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Tonga
Coordinates : 20°S 175°W / 20°S 175°W / -20; -175 Kingdom of Tonga _Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga_ (Tongan ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga
Tonga
ko hoku tofiʻa" "God and Tonga
Tonga
are m
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Tongan Language
TONGAN /ˈtɒŋən/ (_lea fakatonga_) is an Austronesian language of the Polynesian branch spoken in Tonga
Tonga
. It has around 200,000 speakers and is a national language of Tonga
Tonga
. It is a VSO (verb–subject–object) language. CONTENTS * 1 Related languages * 2 Tongan alphabet * 3 Syllabification * 4 Articles * 5 Registers * 6 Pronouns * 6.1 Subjective and objective * 6.2 Cardinal pronouns * 6.3 Possessive pronouns * 6.4 Other pronouns * 7 Counting * 8 Literature * 9 Calendar * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 External links RELATED LANGUAGESTongan is one of the multiple languages in the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages, along with Hawaiian , Maori , Samoan and Tahitian , for example. Together with Niuean , it forms the Tongic subgroup of Polynesian. Tongan is unusual among Polynesian languages in that it has a so-called _definitive accent_
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Flag Of Tonga
The FLAG OF TONGA consists of a red field with a white canton charged with a red couped cross. Adopted in 1875 after being officially enshrined into the nation\'s constitution , it has been the flag of the Kingdom of Tonga
Tonga
since that year. The constitution stipulates that the national flag can never be changed. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Design * 2.1 Symbolism * 2.2 Similarities * 3 Gallery * 3.1 Historical flags * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe British first arrived in Tonga
Tonga
in the late-18th century, when Captain James Cook
James Cook
made three visits to the islands between 1773 and 1777. Approximately fifty years later, English Wesleyan Methodist missionaries came to Tonga
Tonga
and began converting the islanders to Christianity
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Coat Of Arms Of Tonga
The COAT OF ARMS OF TONGA (KO E SILA ʻO TONGA) was designed in 1875 with the creation of the constitution . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 3 Royal Standard * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 External links HISTORYThe three swords represent the three dynasties or lines of the kings of Tonga
Tonga
, namely the Tuʻi Tonga
Tonga
, Tuʻi Haʻatakalaua and the current Tuʻi Kanokupolu ). Tonga
Tonga
was united under King Siaosi Tupou I , who then orchestrated the formation of the first formal government and also the coat of arms. The dove with the olive branch symbolises the wish of God's peace to reign in Tonga
Tonga
forever (the dove and olive branch are taken from the story of Noah
Noah
and the Great Flood in the Bible)
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Ko E Fasi ʻo E Tuʻi ʻo E ʻOtu Tonga
"KO E FASI ʻO E TUʻI ʻO E ʻOTU TONGA" is the national anthem of Tonga
Tonga
. The title literally means "song of the king of the Tonga Islands" in the Tongan language but is in daily life better known as FASI FAKAFONUA, which translates to "national song". The lyrics of the anthem were written by Prince Uelingatoni Ngū Tupoumalohi , with the music by Karl Gustavus Schmitt . It was first used in 1874. CONTENTS * 1 Tongan lyrics (modern spelling) * 2 English lyrics (literal translation) * 3 English lyrics * 4 Melody * 5 Tongan music notation * 6 References * 7 External links TONGAN LYRICS (MODERN SPELLING) ʻE ʻotua māfimafi ko homau ʻeiki koe ko koe ko e falalaʻanga mo ia 'ofa ki Tonga; ʻAfio hifo ʻemau lotu ʻaia ʻoku mau faí ni mo ke tali homau loto ʻo maluʻi ʻa Tupou. ENGLISH LYRICS (LITERAL TRANSLATION) Oh, almighty God! You are our Lord, It is You, the pillar And the love to Tonga
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Nukuʻalofa
NUKUʻALOFA is the capital of Tonga
Tonga
. It is located on the north coast of the island of Tongatapu
Tongatapu
, in the southernmost island group of Tonga. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 First western records of Nukuʻalofa
Nukuʻalofa
* 1.2 Capital of the Kingdom of Tonga
Tonga
(1875 and later) * 2 Government * 3 Climate * 4 Economy * 5 Transport * 6 2015 island creation * 7 Twin towns/Sister cities * 8 Endnotes * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYFIRST WESTERN RECORDS OF NUKUʻALOFAOn 10 June 1777, British captain James Cook
James Cook
wrote of his arrival at their anchorage place. His description of the place confirmed, with his map, that this was the bay of Nukuʻalofa. At length, about two in the afternoon, we arrived at our intended station
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English Language
ENGLISH /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/ (_ listen ) is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca _. Named after the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England , it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea . It is closely related to the Frisian languages , but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages particularly Norse (a North Germanic language ), as well as by Latin and Romance languages , particularly French . English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Tongans
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Tonga
Tonga
, including population density , ethnicity , education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Demographics
Demographics
of Tonga, Data of FAO , year 2005; Number of inhabitants in thousands Almost two-thirds of the population of the Kingdom of Tonga
Tonga
live on its main island, Tongatapu . Although an increasing number of Tongans have moved into the only urban and commercial center, Nukuʻalofa
Nukuʻalofa
, where European and indigenous cultural and living patterns have blended, village life and kinship ties continue to be important throughout the country
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Euronesian
United States
United States
125,628 French Polynesia
French Polynesia
25,000
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Ethnic Groups In Europe
The ETHNIC GROUPS IN EUROPE are the focus of European ethnology , the field of anthropology related to the various ethnic groups that reside in the nations of Europe
Europe
. According to German monograph _Minderheitenrechte in Europa_ co-edited by Pan and Pfeil (2002) there are 87 distinct PEOPLES OF EUROPE, of which 33 form the majority population in at least one sovereign state, while the remaining 54 constitute ethnic minorities . The total number of national minority populations in Europe
Europe
is estimated at 105 million people, or 14% of 770 million Europeans. There is no precise or universally accepted definition of the terms "ethnic group" or "nationality"
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East Asian
EAST ASIA is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural terms. Geographically and geopolitically, it includes China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Mongolia, Korea (North and South), Japan and Taiwan; it covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian continent . The East Asian people comprise more than 1.5 billion people. About 38% of the population of Asia and 22%, or over one fifth, of all the people in the world live in East Asia. Although the coastal and riparian areas of the region form one of the world's most populated places, the population in Mongolia and Western China , both landlocked areas, is very sparsely distributed, with Mongolia having the lowest population density of a sovereign state
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Free Wesleyan Church Of Tonga
The FREE WESLEYAN CHURCH (FWC; Tongan : Siasi Uesiliana Tau‘ataina ‘o Tonga
Tonga
) is the largest Methodist
Methodist
denomination in Tonga
Tonga
, and also the state church . It is the world's only state church in the Methodist
Methodist
tradition. The royal family of the country are prominent members, and the late king was a lay preacher. In 1924, Sālote Tupou III