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To (surname)
TO, Tô, and Tō are a group of surnames of east-Asian origin, for each of which "To" (without any diacritical mark) is at least an occasional variant. Tô is a Vietnamese surname ( Chữ Nôm : 蘇) derived from the Chinese surname Su . FROM CHINESE 陶 (TAO ): * Tô, the Minnan romanization of the name * To, the Cantonese romanization for the name * Tō, the romanization of the Japanese surname 陶, which is derived from the (same Chinese) nameINDIVIDUALS NAMED TO * Johnnie To (杜), a Hong Kong film director and producer * Marcus To , a Canadian comics artist * Tô Hiến Thành , a famous governmental officer in the past of Vietnam * Tô Đông Pha , a notable Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=To_(surname) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Tô (surname)
Tô or TO is a Vietnamese surname . It was formerly written in Chữ Nôm as 蘇. It derived from the Chinese surname Su , which is written identically to the Chữ Nôm in traditional characters but as 苏 in modern simplified characters . LIST OF PERSONS WITH THE SURNAME * Tô Hiến Thành , an official in the royal court of the Lý Dynasty * Tô Trung Từ , a high ranking general and attempted usurper of the Lý Dynasty * Tô Ngọc Vân , painter * Tô Vĩnh Diện , Viet Minh during the First Indochina War between France and VietnamSEE ALSO * To (surname) , other surnames Anglicized as "To" This surname -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tô additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Vietnamese Surname
VIETNAMESE PERSONAL NAMES generally consist of three parts: one family name , one or more middle name (s), and one given name , used in that order. The "family name first" order follows the system of Chinese names and is common throughout the Chinese cultural sphere , but is different from Chinese, Korean , and Japanese names in the usage of "middle names", as in China and Korea it exists but is not mandatory, while in Japan it does not exist. Persons can be referred to by either the whole (full) name, the given name, or a hierarchic pronoun (which usually connotes a degree of family relationship or kinship) in normal usage. Due to the frequency of the major family names such as Nguyễn , Trần , and Lê , persons are often referred to by their middle name along with their given name in Vietnamese media and youth culture. The Vietnamese language is tonal, and so are Vietnamese names. Names with the same spelling (ignoring diacritics) but with different tones are different names, which can confuse non-Vietnamese people when the diacritics are dropped, as is commonly done outside Vietnam. Anyone applying for Vietnamese nationality must adopt a Vietnamese name. CONTENTS * 1 Family name * 2 Middle name * 3 Given name * 3.1 Examples * 4 Near homonyms distinguished by vowel or tones * 5 Indexing * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links FAMILY NAMEThe family name, positioned first, is passed on by the father to his children
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Chữ Nôm
CHữ NôM (字喃, IPA: , literally Southern characters, in earlier times also called 國音 "quốc âm" or 𡨸南 "chữ nam") is a logographic writing system formerly used to write the Vietnamese language . It used the standard set of classical Chinese characters to represent Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary and some native Vietnamese words, while new characters were created on the Chinese model to represent other words. Although formal writing in Vietnam was done in literary Chinese (Vietnamese: cổ văn 古文 or văn ngôn 文言 ) until the early 20th century (except for two brief interludes), chữ Nôm was widely used between the 15th and 19th centuries by Vietnam's cultured elite, including women, for popular works, many in verse. One of the best-known pieces of Vietnamese literature, The Tale of Kiều , was composed in chữ Nôm. In the 1920s, the Latin-based Vietnamese alphabet displaced chữ Nôm as the preferred way to record Vietnamese. Although chữ Nôm is today only taught at the university level within the Vietnamese education system, the characters are still used for decorative, historic and ceremonial value and symbols of good luck. The task of preservation and study of Vietnamese texts written in Nôm (but also classical Chinese texts from Vietnam) is conducted by the Institute of Hán-Nôm Studies in Hanoi
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Chinese Surname
CHINESE SURNAMES are used by Han Chinese and Sinicized ethnic groups in Mainland China , Hong Kong , Macau , Malaysia , Taiwan , Korea , Singapore , Vietnam and among overseas Chinese communities. In ancient times two types of surnames existed, namely _xing_ (Chinese : 姓; pinyin : _xìng_) or LINEAGE NAMES, and _shi_ (Chinese : 氏; pinyin : _shì_) or CLAN NAMES. Chinese family names are patrilineal , passed from father to children. (In cases of adoption, the adoptee usually also takes the same surname.) Women do not normally change their surnames upon marriage, except in places with more Western influences such as Hong Kong. Traditionally Chinese surnames have been exogamous . The colloquial expressions _laobaixing_ (老百姓; lit. "old hundred surnames") and _bǎixìng_ (百姓, lit. "hundred surnames") are used in Chinese to mean "ordinary folks", "the people", or "commoners ". CONTENTS * 1 Origin of Chinese surnames * 2 Distribution of surnames * 3 Surnames at present * 3.1 Variations in romanization * 4 Sociological use of surnames * 5 Common Chinese surnames * 5.1 Mainland China * 5.2 Taiwan * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ORIGIN OF CHINESE SURNAMESPrior to the Warring States period (fifth century BC), only the ruling families and the aristocratic elite had surnames
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Su (surname)
SU is the pinyin romanization of the common Chinese surname written 苏 in simplified characters and 蘇 traditionally . It was listed 42nd among the Song -era list of the Hundred Family Surnames . It is also the pinyin romanization of the very rare surname 粟. CONTENTS * 1 Romanizations * 2 Distribution * 3 Character decomposition * 4 Origins * 5 Other surnames * 6 Notable people with the surname Su * 6.1 Historical * 6.2 Modern * 7 World Federation of Soh Associations * 8 References ROMANIZATIONSThe Wade form of the name is identical to the pinyin, but it is also sometimes irregularly romanized as SOO . 蘇 and 苏 are also romanized SO and SOU in Cantonese ; SOH and SOUW in Southern Min dialects; SOH in Teochew ; and THU in Gan . This Chinese name is also the source of the Vietnamese surname Tô (Chữ Nôm : 蘇); the Korean surname 소, which is romanized SO ; the Japanese surname 蘇, which is also romanized SO ; and the Filipino/Tagalog surname SO. Also, the Filipino family name "Solon" is a Hispanized version of So. The Solon clan coming from Cebu are famous for their ancestors who were government officials. The Solons are of Cantonese descent. DISTRIBUTIONSu was the 41st-most-common Chinese surname in the Mainland during the 1982 census and the 45th-most-common in the 2007 report on household registrations released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security
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Tao (surname)
TAO is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname 陶 (Táo). It ranked 31st among the Song -era Hundred Family Surnames . TàO is also a Vietnamese surname derived from the Chinese surname Cao (Chữ Nôm : 曹). CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Romanization * 3 Distribution * 4 History * 5 List of persons with the surname * 6 References ORIGINVarious Chinese Tao family from; * Qi (surname) (祁) * Public Officer of Zhou Dynasty * Miao people * Tujia people , Blang people , Yao people , Yi people , Dai people of Minority Group * Mongolian * Tuoheluo, Tuqin, Tuokuer family of Liaoning * Xibe people ROMANIZATIONTao was romanized T\\'AO under the Wade-Giles system, although it was common to omit the apostrophe. It is romanized TO, TOU and TOW in Cantonese ; Tô in Minnan ; TAU , TOW in Teochew ; and THáU in Gan . The Vietnamese surname formerly written as 陶 in Chữ Nôm is now written ĐàO ; the Korean surname formerly written as 陶 in Hanja is now written 도 and romanized DO; the same surname in Kanji is romanized Tō in Japanese . DISTRIBUTIONTao was the 82nd-most-common surname in mainland China, but it was unlisted among the 100 most common Taiwanese surnames. Tao is a fairly uncommon surname in the United States , being ranked 12,503rd during the 1990 census and 10,033rd during the year 2000 one
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Minnan Languages
SOUTHERN MIN, or MINNAN (simplified Chinese : 闽南语; traditional Chinese : 閩南語), is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in certain parts of China including southern Fujian (the Minnan region ), eastern Guangdong , Hainan , and southern Zhejiang , and in Taiwan . The Minnan dialects are also spoken by descendants of emigrants from these areas in diaspora , most notably the Philippines , Indonesia , Malaysia and Singapore . In common parlance, Southern Min usually refers to Hokkien , including Amoy and Taiwanese Hokkien ; both are combinations of Quanzhou and Zhangzhou speeches. The Southern Min dialect group also includes Teochew , though Teochew has limited mutual intelligibility with Hokkien. Hainanese is not mutually intellgible with other Southern Min and is often considered a separate branch of Min. Southern Min is not mutually intelligible with Eastern Min , Pu-Xian Min , any other Min branch, Hakka , Cantonese , Shanghainese or Mandarin
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Romanization Of Chinese
The ROMANIZATION OF CHINESE is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese . Chinese uses a logographic script , and its characters do not represent phonemes directly. There have been many systems using Roman characters to represent Chinese throughout history. Linguist Daniel Kane recalls, "It used to be said that sinologists had to be like musicians, who might compose in one key and readily transcribe into other keys." However, Hanyu Pinyin has become the international standard since 1982. Other well-known systems include Wade-Giles and Yale Romanization . There are many uses for Chinese Romanization. Most broadly, it used to provide a useful way for foreigners who are not skilled at recognizing Chinese script a means to read and recognize Chinese names. Apart from this general role, it serves as a useful tool for foreign learners of Chinese by indicating the pronunciation of unfamiliar characters. It can also be helpful for clarifying pronunciation—Chinese pronunciation is an issue for some speakers of other mutually unintelligible Chinese varieties who do not speak Mandarin fluently. Standard keyboards such as QWERTY are designed for the Latin alphabet, often making the input of Chinese characters into computers difficult. Chinese dictionaries have complex and competing sorting rules for characters, and romanization systems can simplify the problem by listing the characters by their Latin form alphabetically
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Cantonese (language)
CANTONESE, or STANDARD CANTONESE, is a variety of the Chinese language spoken within the city of Canton (Guangzhou) and its vicinity in southeastern China. It is the traditional prestige variety of Yue , one of the major subdivisions of Chinese. In mainland China , it is the main lingua franca of the province of Guangdong and some neighbouring areas such as Guangxi , being the majority language of the Pearl River Delta . It is the dominant and official language of Hong Kong and Macau . Cantonese is also widely spoken amongst overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia (most notably in Vietnam and Malaysia , as well as in Singapore and Cambodia to a lesser extent) and throughout the Western world . While the term Cantonese refers narrowly to the prestige variety , it is often used in a broader sense for the entire Yue subdivision of Chinese, including related but largely mutually unintelligible languages such as Taishanese . When Cantonese and the closely related Yuehai dialects are classified together, there are about 80 million total speakers. Cantonese is viewed as vital part of the cultural identity for its native speakers across large swathes of southeastern China , Hong Kong and Macau. Although Cantonese shares some vocabulary with Mandarin , the two varieties are mutually unintelligible because of differences in pronunciation, grammar and lexicon. Sentence structure, in particular the placement of verbs, sometimes differs between the two varieties
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Romanization Of Japanese
The ROMANIZATION OF JAPANESE is the application of the Latin script to write the Japanese language . This method of writing is sometimes referred to in English as RōMAJI (ローマ字, literally, "roman letters") (Japanese pronunciation: listen (help ·info )), sometimes incorrectly transliterated with an n as rōmaNji. There are several different romanization systems. The three main ones are Hepburn romanization , Kunrei-shiki romanization (ISO 3602), and Nihon-shiki romanization (ISO 3602 Strict). Variants of the Hepburn system are the most widely used. Japanese is normally written in a combination of logographic characters borrowed from Chinese (kanji ) and syllabic scripts (kana ) which also ultimately derive from Chinese characters. Rōmaji may be used in any context where Japanese text is targeted at non-Japanese speakers who cannot read kanji or kana, such as for names on street signs and passports, and in dictionaries and textbooks for foreign learners of the language. It is also used to transliterate Japanese terms in text written in English (or other languages that use the Latin script) on topics related to Japan, such as linguistics, literature, history, and culture. Rōmaji is the most common way to input Japanese into word processors and computers, and may also be used to display Japanese on devices that do not support the display of Japanese characters
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Japanese Surname
JAPANESE NAMES (日本人の氏名, Nihonjin no Shimei) in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name . More than one given name is not generally used. Japanese names are usually written in kanji , which are characters usually Chinese in origin but Japanese in pronunciation. The kanji for a name may have a variety of possible Japanese pronunciations, hence parents might use hiragana or katakana when giving a birth name to their newborn child. Names written in hiragana or katakana are phonetic renderings, and so lack the visual meaning of names expressed in the logographic kanji . Japanese family names are extremely varied: according to estimates, there are over 100,000 different surnames in use today in Japan. The three most common family names in Japan are Satō (佐藤), Suzuki (鈴木), and Takahashi
Takahashi
(高橋)
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Johnnie To
JOHNNIE TO (born 22 April 1955), also known as TO KEI-FUNG (杜琪峯), is a Hong Kong film director and producer. Popular in his native Hong Kong, To has also found acclaim overseas. Intensely prolific, To has made films in a variety of genres, though in the West he is best known for his action and crime movies, which have earned him critical respect and a cult following (which include Quentin Tarantino , who once said that he really loves to watch To's gangster films ). To's biggest international successes include Breaking News , Election , Election 2 (a.k.a. Triad Election ), Exiled , Mad Detective and Drug War ; these films have appeared in a number of international film festivals, been distributed theatrically in France and the United States, and been widely sold to foreign countries. His films, often made in collaboration with the same group of actors, screenwriters and cinematographers, frequently explore themes of friendship , fate and the changing face of Hong Kong society. Sometimes described as "multifaceted and chameleonic" due to his ability to switch tones and genres between movies, To is nonetheless seen as having a consistent style , which involves mixing subdued realism and social observation with highly stylised visual and acting elements. To heads the Hong Kong-based production company Milkyway Image with his frequent co-director Wai Ka-Fai
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Marcus To
MARCUS TO (born 20 October 1983) is a Canadian comic book artist who currently works for DC Comics as the monthly artist for Batwing . He is best known for his work on Red Robin , Huntress and Soulfire . On July 9, 2012, it was announced that To is the artist for the North American adaptation of Cyborg 009 , due to be released in July 2013. To drew The Multiversity : Guidebook (March 2015), the sixth issue of Grant Morrison's The Multiversity project. BIBLIOGRAPHY * Aspen Seasons Spring 2005 * Aspen Seasons Fall 2005 * Fathom: Cannon Hawke #1-5 * Fathom vol. 2 #8 (Fill-in work) * Soulfire: Chaos Reign #0-3 * Soulfire: Chaos Reign Beginnings #1 * Black Panther #24-25 * Red Robin #6-21, 23-26 * Huntress miniseries #1-6 * Batwing #9- * The Flash #10-11 * Hacktivist miniseries #1-4 * Cyborg 009 REFERENCES * ^ http://www.newsarama.com/comics/marcus-to-batwing-artist-120202.html * ^ http://joeshusterawards.com/2009/08/06/marcus-to-new-artist-of-dcs-red-robin/ * ^ http://joeshusterawards.com/2011/10/05/marcus-to-brings-the-huntress-to-the-dcnu/ * ^ http://joeshusterawards.com/2009/09/07/marcus-to-on-soulfire-volume-2/ * ^ http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/comic-con-2012-cyborg-009-japan-american-comics-346526 * ^ Rogers, Vaneta (January 29, 2015). "Vivisecting The Multiversity Guidebook". Newsarama. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015
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Tô Hiến Thành
Tô HIếN THàNH (Hán tự : 蘇憲城) (died 1179) was an official in the royal court of Lý Anh Tông and Lý Cao Tông , the sixth and seventh emperors of the Lý Dynasty . Being a capable official of Lý Anh Tông who helped the emperor in civil and military matters, Tô Hiến Thành was chosen by Lý Anh Tông for the regentship of his son Lý Long Trát . He was granted the title Prince and thus became the only possessor of the title who did not come from the Lý royal family. The achievements and loyalty of Tô Hiến Thành to the infant emperor Lý Cao Tông made him a highly praised figure in the history of Vietnam . Today, Tô Hiến Thành is considered one of the most prominent mandarins in the dynastic time of Vietnam. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 During Lý Anh Tông\'s reign * 1.2 During Lý Cao Tông\'s reign * 2 Legacy * 3 References * 3.1 Notes * 3.2 Bibliography HISTORYDURING Lý ANH TôNG\'S REIGNAccording to Từ điển bách khoa toàn thư Việt Nam , the birthyear of Tô Hiến Thành was unknown; he was born in the Hạ Mỗ village (now Đan Phượng , Hanoi ). Since his family name was Tô, there was a hypothesis that he might have a kinship with Tô thị, the wife of Đỗ Anh Vũ who was the most powerful figure in the royal court during the early reign of Lý Anh Tông . Tô Hiến Thành was mentioned for the first time in historical account for his role in pacifying the rebellion of Thân Lợi
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, specific purpose * "Special" (Lost) , an episode of the television series _Lost_ * _Special_ (film) * _The Specials_ (film) * Television special , television programming that temporarily replaces scheduled programmingOTHER USES * A special price, a form of discounts and allowances * A kit car or one-off home built vehicle * A euphemi
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