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Tolupan People
The Tolupan or Jicaque people are an indigenous ethnic group of Honduras, primarily inhabiting the northwest coast of Honduras[2] and the community Montaña de La Flor (sv) in central Honduras.Contents1 Culture 2 History 3 Synonymy 4 Notes 5 Further readingCulture[edit] The Jicaque are an agrarian people, who raise beans, maize, and sweet and bitter manioc. They also fish, hunt, and raise livestock. They are polygamous. Culturally, they are similar to the Miskito and Sumo people.[2] History[edit] In the 19th century, a Roman Catholic missionary, Manuel Jesús de Subirian, encouraged many Jicaque to assimilate into mainstream culture, settle in villages, and grow maize
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Honduras
Coordinates: 15°00′N 86°30′W / 15.000°N 86.500°W / 15.000; -86.500 Republic
Republic
of Honduras República de Honduras  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish) "Free, Sovereign and Independent"Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Honduras" "National Anthem of Honduras"Capital and largest city Tegucigalpa 14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.100°N 87.217°W / 14.100; -87.217Official languages SpanishEthnic groups ([1])90% Mestizoa 7% Amerindian 2% Black 1% Whi
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Roman Catholicism
GodTrinity Pater Filius Spiritus Sanctus Consubstantialitas Filioque Divinum illud munusDivine Law Decalogus Ex Cathedra DeificatioRealms beyond the States of the Church Heaven Purgatory Limbo HellMysterium Fidei Passion of Jesus Crucifixion
Crucifixion
of Jesus Harrowing of Hell Resurrection AscensionBeatæ Mariæ Semper Virginis Mariology Veneration Immaculate Conception Mater Dei Perpetual virginity Assumption TitlesOther teachings Josephology Morality Body Lectures Sexuality Apologetics Divine grace Salvation Original sin Saints DogmaTexts Biblia Sacra S
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Agrarian Society
An agrarian society (or agricultural society) is any society whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland. Another way to define an agrarian society is by seeing how much of a nation's total production is in agriculture. In an agrarian society cultivating the land is the primary source of wealth. Such a society may acknowledge other means of livelihood and work habits but stresses the importance of agriculture and farming. Agrarian societies have existed in various parts of the world as far back as 10,000 years ago and continue to exist today
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Maize
Maize
Maize
(/meɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico
Mexico
about 10,000 years ago.[1][2] The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.[3] Maize
Maize
has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice
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Manioc
Manihot
Manihot
esculenta (commonly called cassava (/kəˈsɑːvə/), manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot[2]) is a woody shrub native to South America
South America
of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Though it is often called yuca in Spanish and in the United States, it differs from yucca, an unrelated fruit-bearing shrub in the family Asparagaceae
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Polygamy
Polygamy
Polygamy
(from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses")[1][2][3][4] is the practice of marrying multiple spouses. When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, sociologists call this polygyny. When a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry. If a marriage includes multiple husbands and wives, it can be called a group marriage. In contrast, monogamy is marriage consisting of only two parties. Like "monogamy", the term "polygamy" is often used in a de facto sense, applied regardless of whether the state recognises the relationship.[n 1] In sociobiology and zoology, researchers use polygamy in a broad sense to mean any form of multiple mating. Worldwide, different societies variously encourage, accept or outlaw polygamy. Of societies which allow or tolerate polygamy, in the vast majority of cases the form accepted in polygyny
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Miskito People
The Miskito are an indigenous ethnic group in Central America, of whom many are mixed race. In the northern end of their territory, the people are primarily of African-Native American ancestry;[1] others are of mixed African-Native American and English descent. Their territory extends from Cape Camarón, Honduras, to Río Grande, Nicaragua, along the Mosquito
Mosquito
Coast, in the Western Caribbean
Caribbean
Zone. Their population is estimated at 180,000 people as of 2016.[2] The indigenous people speak a native Miskito language, but large groups also speak Miskito creole English, Spanish, which is the language of education and government, and other languages. The creole English came about through frequent contact with the British for trading, as they predominated along this coast. Many are Christians.[3] A 1987 peace agreement afforded them land rights over traditional lands
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Anne Chapman
Anne MacKaye Chapman (c. 1922 – June 12, 2010) was a Franco-American ethnologist. She studied the Mesoamerican
Mesoamerican
civilizations and especially the Tolupan
Tolupan
(Jicaque) people of Honduras. She had visited Magallanes and Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
many times since 1965 to study the Fuegian peoples in depth, especially the Selk’nam and Yahgan. She first became interested in the peoples of Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
through Joseph and Annette Emperaire. Her research was essential to understand the cultures of these peoples and she met the last members of the Selk’nam people: Lola Kiepja and Ángela Loij. Chapman wrote on many important anthropologic issues; possibly her most important work concerning the Fuegians
Fuegians
was Drama and Power in a Hunting Society: The Selk’nam of Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
(1981)
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Maya People
The Maya people are a group of Indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. They inhabit southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador
El Salvador
and Honduras. The overarching term "Maya" is a collective designation to include the peoples of the region that share some degree of cultural and linguistic heritage; however, the term embraces many distinct populations, societies, and ethnic groups that each have their own particular traditions, cultures, and historical identity. The pre-Columbian Maya population was approximately eight million.[citation needed] There were an estimated seven million Maya living in this area at the start of the 21st century.[1][2] Guatemala, southern Mexico
Mexico
and the Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, El Salvador, and western Honduras
Honduras
have managed to maintain numerous remnants of their ancient cultural heritage
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Mulatto
No official worldwide censusRegions with significant populations Latin
Latin
America, Caribbean, United States, South Africa, Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Mascarene Islands, United Kingdom, France, Portugal, NamibiaLanguageslanguages of Africa, languages of Asia, languages of EuropeRelated ethnic groupspardo Mulatto
Mulatto
is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents
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Mestizo
Mestizo
Mestizo
(/mɛˈstiːzoʊ, mɪ-/;[1] Spanish: [mesˈtiθo], American Spanish: [-ˈtiso]) is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and to a lesser extent, in the Philippines
Philippines
which originally meant a person of combined European and American Indian descent, regardless of where the person was born. The term was used as an ethnic/racial category in the casta system that was in use during the Spanish Empire's control of their American colonies. Nowadays though, particularly in Latin America, Mestizo
Mestizo
has become more of a cultural term, with culturally mainstream Latin Americans regarded or termed as Mestizos regardless of their actual ancestry, and with the term "Indian" being reserved exclusively for people who have maintained a separate indigenous ethnic identity, language, tribal affiliation, etc
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Caracoles
The Caracol people are an ethnic people of mainly European/English-African-Caribbean descent, who have been concentrated in Northern Honduras
Honduras
(specifically, the Bay Islands) since the early 19th century. They speak an English-based creole. Caracol is a Spanish term that literally translates as conch, or snail shell; it associates the people of the Bay Islands to their environment and seafaring culture.[1] In its current usage, the term Caracol refers to all people born in the Bay Islands region and their descendants
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Spanish Migration To Honduras
Honduras
Honduras
possesses an important Spanish community that has disseminated by all the national territory. According to the National Institute of Statistics of Spain, 2,888 Spanish citizens live in Honduras
Honduras
as of 2017.[1]Contents1 History 2 Spanish Culture in Honduras 3 Spanish communities3.1 Diplomatic relations of Spain
Spain
in Honduras4 Growth of the Spanish population in Honduras 5 See also 6 ReferencesHistory[edit] The first Spanish citizen to arrive in Honduras
Honduras
was Gil González Dávila, with the goal of conquest. He founded the villa of Saint Gil de Buena Vista. In order to pacify the indigenous population, he stayed in Honduran territory, struggling against the Spaniards that contested his choice
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History Of The Jews In Honduras
Jews
Jews
have lived in Honduras
Honduras
since the times of the Inquisition. Today, some 40–50 Jewish families live in the country.[citation needed] The community is concentrated primarily in San Pedro Sula
San Pedro Sula
and Tegucigalpa. Other families are found in the port city of La Ceiba.Contents1 History1.1 Present day2 See also 3 Footnotes 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit]A Jewish home in San Pedro SulaSee also: History of the Jews
Jews
in Latin America There have been Jews
Jews
in Honduras
Honduras
since Hernando Cortes conquered the Aztecs, accompanied by several Conversos
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