rank Organisation
Rank Organisation
's film distribution subsidiary General Film Distributors . Its brands now include Mecca Bingo , and Grosvenor Casinos , the UK's largest casino operator. Rank’s principal market and headquarters are in the United Kingdom where it operates GROSVENOR CASINOS (56 casinos ), MECCA BINGO (96 bingo clubs) and RANK INTERACTIVE (online gaming and betting). It also operates additional Grosvenor Casinos clubs in Belgium (two casinos), and TOP RANK ESPAñA in Spain
Spain
(10 bingo clubs). Rank is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Operations * 2.1 Grosvenor Casinos * 2.2 Mecca Bingo * 2.2.1 Controversy * 2.3 enRacha * 3 Technology * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe company was formed to acquire the business interests of the Rank Organisation , which itself was formed out of the business interests of its founder, J. Arthur Rank
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J. Arthur Rank
JOSEPH ARTHUR RANK, 1ST BARON RANK (22 December 1888 – 29 March 1972) was a British industrialist who was head and founder of the Rank Organisation . CONTENTS * 1 Family business * 2 Religious challenge * 3 Pinewood Film
Film
Studios * 4 Commercial challenge * 5 Rank Organisation
Rank Organisation
* 6 Films * 7 Core interests and legacy * 8 Family * 9 In popular culture * 10 References * 11 Further reading FAMILY BUSINESSRank was born on 22 or 23 December 1888 at Kingston upon Hull in England
England
into a Victorian family environment, which was dominated by his father Joseph Rank who had built a substantial flour milling business. He was educated at The Leys School in Cambridge. Joseph is reported to have told his son Arthur that he was "a dunce at school" and that the only way that he could succeed in life would be in his father's flour mill. J. Arthur ventured on his own with Peterkins Self-Raising Flour, but when that business failed he returned to work for his father. That was the business ( Joseph Rank Limited) that he later inherited and which became known as Rank Hovis McDougall (now owned by British food conglomerate Premier Foods )
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Chairman
The CHAIRMAN (also CHAIRPERSON, CHAIRWOMAN or CHAIR) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board , a committee , or a deliberative assembly . The person holding the office is typically elected or appointed by the members of the group. The chairman presides over meetings of the assembled group and conducts its business in an orderly fashion. When the group is not in session, the officer's duties often include acting as its head, its representative to the outside world and its spokesperson. In some organizations, this position is also called _president _ (or other title), in others, where a board appoints a president (or other title), the two different terms are used for distinctly different positions. CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 Usage * 3 Vice chairman and deputy chairman * 4 Public corporations * 4.1 Chairman and CEO * 4.2 Executive chairman * 4.3 Non-executive chairman * 4.4 Examples * 5 Duties at meetings * 6 Powers and authority * 7 Disciplinary procedures * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading TERMINOLOGYOther terms sometimes used for the office and its holder include _chair_, _chairperson_, _chairwoman_, _presiding officer_, _president_, _moderator _, facilitator, and _convenor_. The chairman of a parliamentary chamber is often called the _speaker _. The term _chair_ is sometimes used in lieu of chairman, in response to criticisms that using chairman is sexist
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J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank
JOSEPH ARTHUR RANK, 1ST BARON RANK (22 December 1888 – 29 March 1972) was a British industrialist who was head and founder of the Rank Organisation . CONTENTS * 1 Family business * 2 Religious challenge * 3 Pinewood Film
Film
Studios * 4 Commercial challenge * 5 Rank Organisation
Rank Organisation
* 6 Films * 7 Core interests and legacy * 8 Family * 9 In popular culture * 10 References * 11 Further reading FAMILY BUSINESSRank was born on 22 or 23 December 1888 at Kingston upon Hull in England
England
into a Victorian family environment, which was dominated by his father Joseph Rank who had built a substantial flour milling business. He was educated at The Leys School in Cambridge. Joseph is reported to have told his son Arthur that he was "a dunce at school" and that the only way that he could succeed in life would be in his father's flour mill. J. Arthur ventured on his own with Peterkins Self-Raising Flour, but when that business failed he returned to work for his father. That was the business ( Joseph Rank Limited) that he later inherited and which became known as Rank Hovis McDougall (now owned by British food conglomerate Premier Foods
Premier Foods
)
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Vertical Integration
In microeconomics and management , VERTICAL INTEGRATION is an arrangement in which the supply chain of a company is owned by that company. Usually each member of the supply chain produces a different product or (market-specific) service, and the products combine to satisfy a common need. It is contrasted with horizontal integration , wherein a company produces several items which are related to one another. Vertical integration has also described management styles that bring large portions of the supply chain not only under a common ownership, but also into one corporation (as in the 1920s when the Ford River Rouge Complex began making much of its own steel rather than buying it from suppliers). Vertical integration is one method of avoiding the hold-up problem . A monopoly produced through vertical integration is called a "vertical monopoly". Nineteenth-century steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie 's example in the use of vertical integration led others to use the system to promote financial growth and efficiency in their businesses. Vertical integration can be an important strategy, but it is notoriously difficult to implement successfully and—when it turns out to be the wrong strategy—costly to fix
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Rank Xerox
RANK XEROX was formed in 1956 as a joint venture between the Xerox Corporation of United States (aka Haloid Photographic) and the Rank Organisation of the United Kingdom, to manufacture and market Xerox equipment initially in Europe and later in Africa and Asia. A further joint venture between Rank Xerox and Modi Group in India formed MODI XEROX (now Xerox India ) to manufacture and sell Xerox equipment in the Indian subcontinent . The initial joint venture was 50% Xerox and 50% Rank Organisation, but this changed after a few years to a 60/40 split. Later, Xerox bought a further share making the split 80/20, and in the late 1990s, completed the purchase, so Rank Xerox formally became Xerox. In 1956 the Rank Organisation was looking for a product to sit alongside a small business it had making camera lenses. Thomas Law, who was the head of the business, found his answer in a scientific magazine he picked up by chance. He read about an invention that could produce copies of documents as good as the original. Mr Law tracked down the backers, an obscure photographic-supply company in Rochester, New York, named Haloid. Haloid and Rank subsequently formed an affiliate called Rank Xerox (Rank put up £600,000 for a 50% stake in Rank Xerox)
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Gongman
The GONGMAN (also known as the "man-with-the-gong") is a company trademark for the Rank Organisation . It was used as the introduction to all Rank films, many of which were created at their Pinewood Studios . The Gongman logo was first used on films distributed by General Film Distributors , which was established in 1935 by the British producer C. M. Woolf and J. Arthur Rank ; it was C.M. Woolf's secretary who devised the man-with-a-gong trademark. When the Rank Organisation was established in 1937, with General Film Distributors as one of its cornerstones, the logo was adopted for the whole organisation. The Gongman film logo sequence depicts a man striking a huge gong with a deep resonant sound. The gongs used in the films were props made of plaster or papier-mâché , with the sound of the gong done by James Blades on a Chinese instrument called a tam tam . During the sequence, the text "General Film Distributors", " J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors", " J. Arthur Rank presents" or "'The Rank Organisation" appeared over the gong. Athletes who played the Gongman in the film sequence over the years, included boxer Bombardier Billy Wells and wrestler Ken Richmond . Also, George Francis Moss Snr played the Gongman
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General Film Distributors
GENERAL FILM DISTRIBUTORS (GFD), later known as J. ARTHUR RANK FILM DISTRIBUTORS and RANK FILM DISTRIBUTORS LTD., was a British film distribution company based in London. It was active between 1935 and 1996, and from 1937 it was part of the Rank Organisation . General Film Distributors was created in 1935 by the British film distributor C. M. Woolf (1879–1942) after he had resigned from Gaumont British and closed his distribution company Woolf "> * ^ Francis Donald Klingender, Stuart Legg: _Money Behind the Screen_ (1937), pages 37-41 Retrieved 2012-10-31 * ^ _A_ _B_ The Independent 1 July 1999: Obituary: Sir John Woolf Retrieved 2011-09-02 * ^ James Chapman: _Past and Present - National Identity and the British Historical Film_, page 114 - Retrieved 2012-10-30 * ^ Geoffrey Macnab: _ J
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Kingston Upon Hull
KINGSTON UPON HULL (/ˌkɪŋstən əpɒn ˈhʌl/ (_ listen ) KING-stən ə-pon HUL_ , locally /-ˈhʊl/ _-HUUL_ ), usually abbreviated to HULL, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire , England . It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber estuary , 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea , with a population of 260,200 (mid-2016 est.). The town of Hull was founded late in the 12th century. The monks of Meaux Abbey needed a port where the wool from their estates could be exported. They chose a place at the confluence of the rivers Hull and Humber to build a quay. The exact year the town was founded is not known but it was first mentioned in 1193. Renamed _Kings-town upon Hull_ by King Edward I in 1299, Hull has been a market town , military supply port, trading hub, fishing and whaling centre and industrial metropolis. Hull was an early theatre of battle in the English Civil Wars . Its 18th century Member of Parliament, William Wilberforce , took a prominent part in the abolition of the slave trade in Britain
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Flour
FLOUR is a substance, generally a powder , made by grinding raw grains or roots and used to make many different foods . Cereal flour is the main ingredient of bread , which is a staple food for many cultures, making the availability of adequate supplies of flour a major economic and political issue at various times throughout history. Wheat flour is one of the most important ingredients in Oceanic , European , South American , North American , Middle Eastern , North Indian and North African cultures, and is the defining ingredient in their styles of breads and pastries . While wheat is the most common base for flour, maize flour has been important in Mesoamerican cuisine since ancient times and remains a staple in the Americas.