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Todd Haynes
TODD HAYNES (/heɪnz/ ; born January 2, 1961) is an American independent film director, screenwriter, and producer. He is considered a pioneer of the New Queer Cinema movement of filmmaking that emerged in the early 1990s. Haynes first gained public attention with his controversial short film Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story (1987), which chronicles singer Karen Carpenter
Karen Carpenter
's tragic life and death, using Barbie dolls as actors. Haynes had not obtained proper licensing to use the Carpenters' music, prompting a lawsuit from Richard Carpenter , whom the film portrayed in an unflattering light, banning the film's distribution. Superstar
Superstar
became a cult classic . Haynes' feature directorial debut, Poison (1991), a provocative, three-part exploration of AIDS-era queer perceptions and subversions, established him as a formidable talent and figure of a new transgressive cinema. Poison won the Sundance Film Festival 's Grand Jury Prize and is regarded as a seminal work of New Queer Cinema. Haynes received further acclaim for his second feature film, Safe (1995), a symbolic portrait of a housewife who develops extreme allergic reactions to her suburban life. Safe was later voted the best film of the 1990s by The Village Voice Film Poll
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Tribeca Film Festival
The TRIBECA FILM FESTIVAL was founded in 2002 by Jane Rosenthal , Robert De Niro and Craig Hatkoff , reportedly in response to the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the consequent loss of vitality in the Tribeca neighborhood in Lower Manhattan , although there are reports that its founding was underway prior to the events of 9/11. In 2006 and 2007, the Festival received over 8600 film submissions and held 1,500 screenings. The Festival's program line-up includes a variety of independent films including documentaries , narrative features and shorts , as well as a program of family-friendly films. The Festival also features panel discussions with personalities in the entertainment world and a music lounge produced with ASCAP to showcase artists. One of the more distinctive components of the Festival is its Artists Awards program in which emerging and renowned artists celebrate filmmakers by providing original works of art that are given to the filmmakers' competition winners. Past artists of the Artists Awards program have included Chuck Close , Alex Katz , and Julian Schnabel . The festival now draws an estimated three million people—including often-elusive celebrities from the worlds of art, film, and music—and generates $600 million annually. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Awards * 2.1 U.S. Narrative Competition * 2.1.1 Best U.S
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Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
------------------------- CSA Los Angeles-Long Beach MSA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim PUEBLO September 4, 1781 INCORPORATED April 4, 1850 NAMED FOR Our Lady, Queen of the Angels GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor-Council-Commission • BODY Los Angeles City Council
Los Angeles City Council
• MAYOR Eric Garcetti
Eric Garcetti
• CITY ATTORNEY Mike Feuer
Mike Feuer
• CITY CONTROLLER Ron Galperin
Ron Galperin
AREA • METROPOLITAN CITY 502.76 sq mi (1,302.15 km2) • LAND 468.74 sq mi (1,214.03 km2) • WATER 34.02 sq mi (88.12 km2) 6.7% ELEVATION 305 ft (93 m) HIGHEST ELEVATION 5,074 ft (1,547 m) LOWEST ELEVATION 0 ft (0 m) POPULATION (2010 ) • METROPOLITAN CITY 3,792,621 • ESTIMATE (2016) 3,976,322 • RANK 1st , California 2nd, U.S
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California
Native languages as of 2007 * English 57.4% * Spanish 28.5% * Chinese 2.8% * Tagalog 2.2% DEMONYM Californian CAPITAL Sacramento LARGEST CITY Los Angeles LARGEST METRO Greater Los Angeles Area AREA Ranked 3rd • TOTAL 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2) • WIDTH 250 miles (400 km) • LENGTH 770 miles (1,240 km) • % WATER 4.7 • LATITUDE 32°32′ N to 42° N • LONGITUDE 114°8′ W to 124°26′ W POPULATION Ranked 1st • TOTAL 39,250,017 (2016 est.) • DENSITY 240/sq mi (92.6/km2) Ranked 11th • MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $63,636 (13th) ELEVATION • HIGHEST POINT Mount Whitney 14,505 ft (4,421.0 m) • MEAN 2,900 ft (880 m) • LOWEST POINT Badwater Basin −279 ft (−85.0 m) BEFORE STATEHOOD California Republic ADMISSION TO UNION September 9, 1850 (31st) GOVERNOR Jerry Brown (D ) LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR Gavin Newsom (D ) LEGISLATURE California State Legislature • UPPER HOUSE California State Senate • LOWER HOUSE California State Assembly U.S. SENATORS Dianne Feinstein (D ) Kamala Harris (D ) U.S
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Portland, Oregon
PORTLAND (/ˈpɔːrtlənd/ ) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon
Oregon
and the seat of Multnomah County . It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest , at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia Rivers. The city covers 145 square miles (380 square kilometers) and had an estimated population of 639,863 in 2016, making it the 26th most populous city in the United States. Approximately 2,424,955 people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area (MSA ), the 25th most populous MSA in the United States. Its Combined Statistical Area (CSA) ranks 18th with a population of 3,160,488. Roughly 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area . Named after Portland, Maine , the Oregon
Oregon
settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon
Oregon
Trail . Its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, and the timber industry was a major force in the city's early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering
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Brown University
BROWN UNIVERSITY is a private Ivy League research university in Providence , Rhode Island , United States. Founded in 1764 as the COLLEGE IN THE ENGLISH COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS, Brown is the seventh-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution . At its foundation, Brown was the first college in the United States to accept students regardless of their religious affiliation. Its engineering program was established in 1847 and was the first in the Ivy League. It was one of the early doctoral-granting U.S. institutions in the late 19th century, adding master and doctoral studies in 1887. Brown's New Curriculum is sometimes referred to in education theory as the Brown Curriculum and was adopted by faculty vote in 1969 after a period of student lobbying. The New Curriculum eliminated mandatory "general education" distribution requirements, made students "the architects of their own syllabus," and allowed them to take any course for a grade of satisfactory or unrecorded no-credit. In 1971, Brown's coordinate women's institution Pembroke College was fully merged into the university. Pembroke Campus now operates as a place for dorms and classrooms
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Bard College
BARD COLLEGE is a private liberal arts college in Annandale-on-Hudson , a hamlet in New York , United States . The campus overlooks the Hudson River and Catskill Mountains , and is within the Hudson River Historic District , a National Historic Landmark . Founded in 1860, the institution consists of a liberal arts college, a conservatory , as well as eight graduate programs offering over 20 graduate degrees in the arts and sciences. The undergraduate student-to-faculty ratio is 10:1. The college has a network of over thirty-five affiliated programs, institutes, and centers, spanning twelve cities , five states , seven countries , and four continents . Bard's Annandale campus serves as an important regional cultural institution . Both the CCS Hessel Museum of Contemporary Art and the Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts are located on campus. The college also hosts two acclaimed annual arts festivals, Bard SummerScape , and the Bard Music Festival
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Independent Film
An INDEPENDENT FILM, INDEPENDENT MOVIE , INDIE FILM or INDIE MOVIE is a feature film that is produced outside of the major film studio system, in addition to being produced and distributed by independent entertainment agencies. Independent films are sometimes distinguishable by their content and style and the way in which the filmmakers' personal artistic vision is realized. Usually, but not always, independent films are made with considerably lower budgets than major studio movies. Generally, the marketing of independent films is characterized by limited release , but can also have major marketing campaigns and a wide release . Independent films are often screened at local, national, or international film festivals before distribution (theatrical or retail release). An independent film production can rival a mainstream film production if it has the necessary funding and distribution
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New Queer Cinema
" Queer
Queer
cinema" redirects here. For LGBT
LGBT
films in general, see List of LGBT
LGBT
films . "NEW QUEER CINEMA" is a term first coined by the academic B. Ruby Rich in _Sight ">_ River Phoenix
River Phoenix
's critically acclaimed performance as gay hustler Mikey Waters in Gus Van Sant's 1991 film My Own Private Idaho _ helped bring queer cinema to a mainstream audience. Drawing on postmodernist and poststructuralist academic theories of the 1980s, the New Queer
Queer
Cinema presented human identity and sexuality as socially constructed, and therefore fluid and changeable, rather than fixed. In the world of New Queer
Queer
Cinema, sexuality is often a chaotic and subversive force, which is alienating to and often brutally repressed by dominant heterosexual power structures. Films in the New Queer
Queer
Cinema movement frequently featured explicit and unapologetic depictions of same-sex sexual activity, and presented same-sex relationships that reconfigured traditional heterosexual notions of family and marriage. While not all identifying with a specific political movement, New Queer
Queer
Cinema films were invariably radical, as they sought to challenge and subvert assumptions about identity, gender, class, family and society
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Superstar
SUPERSTAR is a term used to refer to someone who has great popular appeal and is widely known, prominent, or successful in some field. Celebrities referred to as "superstars" may include individuals who work as actors , actresses , musicians , athletes , and other media-based professions. CONTENTS * 1 Origin of term * 2 Early 1900s: development of the Hollywood
Hollywood
"star system" * 3 1970s: Academic interest in stardom * 4 1980s–1990s: publicity tactics * 5 Socio-psychological theories * 6 Economics of "superstars" * 6.1 Debate over superstardom * 7 Other meanings * 7.1 "Superstar" art museums * 7.2 Superstar
Superstar
CEOs * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading ORIGIN OF TERM Frederick Wellington "Cyclone" Taylor - the world's first designated "Superstar." Rajinikanth , once the highest paid actor in India, is often referred to as "superstar". In the 1960s and 1970s Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
popularized the term " Superstar
Superstar
" to describe people like actress Mary Woronov , star of Chelsea Girls , who started out dancing with The Velvet Underground . See also Warhol Superstar
Superstar

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Karen Carpenter
KAREN ANNE CARPENTER (March 2, 1950 – February 4, 1983) was an American singer and drummer. She and her brother Richard Carpenter formed the 1970s duo the Carpenters
Carpenters
. Her skills as a drummer earned admiration from drumming luminaries and peers, but she is best known for her vocal performances. She typically sang in a contralto vocal range. Carpenter suffered from the eating disorder anorexia nervosa , which was little known at the time. She died at age 32 from heart failure caused by complications related to her illness. Carpenter's death led to increased visibility and awareness of eating disorders. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Music career * 2.1 Recognition of drumming skills * 3 Solo album * 4 Personal life * 5 Final months * 6 Death * 7 Legacy * 8 Accolades * 9 Discography * 9.1 Studio albums * 9.2 Posthumous albums * 9.3 Solo albums * 10 Biographical films * 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 Resources * 14 External links EARLY LIFEKaren Anne Carpenter was born in New Haven , Connecticut
Connecticut
, the daughter of Agnes Reuwer (née Tatum, March 5, 1915 – November 10, 1996) and Harold Bertram Carpenter (November 8, 1908 – October 15, 1988). Harold had been born in China
China
where his parents were missionaries and was educated at boarding schools in England
England
, before working in the printing business
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Richard Carpenter (musician)
RICHARD LYNN CARPENTER (born October 15, 1946) is an American pop musician, best known as one half of the sibling duo the Carpenters
Carpenters
, along with his sister Karen Carpenter
Karen Carpenter
. He is a record producer, arranger, pianist, keyboardist, occasional lyricist, and composer, as well as joining with Karen on harmony vocals. CONTENTS * 1 Childhood * 2 The Richard Carpenter Trio and Spectrum * 3 Career * 4 Quaalude addiction and treatment * 5 Post- Carpenters
Carpenters
* 5.1 Documentaries * 5.2 Scholarship/talent show * 5.3 Gear * 6 Personal life * 7 Discography * 7.1 The Carpenters * 7.2 Albums * 7.3 Singles * 8 References * 9 External links CHILDHOODRichard Lynn Carpenter was born at Grace-New Haven Hospital (now called Yale-New Haven Hospital) in New Haven, Connecticut , the same hospital where Karen was later born. His parents were Agnes Reuwer Tatum (a housewife ) (March 5, 1915 – November 10, 1996) and Harold Bertram Carpenter (November 8, 1908 – October 15, 1988) who had been born in China
China
where his parents were missionaries and educated at boarding schools in England
England
, before working in the printing business. Carpenter was named after his father's younger brother, Richard Lynn Carpenter. Carpenter and his uncle both married women named Mary
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Cult Classic
A CULT FILM, also commonly referred to as a CULT CLASSIC, is a film that has acquired a cult following . Cult films are known for their dedicated, passionate fanbase , an elaborate subculture that engage in repeated viewings, quoting dialogue, and audience participation . Inclusive definitions allow for major studio productions, especially box office bombs , while exclusive definitions focus more on obscure, transgressive films shunned by the mainstream . The difficulty in defining the term and subjectivity of what qualifies as a cult film mirror classificatory disputes about art . The term _cult film_ itself was first used in the 1970s to describe the culture that surrounded underground films and midnight movies , though _cult_ was in common use in film analysis for decades prior to that. Cult films trace their origin back to controversial and suppressed films kept alive by dedicated fans. In some cases, reclaimed or rediscovered films have acquired cult followings decades after their original release, occasionally for their camp value. Other
Other
cult films have since become well-respected or reassessed as classics; there is debate as to whether these popular and accepted films are still cult films. After failing in the cinema, some cult films have become regular fixtures on cable television or profitable sellers on home video. Others have inspired their own film festivals
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Poison (film)
POISON is a 1991 American science fiction drama horror film written and directed by Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
. It stars Edith Meeks, Larry Maxwell, Susan Gayle Norman, Scott Renderer, and James Lyons . It is composed of three intercut stories that are partially inspired by the novels of Jean Genet . With its gay themes, Poison is considered an early entry in the New Queer Cinema movement. The film had its world premiere at the Sundance Film Festival on January 11, 1991. It was released in a limited release on April 5, 1991, by Zeitgeist Films
Zeitgeist Films
. CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Cast * 3 Release * 4 Reception * 5 Awards and nominations * 6 See also * 7 Footnotes * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links PLOTThe three intercut stories that comprise Poison are: * Hero: Seven-year-old Richie shoots his father and then flies away. The story is told in the style of an episode of a tabloid television news magazine . * Horror: Told in the style of a "psychotropic horror film" of the mid-1960s, Horror is about a scientist who isolates the "elixir of human sexuality" and, after drinking it, is transformed into a hideous murdering leper. * Homo: The story of a prisoner, John Broom, who finds himself attracted to another prisoner, Jack Bolton, whom he had known and seen humiliated as a youth in a juvenile facility
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Queer
_QUEER_ is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or not cisgender . Originally meaning "strange" or "peculiar", _queer_ came to be used pejoratively against those with same-sex desires or relationships in the late 19th century
19th century
. Beginning in the late 1980s, queer scholars and activists began to reclaim the word to establish community and assert an identity distinct from the gay identity. People who reject traditional gender identities and seek a broader and deliberately ambiguous alternative to the label _ LGBT _ may describe themselves as _queer_. _Queer_ is also increasingly used to describe non-normative (i.e. anti-heteronormative and anti-homonormative ) identities and politics. Academic disciplines such as queer theory and queer studies share a general opposition to binarism , normativity, and a perceived lack of intersectionality within the mainstream LGBT movement. Queer
Queer
arts, queer cultural groups, and queer political groups are examples of expressions of queer identities. Critics of the use of the term include members of the LGBT community and others who associate the term more with its colloquial usage as a derogatory insult or who wish to dissociate themselves from queer radicalism
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Sundance Film Festival
The SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL, a program of the Sundance Institute , is an American film festival that takes place annually in Park City, Utah . With over 46,660 attendees in 2016, it is the largest independent film festival in the United States. Held in January in Park City and Salt Lake City ,