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Tocantins
TOCANTINS (Portuguese pronunciation: A ) is one of the states of Brazil
Brazil
. (From: TUKã´, Toucan + Tï, beak. lit. "Toucan's beak" in Tupi language
Tupi language
). It is the newest of the 26 Brazilian states, formed in 1988 and encompassing what had formerly been the northern two-fifths of the state of Goiás
Goiás
. Tocantins
Tocantins
covers 277,620.91 square kilometres (107,190.03 sq mi) and has a population of 1,496,880 (2014 est.). Construction of its capital, Palmas , began in 1989; most of the other cities in the state date to the Portuguese colonial period. With the exception of Araguaína there are few other cities with a significant population in the state. The government has invested in a new capital, a major hydropower dam, railroads and related infrastructure to develop this primarily agricultural area
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Amazon Rainforest
The AMAZON RAINFOREST (Portuguese : Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Spanish : Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; French : Forêt amazonienne; Dutch : Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as AMAZONIA or the AMAZON JUNGLE , is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin
Amazon basin
of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations
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Fluvial
In geography and geology , FLUVIAL processes are associated with rivers and streams and the deposits and landforms created by them. When the stream or rivers are associated with glaciers , ice sheets , or ice caps , the term GLACIOFLUVIAL or FLUVIOGLACIAL is used. CONTENTS * 1 Fluvial
Fluvial
processes * 2 See also * 2.1 Fluvial
Fluvial
processes * 2.2 Fluvial
Fluvial
channel patterns * 2.3 Fluvial
Fluvial
landforms * 2.4 Related terms * 3 References FLUVIAL PROCESSES Fluvial
Fluvial
processes include the motion of sediment and erosion or deposition on the river bed . Erosion
Erosion
by moving water can happen in two ways
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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1 . The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Human Development Index
The HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy , education , and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development . A country scores higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the GDP per capita
GDP per capita
is higher. The HDI was developed by Indian Economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq , often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
. The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(IHDI)
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Savanna
A SAVANNA or SAVANNAH is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses. Savannas maintain an open canopy despite a high tree density. It is often believed that savannas feature widely spaced, scattered trees. However, in many savannas, tree densities are higher and trees are more regularly spaced than in forests
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Archaeology
ARCHAEOLOGY, or ARCHEOLOGY, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture . The archaeological record consists of artifacts , architecture , biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes . Archaeology
Archaeology
can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities . In North America
North America
, archaeology is considered a sub-field of anthropology , while in Europe
Europe
archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. Archaeologists study human prehistory and history , from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi in East Africa
Africa
3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology
Archaeology
as a field is distinct from the discipline of palaeontology , the study of fossil remains
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Amerindian
The INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE AMERICAS are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas
Americas
and their descendants. Indígenas or pueblos indígenas ("indigenous peoples") is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries , and pueblos nativos or nativos (lit. "native peoples" in the sense of descendants of non-immigrants) may also be heard, while aborigen (aborigine) is used in Argentina
Argentina
, and pueblos aborígenes (aboriginal peoples) is common in Chile
Chile
. The term "Amerindian" (short for "'Indians of the Americas") is used in Quebec
Quebec
, the Guianas , and the English-speaking Caribbean
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is a universalising Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life , teachings , and miracles of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
, known by Christians
Christians
as the Christ , or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faiths . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians
Christians
. Christians
Christians
make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God
God
and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
(the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament

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Missionary
A MISSIONARY is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education , literacy , social justice , health care , and economic development . The word "mission" originates from 1598 when the Jesuits sent members abroad, derived from the Latin missionem (nom. missio), meaning "act of sending" or mittere, meaning "to send". The word was used in light of its biblical usage; in the Latin translation of the Bible
Bible
, Christ uses the word when sending the disciples to preach in his name. The term is most commonly used for Christian
Christian
missions, but can be used for any creed or ideology
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Society Of Jesus
The SOCIETY OF JESUS (S.J. – from Latin
Latin
: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
which originated in sixteenth-century Spain
Spain
. The members are called JESUITS. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities, and seminaries), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries , and promote ecumenical dialogue . Ignatius of Loyola , a Basque nobleman from the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona
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Cerradão
CERRADãO is a type of dry forest found in Brazil, associated with the cerrado savanna ecoregion . CONTENTS * 1 Structure * 2 Flora * 3 Threats * 4 Notes * 5 Sources STRUCTURE Cerradão
Cerradão
is a drought-resistant ("xerophitic") type of forest, with relatively sparse and slender trees. It includes species that are found in the cerrado strict sense and others that are found in forest. It has a canopy that is mostly continuous with tree coverage of 50% to 90%. Trees have an average height of 8 to 15 metres (26 to 49 ft). Cerradão
Cerradão
trees are taller and denser than cerrado, and have straighter trunks without lower branches. Although physiognomically cerradão is a forest, floristically it is closer to a cerrado. The lighting conditions allow formation of differentiated strata of shrubs and herbs. The undergrowth bushes average 2 to 5 metres (6 ft 7 in to 16 ft 5 in) in height
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Igapó
IGAPó (Portuguese pronunciation: , from Old Tupi : "root forest") is a word used in Brazil
Brazil
for blackwater -flooded forests in the Amazon biome . These forests and similar swamp forests are seasonally inundated with freshwater. They typically occur along the lower reaches of rivers and around freshwater lakes. Freshwater swamp forests are found in a range of climate zones, from boreal through temperate and subtropical to tropical . In the Amazon Basin
Amazon Basin
of Brazil, a seasonally whitewater -flooded forest is known as a várzea , which is similar to igapó in many regards; the key difference between the two habitats is in the type of water that floods the forest
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